This is page 103 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)
This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.
Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.
This page was generated on 22 Jun 2019. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.
The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.
birihto brightness, L. E. I. 20; Th. ii. 414, 11. v. beorhtu.
birilian, birlian, byrlian; p. ode, ade; pp. od, ad To draw, bear; haurire, Jn. Lind. Rush. War. 2, 8, 9.
bi-rinnan; p. -ran; pp. -runnen to run as a liquid, hence,-To wet, bedew; fluere, perfundere, irrigare :-- Ðá wearþ beám monig blódigum teárum birunnen, sæp wearþ to swáte then many a tree became bedewed with bloody tears, their sap became [turned to] blood, Exon. 25 a; Th. 72, 19-23; Cri. 1175-1177.
Birínus, i; m. Latin: Biríne, Byríne, es; m. Bir&i-long;nus, the first bishop of Wessex, sent by pope Honorius to Britain in A. D. 634 :-- Ðære tíde ðá West-Seaxna þeód mid Cynigelse heora cyninge Cristes geleáfan onféng, bodade him and læ-acute;rde Godes word Bir&i-long;nus biscop, se mid Honorius geþeahte ðæs Papan com on Breotene.... He ðá læ-acute;rde ðæ-acute;r godcunde láre, and ðone cyning to Cristes geleáfan gecyrde, and hine gecristnade, and hine eft æfter fæce mid fulluhtbæðe aþwógh mid his þeóde West-Seaxum. Hit gelamp on ða sylfan tíd ðe mon ðone cyning fullade, ðæt ðæ-acute;r wæs se halgesta and se sigefæstesta cyning Norþan Hymbra Oswald andweard.... Ðá sealdon hí and geáfon ðam bisceope begen ða cyningas eardungstówe and biscopsetl on Dorceceastre, and he ðæ-acute;r, se bisceop, Gode lifde and cyricean worhte and hálgode ... and he ðæ-acute;r his dagas ge-endode and to Drihtne férde, and in ðære ylcan ceastre bebyriged wæs, and eft æfter monigum geárum Hædde bisceop hét his líchoman up adón and læ-acute;dan [MS. lædon] to Winton ceastre eo tempore [A. D. 634] gens Occidentalium Saxonum, (qui antiquitus,Gevissæ vocabantur,) regnante Cynigilso fidem Christi suscepit, prædicante illis verbum Bir&i-long;no episcopo, qui cum consilio papæ Honorii venerat Brittaniam.... Itaque evangelizante illo in præfata provincia, cum rex ipse catechizatus, fonte baptismi cum sua gente ablueretur, contigit tunc temporis sanctissimum ac victoriosissimum regem Nordanhymbrorum Osualdum adfuisse.... Donaverunt autem ambo reges eidem episcopo civitatem quæ vocatur Dorcic [Dorchester], ad faciendum inibi sedem episcopalem; ubi factis dedicatisque ecclesiis ... migravit ad Dominum, sepultusque est in eadem civitate, et post annos multos Hædde episcopatum agente translatus inde in Ventam civitatem [Winchester], Bd. 3, 7; S. 529, 4-6; 12-16; 18-21; 22-24, Hér forþférde Bir&i-long;nus se biscop here, A. D. 650, Birinus the bishop died, Chr. 650; Th. 51, 1, col. 2. Hér Ægelbryht of Galwalum æfter Biríne [Byríne, col. 2, 3] ðam Rómániscan bisceope onféng Wesseaxna bisceopdóme here, A. D. 650, Ægelbyrht of Gaul succeeded to the bishopric of the West-Saxons after Birinus the Roman bishop, 650; Th. 50, 1-5, col. 1.
birst, he birsteþ, birst burstest, bursts; 2nd and 3rd pers. pres. of berstan.
birþ bears; 3rd pers. pres. of beran.
bí-sæc a bag, Mt. Rush. Stv. 10, 10. v. sæc, codd.
bí-sæ-acute;ce, es; n? m? I. a visit; visitatio :-- Bád bísæ-acute;ce betran hyrdes waited the visit of a better keeper, Exon. 35 b; Th. 115, 11; Gú. 188. II. persecution, dispute, litigation; controversia, litigatio :-- Bísæ-acute;ce in litigation, L. Edg. C. 62; Th. ii. 258, 3. Gif ðæ-acute;r hwæt bísæ-acute;ces sý, seme se biscop if there be somewhat of dispute, let the bishop settle it, Const. vii; Th. ii. 258, note a. DER. sæ-acute;can, sécan to seek, visit, persecute, dispute.
bi-scær sheared or cut off, Reim. 26; p. of bi-sceran. v. be-sceran.
bi-scencan; p. -scencte, pl. -scencton; pp. -scenced [scencan to give drink, scenc drink] To give to drink; ad potionem dare :-- Ge in wræcsíðe longe lifdon, lége biscencte ye [fallen spirits] have long lived in exile, flame being given [you] to drink, Exon. 41 b; Th. 139, 21; Gú. 596.
bisceop, biscop, biscep, es; m. I. a BISHOP, prelate; episcopus :-- Se bisceop is gecweden episcopus and is ofersceáwigend on Englisc, ðæt he ofersceáwige symle his underþeóddan the bishop is called episcopus, that is in English, overseer, because he constantly oversees his subordinates, L. Ælf. P. 37; Th. ii. 378, 28. Nis ná máre betwyx mæsse-preóste and bisceop, búton ðæt [Th. ii. 348, 24] se bisceop is geset to máran bletsunge ðonne se mæsse-preóst sý; ðæt is, circan to hálgigenne, and to hádigenne preóstas, to bisceopgenne cild [Th. ii. 348, 26: MS. men to biscopienne], and to bletsigenne ele there is no difference between a mass-priest and a bishop, but that the bishop is appointed for greater benediction [blessing] than is the mass-priest; that is, to hallow churches, and to ordain priests, to confirm children, and to bless oil, 36; Th. ii. 378, 20; v. mæsse-preóst. Seó mæ-acute;gþ hafþ twegen bisceopas the province has two bishops, Bd. 4, 5; S. 573, 33. II. a chief priest of the Jews; pontifex :-- Se forma biscop, ðe God silf gesette, wæs Aaron geháten the first high priest, whom God himself appointed, was called Aaron, L. Ælf. P. 38; Th. ii. 378, 32. Scrídde ðone bisceop mid línenum reáfe vestivit pontificem subucula linea, Lev. 8, 7. Ðá astyredon ða bisceopas ða menegu pontifices autem concitaverunt turbam, Mk. Bos. 15, 11. Se bisceop acsode ðone Hæ-acute;lend pontifex interrogavit Iesum, Jn. Bos. 18, 19, 22, 24. III. a heathen priest of the Romans and Egyptians; the chief priest of the Romans was called Pontifex Maximus, which was a title assumed by the Consuls and Emperors, v. yldest-bisceop :-- Sæ-acute;don ða Égyptiscan bisceopas, ðæt ða Godes wundor hiora ágnum godum getealde wæ-acute;ron, ðæt sint deófol-gild the Egyptian priests said, that the godlike wonders were ascribed to their own gods, which are idols, Ors. 1, 5; Bos. 28, 25. Bisceopas on Róme sæ-acute;don, ðæt heora godas bæ-acute;don ðæt him man worhte anfiteatra the priests in Rome said, that their gods ordered them to build an amphitheatre, Ors. 3, 3; Bos. 55, 26. Lucinius Crassus, se consul, wæs eác Rómána yldesta bisceop Lucinius Crassus, the consul, was also the chief priest [pontifex maximus] of the Romans, Ors. 5, 4; Bos. 104, 16. IV. the rank of an Anglo-Saxon bishop was equal to that of the Ealdorman, or highest nobleman, being only inferior to the Æðeling or prince, for they had equal power as judges in civil courts of law,-and their burh-brice and wér-gyld were the same :-- Bisceope gebyreþ æ-acute;lc rihting, ge on godcundan þingan ge on woruldcundan to a bishop belongs every direction [righting] both in divine and worldly things, L. I. P. 7; Th. ii. 312, 9. Sculon bisceopas, mid woruld-déman, dómas dihtan ðæt hí ne geþafian, gyf his waldan magan, ðæt æ-acute;nig unriht up-aspringe bishops, with temporal judges, should so direct judgments that they never permit, if it be in their power, that any injustice spring up, 7; Th. ii. 312, 35-37. And séce man hundred-gemót swá hit æ-acute;r geset wæs; and hæbbe man þríwa on geáre burh-gemót; and túwa scír-gemót; and ðæ-acute;r beó on ðære scíre bisceop and se ealdorman, and ðæ-acute;r æ-acute;gðer tæ-acute;can ge Godes riht ge woruld-riht and let the hundred-moot be attended as it was before fixed; and thrice in the year let a city-moot be held; and twice a shire-moot; and let there be present the bishop of the shire and the ealdorman, and there each expound both God's law [right] and the world's law, L. Edg. ii. 5; Th. i. 268, 2-5: L. C. S. 18; Th. i. 386, 4-8. Biscopes and ealdormannes burg-bryce biþ lx scillinga a bishop's and an ealdorman's burh-bryce shall be sixty shillings, L. Alf. pol. 40; Th. i. 88, 8, note 19, H. Biscopes and ealdormannes mund-brice gebéte mid ii pundum recompense a bishop's and an ealdorman's mund-brice with two pounds, L. Eth, vii. 11; Th. i. 332, 1. Biscopes and ealdormannes wér-gyld is viii þúsend þrymsa a bishop's and an ealdorman's wer-gild is eight thousand thrymsas, L. Wg. 3; Th. i. 186, 7. V. the bishops were the best educated men of their age, and often the most energetic, their advice and assistance were, therefore, naturally sought in every case of emergency in the cabinet or in the field,-Hence Ealhstan, the bishop of Sherborne for fifty years [Ealhstán hæfde ðæt biscopríce l wintra æt Scyreburnan, A. D. 817-867: Chr. 867; Ing. 98, 12-14], became a general of Egbert and of his son Æthelwulf :-- Ecgbryht, West-Seaxna cyning, sende Æðelwulf his sunu of ðære fyrde, and Ealhstán his bisceop, to Cent micele werede, and hý Baldréd ðone cyning norþ ofer Temese adryfon Egbert, king of the West-Saxons, sent his son Æthelwulf, and Ealhstan his bishop, into Kent, with a large part of the army,, and drove Baldred the king northward over the Thames, Chr. 823; Ing. 87, 6-15: 845; Ing. 92, 1. Æt Mere-túne wearþ Heáhmund biscop ofslegen, and feala gódra monna at Merton bishop Heahmund was slain, and many good men, 871; Ing. 101, 1-9. [Orm. bisskopp, bisscopp, bisshopp: Laym. biscop, bissop: Wyc. bischop: O. Sax. biskop: Dut. bisschop: Ger. M. H. Ger. bischof: O. H. Ger. piscof: Goth. aipiskaupus: Dan. bisp: Swed. biskop: O. Nrs. biskup: Fr. évêque: Span. obispo: It. vescovo: Wel. esgob: Gael. easbuig: Ir. easbog: Arm. eskop: Slav. biskup: Lith. wyskupas. From the Lat. episcopus [e-piscop-us, hence O. H. Ger. piscof: A. Sax. biscop: Orm. bisshopp: Laym. biscop: Wyc. bischop: Eng. bishop] = Grk. &epsilon-tonos;π&iota-tonos;σκoπos an overseer, guardian, from &epsilon-tonos;π&iota-tonos; upon, over,-σκoπós one who watches,-σκoπ&epsilon-tonos;ω to look, watch, consider, contemplate.] DER. arce-bisceop, -biscop, ealdor-: bisceop-dóm, -gegyrelan, ,hád, -hyrde, -líc, -ríce, -roc, -scír, -seld, -seðel, -setl, -stól, -þénung, -wíte, -wyrt: bisceopian.
bisceop-dóm, biscop-dóm, biscep-dóm, es; m. I. [bisceop a bishop, dóm judgment] a bishop's doom, excommunication; episcopi judicium, excommunicatio :-- Sýn hí begen ðæs bisceopdómes scyldige let them both be guilty of the bishop's doom [excommunication], Bd. 4, 5; S. 573, note 1. II. the province of a bishop, a bishopric; episcopi provincia, episcopatus :-- He onféng biscopdóm Parisiace hátte he received the bishopric called Paris; accepto episcopatu Parisiacæ civitatis, Bd. 3, 7; S. 530, note 10. Ps. Lamb. 108, 8. Wine heóld ðone biscep-dóm iii geár Wine held the bishopric three years, Chr. 660; Erl. 34, 7.
bisceop-gegyrelan episcopal robes. v. biscop-gegyrelan.
bisceop-hád, biscop-hád, es; m. [bisceop a bishop; hád hood, condition, state] BISHOPHOOD, the office or state of a bishop, the episcopate, a bishopric; munus episcopale, flaminium, episcopatus, episcopi provincia :-- Wæs se bisceophád befæsted the bishopric was established, Elen. Kmbl. 2422; El. 1212. Biscophád flaminium, Cot. 86: 186. On biscopháde ge æ-acute;r bisceopháde in episcopatu et ante episcopatum, Bd. 4, 6; S. 574, 2, 3: 5, 6; S. 620, 19. His bisceophád [biscophád, Spl.] brúcan feóndas let his enemies enjoy his episcopate, Ps. Th. 108, 8.
bisceop-hyrde, biscop-hyrede, es; m. A bishop's shepherd or clergyman; episcopi clericus, Cot. 44. v. hyrde.
bisceopian, biscopgan; p. ode; pp. od To exercise the office of a bishop, to oversee, visit, confirm; episcopali munere fungi, visitare, confirmare :-- Se bisceop biþ gesett to hádigenne preóstas, and to bisceopgenne cild the bishop is appointed for the ordaining of priests, and confirming of children, L. Ælf. C. 17; Th. ii. 348, 26.