This is page 396 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 16 Sep 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

GE-GANG - GE-GNÍDAN

ge-gang an event, a fate. v. gegong.

ge-gangan, -gongan; pp. -gangen, -gongen. I. to go, happen, take place, befal, to fall to one's share, to come in; ire, evenire, accidere :-- Ne mágon hí ofer gemæ-acute;re máre gegangan non transgredientur terminum, Ps. Th. 103, 9. Ful oft ðæt gegongeþ full oft it happens, Exon. 87 a; Th. 327, 9; Vy. 1 : 117 a; Th. 451, 3; Dóm. 98. Ðá wæs gegongen gumum unfródum, ðæt . . . then it had befallen the youthful man, that . . . , Beo. Th. 5634; B. 2821. Ealles ðæs andlyfenes ðe him gegonge of all the livelihood which comes in to them, Bd. 1, 27; S. 489, 6. II. to exercise, effect, accomplish; exercere, perficere, efficere :-- Ic ðíne bebodu bealde gegange exercebor in mandatis tuis, Ps. Th. 118, 78. He hæfde elne gegongen, ðæt . . . he had effected by his valour, that . . . , Beo. Th. 1791; B, 893. III. to go against with hostile intention, to pass over, overcome, subdue, conquer, obtain, acquire; aggredi, transgredi, superare, subigere, oblinere, adipisci, possidere :-- Gif fríman edor gegangeþ if a freeman pass over a fence, L. Ethb. 29; Th. i. 10, 3. Hí þohton Italia ealle gegongan they thought to conquer all Italy, Bt. Met. Fox 1, 24; Met. 1, 12. Ic mid elne sceal gold gegangan I shall with valour obtain the gold, Beo. Th. 5065; B. 2036 : 6162; B. 3085 : Ps. Th. 78, 12. v. gán.

ge-geafian; p. ede, ode; pp. ed, od To bestow gifts upon :-- Ic hine mid deórweorðum gyfum gegeafede dignis eum muneribus honoravi, Nar. 8, 16. Gigeafiga præstolari [ = præstare ?], Rtl. 20, 15. v. gegifod.

ge-gealt = ge-healt. Deut. 7, 12. v. gehealdan.

ge-gearcian; p. ode; pp. od To prepare :-- Ðá hét se cyngc scipa gegearcian and him æfter faran, ac hit wæs lang æ-acute;r ðam þe ða scipa gegearcode wæ-acute;ron then the king bade prepare ships and go after him, but it was long before the ships were ready, Th. Ap. 7, 16-7 : Homl. Th. ii. 84, 16. v. gearcian.

ge-gearcung-dæg, es; m. Preparation-day; parasceve = παρασκευ&eta-tonos; :-- Hit wæs eástra gegearcung-dæg erat parasceve Paschæ &eta-tonos;ν παρασκευ&eta-tonos; τoû π&alpha-tonos;σχα, Jn. Bos. 19, 14, 31. v. gearcung.

ge-gearnian, Blickl. Homl. 35, 36. v. ge-earnian.

ge-gearwian, -gearwigean; p. ode, ede; pp. od, ad To prepare, make ready, provide with, endue :-- Ða láreowas sceolan Drihtnes weg gegearwian to heora módum the teachers ought to prepare the Lord's way for their minds, Blickl. Homl. 81, 7. Gegearwigean, Cd. 23; Th. 29, 30; Gen. 458. Ða áne ðe mid clæ-acute;num geleáfan hie to ðæm gegearwiaþ those only who with pure belief prepare themselves for it, Blickl. Homl. 185, 10. Gegearwode he ðæ-acute;m éce forwyrde he prepared for them eternal perdition, 159, 19 : 233, 33. Gegearewadest, Ps. Th. 64, 10. Gegearwiga we paremus, Mk. Skt. Lind. 14, 12. Ðá wearþ werod ge-gearewod to campe then was the band made ready for battle, Judth. 11; Thw. 24, 21; Jud. 199. Ðæt his líf ðæm his naman wæs gelíce gegearwod his life was ordered like to his name, Blickl. Homl. 167, 32. Gáste gegearwod endued with spirit, Cd. 10; Th. 12, 17; Gen. 187 : Elen. Kmbl. 1774; El. 889. v. gearwian.

ge-gearwung, e; f. A preparation; præparatio :-- Gegearwung setles ðínes præparatio sedis tuæ, Ps. Spl. 88, 14. v. gearwung.

ge-gearwungness, e; f. A preparation; præpar&a-long;tio :-- Gearcunga oððe gegearwungnessa heortan gehýrde præpar&a-long;tio cordis aud&i-long;vit, Ps. Lamb. second 9, 17.

ge-gegnian; p. ode, ade; pp. od, ad To meet; obviare, Rtl. 45. 23.

ge-géman; p. de; pp. ed To heal, cure, amend, treat [as a patient] :-- Ðæt hea gegéme all unhæ-acute;lo ut curarent omnem languorem, Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 10, 1 : Mk. Skt. Lind. 3, 2. Gegémde &l-bar; gehæ-acute;lde curavit, 6, 5. Gegéma corrigere, Mt. Kmbl. p. 1, 9. Gegémed, L. Æðelb. 62; Th. i. 18, 8. [See the note, and also Schmid, p. 8, note.]

ge-geótan; p. -geát; pp. -goten To found, cast :-- He of golde gegeát and geworhte he cast and wrought them of gold, Nar. 19, 29. Ða gelícnessa wæ-acute;ron gegotene the images were cast, 32.

ge-gerela, -gyrela, -girla, an; m. Clothing, apparel, habit, garment, robe; amiculum, stola :-- Hwæ-acute;r agylte he æ-acute;fre on his gegerelan where trespassed he ever in his clothing? Blickl. Homl. 169, 1. His gegirla hine geswutelaþ his garment betrays him, Th. Ap. 14, 3 : 12, 8. Bringaþ raðe ðæne sélestan gegyrelan, Lk. Bos. 15, 22 : Mk. Bos. 12, 38.

ge-gerelad, -gerlad; part. Clothed; indutus :-- Gegerlad is Drihten mid stræncþe indutus est Dominus fortitudinem, Ps. Lamb. 92, 1. Gegerelad vestitus, Mk. Skt. Lind. 1, 6.

ge-gerwan, -gærwan, -girwan, -gierwan, -gyrwan; p. -gerede; pp. -gered, -gerwed To prepare, make ready, clothe, array, adorn, furnish :-- Ne hýrde ic cymlícor ceól gegyrwan hilde wæ-acute;pnum I never heard of furnishing a comelier vessel with weapons of war, Beo. Th. 76; 13, 38. Ðæ-acute;r ðú scealt ád gegærwan there shalt thou prepare a pile, Cd. 138; Th. 173, 3; Gen. 2855. Ic his sacerdas mid hæ-acute;lu gegyrwe sacerdotes ejus induam salutare, Ps. Th. 131, 17. Heó alegde hire hrægl ðe heó mid gegyred wæs and hie gegyrede mid ðon sélestan hrægle she laid aside the garment that she was clothed with, and arrayed herself with the finest garment, Blickl. Homl. 139, 6, 7 : 89, 35 : 103, 3. Ðæ-acute;r weofod inne wlitelíce geworhtan and gegyredon therein they wrought and adorned an altar beautifully, 205, 6 : Beo. Th. 6265; B. 3137. Gegyre ðú hine clothe him, Blickl. Homl. 37, 21. Mid heora geatwum gegyrede equipped, 241, 29 : Nar. 4, 13. Golde gegyrwed adorned with gold, Beo. Th. 1110; B. 553. Ymb frætwum útan gegyrede circumornatæ, Ps. 143, 15. Sió wæs orðoncum eall gegyrwed diófles cræftum it was all cunningly prepared with devilish arts, Beo. Th. 4181; B. 2087. Heardum tóþum and miclum hit wæs gegyred duris munitum dentibus, Nar. 21, 1.

ge-gifod; part. Enriched with gifts :-- Se cyng him wel gegifod hæfde on golde and on seolfre the king had bestowed many gifts of gold and silver on him, Chr. l001; Erl. 136, 17. v. gegeafian.

ge-gild, ge-gyld, es; n. A guild, society, or club; societas, fraternitas :-- We for his lufon ðis gegyld gegaderodon for love of him we have gathered this guild, Th. Diplm. 608, 7. v. gild.

ge-gilda, -gylda, an; m. A person who belongs to a guild, club, or corporation, a guild-brother, a companion, fellow [v. Kmbl. Sax. Eng. i. 262, 259]; congildo, socius, sodalis :-- Gieldan ða gegildan healfne let his guild-brethren pay half, L. Alf. pol. 27; Th. i. 78, 24 : 28; Th. i. 80, 3; L. In. 16; Th. i. 112, 8 : 21; Th. i. 116, 6 : L. Ath. v. § 8, 6; Th. i. 236, 36 : Hick. Thes. ii. Dis. Epist. pp. 20-21. v. gild; and Schmid, s. v.

ge-gild-heall, e; f. A guild-hall :-- Orc hæfþ gegyfen ðæ gegyldhealle ðam gyldscipe to ágenne Orc hath given the guild-hall for the guild to own, Kmbl. Cod. Dipl. iv. 277, 21.

ge-giwian; p. ade, ode; pp. ad, od To demand, ask; postulare, petere :-- Swæ-acute; hwæt ðú gegiuas quidquid petieris, Mk. Skt. Lind. 6. 23. Gegiwade postulans, Lk. Skt. Lind. 1, 63.

ge-gladian; p. ode; pp. od To make glad, gladden, appease; læt&i-short;f&i-short;c&a-long;re, exh&i-short;l&a-short;r&a-long;re, pl&a-short;c&a-long;re :-- Flódes ryne gegladaþ burg Godes fl&u-long;m&i-short;nis imp&e-short;tus læt&i-short;f&i-short;cat c&i-long;v&i-short;t&a-long;tem Dei, Ps. Lamb. 45, 5; Homl. Th. i. 288, 8. Cúþbertus hit mid cossum gegladode Cuthbert gladdened it with kisses, ii. 134, 21. Ðæt he gegladie anséne on ele ut exh&i-short;l&a-short;ret f&a-short;ciem in &o-short;leo, 103, 15. Ðæt he ðé mid his lácum gegladige that he appease thee with his gifts, Gen. 32, 20. Gegladan mitigare, repropitiare, Hpt. Gl. 515.

ge-gléded; part. [gléd a burning coal] Kindled; accensus :-- Wæs gegléded fýr on Iacobe ignis accensus est in Iacob, Ps. Th. 77, 23.

ge-glendrian; p. ade, ode; pp. ad, od To precipitate :-- Ðætte hia geglendradon hine ut præcipitarent eum, Lk. Skt. Lind. 4, 29.

ge-glengan, -glencan, -glæncan, -glencgan, -glengcan; p. -glengde, -glencde; pp. -glenged, -glencged, -glengd, -glend To adorn, embellish, set in order, compose; orn&a-long;re, c&o-long;m&e-short;re, comp&o-long;n&e-short;re :-- Gé preóstas sculon eówerne hád healdan árwurþlíce, and mid gódum þeáwum symle geglæncan ye priests should religiously observe your order, and always adorn it with good habits, L. Ælf. P. 5; Th. ii. 366, 2. Ic geglenge c&o-long;mo, Ælfc. Gr. 28, 4; Som. 31, 13. Ic smicere geglengce orno, Ælfc. Gl. 99; Som. 76, 116; Wrt. Voc. 54, 58. Nerón hine mid æ-acute;lces cynnes gimmum geglengde Nero adorned himself with gems of every kind, Bt. 28; Fox 100, 27 : Bt. Met. Fox 15, 7; Met. 15, 4. Ðæt he æfter medmiclum fæce in sceópgereorde mid ða mæ-acute;stan swétnesse and inbrydnesse geglencde, and in Englisc gereorde wel gehwæ-acute;r forþbrohte hoc ipse post p&u-short;sillum verbis po&e-long;ticis max&i-short;ma su&a-long;v&i-short;t&a-long;te et compuncti&o-long;ne comp&e-short;s&i-short;tis, in sua, id est, Angl&o-long;rum lingua proferret, Bd. 4, 24; S. 596, 35. Ðæt hit wæ-acute;re geglenged mid gódum stánum and gódum gifum quod b&o-short;nis l&a-short;p&i-short;d&i-short;bus et d&o-long;nis orn&a-long;tum esset, Lk. Bos. 21, 5 : Elen. Kmbl. 179; El .90. Geglenged discr&i-long;m&i-short;n&a-long;tus, Ælfc. Gl. 61; Som. 68, 48; Wrt. Voc. 39, 32. Godes gelaðung is geglencged mid deórwurþre frætewunge God's church is adorned with precious ornament, Homl. Th. ii. 586, 17. Heó wæs geglengd þurh Godes wundra it was embellished by the miracles of God, Th. Diplm. A. D. 970; 241, 6. Ða bióþ sweordum and fetelum swíðe geglende who are greatly adorned with swords and belts, Bt. Met. Fox 25, 20; Met. 25, 10.

ge-glengendlíc; adj. Splendid, brilliant; pomposus, delicatus, Hpt. Gl. 435.

gegleac light, frolicsome, lascivious, Bd. 5, 6; Whelc. 390, 39, MS. B. v. geaglisc.

ge-glídan; p. -glad, pl. -glidon; pp. -gliden To glide, fall; labi :-- Ðá he sceolde into gegíldan Nergendes níþ when he must fall into the Saviour's hate, Cd. 221; Th. 288, 6; Sat. 376. v. glídan.

gegn, geagn, geán, gén; adv. Again; contra :-- Brego geán þingade the Lord spoke again, Cd. 48; Th. 62, 5; Gen. 1009.

gegn-cwide, es; m. A reply, answering again; responsum :-- Ðínra gegncwida [MS. -cwiða] of thy replies, Beo. Th. 739; B. 367.

Gegnes-burh Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, Chr. 1013.

ge-gnídan; p. -gnád, pl. -gnidon; pp. -gniden To rub, rub together, comminute; fricare, defricare, fricando comminuere, planare, levigare :-- Nim ðas ylcan wyrte dryg he ðonne and gegníd to duste take this same wort, then dry it, and rub it to dust, Herb. 90, 10; Lchdm. i. 196, 12. Genim ðas wyrte on wætre gegnidene take this wort rubbed in water, Herb. 84, 1; Lchdm. i. 188, 1. Ic gegníde plano vel levigo, Ælfc. Gl. 36; Som. 62, 8. v. gnídan.