This is page 203 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 22 Apr 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

DEÓR-NET - DIC

deór-net, -nett, es; n. A beast-net, hunting-net; r&e-long;te ven&a-long;t&i-short;cum, cassis :-- Deórnet cassis, Ælfc. Gl. 84;, Som. 73, 91; Wrt. Voc. 48, 29.

deornunga secretly, L. In. 27; Wilk. 19, 12. v. dearnunga.

deór-tún, es; m. [tún an inclosure] A deer-inclosure; cerv&o-long;rum sep&i-long;mentum, Som. Ben. Lye.

Deorwente, an; f. [deor = Celt. dwr water; went turned, bent; v. wendan] The river DERWENT, in Yorkshire, Derbyshire, Cumberland, and Durham; quatuor fluvi&o-long;rum nomen in agris Eboracensi Derbiensi Cumbriensi et Dunholmensi :-- Be Deorwentan ðære eá by the river Derwent [Yorkshire], Bd. 2, 9; S. 511, 18: 2, 13; S. 517, 16. Of ðam ðe ða fruman aweallaþ Deorwentan streámes from which the beginnings of the river Derwent spring, 4. 29; S. 607, 11.

deór-wyrþe, -wurþe; adj. [deóre dear, weorþe worth] Precious, dear, of great worth or value; pr&e-short;ti&o-long;sus :-- Ðá he funde ðæt án deórwyrþe meregrot inventa autem una pr&e-short;ti&o-long;sa margar&i-long;ta, Mt. Bos. 13, 46. Deórwurþe pr&e-short;ti&o-long;sus, Wrt. Voc. 85, 61. Ealra gecorenra hálgena deáþ is deórwurþe on Godes gesihþe the death of all the chosen saints is precious in the sight of God, Homl. Th. i. 48, 34, Ofer gold and stáne deorwyrþum super aurum et lap&i-short;dem pr&e-short;i&o-long;sum, Ps. Lamb. 18, 11: 20, 4. We deórwyrþne dæ-acute;l Dryhtne cennaþ we ascribe the precious lot to the Lord, Exon. 35 a; Th. 113, 7; Gú. 154. Hí wurdon gehwyrfede to deórwurþum gymmum they were turned to precious gems, Homl. Th. i. 64, 5. Hí næ-acute;tre swá deórwurþe gymstánas ne gemétton they have never before met with such precious gems, i. 64, 10. Ðæt is git deórwyrþre ðonne monnes líf it is even more valuable than man's life, Bt. 10; Fox 28, 38. Ðú hæfst gesund gehealden eall ðæt deórwyrþoste thou hast kept entire everything most precious, Bt. 10; Fox 28, 9. Mid ðam deórwurþustan reáfe with the most valuable raiment, Gen. 27, 15.

deór-wyrþnes, -wurþnes, -ness, e; f. Preciousness, a precious thing, treasure; res pr&e-short;ti&o-long;sa :-- Mid eallum deórwyrþnessum with all precious things, Bt. 7, 4; Fox 22, 31. Ðe ða frécnan deórwurþnessa funde who found the dangerous treasures, 15; Fox 48, 24.

dépan; p. te; pp. ed To dip, baptize; baptiz&a-long;re :-- Dépiþ vel dyppeþ baptiz&a-long;bit = βαπτ&iota-tonos;σει, Mt. Rush. Stv. 3, 11. v. dyppan.

Déprobane; indecl. f. An island in the Indian ocean, Ceylon; Tapr&o-short;b&a-short;na = Ταπρoβ&alpha-tonos;νη :-- Be súþan eástan ðam porte is ðæt ígland Déprobane to the south-east of the port [Calymere] is the island Ceylon, Ors. 1, 1; Bos. 16, 16. v. Táprabane.

Dera mæ-acute;gþ, e; f. [Dere the Deirians, mæ-acute;gþ a province, region, country] The country of the Deirians, Deira, being part of Northumbria, situate between the Tyne and Humber; Deir&o-long;rum provincia :-- In Dera mæ-acute;gþe in provincia Deir&o-long;rum, Bd. 2, 14; S. 518, 14. v. Dera ríce.

Dera ríce, es; n. [Dere the Deirians, ríce a kingdom] The kingdom of the Deirians, Deira; Deir&o-long;rum regnum :-- Féng to Dera ríce susc&e-long;pit regnum Deir&o-long;rum, Bd. 3, 1; S. 523, 9. Se hæfde Dera ríce qui in Deir&o-long;rum part&i-short;bus regnum hab&e-long;bat, 3, 23; S. 554, 8.

Dere; gen. Dera; pl. m. The Deirians, inhabitants of Deira between the rivers Tyne and Humber; De&i-long;ri :-- Andswarede him mon and cwæþ ðæt hí Dere nemde wæ-acute;ron responsum est quod De&i-long;ri voc&a-long;rentur, Bd. 2, 1; S. 501, 21, 22: Homl. Th. ii. 120, 34, 35. Mid ðysses cyninges geornesse ða twá mæ-acute;gþa Norþan Hymbra Dere and Beornice on áne sibbe geteáh hujus industria regis Deir&o-long;rum et Bernici&o-long;rum provinciæ in unam sunt p&a-long;cem, Bd. 3; 6; S. 528, 30. He wæs vii winter Dera cyning he was king of the Deirians seven years, 3, 14; S. 539, 32. Man gehálgode ii biscopas on his stal, Bosan to Derum, and Eatan to Beornicum two bishops were consecrated in his stead, Bosa to Deira [lit. to the Deirians], and Eata to Bernicia, Chr. 678; Erl. 41, 7. v. Dera mæ-acute;gþ.

deregaþ injure, Bt. 4; Fox 8, 16, = deriaþ; pres. pl. of derian.

DERIAN, derigan; part. deriende, derigende; ic derige, ðú derast, detest, he deraþ, dereþ, pl. deriaþ, deregaþ; p. ode, ede; pp. od, ed; v. trans. dat. To injure, hurt, harm, damage; noc&e-long;re, læd&e-short;re, obesse :-- Him ða stormas derian ne máhan [derigan ne mæ-acute;gon MS. Cot.] the storms cannot hurt him, Bt. 7, 3; Fox 22, 6: Bt. Met, Fox 12, 8; Met. 12, 4. He ne forlét mannan derian heom non rel&i-long;quit hom&i-short;nem noc&e-long;re eis, Ps. Lamb. 104, 14. Derigende n&o-short;cens, Ælfc. Gr. 9, 38; Som. 12, 51. Dém Driht derigende [deriende MS. T; ða deriendan, Lamb.] me jud&i-short;ca Dom&i-short;ne nocentes me, Ps. Spl. 34, 1, Ic derige noceo, Ælfc. Gr. 43; Som. 44, 41: Ps. Lamb. 88, 34. Hit me ne deraþ it shall not hurt me, Homl. Th. i. 72, 13: Boutr. Scrd. 31, 18. Hió oft dereþ unscyldegum she often injures the guiltless, Bt. Met. Fox 4, 71; Met. 4, 36: 26, 221; Met. 26, 111. On worulde monnum ne deriaþ máne áþas wicked oaths inflict no injury on men in the world, 4, 95; Met. 4, 48: Past. 59; Hat. MS. Náuht ne deregaþ monnum máne áþas wicked oaths in no wise injure men, Bt. 4; Fox 8, 16. He derode manna gesihþum he injured men's sight, Homl. Th. i. 454, 21: Hexam. 16; Norm. 24, 3: Chr. 1032; Erl. 164, 2: Boutr. Scrd. 18, 3. Gif ðú ðínum cristenum bréðer deredest if thou injuredst thy christian brother, Homl. Th. i. 54, 22. Him ówiht ne derede naught harmed them, Cd. 188; Th. 233, 11; Dan. 274: 23; Th. 30, 24; Gen. 471. Ðæt ðú me ne derige ne n&o-short;ceas mihi, Gen. 21, 23. Swá hwæt swá mannum derige, ðæt is eall for úrum synnum whatsoever is injurious to men, is all for our sins, Homl. Th. i. 16, 25. [Piers P. dere: Chauc. dere: Laym. derede, p: O. Sax. derian: Frs. deare, derre: O. Frs. dera: Dut. deren: O. H. Ger. terjan, terran noc&e-long;re.] DER. ge-derian: un-deriende.

deriendlíc, derigendlíc; def. se -líca, seó, ðæt -líce; adj. Injurious, noxious, hurtful; noc&i-long;vus, noxius, n&o-short;ceus :-- Deriendlíc noc&i-long;vus, Fulg. 20: noxius, Hymn. Surt. 5, 7. Hit ne biþ ðam men derigendlíc it will not be injurious to a man, Boutr. Scrd. 20, 18. Ðæt we forbúgan æ-acute;lc þing derigendlíces vit&e-long;mus omne noxium, Hymn. Surt. 14, 13: 37, 16: 93, 3. Afyrsa hæ-acute;tan derigendlíce aufer cal&o-long;rem noxium, 10, 31. Him wæ-acute;ron derigendlíce dracan and næddran serpents and adders were noxious to them, Hexam. 17; Norm. 24, 32. Híg swiðe gedrehton ða deriendlícan the hurtful greatly afflicted them, Ælfc. T. Grn. 11, 35. Ðæt ðú derigendlíce ætbrede ut noxia subtr&a-short;has, Hymn. Surt. 133, 7. Us he gehealde fram derigendlícum nos servet a nocent&i-short;bus, 9, 7.

dér-ling a darling :-- Dérling mín d&i-long;lectus meus, Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 12, 18. v. deór-ling.

derne secret, hidden, Ps. C. 50, 70; Ps. Grn. ii. 278, 70, v. dyrne.

dern-geliger, e; f: dern-geliger-scipe, es; m. A secret lying, adultery; clandest&i-long;nus concub&i-short;tus, adult&e-short;rium :-- In derngeligerscipe [MS. derne-gilegerscipe] in adult&e-short;rio, Jn. Rush. War. 8, 3. v. ge-liger.

dern-unga; adv. [derne, unga a termination] Secretly; clam :-- Dernunga clam, Mt. Kmbl. Rush. 2, 7. v. dearnunga.

derodine? scarlet dye, Past. 14, 4; Hat. MS. 18 a, 3. v. dyrodine.

derstan dregs, lees, L. M. 1, 2; Lchdm. ii. 38, 18, 19: 1, 39; Lchdm. ii. 98, 24. v. dærstan.

derung, e; f. An injuring, harming; læsio, inj&u-long;ria, nocumentum, Greg. Dial. 3, 16.

dést doest, dost, Jn. Bos. 6, 30; déþ does, Basil admn. 4; Norm. 40, 29; 2nd and 3rd sing. pres. of dón.

diácon, deácon, es; m. A deacon, minister of the church, levite; di&a-long;c&o-long;nus = δι&alpha-tonos;κoνos a servant, waiting man = Lat. minister, lev&i-long;ta, lev&i-long;tes = λευ&iota-tonos;τηs :-- Diáconus is þén, ðe þénaþ ðam mæsse-preóste, and ða offrunga sett uppon ðæt weofod, and gódspell eác ræ-acute;t æt Godes þénungum. Se mót fulligan cild, and ðæt folc húsligan [i.e. he mót eác hláf sillan, gif þearf biþ he may also give the bread, if need be, L. Ælf. P. 34; Th. ii. 378, 12] deacon is a minister, who ministers to the mass-priest, and sets the offerings upon the altar, and also reads the gospels at God's services. He may baptize children, and housel the people, L. Ælf. C. 16; Th. ii. 348, 12. [Gif frigman] diácones feoh [stele], vi gylde [forgylde] if a freeman steal the property of a deacon, he must repay sixfold, L. Ethb. 1, 4 ; Th. i. 2, 5; 4, 3; about A. D. 599. Swylce diácon hine clæ-acute;nsie so let a deacon clear himself, L. Wih. 18; Th. i. 40, 16: L. Eth. ix. 20; Th. i. 344, 15: L. C. E. 5; Th. i. 362, 12, 17: Bd. 3, 20; S. 550, 21. We nú gehýrdon of ðæs diácones múþe we have now heard from the mouth of the deacon, Homl. Th. i. 152, 3. Ða Iudéas sendon diáconas mis&e-long;runt Iudæi lev&i-long;tas [Wyc. dekenys], Jn. Bos. 1, 19. Diácon lev&i-long;ta [Wyc. dekene], Lk. Bos. 10, 32. Ða apostolas gehádodon seofon diáconas ... Ðæra diácona wæs se forma Steph&a-short;nus ... Hí mid gebédum and bletsungum to diáconum gehádode wurdon the apostles ordained seven deacons ... The first of the deacons was Stephen ... They were ordained deacons with prayers and blessings, Homl. Th. i. 44, 10, 13, 20: 416, 9, 11. DER. arce-diácon, erce-, under-. v. hád II.

diácon-hád, es; m. The office of a deacon, deaconship; diacon&a-long;tus :-- On diáconháde in deaconship, Homl. Th. ii, 120, 13.

diácon-þénung, e; f. [þénung duty, office] The duty or office of a deacon; diacon&a-long;tus off&i-short;cium :-- He diáconþénunge mycelre tíde brúcende wæs diacon&a-long;tus off&i-short;cio non pauco temp&o-short;re fungeb&a-long;tur, Bd. 4, 3; S. 570, 28.

díc, es; m. A DIKE, a bank formed by throwing the earth out of the ditch; vallum, id est tum&u-short;lus, qui terra effossa exstructus est :-- Andlang díces along the dike, Cod. Dipl. Apndx. 442; A. D. 956; Kmbl. iii. 438, 18. Ondlong riðiges on ðone díc along the ridge to the dike, 620; A. D. 978; Kmbl. iii. 169, 2; iii. 168, 35. On ánne micelne díc to a great dike, iii. 169, 7. Of ðæm díce from the dike, iii. 169, 2. To ðæm ealdan díc to the old dike, Th. Diplm. A. D. 905; 494, 17. On ðone díc to the dike, 494. 37. [O. Sax. díc, m. a dike, dam: O. Frs. dik, m. a dike, dam: Dut. dijk, m. a dike: Ger. deich, m. a mound: Sansk. deh&i-long;, f. a mound, bank, rampart.] DER. ýlen-díc [eáland-díc].

dic, e; f. I. a ditch, the excavation or trench made by throwing out the earth, a channel for water; fossa, excav&a-long;tio vel scr&o-short;bis unde terram fod&e-short;rant :-- Ðonne to ðære díce hyman then to the corner of the ditch, Th. Diplm. A. D. 905; 495, 21. Ðonne on ðone weg, ðe scýt ofer ða díc then to the way, that leads over the ditch, Th. Diplm. A. D. 900; 145, 27. On ða díc to the ditch, Cod. Dipl. Apndx. 441; A. D. 956; Kmbl. iii. 437, 11, 15, 27. Of ðam bróc on ða ealdan díc from the brook to the old ditch, 556; A. D. 969; Kmbl. iii. 48, 21. On ða reádan díc in the reedy ditch, Cod. Dipl. 1172; A. D. 955; Kmbl. v. 332. 13. Binnon lytlum fæce wendon to Lundene; and dulfon ðá áne mycele díc, on ða súþ-healfe, and drógon heora scipa [scypo MS. Cot. Tiber. B. i; scipo MS. Cot. Tiber. B. iv] on west-healfe ðære brycge within a little space they went to London; and they then dug a great ditch, on the south side, and dragged their ships to the west side of the bridge, Chr. 1016; Th. 281, 4-7, col. 1. II. sometimes díc, es; m. is found to denote-a ditch or channel for water :-- Ymbútan ðone weall [Babilónes] is se mæ-acute;sta díc, on ðam is yrnende se ungefóglecesta streám; and, wiðútan ðam díce, is geworht twegra elna heáh weall round the wall [of Babylon] is a very great ditch, in which runs the deepest stream; and, outside the ditch, a wall is built two ells high, Ors. 2, 4; Bos. 44, 26, 27. [Prompt. dyke fossa: Piers P. dyk, dych a ditch: Chauc. dich a ditch: Laym. dic, dich, f. a ditch: Plat. diek, dík, m. a pond: Frs. dijck, m. vallum: Ger. teich, m. a pond: M. H. Ger. tích, m. a pond: Dan. dige, n. a ditch: Swed. dike, n. a ditch, trench: Icel. díki, dík, n. a ditch.]