This is page 540 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

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540 HLÆSTAN -- HLÁFORD-SCIPE.

Hlæst beran to bear a burden, Exon. 101 a; Th. 381, 23; Rä. 2, 15. Ic ástíge mín scyp mid hlæstum mínum ego ascendo navem cum mercibus meis, Coll. Monast. Th. 26, 31. [Chauc. last: Prompt. Parv. leste, nowmbyr, as heryngys, and other lyke legio: O. Frs. hlest: Icel. hlass a cart-load: Ger. last onus.] v. hladan, brim-hlæst.

hlæstan. v. ge-hlæstan.

hlæ-acute;w, hláw, hláu, hléw, es; m. I. a low or law [occurring in names of places], a rising ground, an artificial as well as a natural mound, a funeral mound; tumulus :-- Wæs ðæ-acute;r on ðam eálande sum hláw mycel ofer eorþan geworht, ðone ylcan men for feós wilnunga gedulfon and bræ-acute;con there was on the island a great mound made upon the earth, which same from the desire of treasure men had dug into and broken up, Guthl. 4; Gdwin. 26, 5, 7: Bec. Th. 2244; B. 1120. Dá hý ofer ðone hlæ-acute;w ridan when they rode over the hill, Lchdm. iii. 52, 14. Hátaþ hlæ-acute;w gewyrcean se sceal tó gemyndum mínum leódum heáh hlifian on Hrones næsse, ðæt hit sæ-acute;líðend syððan hátan Biówulfes biorh bid them make a mound; it shall as a memorial to my people tower high on Hronesness, so that hereafter may seafarers call it Beowulf's mount, Beo. Th. 5597; B. 2802: 6295; B. 3158: 6319; B. 3170. Geworpene on wídne hlæ-acute;w projecti in monumentis, Ps. Th. 87, 5. On hwelcum hlæ-acute;wa hrusan þeccen bán Wélandes in what tomb do Weland's bones cover the ground? Bt. Met. Fox 10, 85; Met. 10, 43. Beorgas ðæ-acute;r ne muntas steápe ne stondeþ, ne stánclifu heáh hlifiaþ ne dene ne daiu ne dúnscrafu hlæ-acute;was ne hlincas nec tumulus crescit, nec cava vallis hiat, Exon. 56 a; Th. 199, 13; Ph. 25. The word is found in local names, e.g. Cwicchelmes hlæ-acute;w. Chr. 1006; Erl. 140, 21 [for other examples see Cod. Dipl. Kmbl. iii. xxxi], and exists still in the forms -low, as Ludlow, Hounslow; and -law, frequently applied to hills in Scotland. [Cf. Icel. haugr a mound, funeral mound; how in local names.] II. the interior of a mound, a cave :-- Draca sceal on hlæ-acute;we a serpent shall dwell in a cave, Menol. Fox 512; Gn. C. 26: Beo. Th. 5539; B. 2773. Eorþsele hlæ-acute;w under hrusan an earth-hall, a cave under ground, 4813; B. 2411. [Orm. illc an lawe & illc an hill: Havel. lowe: Goth. hlaiw a grave, tomb; hlaiwasna grave, sepulchre: O. Sax. hléwe (dat.) grave: O. H. Ger. hlaeo mausoleum; laeo acervus; hléo agger; léuua aggeres.]

HLÁF, es; m. Bread, food, a loaf :-- Gehafen hláf fermentacius panis: ceorlisc hláf cibarius: geseórid hláf acrizimus panis: hwæ-acute;ten hláf siligeneus vel triticeus: heorþbacen hláf subcinericius vel focarius: ofenbacen hláf clibanius: gehyrst hláf frixius panis, Ælfc. Gl. 66; Som. 69, 59-69; Wrt. Voc. 41, 15-23. Litel hláf pastillus: ofenbacen hláf fermentum, 31; Som. 61, 84, 94; Wrt. Voc. 27, 14, 24. Him hylpþ eác ofenbacen hláf, L. M. 2, 27; Lchdm. ii. 222, 17. Smæl hláf artolaganus, Cot. 21, Lye. Tú hund greátes hláfes and þridde smales two hundred [loaves?] of coarse bread, and a third of fine, Chart. Th. 158, 25. Hwítes hláfes cruman crumbs of white bread, L. M. 1, 2; Lchdm. ii. 34, 21. Ne sý neáta cwyld ne ádl ne hláfes hungor let there not be murrain among cattle, or disease, or lack of food, Shrn. 104, 27. Sing ðis on ánum berenan hláfe and syle ðan horse etan sing this over a barley loaf and give it the horse to eat, Lchdm. iii. 68, 31: Blickl. Homl. 179, 31: Jn. Skt. 6, 9. Man sceolde dón dæ-acute;dbote on hláfe and on wætere pœnitentia sit agenda in pane et aqua, L. Ecg. C. 2; Th. ii. 134, 4. Úrne dæghwamlícan hláf syle ús tódæg give us to-day our daily bread, Mt. Kmbl. 6, 11. Mid Grécum diáconas ne móton brecan gehálgodne hláf apud Græcos diaconis non licet frangere panem sanctum, L. Ecg. C. 35; Th. ii. 160, 9: L. M. 3, 41; Lchdm. ii. 334, 22: L. Edg. C. 43; Th. ii. 254, 1. For hwon ne ræ-acute;cst ðú ús ðone hwítan hláf ðone ðú sealdest Saban quare non nobis porrigis panem nitidum quem Saba dabas, Bd. 2, 5; S. 507, 14. Cyse and drygne hláf cheese and dry bread, L. M. 2, 26; Lchdm. ii. 278, 21. Hláf wexenne a wax plaster, Lchdm. iii. 210, 1, 2. Gesufelne hláf, L. Ath. V. 8, 6; Th. i. 236, 36. Ðeorfe hláfas unleavened loaves, Homl. Th. ii. 264. 3. cxx. huæ-acute;tenra hláfa and xxx. clénra one hundred and twenty wheaten loaves and thirty made without bran, 460, 16. cxx gesuflra hláfa, 32: 469, 3. On xii mónþum ðú scealt sillan ðínum þeówan men vii hund hláfa and xx hláfa búton morgenmetum and nónmetum in twelve months thou shalt give thy slave-man seven hundred and twenty loaves, besides meals at morn and noon, Salm. Kmbl. 192, 18. Cweþ ðæt ða stánas tó hláfum geweorþan tell the stones to become loaves, Blickl. Homl. 27, 7. [Orm. laf: Laym. laves. pl: Ayenb. lhove: Goth. hlaibs: Icel. hleifr: O. H. Ger. hlaiba, leib panis, tortella: Ger. laib.] DER. heofon-, offrung-hláf.

hláf-æ-acute;ta, an; m. A loaf-eater, domestic, servant :-- Ceorles hláfæ-acute;ta a 'ceorl's' servant, L. Ethb. 25; Th. i. 8, 10. [Cf. hláford, and v. (?) under hláf the passage from Salm. Kmbl. 192, 18.

hláf-gang, es; m. The procession with the host, L. Eth. vii. 27; Th. i. 334. 34.

hláf-gebrece, es; n. A fragment of bread :-- Swá hláfgebrece sicut frustum panis, Ps. Th. 147, 6.

hláf-gebroc, es; n. A fragment of bread :-- Ðara hláfgebroca wæs tó láfe twelf binna fulle of the fragments there remained twelve baskets full, Shrn. 48, 31.

hláf-hwæ-acute;te, es; m. Wheat for making bread, Chart. Th. 144, 34.

hláf-leást, e; f. Lack of bread :-- For ðære hláfleáste ða eorþan æ-acute;ton for lack of bread they ate the earth, St. And. 34, 20.

hláf-mæsse, -messe, an; f. Lammas, a name for the first of August :-- Ðæt wæs on ðære tíde calendas Agustus and on ðæm dæge ðe wé hátaþ hláfmæsse it was on the first of August, on the day that we call Lammas, Ors. 5, 13; Swt. 246, 17. On ðære nihte ðe gé hátaþ Hláfmesse on the day that you call Lammas, Homl. Th. ii. 384, 11. Bringeþ Agustus Hláfmæssan dæg August brings Lammas-day, Menol. Fox 277; Men. 140. Betwix hláfmæssan and middum sumera between Lammas and midsummer, Chr. 921; Erl. 106, 5. Tóforan Hláfmæssan, 1101; Erl. 237, 24. Æfter hlámmessan, 1009; Erl. 142, 16. Tó Lámmæssan, 1085; Erl. 219, 3. [Piers P. lammasse: Prompt. Parv. lammasse festum agnorum vel Festum ad vincula Sancti Petri.] v. next word, and hláf-sénung.

hláfmæsse-dæg, es; m. Lammas-day, the first of August :-- Of ðam gehálgedan hláfe ðe man hálige on hláfmæssedæg from the hallowed bread which is hallowed on Lammas-day, Lchdm. iii. 290, 27. Æ-acute;r hláfmæsse [dæ-acute;ge?], L. M. 1, 72; Lchdm. ii. 146, 9. Æfter hlámmæ-acute;ssedæge, Chr. 1100; Erl. 235, 33.

hláford, es; m. A LORD; dominus. herus :-- Hláford heros, Ælfc. Gl. 87; Som. 74, 46; Wrt. Voc. 50, 28. Scipes hláford nauclerus, 83; Som. 73, 66; Wrt. Voc. 48, 4. Hie cuæ-acute;don ðæt him næ-acute;nig mæ-acute;g leófra næ-acute;re ðonne hiera hláford they said that no kinsman was dearer to them than their lord, Chr. 755; Erl. 50, 20. Cwæ-acute;don ðæt him nán leófre hláford næ-acute;re ðonne heora gecynde hláford, 1014; Erl. 150, 6. Hé wæs æ-acute;gðer mín mæ-acute;g and mín hláford he was both my kinsman and my lord, Byrht. Th. 138, 23; By. 224. Ðæs þegenes lof is ðæs hláfordes wurþmynt. Sý lof ðam Hláforde ðe leofaþ on écnysse the servant's praise is the Lord's honour. Praise be to the Lord that liveth for ever, Homl. Th. ii. 562, 6. Sum sceal mid hearpan æt his hláfordes fótum sittan feoh þicgan one shall sit with the harp at the feet of his lord, receive money, Exon. 88 a; Th. 332, 5; Vy. 80. Hine gecés tó hláforde Scotta cyning, the king of Scots chose him as his lord, Chr. 924; Erl. 110, 14. Tó hláforde geceósan to elect king, Ors. 3, 11; Bos. 74, 39. Óhthere sæ-acute;de his hláforde Ælfréde cyninge Ohthere said to his lord, king Alfred, 1, 1; Bos. 19, 25. Ic geann mínum hláforde syxti mancusa goldes I give to my lord sixty mancuses of gold, Chart. Th. 516, 32. Úrum hláforde holde loyal to our lord, L. C. E. 20; Th. i. 372, 8. Ic mé be healfe mínum hláforde be swá leófan men licgan þence beside my lord, by one so loved, I mean to lie, Byrht. Th. 141, 7; By. 318: Judth. 12; Thw. 25, 9; Jud. 251: Andr. Kmbl. 823; An. 412. Heora hláford gewrecan to avenge their lord, Ors. 3, 9; Swt. 134, 30. Hé bebeád ðone hláford lufian swá hine selfne he commanded to love the lord as himself, L. Alf. 49; Th. i. 58, 13. Áhte ic fela wintra folgaþ tilne holdne hláford I had for many years a good service, a gracious lord, Exon. 100 b; Th. 379, 26; Deór. 39. Álegdon ða tómiddes mæ-acute;rne þeóden hláford leófne they laid down in their midst the great prince, their beloved lord, Beo. Th. 6276; B. 3142. Ða menn ða ðæ-acute;r hláfordas wæ-acute;ron the men that were lords there, Chart. Th. 459, 16. Hláforda wín honorarium vinum, Ælfc. Gl. 32; Som. 62, 1; Wrt. Voc. 27, 67. Heó [Hagar] gewát hire hláfordum [Abram and Sara], Cd. 104; Th. 138, 21; Gen. 2295. [Laym. laverd: Orm. laferrd: A. R. loverd: Proclam. H. III. lhoaverd: Ayenb. lhord: Piers P. Chauc. lord.] DER. cyne-, eald-, hús-, worold-hláford.

hláford-dóm, es; m. Dominion, lordship :-- For Godes ege under ðæm geoke his hláforddómes þurhwunigen and hine for Godes ege weorþigen, suá mon hláford sceal divino timore constricti ferre sub eis jugum reverentiæ non recusent, Past. 28, 5; Swt. 197, 8. Se ðe on láreówes onlícnesse ða þénenga dæs ealdordómes gecierþ tó hláforddóme qui ex simulatione disciplinæ ministerium regiminis vertit in usum dominationis, 17, 9; Swt. 121, 24. [Orm. laferrd-dom.]

hláford-gift principatus, Hpt. Gl. 412. [Cf. [?] Hláfordes gifu, L. Eth. iii. 3; Th. i. 292, 16, and see the Glossary.]

hláford-hyldo; f. -hyld, -held[?] m; or -hyldu, e; f. Fidelity to a lord, loyalty :-- Ac hí gecýðdon raðe ðæs hwylce hláford-hyldo hí þohton to gecýðanne on heora ealdhláfordes bearnum but soon after they shewed what kind of loyalty they intended to shew to the children of their late lord, Ors. 6, 37; Bos. 132, 23. Eall ðæt wé æ-acute;fre for riht-hláfordhelde dóþ all that we ever do from true loyalty, L. C. E. 20; Th. i. 372, 10.

hláford-leás; adj. Lordless, not having a lord :-- Ætwítan mé ðæt ic hláfordleás hám síðie to taunt me that I return home without my lord, Byrht. Th. 139, 8; By. 251: Exon. 105 b; Th. 401, 35; Rä. 21, 22: Beo. Th. 5863; B. 2935: Andr. Kmbl. 810; An. 405. Be hláfordleásum mannum concerning men who have no lord, L. Ath. 1. 2; Th. i. 200, 4.

hláford-scipe, es; m. Lordship, rule; dominatio :-- Hláfordscipe ðín dominatio tua, Ps. Spl. 144, 13. Hwí wæs Adame án treów forboden ðá ðá hé wæs ealles óðres hláford ? To ðan ðæt hé hine ne onhófe on swá micclum hláfordscipe why was one tree forbidden to Adam, when he was lord of every other? To the end that he might not exalt himself with so great lordship, Boutr. Scrd. 17, 28. Ðu winsþ wið ðam hláfordscipe ðe ðú self gecure you strive against the rule you have yourself chosen, Bt. 7,