This is page 134 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

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134 BURCG -- BURH.

Gen. 2386. Cumena búr a guest-house, Bd. 4, 31; S. 610, 11. Bed-cófa vel búr cubiculum, Ælfc. Gl. 27; Som. 60, 99; Wrt. Voc. 25, 39. Wæs to búre Beówulf fetod Beowulf was fetched to his dwelling, Beo. Th. 2624; B. 1310. On his suna búre in his son's dwelling, Beo. Th. 4902; B. 2455. Æfter búrum along the dwellings, Beo. Th. 282; B. 140. [Chauc. boure: Piers P. bour: R. Glouc. boures, pl: Laym. bur: Orm. bure: Plat. bur, buur, m: Ger. bauer, m: O. H. Ger. búr: Dan. buur, n: Swed. bur, m: Icel. búr, n.] DER. brýd-búr.

burcg, e; f. A city :-- Ðære burcge of the city, Bt. 18, 2; Fox 64, 18. v. burh.

búr-cote, an; f. [búr a bower, cote a couch] A bed-chamber; cubiculum :-- On hira búrcotum, and on hiera beddum in their bed-chambers, and in their beds, Past. 16, 2; Hat. MS. 20b, 15.

burg, e; f. A city; urbs :-- Sceal seó burg bÍdan the city shall remain, Exon. 121b; Th. 466, 30; Hö. 129. v. burh.

burg- = beorg- a hill, in some compounds, as in burg-stal, q. v.

burga cities, of cities, Mt. Bos. 11. 20: Salm. Kmbl. 613. v. burh.

burg-ágende; part. Possessing a fortress or palace; arcem vel palatium possidens, Elen. Kmbl. 2347; El. 1175.

burga man, es; m. A citizen; civis :-- Sí hit burga man sim civis sit ille, Deut. 1. 16. v. burh-man.

burgan =burgen, Ors. 2, 5; Bos. 47, 15; p. pl. subj. of beorgan to save.

burgat, es; pl. burgatu; n. [burg a city, gat, geat a gate] A city-gate; urbis porta :-- Ðá Samson genam ða burggatu [MS. burgatu] and gebær on his hricge then Samson took the city-gates and bore them on his back, Jud. 16, 3.

burg-bryce, burh-bryce, -brice, es; m. I. a breaking into a castle or dwelling; castelli vel domus violatio, L. In. 45; Th. i. 130, 7. II. the fine to be paid for this burglary; mulcta ob castelli vel domus violationem, L. Alf. pol. 40; Th. i. 88, 7.

burgen, e; f. A burying-place, sepulchre, Ps. Th. 29, 9. v. byrgen.

Burgenda land, es; n. The land of the Burgundians, an island in the west of the Baltic sea; Boringia. Burgenda land is the Icelandic Burgundarhólmr, of which the present Danish and Swedish name Bornholm is a contraction :-- Burgenda land the land of the Burgundians, Ors. l, 1; Bos. 21, 44.

Burgendan; pl. m. The Burgundians; Burgundiones :-- Burgendan habbaþ ðone ylcan sæ-acute;s earm be westan him the Burgundians have the same arm of the sea to the west of them, Ors. 1. 1; Bos. 19, 19. v. Burgendas.

Burgendas; gen. a; pl. m: Burgendan; pl. m. The Burgundians; Burgundiones. These, in Alfred's time, dwelt to the north-west of the Osti. We find them at another period on the east bank of the Oder. They have given name to the island of Bornholm in the Baltic :-- Osti habbaþ be norþan him Winedas and Burgendas the Esthonians have to the north of them the Wends and the Burgundians, Ors. l, l; Bos. 19, 18. Wine Burgenda friend of the Burgundians, Wald. 85; Vald. 2, 14. Weóld Burgendum Gifica Gifica ruled the Burgundians, Scóp Th. 40; Wíd. 19: 131; Wíd. 65.

Burgende; gen. a; dat. um; m. The Burgundians, inhabitants of Burgundy, an old province in the east of France; Burgundiones :-- Profentse hæfþ be norþan hyre ða beorgas, ðe man Alpis hæ-acute;t, and be súþan hyre is Wendel-sæ-acute;, and be norþan hyre and eástan synd Burgende, and Wascan be westan Provence has on the north of it the mountains, which people call the Alps, and on the south of it is the Mediterranean sea, and on the north and east of it are the Burgundians, and on the west the Gasconians, Ors. l, i; Bos. 24, 2.

búr-geteld, es; n. [búr a bower, geteld a tilt, cover] A tilt or covering of a tent, a tent; tentorium :-- He in ðæt búrgeteld néðde he ventured into the tent, Judth. 12; Thw. 25, 24; Jud. 276: 10; Thw. 22, 10; Jud. 57: 12; Thw. 25, 8; Jud. 248.

burg-geat a city-gate, Andr. Kmbl. 1679; An. 842. v. burh-geat.

burg-hleoþ, es; n. A fortress-height, Exon. 107b; Th. 409, 17; Rä. 28, 2. v. burh-hleoþ.

burg-loca, an; m. A city-inclosure, city-barrier, Andr. Kmbl. 2075; An. 1040: 2132; An. 1067: 1879; An. 942. v. burh-loca.

burg-lond, es; n. City-land; urbis solum :-- Eálá sancta Hierusalem, Cristes burglond O holy Jerusalem, city-land of Christ! Exon. 8b; Th. 4, 12; Cri. 51.

burgon preserved, Elen. Kmbl. 268; El. 134; p. pl. of beorgan.

burg-ræced, es; nom. acc. pl. -ræced; n. A city-dwelling, house surrounded by a wall or rampart of earth; urbanæ ædes, circumvallata domus :-- Beorht wæ-acute;ron burgræced bright were the city-dwellings, Exon. 124a; Th. 477, 9; Ruin. 22.

burg-rúnan the fates, furies, fairies. v. burh-rúnan.

burg-sæl, es; nom. acc. pl, -salu, -salo; n. A castle-hall, city-dwelling; arcis aula, urbana domus :-- Ofer burgsalu over the city-dwellings, Exon. 51b; Th. 179, 7; Gú. 1258: 52a; Th. 182, 4; Gú. 1305: 96a, Th. 358, 23; Pa. 50.

burg-sele, es; m. A castle-hall, city-dwelling; arcis aula, urbana

domus :-- Burgsele beofode the castle-hall trembled, Exon. 94b; Th. 353, 49; Reim. 30.

burg-sittend a city-dweller, citizen, Bt. Met. Fox 27, 34; Met. 27, 17: Elen. Kmbl. 552; El. 276. v. burh-sittend.

burg-sittende city-dwelling, inhabiting a city, Cd. 52; Th. 66, 24; Gen. 1089: Exon. 12b; Th. 21, 20; Cri. 337: 53a; Th. 186, 14; Az. 19: 106b; Th. 407, 10; Rä. 26, 3. v. burh-sittende.

burg-stal, -stól, es; m. [burg = beorg, beorh a hill, stal a place, seat, dwelling] A hill-seat, dwelling on a hill; sedes super collem vel clivum. Cot. 209. The name of places built on a hill, as Burstall in Suffolk, Borstall in Kent and Oxfordshire, etc.

burg-steal, es; m. [burg a fortress, city, steal a place] A city-place; arcis locus, arx :-- Brosnade burgsteal the city-place has perished, Exon. 124a; Th. 477, 23; Ruin. 29. [Ger. M. H. Ger. burgstall.]

burg-stede a city-place, city, Exon. 52a; Th. 181, 10; Gú. 1291: 124a; Th. 476, 3; Ruin. 2. v. burh-stede.

burg-tún, es; m. A BOROUQH-TOWX, city-inclosure, city-dwelling; urbis septum, urbana domus :-- Sindon burgtúnas brérum beweaxne the city-dwellings are overgrown with briers, Exon. 115b; Th. 443, 16; Kl. 31.

burg-waran, burh-waran, gen. -warena; pl. m. Inhabitants of a city, citizens; urbis incolæ, cives :-- Ealle burgwaran all the city-inhabitants, Exon. 121b; Th. 467, 6; Hö. 134: 120b; Th. 462, 23; Hö. 56. Burgwarena fruma the chief of the citizens, Scóp Th. 182; Wíd. 90.

burg-ware inhabitants of a city, citizens, Andr. Kmbl. 3164; An. 1585: Chr. 919; Th. 192, 25: Exon. 18b; Th. 46, 25; Cri. 742. v. burh-ware.

burg-waru the inhabitants of a city as in a body, Andr. Kmbl. 2189; An. 1096. v. burh-waru.

burg-weall, -weal a city-wall, Exon. 83b; Th. 315, 28; Mód. 38: 22a; Th. 61, l; Cri. 978. v. burh-weall.

burg-wigende; part. pl. City-warring; used substantively, city-warriors; ex arce belligerentes, cives belligeri :-- Swylce Húna cyning meahte abannan to beadwe burgwígendra whomsoever of city-warriors the king of the Huns might summon to the fight, Elen. Kmbl. 68; El. 34.

BURH, burg; gen. burge; dat. byrig, byrg; acc. burh, burg; pl. nom. acc. burga; gen. burga; dat. burgum; f. [beorh, beorg = burh, burg the impert. of beorgan to defend]. I. the original signification was arx, castellum, mons, a castle for defence. It might consist of a castle alone; but as people lived together for defence and support, hence a fortified place, fortress, castle, palace, walled town, dwelling surrounded by a wall or rampart of earth; arx, castellum, mons, palatium, urbs munita, domus circumvallata :-- Se Abbot Kenulf macode fyrst ða wealle abútan ðone mynstre, [and] geaf hit ðá to nama Burh [Burch MS.], ðe æ-acute;r hét Medeshámstede the Abbot Kenulf first made the wall about the minster, and gave it then the name Burh = Burg [Petres burh Peter's burg = Peterborough] , which before was called Meadow-home-stead, Chr. 963; Erl. 123, 27-34; Th. 221, 34-39. ILLEGIBLE The style of the Anglo-Saxon indicates a late date, perhaps about 1100 or 1200. Burg arx, Cot. 10. Stíþlíc stán-torr and seó steépe burh on Sennar stód the rugged stone-tower and the high fortress stood on Shinar, Cd. 82; Th. 102, 15; Gen. 1700. Óþ ðæt hie on Sodoman weall-steápe burg wlitan meahton till they on Sodom's lofty-walled fortress might look, 109; Th. 145, 7; Gen. 2402. Ðæ-acute;r se hálga heáh, steáp reced, burh timbrede there the holy man built a high, steep dwelling, a walled town, 137; Th. 172, 6; Gen. 2840. Burge weall the wall of a city; murus, Ps. Th. 17, 28. Ðæt hie geseón mihten ðære wlitegan byrig weallas that they might see the walls of the beautiful city, Judth. 11; Thw. 23, 24; Jud. 137: Ps. Th. 44, 13: 47, 11. On leófre byrig and háligre in montem sanctificationis suæ, 77, 54: 77, 67. Ðá férdon híg þurh ða burhga egressi circuibant per castella. Lk. Bos. 9, 6. Eádweard cyng fór mid fierde to Bedan forda, and beget ða burg king Edward went with an army to Bedford, and gained the walled town, Chr. 919; Th. 192, 24, col. l. Ge binnan burgum, ge búton burgum both within walled towns, and without walled towns, L. Edg. S. 3; Th. i. 274, 7. Ðone æðeling on ðære byrig métton, ðér se cyning ofslægen læg they found the ætheling in the inclosure of the dwelling, where the king lay slain, Chr. 755; Th. 84, 19, col. 1: L. Edm. S. 2; Th. i. 248, 16: L. Eth. iii. 6; Th. i. 296, 5. II. a fortress or castle being necessary for the protection of those dwelling together in cities or towns, -- a city, town, burgh, borough; urbs, civitas, oppidum :-- Róma burh the city Rome, Bd. 1. 11; S. 480, 10, 12. Ða ðe in burh móton gongan, in Godes ríce they may go into the city, [may go] into God's kingdom, Cd. 227; Th. 303, 16; Sae. 613. Ðonne hý hweorfaþ in ða hálgan burg when they pass into the holy city, Exon. 44b; Th. 150, 26; Gú. 784. Ðæt he gesáwe ða burh ut videret civitatem, Gen. ll, 5. Ða burh ne bærndon they burnt not the city, Ors. 2, 8; Bos. 52, 8. Burge weard the guardian of the city, Cd. 180; Th. 226, 19; Dan. 173: Ps. Th. 9, 13. Ðonne hí eów éhtaþ on ðysse byrig cum perseguentur vos in civitate ista, Mt. Bos. 10, 23: Exon. 15b; Th. 34, 14; Cri. 542. Binnan ðære byrig within the city, Ors. 2, 8; Bos. 52, 4. Beóþ byrig mid Iudém