This is page 521 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

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HEÁN-MÓD - HEARD-LÍCNESS

heán-mód; adj. Dejected, cast down, humiliated :-- Ic sceal sárigferþ heánmód hweorfan with sorrowing spirit and with dejected mind must I go, Exon, 52 b; Th. 184, 32; Gú. 1353. Ic sceal feor ðonan heánmód hweorfan I must go far thence with humiliated heart, 71 a; Th. 265, 32; Jul. 390.

heán-spédig; adj. Scantily, poorly endowed :-- Ðý læs hé forhycge heánspédigran lest he despise the more scantily endowed, Exon. 78 b; Th. 295, 1; Crä. 26.

heáp, es; m. [generally, but ðeós earme heáp occurs, Cd. 215; Th. 270, 9; Sat. 87.] A HEAP, pile, great number, host, multitude, crowd, band, troop, body of people, assembly, company :-- Galað ðæt is gewitnesse heáp Golaad acervus testimonii interpretatur, Past. 48, 2; Swt. 367, 5. Se hálga heáp héhfædera and wítgena the holy host of patriarchs and prophets, Blickl. Homl. 81, 9. Fyrenfulra þreát heáp synnigra peccatores, Ps. Th. 91, 6. Þegna heáp a troop of thanes, Beo. Th. 805; B. 400. Be ðam gesæ-acute;ligan heápe ðe mid ðam Hæ-acute;lende on ðisum lífe drohtnode of the blessed company that lived with the Saviour in this life, Homl. Th. ii. 520, 22. Of ðam yfelan heápe gehádodra manna be ðám ðe úre Drihten cwæþ 'multi dicunt mihi, etc.' of that evil band of men in orders about whom our Lord said, 'many will say to me, etc.' L. Ælfc. P. 40; Th. ii. 380, 36: Apstls. Kmbl. 17; Ap. 9. Sum sceal on heápe hæleþum cwéman one shall in company give pleasure to men, Exon. 88 a; Th. 331, 32; Vy. 77. Gewíteþ mid ðý wuldre mæ-acute;re tungol faran on heápe the great star departs accompanied with that glory, 93 b; Th. 350, 26; Sch. 69. Hwanon ferigeaþ gé heresceafta heáp whence bear ye a heap of war shafts, Beo. Th. 675; B. 335. Hengestes heáp Hengest's band, 2186; B. 1091. His ðone gecorenan heáp electos suos, Ps. Th. 104, 38: L. Ælfc. P. 21; Th. ii. 372, 3. Getalu vel heápas vel hundredu centurias, Ælfc. Gl. 96; Som. 76, 25; Wrt. Voc. 53, 34. Hine ðá ða heápas frugnon hwæt hie wyrcean mihton ðæt hie Godes erre beflugon when the multitudes asked him [John] what they could do to escape God's wrath, Blickl. Homl. 169, 10: Cd. 161; Th. 202, 2; Exod. 382. Biscopan and gehálgodan heápan for bishops and consecrated bodies, L. Eth. Vii. 24; Th. i. 334, 23. Heápum in troops, Cd. 81; Th. 101, 36; Gen. 1693: 189; Th. 235, 6; Dan. 302: Exon. 15 b; Th. 34, 29; Cri. 549: Judth. 11; Thw. 23, 39; Jud. 163. [O. Sax. hóp: O. Frs. háp: cf. Icel. hópr a troop, flock: O. H. Ger. houf strues, acervus: Ger. haufe.] DER. gár-, wíg-heáp.

heáp-mælum; adv. In heaps, by troops, bands, companies, flocks :-- Telle ðú and Aaron heápmæ-acute;lum thou and Aaron shalt number them by their armies, Num. 1, 3. Ne wæs ðá ylding tó ðon ðæt hí heápmæ-acute;lum, cóman máran weorod of ðám þeódum ðe wé æ-acute;r gemynegodon non mora ergo confluentibus certatim in insulam gentium memoratarum catervis, Bd. 1, 15; S. 483. 31. Ða dumban niétenu hie hie gadriaþ heápmæ-acute;lum and hie ætsomne fédaþ gregatim animalia bruta pascuntur, Past. 46, 4; Swt. 349, 23. Hý him heápmæ-acute;lum sylfe on hand eodon they flocked to surrender to him, Ors. 4, 5; Bos. 83, 8. [O. H. Ger. huufmalum catervatim.]

heápung, e; f. A heaping, heap :-- Onfóþ hine and on ða heápunge eówre niðerunge gelæ-acute;daþ accipite et in cumulum damnationis vestræ ducite, Bd. 5, 13; S. 633, 14.

hearch. v. hearg.

HEARD, hard; adj. HARD, harsh, austere, severe, rigorous, stern, stubborn, firm, hardy, brave :-- Hond and heard sweord the hand and the hard blade, Beo. Th. 5011; B. 2509. Ic wát ðæt ðú eart heard mann scio quia homo durus es, Mt. Kmbl. 25, 24. Heard is ðeós spræ-acute;c this is an hard saying; durus est hic sermo, Jn. Skt. 6, 60. Heó wæs æ-acute;ror ðam cynge hire suna swíðe heard she had been before very hard to the king her son, Chr.1043; Erl. 168, 36: Cd. 103; Th. 136, 20; Gen. 2261. Se mon se ðe nú démeþ ðæ-acute;m earmun búton mildheortnesse, ðonne biþ ðam eft heard dóm geteód the man who now judges the poor without mercy, on him shall a hard sentence be then passed in requital, Blickl. Homl. 95, 36: Cd. 22; Th. 28, 7; Gen. 432. Him næ-acute;nig gewin hér on worlde tó lang ne tó heard þuhte no labour here in the world seemed to him too long or too hard, Blickl. Homl. 227, 3; Cd. 17; Th. 20, 30; Gen. 317. Hunger se hearda severe famine, 86; Th. 108, 32; Gen. 1815. Ðæ-acute;r wæs heard plega wælgára wrixl there was hard fighting exchange of deadly darts, 93; Th. 120, 5; Gen. 1989: Elen. Kmbl. 229; El. 115. Hé wæs ánræ-acute;d heard and hygeróf he was resolute, hardy and noble-minded, Andr. Kmbl. 465; An. 233: Beo. Th. 689; B. 342. Ðes hearda heáp this stout band, 868: B. 432. Wíges heard bold in battle, 1776; B. 886: Exon. 78 b; Th. 295, 27; Crä. 39; Byrht. Th. 135, 38; By. 130: Andr. Kmbl. 1677; An. 841. Hé wæs heardes cynnes he was of a brave race, Byrht. Th. 139. 39; By. 266. Ðone deópan grund ðæs hátan léges and ðæs heardan léges the deep abyss of hot and cruel flame, Blick. Homl. 103, 15. Hine ðá gegyrede mid hæ-acute;renum hrægle swíðe heardum and unwinsumum he clothed himself with raiment of hair very hard and unpleasant, 221, 24. Ic hafu gecnáwen on heardum hyge ðæt ðú hæ-acute;lend eart middangeardes I have acknowledged in my stubborn heart that thou art the saviour of the world, Elen. Kmbl. 1614; El. 800. Beóp ðé hungor and þurst hearde gewinnan hunger and thirst will be hard adversaries to thee, Exon. 36 b; Th. 118, 28; Gú. 246. Ða heardan heortan the hard hearts, Past. 21, 3; Swt. 154, 2. Ða heardan þrowunga ðe hé ádreág the hard sufferings that he endured, Blickl. Homl. 97, 15. Ic hine heardan clammum wríðan þohte I thought to bind him with hard bonds, Beo. Th. 1931; B. 963. Mé þinceþ ðæt ðú wæ-acute;re ðám ungelæ-acute;redum mannum heardra ðonne hit riht wæ-acute;re videtur mihi quia durior justo indoctis auditoribus fuisti, Bd. 3, 5; S. 527, 32. Hige sceal ðé heardra ðé úre mægen lytlaþ our courage shall be the stouter as our force lessens, Byrht. Th. 140, 62; By. 312. Nó is gefrægn heardran feohtan I have never heard of a harder fight, Beo. Th. 1157; B. 576. Næ-acute;fre hé æ-acute;r ne siððan heardran hæle fand never before or since did he find a stouter warrior, 1442; B. 719. Se líchoma ðonne on ðone heardestan stenc and on ðone fúlostan biþ gecyrred the body then shall be turned to the strongest and foulest stench, Blickl. Homl. 59, 12. Ða ðe gecwedene syndon ða heardestan men who [the Scythians] are said to be very hardy men, Ors. 1, 2; Swt. 30, 3. [Goth. hardus: O. Sax. hard: O. Frs. herd: Icel. harðr: O. H. Ger. hart, harti, hert, herti durus, rigidus, asper, acer: Ger. hart.]

heard-cwide, es; m. Harsh language, reproach, abuse, contumely :-- Ic geþolade hosp and heardcwide I suffered scorn and contumely, Exon. 29 a; Th. 88, 22; Cri. 1444.

hearde; adv. Severely, very much, greatly, sorely :-- Ðá cwæþ se Hæ-acute;lend ðæt him hearde þyrste then said Jesus that he was sore athirst, Homl. Th. ii. 256, 31. Hearde ofsceamode sorely ashamed, 518, 31. Ðæs ðe wé wénaþ and hearde ondræ-acute;daþ according to what we expect and very much fear, L. Ælfc. P. 40; Ll. ii. 380, 35. Hine ðæs heardost langode hwanne hé of ðisse worlde móste he very earnestly longed for the time when he might leave this world, Blickl. Homl. 227, 1: Bt. 36, 2; Fox 174, 28.

heard-ecg; adj. Hard of edge :-- Ðá wæs on healle heardecg togen sweord then in the hall was drawn the sword hard of edge, Beo. Th. 2581; B. 1288: 2984; B. 1490: Elen. Kmbl. 1513; El. 758: Exon. 102 b; Th. 388, 15; Rä. 6, 8. v. other compounds with ecg.

heard-fyrde; adj. Difficult to carry :-- Ðæ-acute;r oninnan bær eorl hard-fyrdne dæ-acute;l goldes there within bore the earl a weighty portion of gold, Beo. Th. 4483; B. 2245.

heard-heáwa, an; m. A chisel; scalprum, Som.

heard-heort; adj. Hard-hearted, stiff-necked :-- Heardheort biþ se mann ðe nele þurh lufe óðrum fremigan ðæ-acute;r ðæ-acute;r hé mæg that man is hard of heart who will not from love benefit others when he can, Homl. Th. i. 252, 19. Hwá is swá heardheort ðæt ne mæg wépan swylces ungelimpes who is so hard of heart that he cannot weep at such misfortunes, Chr. 1086; Erl. 219, 40. His folc is hardheort thou art a stiff-necked people, Ex. 33, 3, 5: Homl. Th. i. 108, 22: ii. 258, 22. Gé sind ealra folca ungeleáfulluste and heardheorteste ye are of all nations the most unbelieving and most stiff-necked, Deut. 9, 6.

heard-heortness, e; f. Hard-heartedness :-- Hwæt is seó stæ-acute;nige eorþe búton heardheortnyss what is the stony ground but hard-heartedness, Homl. Th. ii. 90, 35. Þurh ðone wah seó heardheortnes ðara hiéremonna per parietem duritia subditorum, Past. 21, 3; Swt. 153, 24. Ic can eówre heardheortnisse I know thy stiff neck, Deut. 31, 27.

heard-hicgende; adj. Bold in purpose, Beo. Th. 793; B. 394: 1602; B. 799.

heardian; p. ode To be or become hard, to harden :-- Ic heardige dureo and duro, Ælfc. Gr. 35; Som. 38, 6: 37; Som. 39, 26: Herb. 1, 19; Lchdm. i. 76, 18: 2, 11; Lchdm. i. 84, 4. Ðæt wyrmþ and heardaþ ðone magan it warms and hardens the stomach, L. M. 2, 10; Lchdm. ii. 188, 18. Ðonne onginþ sió heardian then the liver begins to harden, 19; Lchdm. ii. 200, 25.

hearding, es; m. A brave man, warrior, hero, Elen. Kmbl. 50; El. 25: 260; El. 130: Runic pm. Kmbl. 344, 1; Rún. 22. [Cf. æðeling and v. Grmm. D. M. 316, 321.]

heard-líc; adj. Severe, fierce, hard, strict :-- Heardlíc eornost severe seriousness, L. I. P. 10; Th. ii. 318, 37: Andr. Kmbl. 3100; An. 1553: Exon. 116 b; Th. 447, 10; Dóm 37. Heardlícu wítu severe punishments, 69 b; Th. 258, 11; Jul. 263.

heard-líce; adv. Hardly, sorely, harshly, sternly, bravely, stoutly :-- Heardlíce duriter, Ælfc. Gr. 38; Som. 41, 41. Se Godes man ongan heardlíce and bitterlíce wépan the man of God began to weep sorely and bitterly; solutus est in lacrymis, Bd. 4, 25; S. 600, 29. Hé heardlíce gewon wið Æþelbald cyning he struggled hard with king Ethelbald, Chr. 741; Erl. 46, 30. Ðet landfolc hardlíce wiðstódon the people of the country withstood them stoutly, 1046; Eri. 171, 4. Hé spræc heardlícor wið hig ðonne wið fremde men he spoke more harshly to them than to strangers, Gen. 42, 8. [O. Sax. hard-líko.]

heard-lícness, e; f. Hardness, severity, strictness :-- Sume hí sæ-acute;don ða heardlícnysse his lífes some of them told the severity of his life, Guthl. 27; Gdwin. 70, 15.