This is page 267 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

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FÆSL - FÆST-MÓD

FÆSL,es; m? n? Offspring, progeny; f&e-long;tus, pr&o-long;les, s&u-short;b&o-short;les :-- Ðæ-acute;r sceal fæsl wesan cwiclifigendra cynna gehwilces there shall be offspring of every living kind, Cd. 65; Th. 79, 13; Gen. 1310: 67; Th. 80, 17; Gen. 1330. To fæsle for progeny, 67; Th. 82, 8; Gen. 1359. [Plat. fasel s&u-short;b&o-short;les: Dut. Kil. fasel, vasel f&e-long;tus in &u-short;t&e-short;ro: Ger. fasel, m. f&e-long;tus, s&u-short;b&o-short;les: M. H. Ger. vasel, n. f&e-long;tus: O. H. Ger. fasal, f. f&e-long;tus: Icel. fösull, m. a brood.]

FÆST; adj. FAST, fixed, firm, stiff; solid, constant, fortified; fixus, firmus, s&o-short;l&i-short;dus, constans, m&u-long;n&i-long;tus :-- Ealle mæ-acute;st steorran synd fæste on ðam fimamentum almost all stars are fixed in the firmament, Bd. de nat. rerum; Wrt. popl. science 15, 26; Lchdm. iii. 268, 23: Andr. Kmbl. 2983; An. 1494. Fæste móde fixa mente, Bd. 4, 3; S. 569, 14; Exon. 8 a; Th. 1, 10; Cri. 6. Se wille fæst hús timbrian he will build a firm house, Bt. 12; Fox 36, 7, 10 Cd. 151; Th. 189, 1; Exod. 178. Mid fæstum geleáfan with firm faith, Boutr. Scrd. 20, 27: Cd. 21; Th. 26, 17; Gen. 408. Ðeós wyrt biþ cenned on fæstum stówum this herb is produced on solid places, Herb. 20, 1; Lchdm. i. 114, 12: 45, 1; Lchdm. i. 148, 5. On fæstum landum on stiff lands, 36, 1; Lchdm. i. 134, 18. On ðam weorce fæste in &o-short;p&e-short;re isto constantes, Jos. 9, 27. Seó burh wæs fæst the city was fortified, Bd. 3, 16; S. 542, 19. Micle burga óþ heofun fæste urbes magnæ ad cælum usque m&u-long;n&i-long;tæ, Deut. 1, 28. Fæst innoþ restricta alvus, Herb. 1, 12; Lchdm. i. 74, 11. [Laym. faste, feste: Orm. fasst: Plat. fast: O. Sax. fast: Frs. O. Frs. fest: Dut. vast: Ger. fest: M. H. Ger. vast, veste: O. H. Ger. fasti, festi: Dan. Swed. fast: Icel. fastr.]

-fæst, as a termination, denotes fast, very, perfectly, effectually, as the English fast asleep, perfectly asleep; Æ-acute;-fæst fast in the law, firm, religious; Sóþ-fæst fast in truth, true, just; Staðol-fæst steadfast, steady; Unstaðol-fæst unsteady, unsteadfast. DER. æ-acute;-fæst, æ-acute;r-, æ-acute;w-, ár-, bíd-, blæ-acute;d-, cíþ-, dóm-, eard-, gemet-, gif-, gin-, gryre-, hals-, hám-, heáh-, hróf-, hyge-, leoðu-, líf-, mægen-, ræ-acute;d-, rægol-, sige-, sigor-, somod-, sóþ-, stæþ-, staðol-, stede-, þeáw-, þrym-, tír-, treów-, un-, unstaðol-, wæ-acute;r-, wís-, wlitig-, wuldor-.

fæstan, -nian; p. fæste; pp. fæsted [fæst fast, firm]. I. to fasten, make fast or firm, entrust, commit, commend; firm&a-long;re, commend&a-long;re, Lk. Lind. War. 23, 46. II. some have taught and now teach that he who fasts properly, fastens or secures his salvation, hence, perhaps,-To FAST; j&e-long;j&u-long;n&a-long;re :-- Ne mágon hí fæstan non possunt j&e-long;j&u-long;n&a-long;re, Mk. Bos. 2, 19. [Wyc. fastiden, p. pl. fastened, made firm; fasten = to fast: Piers P. festnen to fasten; fasten to fast: Orm. fesstnenn to fix; fasstenn to fast: Plat. vesten to fasten; fasten to fast: O. Sax. festian, festan to fasten: Frs. festgjen to fasten: O. Frs. festigia to fasten; festia to fast: Dut. vesten to fasten; vasten to fast: Ger. festen commonly be-festigen to fasten; fasten to fast: M. H. Ger. vesten to fasten; vasten to fast: O. H. Ger. fastjan, festan firm&a-long;re; fastén to fast: Goth. fastan to fasten, fast: Dan. fæaste to fasten; faste to fast: Swed. fästa to fasten; fasta to fast: Icel. festa to fasten; fasta to fast.] DER. æt-fæstan, a-, be-, bi-, ge-, gelíf-, gesige-, líf-, óþ-.

fæste, feste; comp. fæstor; adv. I. fast, firmly; fixe, firme :-- Sceát he mid his spere ðæt hit sticode fæste on ðam hearge he shot with his spear that it stuck fast in the temple, Bd. 2, 13; S. 517, 12. Cd. 8; Th. 10, 14; Gen. 156: Jos. 6, 1. Swíðe fæste tosomne gelímed very firmly cemented together, Bt. 35, 2; Fox 156, 35: Exon. 22 a; Th. 61, 5; Cri. 980. He heóld hyne fæstor he held him more firmly, Beo. Th. 288; B. 143. II. fastly, quickly; c&e-short;l&e-short;r&i-short;ter :-- Fæste geþúfe c&e-short;l&e-short;r&i-short;ter fr&u-short;t&i-short;cans, lux&u-short;rians, Cot. 123: 198.

fæsten, es; n. [fæstan II. to fast]. I. a fast, fasting; j&e-long;j&u-long;nium :-- Ðis feówertigfealde fæsten wæs asteald on ðære ealdan gecýðnysse this fortyfold fast was established in the old testament, Homl. Th. ii. 100, 1. Nis ðæs mannes fæsten náht, ðe hine sylfne on forhæfednysse dagum fordrencþ the man's fasting is naught, who inebriates himself on days of abstinence, 608, 23: Homl. Blick. 37, 31. Twá dæglíc fæsten oððe þreó dæglíc is genóh to healdenne b&i-short;du&a-long;num vel tr&i-short;du&a-long;num sat est observ&a-long;re j&e-long;j&u-long;nium, Bd. 4, 25; S. 600, 8. Ðes gearlíca ymryne us gebrincþ efne nú ða clæ-acute;nan tíd lenctenlíces fæstenes this yearly course just now brings us the pure time of the lenten fast, Homl. Th. ii. 98, 25: Homl. Blick. 27, 23. Ðæs feówertiglícan fæstenes quadr&a-long;g&e-long;s&i-short;mæ, Bd. 3, 23; S. 554, 38. Gif mæsse-preóst folc miswyssige æt fæstene if a mass-priest misdirect the people about a fast, L. E. G. 3; Th. i. 168, 9: L. N. P. L. 11; Th. ii. 292; 11. Búton þurh gebédu and on fæstene nisi in or&a-long;ti&o-long;ne et j&e-long;j&u-long;nio, Mk. Bos. 9, 29: Ps. Lamb. 34, 13. Hí fæsten lufiaþ they love fasting, Exon. 44 b; Th. 150, 18; Gú. 780. Gif mon his heówum in fæsten flæ-acute;sc gefe if a man during a fast give flesh-meat to his family, L. Wih. 14; Th. i. 40, 9: L. E. G. 8; Th. i. 172, 6. Þurh gebéd and fæsten per or&a-long;ti&o-long;nem et j&e-long;j&u-long;nium, Mt. Bos. 17, 21: Ps. Th. 68, 10. We úrne líchoman clæ-acute;nsiaþ mid fæstenum and mid gebédum we cleanse our bodies with fastings and prayers, Homl. Blick. 39, 2. On fæstenum and on hálsungum j&e-long;j&u-long;niis et obsecr&a-long;ti&o-long;n&i-short;bus, Lk. Bos. 2, 37: Ps. Th. 108, 24. Freólsa and fæstena healde man rihtlíce let festivals and fasts be rightly kept, L. Eth. vi. 22; Th. i. 320, 10. II. a fastness, fortress, bulwark, place of strength, a castle, wall; m&u-long;n&i-long;mentum, arx, castellum :-- Ealle hire fæstenu híg fordilegodon mid fýre all her strongholds they destroyed with fire, Jos. 11, 12. Nearo fæsten narrow fastness, Bd. 4, 26; S. 602, 20. III. an inclosed place, cloister; claustrum :-- Fæsten vel clauster claustrum, Ælfc. Gl. 109; Som. 79, 15; Wrt. Voc. 58, 56. [O. Sax. festí, f. fortress, strength: O. Frs. fest junction: Dut. vest, f. a city wall, fortress: Ger. feste, f. a fortress: M. H. Ger. veste, f. firmness, solidity, fortress: O. H. Ger. fastí, festí, f. firm&i-short;tas, r&o-long;bur, arx: Dan. fæste, n. a handle: Swed. fäste, n. firmament, castle: Icel. festa, f. a pledge; festr, festi, f. that by which a thing is fastened.] DER. burh-fæsten, éðel-, lagu-, sæ-acute;-, þell-, weall-, wudu-.

fæsten-behæfednes, -ness, e; f. Parsimony, niggardliness; pars&i-short;m&o-long;nia, Cot. 191.

fæsten-brice, -bryce, es; m. [fæsten a fast, brice, bryce a breaking, breach] A breach of a fast, fast-breaking, BREAKFAST; j&e-long;j&u-long;nii viol&a-long;tio, jent&a-long;c&u-short;lum: On fæstenbricum [MS. fæstenbricon] in breaches of fasts, L. Eth. vi. 28; Th. i. 322, 19.

fæsten-dæg, es; m. Fast-day; j&e-long;j&u-long;nii dies, C. R. Ben. 54.

fæsten-dic, es; m. A castle-ditch; arcis fossa :-- Andlang riþe óþ ðone fæstendíc along the stream to the castle-ditch, Cod. Dipl. 204; A. D. 814, Kmbl. i. 257, 32. v. díc; f. II.

fæsten-geat, es; n. A fortress or city gate; arcis vel urbis porta :-- Wið ðæs fæstengeates folc onette the people hastened to the city gate, Judth. 11; Thw. 23, 38; Jud. 162.

fæsten-gewerc, es; n. Fortification work, fortification; fort&i-short;f&i-short;c&a-long;tio, arcium m&u-long;n&i-long;mentum, Heming, p. 104.

fæstennes, -ness, e; f. Fastness, a walled town; castellum, Som. Ben. Lye. v. fæstnes.

fæsten-tid, e; f. Fast-tide or time; j&e-long;j&u-long;nii tempus :-- Man sceal freólstídum [MS. -tidan] and fæstentídum [MS. -tidan] geornlícost beorgan one ought most earnestly to take care at festival-times and fast-times, L. C. S. 38; Th. i. 398, 17. Yfel biþ ðæt man riht fæstentíde æ-acute;r mæ-acute;le ete it is bad that any one, at a lawful fast-time, eat before the time, 47; Th. i, 402, 23: L. Edg. C. 25; Th. ii. 250, 2.

fæ-acute;ster-módor a foster-mother, Bt. 3, 1; Fox 4, 30, MS. Cot. v. fóster-módor.

fæstes; adv. By chance; forte, Cot. 88.

fæst-gongel; adj. Firm and sure going, faithful, constant; s&e-long;c&u-long;rus progressus, f&i-short;d&e-long;lis :-- Sum geþyld hafaþ, fæstgongel ferþ one has patience, a faithful soul, Exon. 79 b; Th. 298, 4; Crä. 80.

fæst-hafol, -hafel, -hafod; adj. Fast-having, sparing, miserly; t&e-short;nax, parcus, sord&i-short;dus :-- Fæsthafol t&e-short;nax, Ælfc. Gr. 9, 60; Som. 13, 44. Fæsthafol strængþ t&e-short;nax v&i-short;gor, Hymn. Surt. 11, 2. Fæsthafel t&e-short;nax, Ælfc. Gl. 82; Som. 73, 42; Wrt. Voc. 47, 46. Sint to manianne ða fæsthafolan the miserly are to be admonished, Past. 45, 2; Cot. MS. Fæsthafod oððe uncystig t&e-short;nax, Wrt. Voc. 76, 5.

fæst-hafolnes, -ness, e; f. Fast-havingness, sparingness, economy; parc&i-short;tas :-- Fæsthafolnesse parc&i-short;t&a-long;tem, Past. 60; Hat. MS.

fæst-hydig; adj. Steadfast in mind; constans an&i-long;mo :-- Ic ðé wát fæsthydigne I know thee steadfast in mind, Cd. 67; Th. 81, 18; Gen. 1347: Exon. 90 b; Th. 339, 30; Gn. Ex. 102.

fæsting, e; f. An entrusting, act of confidence; commend&a-long;tio :-- Gif hwá óðrum his unmagan óþfæste, and he hine on ðære fæstinge forferie if any one commit his infant to another's keeping, and he die during such keeping, L. Alf. pol. 17; Th. i. 72, 5. DER. be-fæsting.

fæstingan to fasten, make firm; firm&a-long;re :-- Ic fæstinge mín wedd mid eów firm&a-long;bo pactum meum vobiscum, Lev. 26, 9. v. fæstnian.

fæsting-men, festing-men, -menn; pl. m. [fæsting an entrusting, men, v. man a man] Servants of the king entrusted to the keeping of the monasteries while going from place to place; servi r&e-long;gii ad c&u-long;ram monast&e-long;ri&o-long;rum commend&a-long;ti in regno obeundo :-- Terram l&i-long;b&e-short;r&a-long;bo ab refecti&o-long;ne et h&a-long;b&i-short;tu ill&o-long;rum omnium qui d&i-long;cuntur fæstingmen, Th. Diplm. A. D. 822; 65, 17: A. D. 821; 64, 11: A. D. 841; 92, 19. Festing-menn, A. D. 823; 67, 2: A.D. 828; 79, 30.

fæstlíc; adj. FASTLIKE, firm; firmus :-- Wæs se fruma fæstlíc the man was firm, Exon. 44 a; Th. 148, 15; Gú. 745: Cd. 220; Th. 284, 22; Sat. 325. Eálá! ðæt on eorþan áuht fæstlíces weorces ne wunaþ æ-acute;fre alas! that on earth aught of permanent work does not ever remain, Bt. Met. Fox 6, 32; Met. 6, 16. Gehyge ðú fæstlícne ræ-acute;d devise firm counsel, Cd. 203; Th. 252, 30; Dan. 586. Fæstlíce fórescyttelsas firm bars, Exon. 12 a; Th. 20, 3; Cri. 312.

fæstlice; comp. or; sup. ost; adv. Firmly, constantly, fast, quickly; firm&i-short;ter, constanter, cel&e-short;r&i-short;ter :-- Hig fæstlíce weóxon they constantly increased, Jud. 4, 24. Færþ micle fæstlícor goes much more firmly, Bt. 39, 7; Fox 220, 30. DER. un-ræ-acute;d-fæstlíce, wuldor-fæstlíce.

fæst-mód; adj. Constant in mind; constans an&i-short;mo :-- He wiste hú fæstmód he wæs on his geleáfon he knew how constant in mind he was in his belief, Ors. 6, 33; Bos. 129, 28.