This is page 302 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 25 Mar 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

302 FÓRAN-TO -- FOR-BOD.

fóran-to; prep. Before; ante:-- Fóran-to Eástron before Easter, Chr. 921; Erl. 104, 37. Fóran-to middum sumera before midsummer, 920; Erl. 104, 31: fóran-to uhtes antel&u-long;c&a-long;num tempus, Nar. 15, 31. v. to-fóran.

fór-arn ran before, Jn. Bos. 20, 4; p. of fór-yrnan.

fóra-sceáwian; p. ode; pp. od To foresee, forethink, consider; præv&i-short;d&e-long;re, præc&o-long;g&i-short;t&a-long;re, cons&i-long;d&e-short;r&a-long;re:-- Fórasceáwod beón cons&i-long;d&e-short;r&a-long;ri, R. Ben. interl. 64. v. fóre-sceáwian.

fóra-sceáwung, e; f. Foresight, forethought, consideration:-- Fóra-sceáwung consídérátio, R. Ben. interl. 34. v. fóre-sceáwung.

fór-áþ, es; m. A fore-oath, an oath first taken; præj&u-long;r&a-long;mentum, antej&u-long;r&a-long;mentum:-- Ofgá his spræce mid fóráþe let him begin his suit with a fore-oath, L. O. D. 6; Th. i. 354, 31. v. fóre-áþ.

for-bæran to forbear:-- Hwá mæg forbæran who can forbear? Bt. 36, 1; Fox 172, 13. v. for-beran.

for-bærnan, -bearnan, to -bærnenne; part. -bærnende; p. -bærnde, pl. -bærndon; pp. -bærned, -bærnd; v. trans. To burn up, consume; &u-short;r&e-short;re, comb&u-long;r&e-short;re:-- Nerón hét forbærnan ealle Róme burh Nero commanded to burn up all the city of Rome, Bt. 16, 4; , Fox 58, 3: Cd. 138; Th. 173,8; Gen. 2858: Exon. 30 b; Th. 94, 21; Cri. 1543: Beo. Th. 4258; B. 2126. Isaac bær wudu to forbærnenne ða offrunge Isaac bare wood to burn the offering, Homl. Th. ii. 60, 16 : Mt. Bos. 13, 30. Swá swá leg forbærnende muntas s&i-long;cut flamma comb&u-long;rens montes, Ps. Spl. 82, 13. Ic forswæle oððe forbærne &u-long;ro, Ælfc. Gr. 28, 4; Som. 31, 11. Man hine forbærneþ one burns him, Ors. 1, 1; Bos. 22, 44. Da ceafu he forbærnþ on unadwæscendlícum fýre p&a-short;leas comb&u-long;ret igni inextingu&i-short;b&i-short;li, Mt. Bos. 3, 12:, Bt. 15; Fox 48, 22: 33, 4; Fox 130, 12. Hí hine forbærnaþ they burn him, Ors. 1. 1; Bos. 22, 26. Líg forbærnde ða árleásan flamma combussit pecc&a-long;t&o-long;res, Ps. Lamb. 105, 18: Boutr. Scrd. 22, 40: Chr. 685; Erl. 40. 20. Hí æ-acute;r Mul forbærndon they had formerly burnt Mul, Chr. 694; Erl. 43, 21: 894; Erl. 91, 25: 1001; Erl. 136, 31: 1055; Erl. 190. 4. Nim æ-acute;nne sticcan . . . forbærn ðone óðerne ende take a stick . . . burn the one end, Bd. de nat. rerum; Wrt. popl. science 17, 15; Lchdm, iii. 274, 4. Ðæt seó sunne mid hyre hæ-acute;tan middaneardes wæstmas forbærne that the sun with her heat burn up the fruits of the earth, Wrt. popl. science 9, 6; Lchdm. iii. 250, 17. Ðæt he werod forbærnde that it [the pillar of fire] would burn up the host, Cd. 148; Th. 185, 16; Exod. 123. Hwí ðeós þyrne ne sí forbærned quare non comb&u-long;rat&u-long;r r&u-short;bus, Ex. 3, 3: Chr. 687; Erl. 42, 1: Cd. 146; Th. 182, 3; Exod. 70: Exon. 22 b; Th. 62, 26; Cri. 1007. Beó se forbærnd comb&u-long;r&e-long;tur, Jos. 7, 15. cf. Ger. verbrennen.

for-bærnednes, -ness, -nyss, e; f. A burning up; ustio:-- Wið for-bærnednysse [-nesse MS. B.] for a burning, Herb. cont. 168, 2; Lchdm. i. 62, 19: Herb. 168, 2; Lchdm. i. 298, 10.

for-bærst, pl. -burston burst asunder, Beo. Th. 5354; B. 2680: Bt. 18, 4; Fox 68, 6; p. of for-berstan.

for-barn burnt, Beo. Th. 3236; B. 1616; p. of for-beornan.

for-beád forbade, Cd. 30; Th. 40, 11; Gen. 637; 1st and 3rd sing. p. of for-beódan.

for-beáh avoided, Byrht. Th. 141, 21; By. 325; p. of for-búgan.

for-bearan to forbear, Scint. 11. v. for-beran.

for-bearn burnt, Boutr. Scrd. 22, 33; p. of for-beornan.

for-bearnan; p. de; impert. pl. -bearnaþ; pp. ed To burn up, consume by fire; comb&u-long;r&e-short;re:-- Læ-acute;daþ hig forþ and forbearnaþ hig prod&u-long;c&i-short;te earn ut comb&u-long;r&a-long;tur. Gen. 38, 24. Hí forbearndon Beorn ealdorman they consumed Beorn alderman, Chr. 779; Erl. 55, 36: 1052; Erl. 185, 4. v. for-bærnan.

for-bégan; p. de; pp. ed To bow down, bend down, humble, abase, destroy; depr&i-short;m&e-short;re, h&u-short;m&i-short;li&a-long;re, imm&i-short;nu&e-short;re:-- Ðæt gé gúþfreán gylp for-bégan that ye may humble the warrior's pride. Andr. Kmbl. 2668; An. 1335: 3141; An. 1573: Cd. 223; Th. 294, 8; Sat. 468. v. for-býgan.

for-beódan, -biódan, to -beódanne; part, -beódende; p. ic, he -beád, ðú -bude, pl. -budon; pp. -boden [Ger. ver-bieten] To FORBID, prohibit, restrain, suppress; proh&i-short;b&e-long;re, v&a-short;t&a-long;re, interd&i-long;c&e-short;re:-- Nelle gé hig for-beódan cuman to me n&o-long;l&i-long;te eos proh&i-short;b&e-long;re ad me v&e-short;n&i-long;re, Mt. Bos. 19, 14: L. C. S. 77; Th. i. 418, 24. To forbeódanne to forbid, L. Alf. 49; Th. i. 56, 1. Ðisne we gemétton forbeódende ðæt man ðam Cásere gafol ne sealde hunc inv&e-long;n&i-short;mus proh&i-short;bentem tr&i-short;b&u-long;ta dfire Cæs&a-short;ri, Lk. Bos. 23, 2. Ic forbeóde proh&i-short;beo; ic forbeád proh&i-short;bui: forboden proh&i-short;b&i-short;tum, Ælfc. Gr. 26, 2; Som. 28, 34, 35. Ic forbeóde v&e-short;to, Ælfc. Gr. 24; Som. 25, 49. Búton ðu forgange ðæt ic ðé forbeóde unless thou forgo that which I forbid thee, Homl. Th. i. 14, 8: Chr. 675; Erl. 38, 22. Fram eallum wege yfelum ic forbeád fét mine ab omni via m&a-short;la proh&i-short;bui p&e-short;des meos, Ps. Spl. 118, 101. Ðone hire forbeád Drihten which the Lord forbade her, Cd. 30; Th. 40, 11, 29; Gen. 637, 646: Gen. 3, 1: Mt. Bos. 3, 14. We him forbudon proh&i-short;buimus eum, Mk. Bos. 9, 38: Lk. Bos. 9, 49. Ne forbeód him ná ðíne tunecan t&u-short;n&i-short;cam n&o-short;li proh&i-short;b&e-long;re, 6, 29: Num. 11. 28. Læ-acute;taþ ða lytlingas to me cuman, and ne forbeóde gé him suffer the little ones to come unto me, and forbid them not, Mk. Bos. 10, 14: Lk. Bos. 18, 16. Sunnan daga cýþinga forbeóde man georne let Sunday marketings be strictly forbidden, L. Eth. ix. 17; Th. i. 344, 7. Hit forboden wæs it was forbidden, iii. 8; Th. i. 296, 13: Chr. 1048; Erl. 177, 21. Ðú Adame sealdest wæstme ða inc wæ-acute;ron fæste forbodene thou gavest to Adam the fruits which were strictly forbidden to you two, Cd. 42; Th. 55, 16; Gen. 895.

for-beódendlíc; adj. Forbidding-like, dissuasive; proh&i-short;b&i-short;t&o-long;rius, de-hort&a-long;t&o-long;rius:-- Sume synd dehort&a-long;t&i-long;va, ðæt synd forbeódendlíce oððe mistihtendlíce some are dehort&a-long;t&i-long;va, which are dissuasive, Ælfc. Gr. 38; Som. 40, 8.

for-beornan, -byrnan; p. -bearn, -barn, -born, pl. -burnon; pp. - bornen, -burnen; v. n. To burn up, be destroyed by fire, be consumed; comb&u-long;ri, ign&i-short;bus cons&u-long;mi:-- On ðære Sodomitiscra gewítnunge forbearn seó eorþe in the punishment of the Sodomites the earth was burnt, Boutr. Scrd. 22, 33. Forbarn broden mæ-acute;l the drawn brand was burnt, Beo. Th. 3236; B. 1616: 3338; B. 1667. Hit gelamp, ðæt se ylca tún forbarn [forborn, col. 2], and seó cyrice evenit, vicum eundem, et ipsum pariter ecclésiam ignibus consumi, Bd. 3, 17; S. 544, 27, col. l: Chr. 816; Erl. 62, 7. Forburnon xv túnas fifteen towns burned, Ors. 6, 1; Bos. 115, 37. He geseah, ðæt seó þyrne barn and næs forburnen v&i-short;d&e-long;bat, quod r&u-short;bus ard&e-long;ret et non comb&u-long;r&e-short;r&e-long;tur, Ex. 3, 2: Bd. 3, 17; S. 544, 20, col. 1. Wæ-acute;ron ða bende [MS. benne] forburnene the bands were burnt, Cd. 195; Th. 243, 12; Dan. 435.

for-beran; p -bær, pl. -bæ-acute;ron; pp. -boren [for for; beran to bear] To FORBEAR, abstain, refrain, restrain, bear with, endure, suffer; abst&i-short;n&e-long;re, sust&i-short;n&e-long;re, compr&i-short;m&e-short;re, repr&i-short;m&e-short;re, t&o-short;l&e-short;r&a-long;re, p&a-short;ti, ferre:-- Ðæt he ðone breóstwylm forberan ne mihte that he might not restrain the fervour of his breast. Beo. Th. 3759; B. 1877. Hí firenlustas forberaþ in breóstum they restrain sinful lusts in their breasts, Exon. 44b; Th. 150, 9; Gú. 776. Seó æftere cneóris ealle gemete is to forberanne s&e-short;cunda g&e-short;n&e-short;r&a-long;tio a se omni m&o-short;do d&e-long;bet abst&i-short;n&e-long;re, Bd. 1. 27; S. 491, 9. Ic forbær ðé sust&i-short;nui te, Ps. Spl. 24, 22. Yfelu forberan ne sceal m&a-short;la t&o-short;l&e-short;r&a-long;re non d&e-long;bet, Past. 21, 5; Hat. MS. 31 b, 2. Hú lange forbere ic eów quousque p&a-short;tiar vos? Mt. Bos. 17, 17. Ðonne him mon yfel dó, he hit sceal geþyldelíce forberan when one does him evil, he shall patiently endure it, Glostr. Frag. 112, 18: Mk. Bos. 14, 4. [cf. Goth. frabairan to endure.]

fór-beran, fóre-beran; p. -bær; pp. -boren [fór, fóre before; beran to bear] To fore-bear, to bear or carry before, to prefer; præferre:-- Ðæt ic fórbær rúme regulas and réðe mód geongra monna that I preferred the lax rules and rough minds of young men, Exon. 39 b; Th. 131, 22; Gú. 459. Ðætte næ-acute;nig bisceop hine óðrum fórbere ut nullus episc&o-short;p&o-long;rum se præf&e-short;rat alt&e-short;ri, Bd. 4, 5; S. 573, 10.

for-berstan, he -birsteþ; p. -bærst, pl. -burston; pp. -borsten To break, burst asunder, fail; cont&e-short;ri, dirumpi, exstingui:-- Wén næ-acute;fre forbirsteþ hope never fails, Exon. 64a; Th. 236, 2; Ph. 568. Heora bogan forberstaþ arcus e&o-long;rum cont&e-short;r&a-long;tur. Ps. Th. 36, 14. Forbærst sweord Beówulfes Beowulf's sword burst asunder, Beo. Th. 5354; B. 2680: Bt. 18, 4; Fox 68, 6. Ðæt him forberste se sweora that his neck break, L. Eth. iii. 4; Th. i. 294, 16: Prov. Kmbl. 19. Wæs him beót forborsten their threat failed, Cd. 4; Th. 5, 11; Gen. 70.

fór-bétan to make full amends for anyone or anything; compensáre pro &a-short;l&i-short;quo, Som. Ben. Lye. v. fóre-bétan.

for-bígan, -bígean; p. de; pp. ed To bow down, bend down, humble, abase, depreciate, avoid, pass by; h&u-short;m&i-short;li&a-long;re, præt&e-short;r&i-long;re:-- Bælc forbígde he humbled their pride, Cd. 4; Th. 4, 15; Gen. 54: 4; Th. 5, 12; Gen. 70: Exon. 85 b; Th. 321, 19; Wíd. 48: Wad. 47; Vald. 1. 26. Litlingas nellaþ forbígean (cf. forbúgan) me parv&u-short;li n&o-long;lunt præt&e-short;r&i-long;re me, Coll. Monast. Th. 29, 3. v. for-býgan.

for-bígels, es; m. An arch, a vault, an arched roof; arcus, fornix, c&a-short;m&e-short;ra = GREEK:-- Forbígels arcus, Ælfc. Gl. 29; Som. 61, 32; Wrt. Voc. 26, 31. v. bígels.

for-bindan; ic -binde; p. -band, pl. -bundon; subj. pres. -binde, pl. -binden; pp. -bunden To bind or tie up; allígáre:-- Ne forbinden gé ná ðæ-acute;m þyrstendum oxum ðone múþe may not tie up the mouth of the thirsting oxen, Past. 16, 5; Hat. MS. 21 b, 7.

for-biódan to forbid:-- He wel meahte ðæt unriht him eáðe forbiódan he might well easily forbid that injustice to him, Bt. Met. Fox 9, 108; Met. 9, 54. v. for-beódan.

for-birsteþ fails. Exon. 64a; Th. 236, 2; Ph. 568; 3rd sing. pres. of for-berstan.

for-bláwan; p. -bleów, pl. -bleówon; pp. -bláwen To blow away, inflate; infl&a-long;re:-- Com án wind, ond forbleów hie út on sæ-acute; there came a wind, and blew them out on to the sea, Ors. 5, 4; Bos. 105, 19. Gif mon síe forbláwen if a man be inflated, L. M. 2, 34; Lchdm. ii. 240, 4.

for-blindian; p. ode, ade; pp. od, ad To blind; obcœc&a-long;re. -- Wæs forblindad &e-short;rat obcœc&a-long;tum, Mk. Skt. Rush. 6, 52. v. blendan to blind.

fór-bóc, e; f. [fór a journey, boc a book] A journey-book, itinerary; it&i-short;n&e-short;r&a-long;rium:-- Fórbóc [MS. fórebóc], síþbóc it&i-short;n&e-short;r&a-long;rium, Mone B. 1994.

for-bod, es; n. A forbidding, prohibition, countermand; prohlbitio:-- Ðæt hit ðara manna forbod wæ-acute;re that it was forbidden by those men [lit. that it was the forbidding of those men], L. Alf. pol. 41; Th. i. 88, 19. On Godes forbode with Gad's prohibition, L. N. P. L. 61; Th. ii. 300, 12.