This is page 183 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 25 Mar 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

CYMEN -- CYNE-DÓOM. 183

vinegar, L. M. 2, 44; Lchdm. ii. 256, 6. Cymen cym&i-long;num, Ælfc. Gl. 44; Som. 64, 64; Wrt. Voc. 32, 1: Herb. 155, 1; Lchdm. i. 280, 23: L. M. 2, 39; Lchdm. ii. 246, 23: iii. 6, 16: 24, 9. Cymenes of cummin, Herb. 152, 1; Lchdm. i. 276, 21: L. M. 2, 2; Lchdm. ii. 180, 20: 2, 15; Lchdm. ii. 192, 15: 2, 30; Lchdm. ii. 228, 26: 2, 44; Lchdm. ii. 256, 6. Wyrc sealfe of cymene make a salve with cummin, 2, 22; Lchdm. ii. 206, 20. Genim cymen take cummin, Herb. 94, 2; Lchdm. i. 204, 16: 376, 5: L. M. 1, 2; Lchdm. ii. 36, 11: 1, 17; Lchdm. ii. 60, 15: 1, 48; Lchdm. ii. 120, 24: 2, 6; Lchdm. ii. 184, 15: 2, 24; Lchdm. ii. 214, 17: iii. 28, 11: 72, 14. Cymenes sæ-acute;d. seed of cummin, L. M. 3, 12; Lchdm. ii. 314, 21. Cymenes dust dust of cummin, 3, 23; Lchdm. ii. 322, 3.

cymen come, Exon. 8b; Th. 5, 8; Cri. 66; pp. of cuman.

Cymén, es; m. Cymen, son of Ælle, who was the first Bretwalda [v. Bret-walda, brýten-walda]; Cym&e-long;nus :-- For example, v. Cyménes óra.

Cyménes óra, an; m. Cymen's shore, near Wittering, Sussex; Cym&e-long;ni l&i-long;tus, qui ibi naves ad terrain appulit. Nunc nomen amisit, sed fuisse prope Wittering, in agro Sussexiensi, Charta Donatiònis UNCERTAIN quam Cedwalla Rex Ecclesiæ Selsiensi fecit, planiss&i-short;me convincit, Camd. Camden and, after him, Gibson say, in the preceding Latin, this place was near Wittering on the coast of Sussex. They rely on a Charter which Kemble [Cod. Dipl. 992] has marked as spurious, but which was no doubt constructed with a regard for probability. In this Charter [Cod. Dipl. 992; A. D. 683; Kmbl. v. 33, 22] the name occurs as Cumenes&dash-uncertain;hora, a form which countenances Ingram's guess that Shoreham is the place; quasi Cymeneshoreham, v. Chr. Erl. 281, A. D. 477 :-- Hér, A. D. 477, com [MS. cuom] Ælle on Bretonlond, and his iii suna, Cymen, and Wlencing, and Cissa, mid iii scipum, on ða stówe ðe is nemned Cyménes óra, and ðæ-acute;r ofslógon monige Wealas, and sume on fleáme bedrifon on ðone wudu ðe is genemned Andredes leáge in this year, A. D. 477, Ælle came to Britain, and his three sons, Cymen, and Wlencing, and Cissa, with three ships, at the place which is named Cymen's shore, and there slew many Welsh, and drove some in flight into the wood which is named Andredsley, Chr. 477; Erl. 12, 28-32.

cym-líc; adj. Comely, convenient, lovely, beautiful, splendid; aptus, commodus, splendidus :-- Hierusalem, ðú wæ-acute;re swá swá cymlíc ceaster getimbred Jerusalem, thou wert built as a beautiful city, Ps. Th. 121, 3: Exon. 108b; Th. 415, 24; Rä. 34, 2.

cym-líce; comp. -lícor; adv. Conveniently, fitly, beautifully, splendidly; commode, apte, splendide :-- Andetaþ Drihtne, and his écne naman cégaþ cymlíce confitemini Domino et invocate nomen ejus, Ps. Th. 104, 1:. 98, 7. Cymlícor ceól gehládenne a more fitly laden ship, Andr. Kmbl. 721; An. 361: Beo. Th. 75; B. 38.

cym-lícor more aptly or fitly, Andr. Kmbl. 721; An. 361: Beo. Th. 75; B. 38; comp. of cym-líce.

cymst, cymest comest, Cd. 203; Th. 252, 28; Dan. 585: Beo. Th. 2769; 8. 1382; 2nd pres. sing. of cuman.

cymþ, cymeþ comes, Cd. 17; Th. 20, 26; Gen. 315: Beo. Th. 4123; B. 2058; 3rd sing. pres. of cuman.

cyn the chin; mentum. v. cin.

CYN, cynn, es; n. I. every being of one kind, a kindred, kind, race, nation, people, tribe, family, lineage, generation, progeny, KIN; genus, gens, natio, populus, stirps, tribus, familia, natales, origo, generatio, proles, progenies :-- Ðæt hie ne móton æ-acute;gnian mid yrmþum Israhéla cyn that they may not hold in misery the race of Israel, Cd. 156; Th. 194, 24; Exod. 265: 170; Th. 213, 21; Exod. 555. Monna cynn hominum genus, Exon. 20b; Th. 55, 23; Cri. 888: 98b; Th. 370, 1; Seel. 50: Cd. 212; Th. 261, 33; Dan. 735. Eorþan cynn terræ tribus, Ps. Th. 71, 18. Eal engla cynn all the race of angels, Exon. 75a; Th. 281, 10; Jul. 644. Eall gimma cynn all kinds of gems, Andr. Kmbl. 3037; An. 1521. Fór cynn æfter cynne tribe went after tribe, Cd. 161; Th. 200, 3; Exod. 351. Ðis cynn ne byþ útadryfen hoc genus non ejicitur, Mt. Bos. 17, 21. Ðæt wíf wæs hæ-acute;ðen, Sirofenisces cynnes erat mulier gent&i-long;lis, Syrophœnissa UNCERTAIN genere, Mk. Bos. 7, 26. Lá næddrena cyn progenies viperarum, Mt. Bos. 3, 7. Of cynne on cynn from generation to generation; a progenie in, progeniem, Ps. Th. 84, 5: 88, 1. Adames cyn the race of Adam, Cd. 222; Th. 289, 35; Sat. 408: Exon. 22a; Th. 59, 33; Cri. 961. Ymb fisca cynn de piscium genere, Exon. 96b; Th. 360, 6; Wal. 1. DER. cyn-recen, cynn-recceniss, -ren, -ryn: ælf-cyn, -cynn, átor-, cyne-, deór-, earfoþ-, engel-, eormen-, eorþ-, fæderen-, feorh-, fífel-, fisc-, fleóh-, from-, frum-, fugel-, fugol-, gim-, gum-, hæ-acute;ðen-, helle-, heoloþ- [ = hæleþ-], hwæ-acute;te-, læ-acute;ce-, man-, médren-, óm-, orf-, sigor-, treó-, wæ-acute;pned-, wer-, wyrm-, wyrt-. II. in grammar, -- Gender; genus :-- Syndon twá cynn, -- masculinum, ðæt is werlíc, and femininum, wíflíc. Werlíc cynn biþ ðes wer hic vir: there are two genders, -- masculine, that is manlike, and feminine, womanlike. Masculine gender is ðes wer this man, Ælfc. Gr. 6; Som. 5, 27, 28. Æ-acute;lc nýten biþ oððe he, oððe heó every animal is either he, or she, 6; Som. 5, 34. Neutrum is náðor cynd, ne werlíces, ne wíflíces neuter is neither kind, neither of male nor of female, 6; Som. 5, 32. Ðis gebýraþ oftost to náðrum cynne, swá swá is ðis word hoc verbum: this oftest belongeth to the neuter gender, as is ðis word this word, 6; Som. 5. 35. Twílíces cynnes ðæt Is ILLEGIBLE dubii generis, 6; Som. 5, 46. Sume naman synd óðres cynnes on ánfealdum getele, and óðres cynnes on mænigfealdum getele some nouns are of one gender in the singular number, and of another gender in the plural number, 13; Som. 16, 25. The m. f. n. occur in the following sentence, indicated by the articles se, seó, ðæt :-- Seó sáwel ys má ðonne se líchama, and se líchama má ðonne ðæt reáf anima plus est guam esca, et corpus plus quam vestimentum, Lk. Bos. 12, 23. III. a sex; sexus :-- Hwæðeres cynnes bearn heó cennan sceal of which sex she shall bear a child, Lchdm. iii. 144, 6. [Wyc. kyn family, generation: Chauc. kin: Piers P. kynne: R. Glouc. R. Brun. kyn: Laym. cun, kun race, progeny, kind: Orm. kin: O. Sax. kunni, cunni, n. race: Dut. kunne, f. gender: Kil. konne, kunne genus, species, sexus: O. Frs. ken, kin, kon, n. genus: M. H. Ger. künne, n. family: O. H. Ger. kunni, n. genus, gens: Dan. kjön, n. genus: Swed. kön, n. sex; kynne, n. disposition: Icel. kyn, n. a kind, kin: Lat. genus, gens; Grk. GREEK : Sansk. janus gens.]

cyn, cynn; adj. Akin, suitable, fit, proper; congruus, condignus :-- Ðæt is cyn that is proper or reasonable, Bt. 33, 1; Fox 122, 4. Swá hit cynn [cyn Cot.] was as was suitable or fit, 35, 4; Fox 162, 24. Swylce hit kyn [cyn MS. B; cynn H.] sié as it may be right, L. In. 42; Th. i. 128, 11. Hit ys cyn it is proper, Ps. Th. 29, 11: 9, 34: 138, 20.

cyncg a king, L. E. G. pref; Th. i. 166, 3. v. cyning.

CYND, es; n. I. nature, KIND; natura :-- Gif hió hire cynd healdan wile if she desire to retain her nature, Bt. 35, 4; Fox 160, note 21, MS. Cot. II. a sort, gender; natura, genus :-- Neutrum is náðor cynd, ne werlíces, ne wíflíces neuter is neither sort [gender], neither of male nor of female, Ælfc. Gr. 6, 3; Som. 5, 32. [Prompt. keende, kyynde genus; Wyc. kynde nature: Piers P. kynde nature, race, kind: Laym. i-cunde nature, kind, race: Orm. kinde nature, kind, race: O. Sax. kind, n. a child: Dut. kind, n. a child: Ger. kind, n. a child: M. H. Ger. kint, gen. kindes, n. a child: O. H. Ger. kind, kint, n. proles: Icel. kind, f. species, race, kind: Lat. gent-em, acc. of gens.] DER. ge-cynd.

cynde; adj. Natural, innate, inborn; naturalis, innatus, ingenitus :-- Cniht weóx and þág swá him cynde wæ-acute;ron the boy waxed and thrived as to him was natural, Cd. 132; Th. 167, 26; Gen. 2771. DER. ge-cynde, un-, unge-.

cynde-líc; adj. Natural, KINDLY; naturalis, ingenitus :-- Sídra gesceafta cræftas cyndelíce the kindly powers of wide-spread creatures, Exon. 92b; Th. 346, 27; Sch. 5. DER. ge-cyndelíc, unge-.

cyne-, used in compounds, signifying kingly, royal, special; regius, præ-. v. cyne-bænd, -bearn, -boren, -bót, -botl, -cyn, -dóm, etc.

cýne; adj. Bold, brave; audax :-- Cyninga cýnost bravest of kings, Ps. C. 50, 3; Ps. Grn. ii. p. 276, 3. DER. searo-cýne. v. céne.

cýne, an; f. A chink, fissure; rima :-- Ðæs leóhtes scíma þurh ða cýnan ðære dura ineóde the glare of the light came through the chinks of the door, Bd. 4, 7; S. 575, 19.

cyne-bænd, es; m. [bend, bænd a band, chaplet, crown] A royal crown, a diadem; regia corona, diadema = GREEK , Som. Ben. Lye.

cyne-bearn, es; n. A kingly child, royal offspring; regius puer, regia proles :-- Ne mihton oncnáwan ðæt cynebearn they might not acknowledge the royal child, Andr. Kmbl. 1131; An. 566. Wuldres cynebearn the royal child of glory, Menol. Fox 316; Men. 159: Cd. 82; Th. 102, 23; Gen. 1704.

cyne-boren; part. Of royal birth; regia stirpe natus, M. H. 12a.

cyne-bót, e; f. [bót boot, compensation] A king's compensation or recompense; regis compensatio :-- Gebíraþ seó cynebót ðám leódum the king's compensation belongs to the people, L. Wg. 1; Th. i. 186, 4: L. M. L; Th. i. 190, 8.

cyne-botl, es; n. [botl a dwelling] A kingly dwelling, a palace; palatium, Wrt. Voc. 86, 27.

cyne-cyn, -cynn, es; n. [cyne regius, regalis; cyn, cynn, gens, stirps, familia] A royal race, royal lineage, royal offspring or family; gens regia, proles regia, stirps vel familia regia :-- Of Francena cynecynne de gente Francorum regia, Bd. 1, 25; S. 486, note 32: 2, 14; S. 518, 3. He wæs hiora cynecynnes he was of their royal race, Bt. Met. Fox 26, 83; Met. 26, 42. He wæs cynecynnes he was of royal lineage, Bt. 38, 1; Fox 194, 14: Bd. 3, 18; S. 546, 39, col. 1: L. Wg. 1; Th. i. 186, 18.

cyne-dóm, es; m. [dóm power, dominion] A; royal dominion or power, kingdom, realm; imperium, regnum, sceptrum, potestas :-- Cynedóm sceptrum, Ælfc. Gl. 69; Som. 69, 127; Wrt. Voc. 42, 7. We willaþ ðæt án cynedóm fæste stande æ-acute;fre on þeóde we will that one kingship standfast for ever in the nation, L. N. P. L. 67; Th. ii. 302, 8. Hanna wæs mid ungemete ðæs cynedómes gyrnende Hanno had an immoderate longing for the kingdom, Ors. 4, 5; Bos. 81, 43: L. Wg. 1; Th. i. 186, 4: Ps. C. 50, 149; Ps. Grn. ii. 280, 149, Rúmes cynedómes augustæ potestatis, Mone B. 3931. For ðam cynedóme for the kingdom, L. M. L; Th. i. 190, 6. Claudius Orcadas eáland to Rómwara cynedóme geþeódde Claudius Orcadas insulas Romano adjecit imperio, Bd. 1, 3; S. 475, 7: Chr. 47; Erl. 6, 26. He ðone cynedóm ciósan wolde he would choose