This is page 327 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 18 Mar 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

FOR-WYRD -- FÓT. 327

wyrcean, col. 2] the king observed where the river might be obstructed, Chr. 896; Th. 173, 36, col. 1. He hæfde ealle ða geatu fórworht into him he had barricaded all the entrances against him, Chr. 901; Erl. 96, 31. Synt ðissa heldóra wegas fórworhte the ways of these hell-doors are obstructed, Cd. 19; Th. 24, 21; Gen. 381.

for-wyrd, -wird, e; f. [wyrd fortune; for-weorþan to perish] Loss, damage, destruction, perdition, ruin, death; detr&i-long;mentum, int&e-short;r&i-short;tus, int&e-short;r&i-short;tio, perd&i-short;tio, pern&i-short;cies, intern&e-short;cio :-- Hér is geswutelod úre forwyrd here is made manifest our destruction, Judth. 12; Thw. 25, 30; Jud. 285. He alýsde ðin líf of forwyrde qui red&i-short;mit de int&e-short;r&i-short;tu v&i-long;tam tuam, Ps. Th. 102, 4: 106, 19: Ps. Lamb. 9, 16: Boutr. Scrd. 17, 23: 20, 16. Hwæt fremaþ æ-acute;negum menn, ðeáh he ealne middaneard gestrýne, gyf he hys sáwle forwyrd þolaþ quid prodest h&o-short;m&i-short;ni, si mundum &u-long;n&i-short;versum lucr&e-long;tur, an&i-short;mæ v&e-long;ro suæ detr&i-long;mentum p&a-short;ti&a-long;tur? Mt. Bos. 16, 26: Lk. Bos. 9, 25. Ðá sió wérge sceólu hreósan sceolde in wíta forwyrd when the wretched crew must fall into the ruin of punishment, Elen. Kmbl. 1526; El. 765: Frag. Kmbl. 16; Leás. 10: Andr. Kmbl. 3234; An. 1620. Ðæt hí óþ forwyrd æ-acute;ghwæ-acute;r fordiligade ne wæ-acute;ron ne usque ad intern&e-short;ci&o-long;nem usquequaque del&e-long;rentur, Bd. 1, 16; S. 484, 17. Of forwyrdum heora de int&e-short;r&i-short;ti&o-long;n&i-short;bus e&o-long;rum, Ps. Lamb. 106, 20. 2. for-wyrd, es; n. is neuter in the following examples :-- Ðín andbídaþ ðæt éce forwyrd the eternal perdition awaits thee, Homl. Th. i. 598, 9. God forlæ-acute;t hí to ðam écan forwyrde God will abandon them to the eternal perdition, i. 112, 23.

for-wyrht, es; n. A sin, crime; pecc&a-long;tum. DER. mán-forwyrht.

for-wyrhta, an; m. [for for, wyrhta a workman] One who does anything for another, an agent, vicegerent; inst&i-short;tor, proc&u-long;r&a-long;tor :-- Ðe næ-acute;nne forwyrhtan næfde who had no agent, L. Ath. v. 2; Th. i. 230, 20. Se ðe swá geþogenne forwyrhtan næfde, swóre for sylfne he who had not such a prosperous vicegerent, swore for himself, L. R. 4; Th. i. 192, 5.

for-wyrhte destroyed, forfeited, Homl. Th. i. 12, 28; p. of for-wyrcan.

for-wyrnan, -weornan, -wiernan, -wirnan, -wernan; p. de; pp. ed To prohibit, deny, refuse, restrain, prevent, hinder; proh&i-short;b&e-long;re, rec&u-long;s&a-long;re, den&e-short;g&a-long;re, renu&e-short;re :-- Him ðæ-acute;r se geonga cyning ðæs oferfæreldes forwyrnan myhte where the young king might prevent his going over, Ors. 2, 4; Bos. 45, 9. Se ilca forwyrnþ ðære [MS. ðæræ] sæ-acute; ðæt heó ne mót ðone þeorscwold oferstæppan ðære eorþan the same restrains the sea that it may not overstep the threshold of the earth, Bt. 21; Fox 74, 25. Me ðæs forwyrnde Waldend heofona the Lord of heaven hath denied it me, Cd. 101; Th. 134, 3; Gen. 2219: Exon. 34 b; Th. 111, 31; Gú. 135. He ne forwyrnde woroldræ-acute;denne he refused not worldly converse, Beo. Th. 2288; B. 1142. Forwyrnde beón afréfrod sáwle mín renuit cons&o-long;l&a-long;ri an&i-short;ma mea, Ps. Spl. 76, 3. Þearfum forwyrndon, ðæt hí under eówrum þæce mósten ingebúgan ye prohibited the needy, that they might enter under your roof, Exon. 30 a; Th. 92, 4; Cri. 1504. Ðæt ðú me ne forwyrne that thou deny me not, Beo. Th. 862; B. 429. Ðý-læs eów weges forwyrnen to wuldres byrig lest they prohibit you the way to glory's city. Exon. 75 b; Th. 282, 18; Jul. 665. Me hwílum biþ forwyrned willan mínes sometimes I am denied my will, 72 a; Th. 268, 32; Jul. 441. [O. Sax. far-wernian to refuse: Laym. pp. forwurnen.]

for-wyrnednes, -ness, e; f. A restraining, continence, forbidding; cont&i-short;nentia :-- He wæs micelre forhæfdnysse and forwyrnednesse lífes he was of great abstinence and continence of life, Bd. 3, 5; S. 526, 21.

for-wyrpnes, -ness, e; f. A rejection; abjectio :-- Ic eom forwyrpnes oððe aworpennys folces &e-short;go sum abjectio pl&e-long;bis, Ps. Lamb. 21, 7.

for-wyrst, he -wyrþ shalt perish, perishes. Ex. 9, 15: Ps. Lamb. 1, 6; 2nd and 3rd sing. pres. and fut. of for-weorþan.

for-wyrþaþ perish. Ps. Lamb. 101, 27, = for-weorþaþ; pl. pres. of for-weorþan.

for-yldan; p. -ylde; pp. -ylded To put off, defer; differre, s&u-short;pers&e-short;d&e-long;re :-- Ne mæg mon foryldan ðone deóran síþ no one may put of the severe journey, Salm. Kmbl. 721; Sal. 360. Ðe he to medmicelre tíde forylde dón [MS. doan] quam ad br&e-short;ve tempus f&a-short;c&e-short;re s&u-short;pers&e-long;dit, Bd. 5, 13; S. 633, 23: Blickl. Homl. 213, 24; 95, 25.

for-yrman; p. de; pp. ed [yrman to afflict] To afflict greatly, harass; vehementer affl&i-long;g&e-short;re :-- Hí hí ealle foryrmdon they harassed them all, Bd. 1, 12; S. 480, 36.

fór-yrnan; p. -arn, pl. -urnon; pp. -urnen To run before; præcurr&e-short;re :-- Se óðer leorningcniht fórarn Petrus ille &a-short;lius disc&i-short;p&u-short;lus præc&u-short;currit Petro, Jn. Bos. 20, 4. [Ger. vor-rennen to run before.]

fór-yrnere a fore-runner; præcursor. Som. Ben. Lye. v. fór-rynel.

FÓSTER, fóstor, fóstur; gen. fóstres; n. A FOSTERing, nourishing, rearing, feeding, food, nourishment, provisions; ed&u-short;c&a-long;tio, nutr&i-long;cium, pastio, al&i-short;mentum, victus :-- Ic gegaderige in to ðé of deórcynne and of fugelcynne gemacan, ðæt hí eft to fóstre beón I will gather in to thee mates of beast-kind and of bird-kind, that they afterwards may be for food, Homl. Th. i. 20, 35. Be fundenes cildes fóstre. To fundenes cildes fóstre ðý forman geáre geselle vi scillinga, ðý æfterran twelf, ðý þriddan xxx; siððan, be his wlite of the fostering of a foundling [lit. of a found child]. Let six shillings be paid for the fostering of a foundling for the first year, twelve for the second, thirty for the third; afterwards, according to its appearance, L. In. 26; Th. i. 118, 17-20: 38; Th. i. 126, 5. Mon sceal sellan, to fóstre, x fata hunies, ccc hláfa, etc. one shall give, as provisions, ten vats of honey, three hundred loaves, etc. L. In. 70; Th. i. 146, 16. He gecýðde hwæðer he mæ-acute;nde ðe ðæs módes fóster ðe ðæs líchoman he made known whether he meant the feeding of the mind or of the body; pasti&o-long;nem cordis an corp&o-short;ris su&a-long;d&e-long;ret, ap&e-short;ruit, Past. 18, 6; Hat. MS. 27 a, 21. [Laym. uoster a foster-child: Plat. voedster: Dwt. voedster, f. a nurse: Dan. Swed. foster, n. embryo, child: Icel. fóstr, n. the fostering of a child.] v. fóda food.

fóster-bearn, féster-bearn, es; n. A FOSTER-BEARN or child; &a-short;lumnus, Cot. 9.

fóster-bróðor; m. A FOSTER-BROTHER; collact&a-long;neus :-- Fósterbróðor &a-short;lumnus. Wrt. Voc. 284, 74.

fóster-cild, es; n. A FOSTER-CHILD; &a-short;lumnus. Wrt. Voc. 72, 39.

fóster-fæder, féster-fæder, es; m. A FOSTER-FATHER, nourisher, bringer up; altor, nutr&i-long;tor, Wrt. Voc. 72, 37. Fósterfæder &a-short;lumnus, Ælfc. Gl. 86; Som. 74, 36; Wrt. Voc. 50, 18. [Orm. fossterfaderr.]

fóster-land, fóstor-land, es; n. FOSTER-LAND, land assigned for the procuring of provisions; fundus c&i-short;b&a-long;riis emendis assign&a-long;tus :-- He gean [MS. geun] ðæs landes æt Wihtríces hamme ðám Godes þeówum, to fósterlande he gives the land at Wittersham to God's servants, as foster-land, Th. Diplm. A.D. 1032; 329, 27. Se cyning ðæt land geaf into Cristes cyrcean ðan híréde to fósterlande the king gave the land to Christchurch as foster-land for the convent, Th. Diplm. A.D. 1052; 368, 17.

fóster-leán, fóstor-leán, es; n. Foster-loan, remuneration for rearing a foster-child; educati&o-long;nis præmium, nutr&i-long;cii merces :-- Is to witanne hwám ðæt fósterleán gebýrige it is to be known to whom the remuneration for fostering belongs, L. Edm. B. 2; Th. i. 254, 8.

fóster-ling a FOSTERLING, foster-child, Som. Ben. Lye. v. fóstor-ling.

fóster-man a foster-man, bondsman, security, v. féster-man.

fóster-módor, -móder, fóstor-módor, féster-módor, -módur, fæ-acute;ster-módor; f. A FOSTER-MOTHER, nurse; altrix, nutrix :-- Hwæðer hit oncneówe his fóstermódor whether it knew its foster-mother, Bt. 3, 1; Fox 4, 30. Fóstermóder altrix vel nutrix, Wrt. Voc. 72, 38. Ic gean mínre fósterméder ðæs landes æt Westúne I give to my mother the land at Weston, Th. Diplm. 560, 25.

fóster-nóþ, fóstor-nóþ, es; m? A pasturage, pasture; pascua :-- On stówe fósternóþes me he gestaðelode in l&o-short;co pascuæ me coll&o-short;c&a-long;vit, Ps. Spl. T. 22, 1.

fóster-sweostor; f. A FOSTER-SISTER; collact&a-long;nea. Som. Ben. Lye.

fóstor a fostering, nourishing, food, nourishment, Som. Ben. Lye. v. fóster.

fóstor-land, es; n. Land assigned for the procuring of provisions :-- Ðæt ylce land hí gefreódon Godes þeówan to brýce into fóstorlande they freed the same land for the use of God's servants as foster-land, Th. Diplm. A.D. 963-975; 227, 33. v. fóster-land.

fóstor-leán, es; n. Remuneration for fostering; nutr&i-long;cii merces :-- Hæfde Nergend fóstorleán fæ-acute;mnan forgolden, éce to ealdre the Saviour had repaid the virgin the reward for fostering, in eternal life. Menol. Fox 301; Men. 152. v. fóster-leán.

fóstor-ling, es; m. A fosterling, foster-child; &a-short;lumnus, verna, vern&u-short;la :-- Fósterling vern&u-short;la, Ælfc. Gl. 8; Som. 56, 103; Wrt. Voc. 18, 53. Inberdling vel fósterling verna vel vern&a-long;c&u-short;lus, 86; Som. 74, 34; Wrt. Voc. 50, 17. [Laym. fosterling.]

fóstor-módor; f. A foster-mother; altrix :-- Ðæs mæ-acute;denes fóstormódor into ðam búre eóde the maiden's foster-mother went into the chamber, Apol. Th. 2, 7, 11. 12, 15, 19, 23: Nar. 40, 7. v. fóster-módor.

fóstor-noþ es; m? A pasture; pascua :-- Sceáp fóstornóþes his &o-short;ves pascuæ ejus, Wanl. Catal. 223, 37, col. 2: 291, 23, col. 1. v. fóster-nóþ.

fóstraþ, es; m. Food, victuals; esca, c&i-short;bus :-- Met oððe fóstraþ esca, Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 3, 4. Hláf oððe fóstraþ p&a-long;nem, Jn. Lind. War. 6, 31. Fóstraþ manna, Jn. Lind. War. 6, 49. Fóstraþas epim&e-long;nia = GREEK provisions for a month, a month's rations, Som. Ben. Lye.

fóstre, an; f. A fosterer, nurse; altrix, nutrix. DER. cild-fóstre.

fóstrian; p. ode; pp. od To FOSTER, nourish; &a-short;l&e-short;re, nutr&i-long;re, Som. Ben. Lye. v. féstrian. [Orm. fosstrenn to nourish: Laym. fostrien.]

fóstur, es; n. A fostering, feeding, food, nourishment; educ&a-long;tio, pastio, nutr&i-long;cium :-- Fóstur feormian to give food, to foster, cherish, Ps. Th. 77, 69. v. fóster.