This is page 239 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 25 Mar 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.


On ecgwæle [MS. ecgwale] amid the slaughter of swords, Cd. 96; Th. 126, 2; Gen. 2089.

ecilma, an; m. A chilblain; pernio, Som. Ben. Lye. v. æcelma.

écne great; acc. of écen.

éc-nes, -nis, -nys, -ness, -niss, -nyss, e; f. Eternity, everlasting; ætern&i-short;tas :-- Ðæt we wuldres eard in écnesse ágan mósten that we for ever might possess the abode in glory, Exon. 25 b; Th. 74, 9; Cri. 1204: Ps. Th. 118, 152. On écnisse for ever, Cd. 23; Th. 30, 18; Gen. 469. On écnysse for ever. Mk. Bos. 3, 29: Ps. Th. 110, 6: 118, 44.

écra of eternal, Elen. Kmbl. 1601; El. 802; gen. pl. of éce.

écre for continual, Homl. Blick. 127, 22; dat. f. of éce.

éc-sóþ, éc-sóþlíce but truly, but also; sed autem, v&e-long;re, Som. Ben. Lye.

éc-sóþlíce but truly. v. éc-sóþ.

éd [eád happiness] Safety, security, happiness; s&a-short;lus, as&y-long;lum :-- Éd monne safety of men, the ark. Cd. 70; Th. 84, 30, Mann. Some think ed signifies a renewing, restoration, regeneration; ren&o-short;vatio: then ed monne might be translated, regeneration of men. Grn. corrected ed monne into edniowne renewed :-- Ða he hine [égor-here] upp forlét edniowne [acc. referring to hine = égor-here] streámum stígan when he allowed it [the water-flood-'host'] renewed to mount up in streams, Gen. 1405.

ed-, prefixed to words, denotes anew, again, as the Latin re- meaning rursus, d&e-long;nuo, it&e-short;rum. Edniwian to renew, to make new again; ren&o-short;v&a-long;re. [Wyc. ed-: Plat. O. Frs. et- in etmal: M. H. Ger. ite-: O. H. Ger. it-, ita-: Goth. id-: O. Nrs. ið-.]

-ed used as a termination of pp. v. D 4, 5.

éd- = ád a funeral pile. v. éd-wylm.

ed-cenning, e; f. Regeneration; regen&e-short;r&a-long;tio :-- On edcenninge in regen&e-short;r&a-long;ti&o-long;ne. Mt. Bos. 19, 28.

ed-cer, -cir, -cyr, -cerr, -cirr. -cyrr, es; m. A return; reversio, r&e-short;d&i-short;tus :-- Ne hí edcerres æ-acute;fre móton wénan they may never think of return, Cd. 223; Th. 293, 7; Sat. 451. Edcir ðære ádle a return of the disease, Past. 33, 7; Cot. MS. Edcyr of wræcsiþe [MS. spræc-siðe] postl&i-long;m&i-short;nium, Ælfc. Gl. 15; Som. 58, 28; Wrt. Voc. 21, 22. DER. cyrr.

ed-c&oelig-acute;lness, e; f. A recooling, pleasant coolness; refrig&e-short;r&a-long;tio. Ps. Spl. 65, 11? Lye.

ed-cucian, -cwician; p. ode, ade; pp. od, ad To re-quicken, revive; revivisc&e-short;re, Greg. Dial. 1. 12, Lye. DER. ge-edcucian, -cwician.

ed-cwide, es; m. A relation, retelling; rel&a-long;tio. Lye.

ed-cyr, -cyrr, es; m. A return; r&e-short;d&i-short;tus. Wrt. Voc. 21, 22. v. ed-cer.

éde, es; n. A flock; grex :-- Wæs ðæ-acute;r éde erat ibi grex, Lk. Lind. War. 8, 32: 12, 32. v. eówde.

eder, es; m. A hedge, house; s&e-long;pes, d&o-short;mus :-- Hryðge ða ederas the houses [are] ruinous, Exon. 77 b; Th. 291, 5; Wand. 77. v. eodor.

eder-gong, es; m. A home-seeking; des&i-long;d&e-short;rium d&o-short;mus :-- Ðæ-acute;r næ-acute;fre cymeþ edergong there never comes a home, Exon. 32 b; Th. 102, 21; Cri. 1676.

edesc-hen an edish hen, a quail; c&o-short;turnix, Ps. Surt. 104, 40. v. edisc-hen.

ed-geong, ed-giong; adj. Growing young again; rejuv&e-short;nescens :-- Of ascan edgeong weseþ from ashes he becomes young again, Exon. 61 a; Th. 224, 10; Ph. 373.

ed-gifan; p. -geaf, pl. -geáfon; pp. -gifen To give again, restore; redd&e-short;re, Leo, A. Sax. Gl. 108.

ed-gift, e; f. A re-giving, restitution; rest&i-short;t&u-long;tio, Lye.

ed-gild, es; n. A re-payment; r&e-short;-s&o-short;l&u-long;tio, Leo, A. Sax. Gl. 250. v. gild.

ed-giong; adj. Growing young again; rejuv&e-short;nescens, Exon. 64 a; Th. 236, 28; Ph. 581. v. ed-geong.

ed-grówung, e; f. A re-growing; rec&i-short;d&i-long;va, Ælfc. Gl. 60; Som. 68, 26; Wrt. Voc. 39, 12.

ed-gyldend, es; m. A remunerator, rewarder; remun&e-short;r&a-long;tor, Scint. 33, Som. Ben. Lye.

ed-hwyrft, es; m. A returning, return; r&e-short;d&i-short;tio, r&e-short;d&i-short;tus :-- He ne wéneþ, ðæt him ðæs edhwyrft cyme he will not hope that its return may come. Exon. 89 b; Th. 336, 3; Gn. Ex. 42: Beo. Th. 2566; B. 1281.

edisc, es; n. [ed-, Lat. re- again; isc a termination, generally an adj. but also es; n.] I. EDISH or aftermath, pasture; pascua :-- Wæ-acute;run we his sceáp, ða he on his edisce afédde we were his sheep, which he fed in his pasture, Ps. Th. 94, 7: 99, 3. II. a park; v&i-long;v&a-long;rium, Cot. 207, Lye.

edisc-hen, -henn, e; f. An EDISH HEN, quail; c&o-short;turnix :-- Hí bæ-acute;don, and com edischen peti&e-long;runt, et v&e-long;nit c&o-short;turnix. Ps. Spl. 104, 38. Edeschen 'the edisse-henne,' Ps. Surt. 104, 40. v. ersc-hen.

edisc-weard, es; m. The keeper of edish, of a park, warren, etc; vivarii custos, Wrt. Voc. 288, 12, Som. Ben. Lye. v. edisc.

ed-læ-acute;can; p. -læ-acute;hte; pp. -læ-acute;ht To repeat, renew; rep&e-short;t&e-short;re, ren&o-short;v&a-long;re, Som. Ben. Lye.

ed-læ-acute;cung, e; f. A repetition; repet&i-short;tio :-- He sceal God biddan ðæt he hyne gehealde wið dara æ-acute;rgedónra yfla edlæ-acute;cunge he shall pray to God to preserve him against a repetition of the evils before committed, L. E. I. 21; Th. ii. 416, 42.

ed-leæ-acute;nian, ed-leánian; p. ode; pp. od To reward, recompense, renew, remit; retr&i-short;bu&e-short;re :-- He edleæ-acute;naþ me retr&i-short;buit mihi. Ps. Spl. T. 17, 26. DER. leánian,

ed-leæ-acute;nung, e; f. A rewarding; retr&i-short;b&u-long;tio :-- For edleæ-acute;nunge propter retr&i-short;b&u-long;ti&o-long;nem, Ps. Spl. T. 118, 112. v. ed-leánung.

ed-leán, ead-leán, æd-leán, es; n. [ed or ead; leán a loan] A reward, recompense, requital, retribution; præmium, retr&i-short;b&u-long;tio :-- Edleánes dæg retrib&u-long;ti&o-long;nis dies, Lk. Bos. 4, 19. Ðæt edleán, Bt. 3, 4; Fox 6, 19: Andr. Kmbl. 2457; An. 1230. For edleane propter retr&i-short;b&u-long;ti&o-long;nem, Ps. Spl. 118, 112.

ed-leánian to reward; remun&e-short;rare, Som. Ben. Lye. DER. leanian.

ed-leánung, e; f. A rewarding, recompense; retr&i-short;b&u-long;tio :-- Nylle ðú forgytan ealle edleánunga vel edleán his n&o-long;li obl&i-long;visci omnes retr&i-short;b&u-long;ti&o-long;nes ejus, Ps. Lamb. 102, 2. v. ed-leæ-acute;nung.

ed-lesende, ed-lesendlíc; adj. Reciprocal, relative; rel&a-long;t&i-long;vus :-- Gif ic cweðe, ðú wást hwá ðys dyde tu scis quis hoc f&e-long;cit, ðon biþ se [hwá] quis r&e-short;l&a-long;t&i-long;vum, ðæt is edlesendlíc, Ælfc. Gr. 18; Som. 21, 30: 38; Som. 40, 62.

ed-lesung, e; f. A relation, relating; rel&a-long;tio, Ælfc. Gr. 18; Som. 21, 58.

éd-mód; adj. Mild, obedient; ob&e-long;diens, m&i-long;tis. Ben. Lye.

éd-módian, -módigan; p. ode; pp. od To be humble, to obey; ob&e-long;d&i-long;re :-- Hi édmódigaþ him ob&e-long;diunt ei. Mk. Lind. War. 1. 27.

ed-neowe; adj. Renewed; ren&o-short;v&a-long;tus :-- Eart ðú edneowe ren&o-short;v&a-long;tus es, Ps. Th. 102, 5: Cd. 17; Th. 20, 25; Gen. 314. v. ed-niwe.

ed-niowunga; adv. Anew; d&e-long;nuo :-- Ðe eów eágena leóht bóte gefremede edniowunga who healed anew the light of your eyes, Elen. Kmbl. 599; El. 300.

ed-niwan; adv. Anew, again; de n&o-short;vo, d&e-long;nuo :-- Eów gebýraþ ðæt gé beón acennede edniwan &o-short;portet nos nasci d&e-long;nuo, Jn. Bos. 3, 7: 3, 3.

ed-niwe, ed-neowe; adj. New, again new, renewed; ren&o-short;v&a-long;tus :-- Eft cymeþ feorh edniwe renewed life returns, Exon. 59 a; Th. 213, 12; Ph. 223: 61 a; Th. 224, 4; Ph. 370: Bt. Met. Fox 11, 77; Met. 11. 39.

ed-niwe; adv. Anew, again; d&e-long;nuo :-- Swá se fugel weorþeþ gomel æfter geárum geong edniwe thus the bird becomes old after years and young again, Exon. 59 b; Th. 215, 25; Ph. 258.

ed-niwian; part. igende; p. ode, ede; pp. od, ed To make new, to renew; ren&o-short;v&a-long;re :-- Ðú edniwast ansíne eorþan ren&o-short;v&a-long;bis f&a-short;ciem terræ, Ps. Spl. 103, 31. Hý fæ-acute;ringa eald æfþoncan edniwedon [MS. edniwedan] they suddenly renewed the old grudge, Exon. 72 b; Th. 271, 21; Jul. 485. DER. ge-ed-niwian.

ed-niwinga; adv. Anew; d&e-long;nuo :-- Se fugel líf eft onféhþ edniwinga the bird receives again life anew, Exon. 63 b; Th. 234, 2; Ph. 534: Andr. Recd. 1569; An. 784.

ed-niwung. e; f. A renewing, reparation, renovation; rep&a-short;r&a-long;tio :-- Seó feórþe dæ-acute;l sceal beón to edniwunge Godes cyricean the fourth part shall be to a renewing of God's church. Bd. 1, 27; S. 489, 9.

édo a flock; grex :-- Ge-eode [MS. ge-eáde] all suner vel édo in sæ-acute; &a-short;biit t&o-long;tus grex in m&a-short;re, Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 8, 32. v. eówde.

edor, eder, es; m. A hedge, fence, place inclosed by a hedge, fold, dwelling, house; s&e-long;pes, d&o-short;mus, tectum :-- Gif fríman edor gegangeþ if a freeman forcibly enter a dwelling, L. Ethb. 29: Th. i. 10, 3. Under edoras under dwellings. Cd. 112; Th. 147, 25; Gen. 2445: 114; Th. 150, 5; Gen. 2487. Ederas houses, Exon. 77 b; Th. 291, 5; Wand. 77. v. eodor.

edor-brecþ, e; f. [edor, brecþ fractio] A fence-breaking, house-breaking; s&e-long;pis fractio, d&o-short;mus fractio :-- Gif fríman edorbrecþe gedéþ if a freeman commit house-breaking, L. Ethb. 27; Th. i. 8, 15. v. eodor-brice.

edor-brice, -bryce a fence-breaking, L. Alf. pol. 40; Th. i. 88, 10, note 25. v. eodor-brice.

edre; adv. Immediately, at once, forthwith; st&a-short;tim, pr&o-long;t&i-short;nus, ill&i-short;co :-- Edre him ða eorlas agéfon ondsware the earls gave answer to him immediately, Andr. Kmbl. 801; An. 401: 1285; An. 643: 1900; An. 952: Invent. Crs. Recd. 1300; El. 649. v. ædre.

édre an artery, vein; art&e-long;ria, v&e-long;na. Som. Ben. Lye. v. æ-acute;dre.

ed-recan; p. te; pp. ed To ruminate; rum&i-short;n&a-long;re, Som. Ben. Lye. v. eodorcan.

ed-recedroc, -rocc, es; m. The belching thing; r&u-long;men, Cot. 169, Som. Ben. Lye.

ed-rine, es; m. A meeting; occursus, Ps. Spl. T. 18, 7.

edring, e; f. A refuge, return; ref&u-short;gium :-- Dust ne mæg him edringe æ-acute;nge gehátan the dust may not promise any refuge to him, Exon. 99 b; Th. 373, 11; Seel. 107. v. edor.

ed-roc, es; m. A chewing again, chewing the cud, considering; r&u-long;men, rum&i-short;n&a-long;tio :-- Wasend vel edroc r&u-long;men, Ælfc. Gl. 72; Som. 70, 116; Wrt. Voc. 43, 43. Cíwung vel edroc, vel aceócung rum&i-short;n&a-long;tio, Ælfc. Gl. 99; Som. 76, 121, 122; Wrt. Voc. 54, 62.

ed-sceaft, æd-sceaft, e; f. A new creation, new birth; reg&e-short;n&e-short;r&a-long;tio :-- Com swefnes wóma, hú woruld wæ-acute;re wundrum geteód ungelíc yldum óþ edsceafte the terror of a dream came, how the world was wondrously framed unlike to men until regeneration, Cd. 177; Th. 222, 30; Dan. 112: Bt. 34, 10; Fox 150, 14, 16.