This is page 254 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 01 Aug 2020. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.


xi eóredmæcgas fríd-hengestas the horsemen had eleven war-horses, Exon. 106 a ; Th. 404, 6 ; Rä. 23, 3.

eóred-man a horseman; &e-short;ques. Som. Ben. Lye. v. eórod-man.

eóred-þreát, es; m. [þreát a host, troop] A band, company; turma, l&e-short;gio; -- Atol eóredþreát a horrid band, Exon. 102a; Th. 385, 23; Rä. 4, 49.

eored-wered, es; n. [werod, wered a company, multitude] A band, company, multitude; exerc&i-short;tus, l&e-short;gio :-- Eóredweredu ðara deófla l&e-short;gi&o-long;nes sive exerc&i-short;tus dæmonum, Greg. Dial. 1, 10.

eorendel the first dawn. v. earendel.

eorfeðe difficult; diff&i-short;c&i-short;lis, Mt. Kmbl. Rush. 7, 14. v. earfeðe.

eorg weak; segnis :-- Dam eorgan Sisaran to the weak Sisera, Jud. 5; Thw. 156, 8. v. earg.

eó-risc a bulrush; scirpus. v. eá-risc.

EORL. es; m. I. an Anglo-Saxon nobleman of high rank, the yarl of the Danes, about the same as an ealdorman. He who was in early times styled ealdorman, was afterwards denominated an earl; c&o-short;mes, s&a-short;telles princ&i-short;pis. This title, which was introduced by the Jutes of Kent, occurs frequently in the laws of the kings of that district, the first mention of it being :-- Gif on eorles túne man mannan ofslæhþ xii scillinga gebéte if a man slay a man in an earl's town, let him make compensation with twelve shillings, L. Ethb. 13; Th. i. 6, 9, 10. Its more general use among us dates from the later Scandinavian invasions, and though originally only a title of honour, it became in later times one of office, nearly supplanting the older and more Saxon one of 'ealdorman:' -- Swá we eác settaþ be eallum hádum, ge ceorle ge eorle so also we ordain for all degrees, whether to churl or earl, L. Alf. pol. 4; Th. i. 64, 3. Se eorl nolde ná géþwsæ-acute;rian the earl would not consent, Chr. 1051; Ing. 227, 13, 23: 228, 4, 28, 35, 36: 229, 10, 21, 25, 26. II. a man, brave man, hero, general, leader, chief; vir, p&u-short;gil, vir fortis, dux :-- Eorlas on cýþþe men in the country. Andr. Kmbl. 1467; An. 735. Him se Ebrisca eorl wísade the Hebrew man [Lot] directed them. Cd. 112; Th. 147, 24; Gen. 2444. Ða eorlas þrý, nom. pl. the three men, 95; Th. 123, 16; Gen. 2045. Eorlas wénaþ men think, 86; Th. 109, 22; Gen. 1826. Fór eorlum before the people, 98; Th. 129, 1; Gen. 2137. þegna and eorla of thanes and earls, Bt. Met. Fox 25, 15 ; Met. 25, 8. Geared gumum gold brittade, se eorl wæs æðele Jared dispensed gold to the people, the man was noble. Cd. 59; Th. 72, 5; Gen. 1182. [Piers P. eerl: Chauc. erl: R. Glouc. erles noblemen: Laym. eorl: Orm. eorless, pl: O. Sax. Hel. erl, m. a man, nobleman, male offspring, boy: Icel. jarl, earl, m. a gentleman, nobleman, warrior, chief.]

eorl-cund; adj. Earl kind, noble; nob&i-short;lis :-- Gif mannes esne eorl-cundne mannan ofslæhþ þreóm hundum scillinga gylde se ágend if a man's servant slay a man of an earl's degree, let the owner pay three hundred shillings, L. H. E. 1; Th. i. 26, 8.

eorl-dóm, es; m. An EARLDOM, the province or dignity of an earl, the same as ealdor-dóm, v. Turner's Hist. b. viii. c. 7; c&o-short;m&i-short;tis m&u-long;nus :-- Ælfgár eorl féng to ðam eorldóme ðe Harold æ-acute;r hæfde earl Ælfgar succeeded to the earldom which Harold had before, Chr. 1053; Erl. 189, 14.

eorl-gebyrd, e; f. [gebyrd birth]. Noble birth, nobility; n&o-long;b&i-short;l&i-short;tas :-- Eorlgebyrdum by noble birth, Bt. Met. Fox 9, 52; Met. 9, 26 : 10, 54; Met. 10, 27.

eorl-gestreón, es; n. [gestreón treasure] Noble treasure, riches; d&i-long;v&i-short;tiæ :-- Nis him gád eorlgestreóna he lacks not noble treasures, Exon. 123b; Th. 475, 10; Bo. 45: Beo. Th. 4481; B. 2244.

eorl-gewæ-acute;de, es; a. [gewæ-acute;de clothing] Manly clothing, armour; v&i-short;r&i-long;lis vest&i-long;tus :-- Gyrede hine Beówulf eorlgewæ-acute;dum Beowulf clad himself in armour. Beo. Th. 2888; B. 1442.

eorlíc [=eorl-líc]; adj. Manly; v&i-short;r&i-long;lis :-- Eorlíc ellen manly strength, Beo. Th. 1278; B. 637. v. eorlisc, eorl-líc.

eorlíce [ = eorl-líce]; adv. Manfully, strongly, greatly; v&i-short;r&i-short;l&i-short;ter, v&e-short;h&e-short;menter, multum :-- Gebealh heó swíðe eorlíce wið hire suna she was very greatly incensed against her son, Cod. Dipl. 755; Kmbl. iv. 54, 30.

eór-lippric, es; n. A flap of the ear. Jn. Lind. War. 18, 26. v. eáre-lippric.

eorlisc, eorl-lic; adj. EARLISH, earl-like, like an earl; n&o-long;b&i-short;lis :-- Eorlisc, L. Ath. v. prm; Th. i. 228, 8. Eorllíc [MS. eorlíc]. Beo. Th. 1278; B. 637.

eorl-mægen, es; n. A host of men; v&i-short;r&o-long;;rum turma :-- Sió cwén bebeád ofer eorlmægen áras fýsan the queen commanded messengers to hasten throughout the mass of the people, Elen. Kmbl. 1958; El. 981.

eorl-riht, es; u. An earl's right or privilege; c&o-short;m&i-short;tis jus vel priv&i-short;l&e-long;gium :-- Gif þegen geþeáh, ðæt he wearþ to eorle, ðonne wæs he syððan eorlrihtes weorþe if a thane thrived, that he became an earl, then he was thenceforth worthy of an earl's right, L. R. 5 ; Th. i. 192, 8.

eorl-scipe, -scype, es; m. Manliness, bravery, courage, supremacy, nobility; v&i-short;r&i-long;l&i-short;tas, nobil&i-short;tas :-- Hí eahtodon eorlscipe and his ellenweorc they valued his manliness and his valiant works. Beo. Th. 6327; B. 3174: Scóp. Th. 283; Wíd. 141: Beo. Th. 3458; B. 1727: 4272; B. 2133. Eorlscipes, Salm. Kmbl. 22; Sal. 11. He eorlscype fremede he effected supremacy, Exon. 85a; Th. 320, 31; Wíd. 37.

eorl-werod, es; n. [werod a company, troop] A band of men, warrior band; v&i-short;r&o-long;rum turma :-- Ðæ-acute;r ðæt eorlwerod sæt the warrior band sat there, Beo. Th. 5779; B. 2893.

Eorman-ríc, Eormen-ríc, es; m. The celebrated king of the Ostrogoths or East Goths, the Alexander of the Goths; Eormanr&i-long;cus, v. Gota III, Alríca, and þeód-ríc :-- Eormanríc áhte wíde folc Gotena ríces Ermanric possessed the wide nations of the kingdom of the Goths, Exon. 100a; Th. 378, 25; Deór. 21. Weóld Eormanríc Gotum Ermanric ruled the Goths, Scóp. Th. 38; Wíd. 18. Ic wæs mid Eormanríce I was with Ermanric, 178; Wíd. 88. Ðæt wæs inn-weorud Eormanrices that was the household band of Ermanric, 224; Wíd. 111. He searo-níðas fealh Eormenríces he fell into the guileful enmity of Ermanric, Beo. Th. 2406 ; B. 1201. For the anachronisms and inconsistences I would refer to W. Grimm's Deutsche Heldensage, where may be found the particulars of this celebrated hero.

eormen, eorman; adj. Universal, immense, whole, general; univers&a-long;lis, immensus, permagnus, t&o-long;tus, &u-long;n&i-short;versus. Used in composition, as in eormen-cyn, -grund, -láf, -ríc, -strýnd, -þeód.

eormen-cyn, -cynn, es; n. The human race; h&u-long;m&a-long;num g&e-short;nus :-- God gesceapo ferede æ-acute;ghwylcum on eorþan eormencynnes God has borne his decrees to every one of the human race on earth, Exon. 88 b; Th. 333, 3; Vy. 96 : Beo. Th. 3918; B. 1957.

eormen-grund, es; n. [grund ground, earth] The spacious earth; immensa terra :-- Ofer eormengrund over the spacious earth, Beo. Th. 1722; B. 859.

eormen-láf, e; f. The great legacy; immensum r&e-short;liquum :-- He eormen-láfe gehýdde he had hidden the great legacy, Beo. Th. 4460; B. 2234.

Eormen-ríc Ermanric, Beo. Th. 2405 ; B. 1200. v. Eorman-ríc.

eormen-strýnd. e; f. The great generation; permagna g&e-short;n&e-short;r&a-long;tio :-- Ðú eart eorre eormenstrýnde thou art of an angry, great [heathen] generation, Salm. Kmbl. 659; Sal. 329.

eormen-þeód, e; f. A great people; permagnus p&o-short;p&u-short;lus. v. yrmen-þeód.

eormþu poverty, calamity :-- Eormþa, Bt. 7, 4; Fox 22, 29. Eormþum, 23; Fox 78, 31. v. yrmþu.

eornan to run; curr&e-short;re. Ps. Surt. 57, 8. v. yrnan.

eornende running; part, of eornan=yrnan.

eornes, eornest a duel, combat; duellum, Som. Ben. Lye.

eornest earnest, earnestness, Exon. 24a; Th. 68; 9; Cri. 1101. v. eornost.

eorneste earnest, serious, Exon. 20a; Th. 51, 32 ; Cri. 825 : Homl. Th. i. 386, 20. v. eornoste; adj.

eorneste in earnest, earnestly, Bt. Met. Fox 13, 56; Met. 13, 28: 16, 44; Met. 16, 22. v. eornoste; adv.

eornestlice earnestly; st&u-short;di&o-long;se. v. eornostlíce.

eornfullíce; adv. Earnestly; st&u-short;di&o-long;se. v. eornostlíce.

eornfullnes, -ness, e; f. Earnestness, anxiety; d&i-short;l&i-short;gentia, soll&i-short;c&i-short;tudo :-- Eornfullness ðisse worulde sol&i-short;c&i-short;tudo ist&i-long;us sæc&u-short;li, Mt. Bos. 13, 22. v. geornfulnes.

eornigende murmuring; murm&u-short;rans, L. E. I. 21; Th. ii. 416, 16.

eornlice; adv. Diligently; d&i-short;l&i-short;genter :-- Genim ðas wyrte eornlíce gecnucude mid ecede take this herb diligently pounded with vinegar, Herb. 87, 2; Lchdm. i. 190, 21. v. geornlíce. EOR-NOST, eornust, eornest, e; f. EARNEST, earnestness, zeal; s&e-long;rium, st&u-short;dium :-- Mid swelcum eorneste [eornoste MS. Cot.] with such zeal, Past. 15, i; Hat. MS. 18b, 27. On eornost, eornust or eornoste in earnest, earnestly, Ælfc. T. 12, 8: Homl. Th. ii. 250, 30: Mt. Bos. 5, 18 : 13, 17: Gen. 14, 15. Þurh eorneste in earnest, sternly, Exon. 24a; Th. 68, 9; Cri. 1101. [Wyc. ernes, eernes, ernest earnest, pledge: Chauc. erneste zeal; Laym. eornest conflict: Frs. ernste: O. Frs. ernst: Dut. ernst, m: Ger. ernst, m: M. H. Ger. ernest, ernst, m: O. H. Ger. ërnust, ërnost, ërnest, n. f. v&i-short;gor, s&e-long;rium.]

eornoste, eorneste; adj. Earnest, serious; s&e-long;rius, st&u-short;di&o-long;sus:-- On eornostne hige with earnest intention, Cod. Dipl. 942; Kmbl. iv. 278, 15. Biþ eorneste ðonne eft cymeþ, réðe and ryhtwís he will be earnest when he comes again, stern and just, Exon. 20 a; Th. 51, 32 ; Cri. 825. Mid eornestum móde with earnest mind. Homl. Th. i. 386, 20.

eornoste, eorneste; adv. In earnest, earnestly, seriously, courageously, strongly; s&e-long;rio, str&e-long;nue, s&e-long;d&u-short;lo, v&e-short;h&e-short;menter :-- He feaht eornoste he fought earnestly, Byrht. Th. 140, 1; By. 281: Judth. 11; Thw. 24, 39; Jud. 231. Hió onginþ eorneste racentan slítan she will begin in earnest to sever her chains, Bt. Met. Fox 13, 56; Met. 13, 28: 16, 44; Met. 16, 22.

eornostlíce; adv. EARNESTLY, strictly, truly; s&e-long;d&u-short;lo :-- Sunnan dæges cýpingce we forbeódaþ eornostlíce we strictly forbid marketing on Sunday, L. C. E. 15; Th. i. 368, 15.

eornostlíce, eornustlíce; conj. Therefore, but; ergo, &i-short;g&i-short;tur, &i-short;t&a-short;que :-- Abram ðá eornostlíce astirode his geteld m&o-long;vit &i-short;g&i-short;tur tabern&a-long;c&u-short;lum suum Abram, Gen. 13, 18. Eornostlíce ealle cneóressa fram Abrahame óþ Dauid synd feówertyne cneóressa omnes &i-short;t&a-short;que gen&e-short;r&a-long;ti&o-long;nes ab Abraham