This is page 526 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 23 May 2020. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.


held. v. hyld.

heldan. v. hyldan.

helde, an; f. Allegiance, fealty :-- Hé ðæ-acute;r on ðæs cynges willelmes heldan tó cynge gesette he placed Edgar there as king in allegiance to King William, Chr. 1097; Erl. 234, 37. Heanrig ofer sæ-acute; fór on ðæs cynges heldan Henry went over sea as liege man of the king, 1095; Erl. 231, 9. [Cf. un-helde; hyld, hyldo.]

helde, an; f. Tansy; tanacetum vulgare :-- Helde tanicetum, Wrt. Voc. 79, 24: tanaceta, Ælfc. Gl. 40; Som. 63, 87; Wrt. Voc. 30, 33. Genius heldan take tansy, L. M. 1, 36; Lchdm. ii. 86, 20.

hele-. v. helle-.

helerung, e; f. The turning of a balance; trutinæ inclinatio, Cot. 136, Lye. v. helur-bled, heolorian, heolra.

helfe, es; m. n.[?] Helve, handle :-- Hæft and helfe manubrium, Ælfc. Gl. 52; Som. 66, 31; Wrt. Voc. 35, 20. Sió æcs áwient of ðæm hielfe ferrum lapsum de manubrio, Past. 21, 7; Swt. 167, 1. Gaderode me hylfa tó æ-acute;lcum ðara tóla ðe ic mid wircan cúðe I gathered me handles for each of the tools that I could work with, Shrn. 163, 6. [Orm. hellfe: Prompt. Parv. helve manubrium: Wick. helve: O. H. Ger. halap, halp, halbe, helbe manubrium. Helve is a word given as still belonging to the dialects of East Anglia.]

helfling, es; m. A halfpenny :-- Ne becýpaþ hig fíf spearwan tó helflinge are not five sparrows sold for two farthings, Lk. Skt. 12, 6. [O. H. Ger. helbeling obolus.]

helian; p. ode, ede To hide, conceal, cover :-- Mín unriht ic ná ne helede wið ðé injustitias meas non operui, Ps. Th. 31, 5. Heó helode hire nebb ðæt hé hig ne mihte gecnáwan she had covered her face that he might not know her, Gen. 38, 15. Wé læ-acute;raþ ðæt æ-acute;nig gehádod man his sceare ne helige we enjoin that no man in orders conceal his tonsure, L. Edg. C. 47; Th. ii. 254, 13. [A. R. helien: Piers P. helien, hylien; pp. helid, hiled: Laym. helede, p: Wick. hilide: O. Sax. bi-helian: O. H. Ger. hellen: Ger. hehlen.]

hell. v. hel.

hell-bend; m. f. A hell-bond :-- Hellbendum fæst fast in the chains of hell, Beo. Th. 6137; B. 3072.

hell-cræft, es; m. Hellish art, Andr. Kmbl. 2205; An. 1104.

hell-cwalu, e; f. Hell-torment, Exon. 25 a; Th. 73, 15; Cri. 1190.

hell-deóful, es; m. n. Orcus, Pluto, Cot. 145, Lye.

hell-dor, es; n. The gate of hell :-- Tó helldore in infernum, Ps. Th. 87, 3. Æt heldore, Exon. 40 b; Th. 135, 29; Gú. 531: Cd. 19; Th. 24, 20; Gen. 380: 23; Th. 29, 8; Gen. 447, [O. Sax. hell-dor.]

helle-. In the case of at least some of the following words which are given as compounds, they might be taken as independent words, the first of which is the genitive of hel. For the meaning of such combinations the second word may be referred to.

helle-bealu; gen. wes; n. Hell-bale, woe of hell, Exon. 28 b; Th. 87, 18; Cri. 1427.

helle-bróga, an; m. The terror of hell :-- On hellebrógan gesette hí syndon in inferno positi sunt, Ps. Lamb. 48, 15. Of handa hellebrógan de manu inferi, 48, 16.

helle-bryne, es; m. Hell-fire, Judth. 10; Th. 23, 11; Jud. 116.

helle-ceafl, es; m. The jaws of hell, Andr. Kmbl. 3403; An. 1705.

helle-cinn, es; n. The race of hell, Exon. 31 b; Th. 99, 5; Cri. 1620.

helle-clam, -clom, Cd. 19; Th. 24, 6; Gen. 373. v. clam.

helle-deóful, -dióful, Exon. 75 a; Th. 280, 15; Jul. 629: Elen. Kmbl. 1799; El. 901: Andr. Kmbl. 2598; An. 1300. [Cf. hell-deóful.]

helle-dor, Exon. 121 a; Th. 464, 14; Hö. 87. [Cf. hell-dor.]

helle-duru, Elen. Kmbl. 2457; El. 1230.

helle-flór, Cd. 214; Th. 269, 9; Sat. 70.

helle-fýr, Bt. Met. Fox 8, 101; Met. 8, 51; Exon. 26 b; Th. 78, 6 ; Cri: 1270. On helle fýr in gehennam ignis, Mt. Kmbl. 18, 9. [O. H. Ger. hella-fiur gehenna, tartarus.]

helle-gást, -gæ-acute;st, Exon. 72 a; Th. 269, 28; Jul. 457: 74 b; Th. 279, 17; Jul. 615: Beo. Th. 2552; B. 1274.

helle-geat, -gat, Homl. Th. i. 288, 1, 4.

helle-god, es; n. A god of the infernal regions :-- Orfeus wolde gesécan hellegodu and biddan ðæt hí him ágeáfan eft his wíf Orfeus would visit the gods of the infernal regions and pray them to give him his wife again, Bt. 35, 6; Fox 168, 13. [O. H. Ger. hella-got pluto, dis; pl. eumenides, manes.]

helle-grund, Exon. 11 b; Th. 17, 4; Cri. 265: 16 a; Th. 35, 23; Cri. 562: Elen. Kmbl. 2608; El. 1305. [O. Sax. helli-grund: O. H. Ger. hella-grunt tartarus.]

helle-grut the abyss of hell, Hpt. Gl. 422. v. grut.

helle-, hylle-gryre, Cd. 223; Th. 291, 20; Sat. 433.

helle-hæft, Cd. 227; Th. 304, 16; Sat. 631.

helle-hæfta, Beo. Th. 1580; B. 788.

helle-hæftling, Andr. Kmbl. 2683; An. 1344: Exon. 69 a; Th. 257, 12; Jul. 246: Salm. Kmbl. 253; Sal. 126.

helle-heáf, Cd. 2; Th. 3, 19; Gen. 38.

helle-hinca, an; m. The hell-limper, -hobbler, the devil lamed by his fall from heaven, Andr. Kmbl. 2343; An. 1173. Grimm [Deutsche Mythologie, 944-5] speaking of the devil observes 'Am ersten fällt sein lahmer fuss auf, daher der hinkende teufel [diable boiteux], hinkebein, vom sturz aus dem himmel in den abgrund der hölle scheint er gelähmt, wie der von Zeus herabgeschleuderte Hephäst.' [Cf. Icel. hinka: O. H. Ger. hinkan claudicare.]

helle-hund, es; m. A hell-hound :-- Sý hé Judas geféra Cristes belæ-acute;wendes and sý hé toren of hellehundes tóþum on ðám egeslícum hellewítum mid eallum deóflum bútan æ-acute;lcum ende bútan hé hit æ-acute;r his endedæge rihtlíce gebéte may he be the companion of Judas the betrayer of Christ, and be torn by the teeth of a hell-hound in the awful torments of hell among all the devils without any end, unless he make due reparation before his last day, Cod. Dipl. Kmbl. iii. 350,18 [Cf. sceolde cuman ðære helle hund ongeán hiné ðæs nama wæs Ceruerus it was said that the hound of hell, whose name was Cerberus, came towards him, Bt. 35, 6; Fox 168. 15.] v. Grimm. D. M. 948-9.

hells-hús, Exon. 42 b; Th. 142, 24; Gú. 649.

helle-líc; adj. Infernal :-- Helelíc deópnes barathrum, vorago, profinder, Ælfc. Gl. 54; Som. 66, 97; Wrt. Voc. 36, 20. [O. H. Ger. helle-lích tartareus.] v. hel-líc.

helle-mere, es; m. The lake of hell, Styx :-- Hellemere hæc styx, Ælfc. Gr. 9; Som. 14, 13. Helemere Styx, Ælfc. Gl. 54; Som. 66, 99; Wrt. Voc. 36, 22.

helle-níþ, Cd. 37; Th. 48, 13; Gen. 775.

helle-rúne, an; f. One who is skilled in the mysteries of hell, the region of the dead, a sorceress, necromancer :-- Hellerúne pythonissa, Ælfc. Gl. 112; Som. 79, 102; Wrt. Voc. 60, 10. [O. H. Ger. hellirúna necromantia: v. Grm. D. M. 1175, 1178.] v. hell-rúna.

helle-scealc, Cd. 216; Th. 273, 8; Sat. 133.

helle-sceaþa, Elen. Kmbl. 1911; El. 957. v. hell-sceaþa.

helle-seáþ, es; m. The pit of hell :-- Helleseáþ [Som. sceað] erebum, Ælfc. Gl. 54; Som. 66, 98; Wrt. Voc, 36, 21: Exon. 71 b; Th. 267, 29 ; Jul. 422.

helle-þegn, Exon. 48 a; Th. 166, 14; Gú. 1042.

helle-wíte, es; n. Hell-torment, punishment, hell :-- Hellewíte tartara vel gehenna, Ælfc. Gl. 54; Som. 66, 100; Wrt. Voc. 36, 23. Se for ðám méde onféhþ écum tintregum hellewítes æternas inferni pænas pro mercede recipiet, Bd. 1, 7; S. 477, 40: Hy. 6, 36; Hy. Grn. ii. 286, 36. Mid heardum hellewítum with hard pains of hell, Soul Kmbl. 94; Seel. 47: 64; Seel. 32: Andr. Kmbl. 2106; An. 1054. [O. Sax. helliwíti hell-torment: Icel. hel-víti: Dan. helvede hell: O. H. Ger. hella-wízi gehenna, tartara.]

hell-firen, e; f. A hellish crime, Exon. 98 a; Th. 366, 3; Reb. 6.

hell-fús; adj. Bound for hell, Andr. Kmbl. 99; An. 50: Exon. 24 a; Th. 69, 21; Cri. 1124.

hell-geþwing, es; n. The restraint, constraint of hell :-- Se hellsceaða wiste ðæt hie sceoldon hellgeþwin[g] niéde onfón the devil knew that they must needs receive the restraint of hell, Cd. 33; Th. 43, 20; Gen. 696. [O. Sax. helli-geþwing.]

hell-heóþo; indecl; f. Hell, Cd. 228; Th. 308, 29; Sat. 700. v. heóþu.

hel-líc; adj. Hellish, infernal :-- Ðeós hellíce súsl hic tartarus, Ælfc. Gr. 13; Som. 16, 29; Homl. Th. ii. 78, 20. Seó fæstnung ðære hellícan clýsinge ne geþafaþ ðæt hí æ-acute;fre útábrecon the fastening of the enclosure of hell does not permit them ever to break out, i. 332, 20: ii. 80, 6. Wé wæ-acute;ron mid eallum úrum fæderum on ðære hellícan deópnysse we were with all our fathers in the deep of hell, Nicod. 24; Thw. 12, 19. Ða hellícan fýnd the fiends of hell, Homl. Th. i. 380, 27.

hell-rúna, an; m. One skilled in the mysteries of hell, a sorcerer, necromancer, Beo. Th. 328; B. 163. v. helle-rúne.

hell-sceaða, an; m. A hell-harmer, fiend, devil, Cd. 33; Th. 43, 22; Gen. 694: Exon. 13 a; Th. 23, 5; Cri. 364: Byrht. Th. 137, 2; By. 180.

hell-træf, es; m. A hellish, infernal building, Andr. Kmbl. 3379; An. 1693.

hell-trega, an; m. Hell-torment, Cd. 4; Th. 5, 18; Gen. 73.

hell-waran; pl. The inhabitants of hell :-- Ðás hellwaran hi manes, Ælfc. Gr. 13; Som. 16, 14. Him urnon ealle hellwaran ongeán all the inhabitants of hell ran to meet him, Bt. 35, 6; Fox 168, 29. Hlógan helwaran the dwellers in hell laughed, Exon. 120 a; Th. 460, 22; Hö. 21. Ðú míne sáwle álýsdest of helwarena hinderþeóstrum eripuisti animom meam ex inferno inferiori, Ps. Th. 85, 12: 140, 9. Helwarena stefn wæs gehýred the voice of hell's people was heard, Blickl. Homl. 87, 3. Cýðnise hellwarana testamentum inferorum, Rtl. 11, 9. Tó hell-warum ad inferos, 1010, 16. Ne forlæ-acute;t ðú míne sáwle mid hellwarum leave not my soul in hell, Blickl. Homl. 87, 33. v. hell-ware, -waru.