This is page 136 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

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136 BURH-WERED -- BUTTING-TÚN,

brúcan móste while he might have the enjoyment of city-wealth, Beo. Th. 6191; B. 3100.

burh-wered, es; n. A city-multitude; urbis multitudo :-- Heánra burhwered vulgus vel plebs, Wrt. Voc. 18, 37.

burh-wígende; part. pl. City-warring. v. burg-wígende.

burh-wita, an; m. A knowing and polished man of the city, city-counsellor, citizen; urbanus, homo civilis, urbis consiliarius, municeps :-- Portgeréfa vel burhwita municeps, Wrt. Voc. 18, 41.

burig = byrig to a city, Ors. 6, 23, MS. C; the dat. of burh a city.

BURN, e; f: burne, an; f: burna, an; m. [from burnon, p. pl. of beornan to boil, bubble; fervere] A bubbling or running water, a BOURN, brook, stream, river; torrens, rivus :-- Hefe upp ðíne hand ofer burna and ofer móras extende manum tuam super rivos et super paludes, Ex. 8, 5. v. burne, burna. ILLEGIBLE As a prefix or termination to the names of places, burn or burne denotes that they were near a stream; as, Burnham, Burnley, Bornemouth, Radburne, Swanburne, Sherborne. [Piers P. bourn: Scot. burn: Plat. born, m: O. Sax. brunno, m. a source: O. Frs. burna, m: Dut. born, bron, f: Kil. borne: Ger. brunne, born, m: M. H. Ger. brunne, burne, m: O. H. Ger. brunno: Goth. brunna, m : Dan. brönd, m. f: Swed. brunn, m: Icel. brunnr, m.]

burna, an; m. A stream, bourn; torrens, latex :-- Burna oððe bróc latex, Wrt. Voc. 80, 69. Scír burna biþ gedréfed: bróc biþ onwended. the clear stream is disturbed: the brook is turned aside, Bt. Met. Fox 5, 37; Met. 5, 19. He hine bibaðaþ in ðam burnan he bathes himself in the stream, Exon. 57b; Th. 205, 3; Ph. 107. Burna latex, Wrt. Voc. 54, 21. v. burn, burne.

burne, an; f. Running water, a stream, brook, river; torrens, rivus :-- Burnan flóweþ aquæ fluent, Ps. Th. 147, 7. He of stán-clife stearce burnan læ-acute;dde he drew a strong stream from the stony rock, Ps. Th. 135, 17. Se Hæ-acute;lend eóde ofer ða burnan Cedron Iesus egressus est trans torrentes Cedron, Jn. Bos. 18, l. Burnan unrihtwísnysse gedréfdon me torrentes iniquitatis conturbaverunt me, Ps. Spl. 17, 5. Abene ðíne hand ofer ealle UNCERTAINódas, ge ofer burnan, ge ofer meras, and ofer ealle wæter-pyttas extends manum tuam super omnes fluvios, et rivos, ac paludes, et omnes lacus aquarum. Ex. 7, 19. Wit unc in ðære burnan baðodan ætgædre we two bathed together in the brook, Exon. 121b; Th. 467, i; Hö. 132. v. burn. DER. wylle-burne.

burne hast burnt, wast on fire; p. of beornan.

burne burned, Ors. 4, 7; Bos. 88, 45; subj. p. of beornan.

burn-sele, es; m. [burn a spring, brook; sele a dwelling, mansion] A bath-house; balneum, Exon. 124a; Th. 477, 10; Ruin. 22.

búr-reáf, es; n. [búr a chamber, reáf a garment] Hangings for a chamber, tapestry; tapete, Th. Diplm. 530, 36.

burste hast burst, broken, failed; burston burst, broken, Beo. Th. 1640; B. 818; p. of berstan.

búr-þegen, -þén, es; m. [búr a chamber, þegen a servant, attendant] A chamber-servant, chamberlain, chancellor, secretary; cubicularius, cancellarius, scriniarius :-- Búrþén cubicularius, Æ-acute;lfc. Gl. 27; Som. 60, 100; Wrt. Voc. 25, 40. His þeóden þanc gessæ-acute;de ðum búrþéne his chief gave thanks to the chamberlain, Byrht. Th. 135, 20, note; By. 121. Búrþén cancellarius vel scriniarius, Ælfc. Gl. 114; Som. 80, 22; Wrt. Voc. 61, 3.

burþre, an; f. A birth, issue; natus, partus :-- Þurh ða burþran we wæ-acute;ron gehæ-acute;lde, and þurh ðæt gebeorþor we wurdon alýsde through the issue we were saved, and through the birth we were redeemed, Homl. Blick. 105, 20.

burug a city, Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 5, 14. v. burh.

buruh a castle, city, Fins. Th. 72; Fin. 36: Ors. 5, 5; Bos. 105, 24: Mt. Foxe 10, 11. v. burh.

buruh-þelu, e; f. [burh a castle, þelu a plank, board] A castle-floor; arcis tabulatum :-- Buruhþelu dynede the castle-floor sounded, Fins. Th. 61; Fin. 30.

buruh-waru the people of a city in a body, Chr. 1013; Th. 270, 28: Deut. 21, 21. v. burh-waru.

búta; prep, [be, út out] Without; extra :-- Búta ðæt lond extra regionem, Mk. Lind. Rush. War. 5, 10. Búta ðæm wíngeard extra vineam, Mt. Lind. War. 21, 39. v. bútan; prep.

búta; adv. Without; foras, foris :-- He eóde búta exiit forás, Mk. Lind. War. 14, 68. Petrus stód to dura búta Petrus stabat ad ostium foris, Jn. Rush. War. 18, 16.

búta, búte; conj. Unless; nisi :-- Æ-acute;nig mon wát ðone sunn búta ðe Fæder nemo novit filium nisi Pater, Mt. Lind. War. 11. 27. Búta ðes útacunda nisi hic alienigena, Lk. Lind. War. 17, 18. v. bútan; conj.

bútá both; ambo :-- Swelton híg bútá they both shall die, Deut. 22, 22: Exon. 113b; Th. 436, 25; Rä. 55, 6. v. bútú.

bútan, búton, bútun; prep. [be, útan out]. I. with the dative; cum dativo. 1. out of, against; extra, contra :-- Forbærn ðæt celf bútan ðære wícstówe ipsum vitulum comburet extra castra, Lev. 4, 21. Bútan leódrihte against the law of the land, Andr. Kmbl. 1357; An. 679. 2. without, except; sine, absque, præter :-- Bútan leahtre sine crimine, Mt Bos. 12, 5. Bútan ánum cnihte excepta UNCERTAIN uno puerulo, Bd. 3, 23; S. 555, 26. Bútan geþeahte without thought, 3, 1; S. 523, 31. Bútan eude without end, Exon. 11b; Th. 17, 16; Cri. 271: L. E. I. prm ; Th. ii. 400, 28. II. with the accusative; cum accusativo. 1. out of; extra :-- He lædde hine bútan ða wic eduxit eum extra vicum, Mk. Bos. 8, 23. 2. without, except; sine, præter :-- Bútan sealm præter psalmodiam. Bd. 3, 27; S. 559, 10. III. sometimes bútan is separated from its case :-- Ðæt Wæs geworden bútan weres frigum that came to pass without the favours of man, Exon. 8b; Th. 3, 17; Cri. 37. [Chauc, but: R. Brun. bot: R. Glouc. bote: Laym. bute, bote: Orm. buttan, butt: O. Sax. bútan, bótan: Frs. buten: O. Frs. buta: Dut. buiten: Kil. buyten: Ger. bauszen.]

bútan, búton, bútun; conj. [be, útan out]. I. with the subj. Unless, save that; nisi :-- Bútan ðú [eorþan spéde] gedæ-acute;lde Dryhtne sylfum unless thou hadst bestowed [the riches of the earth] for the Lord himself, Exon. 99a; Th. 371, 19; Seel. 78. Búton ðæt hit sý útaworpen nisi ut mittatur foras, Mt. Bos. 5, 13. Bútan æ-acute;r wyrce éce Dryhten ende worlde save ere the eternal Lord shall work an end of the world, Exon. 98a; Th. 367, 24; Seel. 12. II. with the ind. Save or except that; nisi :-- Egorhere eall acwealde búton ðæt earce bord heóld heofona freá the water-host destroyed all save that the Lord of heaven held the ark board, Cd. 70; Th. 84, 26; Gen. 1403. III. without a dependent verb, Except, save, besides, but; nisi :-- Ond eallum dagum bútan sunnan dagum diebus cunctis excepta dominica, Bd. 3, 23; S. 554, 32. Ic ne gehýrde bútan hlimman sæ-acute;I heard nought save the sea roaring, Exon. 81b; Th. 307, 4; Seef. 18. Sume men sæ-acute;don ðæt ðæ-acute;r næ-acute;ran bútan twegen dæ-acute;las some men said that there were but two parts. Ors. 1, 1; Bos. 15, 6.

búte without; foris, Jn. Lind. War. 18, 16. v. búta; adv.

búte; conj. Unless, but; nisi, sed :-- Nán þing wyrþe [geweorþe Cot.] búte hit God wille nothing comes to pass unless God wills it, Bt. 41, 2; Fox 244, 18: Bt. Met. Fox 18, 20; Met. 18, 10. Búte ic nát but I know not, Bt. 34, 10; Fox 148, 16. Búte ge to him gecyrren nisi convertimini, Ps. Th. 7, 12. v. bútan; conj.

búte both; ambo :-- Búte ða þinc ambá res, R. Ben. interl. 5. v. bútú.

butere, an; f. BUTTER; butyrum [= GREEK , Boûs a cow, rupót cheese] :-- Butere butyrum, Wrt. Voc. 82, 27. Dó ðonne mele fulne buteran add then a basin full of butter, L. M. 1, 36; Lchdm. ii. 86, 17, 19, 22. On ðære buteran in the butter, l, 36; Lchdm. ii. 88, 1. On gódre buteran in good butter, 3, 32; Lchdm. ii. 326, 18: 3, 41; Lchdm. ii. 334, 14: Ahlyttre ða buteran purify the butter, 3, 2; Lchdm. ii. 308, 28: Coll. Monast. Th. 34, 27. [Wyc. botere: Plat. botter, f: Frs. buter: O. Frs. butera, botera: Dut. bóter, f: Ger. butter, f: M. H. Ger. buter: O. H. Ger. butere, f: Fr. beurre, m: It. butirro, burro, m: Lat. butyrum: Grk. GREEK .]

buter-flége a butterfly; papilio. v. buttor-fleóge.

buter-geþweor, es; n. Butter-curd, what is coagulated, butter; butyri coagulum, butyrum :-- Buter-geþweor æ-acute;lc and cýsgerunn losiaþ [MS. losaþ] eów butyrum omne et caseus pereunt vobis, Coll. Monast. Th. 28, 19.

buteric a bottle, Coll. Monast. Th. 27, 35. v. buteruc.

buter-stoppa, an; m. [butere butter, stoppa a vessel] A butter-vessel, butter-dish; butyri vas, Wrt. Voc. 290, 24.

buteruo, buteric, buturuc, butruc, es; m. A leathern bottle; flasco, uter :-- Buteruc flasco, Ælfc. Gl. 26; Som. 60, 76; Wrt. Voc. 25, 16. Ic bicge hýda and fell, and wyrce of him butericas ego emo cutes et pelles, et facio ex iis utres, Coll. Monast. Th. 27, 35. Ðæt wæter asceortode, ðe wæs on ðam buturuce consumpta esset aqua in utre, Gen. 21, 15. Butruc flasco, Wrt. Voc. 85, 83. [O. Sax. buteric, m: O. H. Ger. butrih uter.]

búton without; sine :-- Búton æ-acute;lcum eorþlícum fæder without any earthly father, Homl. Th. i. 24, 30. Búton synne ánum without any sin, i. 24, 35. v. bútan; prep.

búton; adv. Gratuitously, without a cause; gratis :-- Forðan ðe búton hí behíddon me onforwyrde quoniam gratis absconderunt mihi interitum, Ps. Spl. 34, 8.

butruc a bottle, Wrt. Voc. 85, 83. v. buteruc.

butsa-carlas [bátes carlas, i. e. bát-sæ-acute; carlas] Seamen, sailors; nautæ, Chr. 1066; Ing. 259, 4.

Butting-tún, es; m. BODDINGTON, Gloucestershire :-- Offóron hie ðone here hindan æt Buttingtúne on Sæferne staðe they followed after the army to Boddington on the bank of the Severn, Chr. 894; Erl. 92, 22. Mr. Earle has the following pertinent note on the locality :-- Two places have hitherto contended for this site, viz. Boddington near Cheltenham, and Buttington in Montgomeryshire, near Welshpool. But Mr. Ormerod [Archæologia, vol. XXIX; and Strigulensia, p. 60] has put forward a claim for Buttinton in Tidenham, on the peninsula formed by the Severn and the Wye. There are traces of works here, though less considerable than those at Buttington in Montgomeryshire. Mr. Ormerod grounds his claim mainly upon Matthew of Westminster's 'paganos tam navali quam terrestri exercitu circumcinxit.' No such thing appears in the text before us, but to the opposite effect. One is almost tempted to suspect that