This is page 586 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

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Í-DÆGES - ÍDLIAN

í-dæges; adv. On the same day :-- Se ðe sleá his ágenne þeówne esne and hé ne sý ídæges deád he who smites his own slave, and he die not on the same day, L. Alf. 17; Th. i. 48, 13. Hí ne móston metes þicgan gif hí igdæges tó mynstre gecyrran mihton they were not allowed to partake of food if they could return to the monastery on the same day, Homl. Th. ii. 166, 32. Swá hraþe swá hé him tó com ýdæges swá gewát hé of ðisum andwerdum lífe as soon as he came to him, on the same day, he departed from this present life, 176, 3. [Cf. í-síðes.]

ÍDEL; adj. I. empty :-- Tó hwan mæg ðis eorþlíce hús gif hit ýdel stent? Hit ne biþ ná hús búton hit beó mid híréde áfylled what purpose can this earthly house serve, if it stand empty? It is not a house unless it be filled with a household, Homl. Th. ii. 502, 12. Is nú forðí gehwilcum men tó hogienne ðæt hé ýdel ne cume his Drihtne tógeánes on ðam gemæ-acute;nelícum æ-acute;riste now is it therefore for every man to take care that he come not empty-handed to meet his Lord at the general resurrection, 558, 18. Ðonne se geohsa of ðære ídlan wambe cymþ when the hiccup comes from the empty stomach, L. M. 1, 18; Lchdm. ii. 60, 28. Ídelne hine forléton dimiserunt eum inanem, Lk. Skt. 20, 10, 11. Sáwle ídle animam inanem, Ps. Th. 106, 8. Hé forlét ða rícan ídele, Homl. Th. i. 204, 6. II. not possessing, destitute, void, devoid [with gen.] :-- Londrihtes mót monna æ-acute;ghwilc ídel hweorfan every man must wander destitute of land-right, Beo. Th. 5768; B. 2888. Se deófol on sumum uncystum gebringþ ðone ðe hé gemét ídelne æ-acute;lces gódes weorces the devil brings into some vices him whom he finds devoid of every good work, L. E. I, 3; Th. ii. 404, 13. Ða ðe ídle beóþ swelcra giefa those who are devoid of such gifts, Past. 9 ; Swt. 59. 17. III. vain, useless, idle, to no purpose :-- Seó eorþe wæs ýdel and æmtig terra erat inanis et vacua, Gen. 1, 2. Ídel sangere temelici, Ælfc. Gl. 61; Som. 68, 57; Wrt. Voc. 39, 40. Eall eówer geswinc biþ ídel consumetur incassum labor vester, Lev. 26, 20. Ýdel biþ se læ-acute;cedom ðe ne mæg ðone untruman gehæ-acute;lan, swá biþ eác ýdel seó lár ðe ne gehæ-acute;lþ ðære sáwle leahtras vain is the medicine that cannot heal the sick; so also is the doctrine vain that does not heal the sins of the soul, Homl. Th. i. 60, 11. Wese wíc heora wéste and ídel fiat habitatio eorum deserta, Ps. Th. 68, 26. Unnyt oððe ýdel supervacuus, Ælfc. Gr. 47; Som. 48, 46. Oft biþ swíðe íðel and unnyt ðara yfelena manna hreówsung plerumque mali inutiliter compunguntur, Past. 54, 4; Swt. 431, 1. Ðes wída grund stód ídel and unnyt, Cd. 5; Th. 7, 14; Gen. 106 : Beo. Th. 830; B. 413 : 293; B. 145. Man byþ merwe gesceaft mihtum ídel homo vanitati similis factum est, Ps. Th. 143. 5. Ídel gelp him on ne rícsode vanæ gloriæ contemptorem, Bd. 3, 17; S. 545, 9. Ídel gylp vanitas, Ps. Th. 51, 6. Ídel searu, 138, 17. Ídel gielp inanis gloria, Past. 62, 1; Swt. 457, 20. Ídel wuldor vainglory, Exon. 33 a; Th. 107, 12; Gú. 57. Hé næ-acute;fre nóht leásunga ne ídeles leóþes wyrcean ne mihte nihil unquam frivoli et supervacui poematis facere potuit, Bd. 4, 14; S. 596, 42. Ða bodan ðæs ídlan fætes the messengers of the useless vessel, Past. 47, 3 ; Swt. 361, 16. Hig ðá æfter ridon ídelum færelde they rode after, but their journey was to no purpose, Jos. 2, 7. Guman geþancas ídle synt cogitationes hominum vanæ sunt, Ps. Th, 93, 11. Ðæ-acute;r ðæt heáfod biþ unhál eall ða limu bióþ ídelu languente capite membra incassum vigent, Past. 18, 2 ; Swt. 129, 8. Ýdele spellunga fabulæ, Ælfc. Gr. 50, 29; Som. 52, 2. Ne hí dæ-acute;r æ-acute;nig unnit ne geþafian ne ídele spæ-acute;ce ne ídele dæ-acute;de, L. Edg. C. 26; Th. ii. 250, 6: Hy. 7, 108; Hy. Grn. ii. 289, 108. Ídel word idle words, Exon. 37 a ; Th. 120, 30; Gú. 279. On ídel in vain; nequiquam, Ælfc. Gr. 38; Som. 41, 55. On ídel gé swincaþ and eówre fýnd his brúcaþ frustra seretis sementem, quæ ab hostibus devorabitur, Lev. 26, 16. Ne nemne gé drihtnes naman on ídel, Deut. 5, 11. Ne sint hig eów on ídel beboden non incassum præcepta sunt vobis, 32, 47. On ídel hí mé wurðiaþ in vanum me colunt, Mk. Skt. 7, 7 : Ps. Th. 62, 8. IV. idle, unemployed :-- Hé geseah óðre on stræ-acute;te ídele standan vidit alios stantes in foro otiosos, Mt. Kmbl 20, 3. Hwí stande gé hér eallne dæg ídele, 6 : Exon 92 a; Th. 345, 6; Gn. Ex. 184. [Orm. Piers P. Chauc. on ídel in vain : O. Sax. ídal: O. Frs. ídel : O. H. Ger. ítal vanus, inanis : Ger. eitel.] v. mán-ídel.

ídel, es; n. Idleness, vanity, futility, frivolity :-- Ðæt ýdel fét unþeáwas idleness nourishes bad habits, Prov. Kmbl. 1. Æ-acute;lc ýdel fét unhæ-acute;lo, 61. Wé læ-acute;raþ ðæt preóstas ðæ-acute;r ne geþafian ne ídele spæ-acute;ce ne ídele dæ-acute;de ne æ-acute;nig ídel we enjoin that priests do not permit there [in the church] idle talk or action or any frivolity, L. Edg. C. 26; Th. ii. 250, 27. Gif ðú gesihst manega gét ýdel getácnaþ if thou seest many goats it betokens frivolity, Lchdm. iii. 214, 1. Nys eác mid ídele tó forlæ-acute;tenne ðæt wundor ðæt þurh wítedómes cræft hé wiste nor is the miracle, that he knew things by prophetic power, to be lightly dismissed, Guthl. 17; Gdwin. 70, 2 [cf. 76, 10]. Ða ídlo vanitates, Rtl. 162. 32. v. preceding word.

ídel-georn; adj. Fond of idleness, lazy, inert :-- Ne beó ðú tó slæ-acute;por ne tó ídelgeorn forðan ðe slép and ðæt ýdel fét unþeáwas and unhæ-acute;lo ðæs líchoman be not too fond of sleep or idleness, for sleep and idleness nourish bad habits and bad health in the body, Prov. Kmbl. 1. Eálá gé eargan and ídelgeornan ah ! ye sluggish and lazy ones; inertes, Bt. 40, 4 ; Fox 238, 30.

ídel-gild, es; n. False worship, idolatry :-- Hig mé tirigdon mid hira ídelgildum ipsi me provocaverunt in eo qui non erat deus et irritaverunt in vanitatibus suis, Deut. 32, 21. v. ídelness.

ídelgild-offrung, e ; f. An offering to an idol :-- Ídelgildoffrung idolothytum, Ælfc. Gl. 18; Som. 58, 109; Wrt. Voc. 22, 25.

ídel-hende; adj. Empty-handed, empty :-- Ne cum ðú tó mínum húse ídelhende nec apparebis in conspectu meo vacuus; none shall appear before me empty, Ex. 34, 20. Gif hé cume ídelhende tó si vacuus appropinquat, Past. 49, 2 ; Swt. 379, 21. Hé biþ ealra his æ-acute;hta ídelhende he shall be destitute of all his possessions, Blickl. Homl. 49, 26. Nó ídelhende bona of ðam goldsele gongan wolde, Beo. Th. 4169; B. 2081. Ne læ-acute;t ðú hine gán ídelhende fram ðé nequaquam vacuum abire patieris, Deut. 15, 13. Forleórton hine ídelhende dimiserunt eum inanem, Lk. Skt. Lind. 20, 10, 11. Ðonne gé út faraþ ne fare gé ídelhende cum egrediemini, non exibitis vacui, Ex. 3, 21. [Cf. Ayenb. idel-honded.]

ídel-ness, e ; f. Idleness, vanity, frivolity, uselessness, futility, emptiness, falseness :-- Seó ýdelnes is ðære sáwle feónd idleness is an enemy of the soul, L. E. I. 3 ; Th. ii. 404, 11. Æ-acute;lces libbendes mannes mægen and anwald is ídelnes universa vanitas omnis homo vivens, Ps. Th. 38, 6. Ðonne hí mid fulle gesceáde ongietaþ ðæt ðæt wæs leás and ídelnes ðæt hí æ-acute;r heóldon cum certo judicio deprehenderint falsa se vacue tenuisse, Past. 58, 1; Swt. 441, 19. Sebastianus cwæþ ðis is swutol gedwyld and leás ýdelnyss, Homl. Skt. 5, 274. Sanctus Paulus cwæþ ðæt sió gítsung wæ-acute;re hearga and ídelnesse geféra avaritia quæ est idolorum servitus, Past. 21, 3; Swt. 157, 6. On ídelnesse gé fæstniaþ eówer mód on him incassum cor figitis, 51, 2 ; Swt. 395, 29. Ne mínne noman ne cíg ðú on ídelnesse, L. Alf. 2 ; Th, i. 44. 7. Hierusalem winþ for rihtwísnysse and Babilonia winþ ongeán for unnhtwísnysse seó óðer for sóðfæstnysse óðer for ýdelnysse Jerusalem fights for righteousness, and Babylon fights in opposition for unrighteousness : the one for truth, the other for falsehood, Homl. Th. ii. 66, 31. Ða gímeleásan men ðe heora líf ádrugon on ealre ídelnisse the careless men who passed their lives quite idly, Ælfc. T. Grn. 1, 13. Nys eác mid ídelnysse tó forelæ-acute;tenne ðæt wundor ðe ðes hálga wer foresæ-acute;de nor is the wonder which this holy man foretold to be lightly dismissed, Guthl. 19; Gdwin. 77, 10 [cf. 70, 2]. Ne ðú manna bearn tó ídelnesse geworhtest non vane constituisti filios hominum, Ps. Th. 88. 40 : Bd. 4, 3 ; S. 567, 27. Forhwan gé mid ídelnesse ealle áríseþ æ-acute;rðon leóht cume in vanum est vobis ante lucem surgere, Ps. Th. 126, 3. Hwí lufige gé ídelnessa and sécaþ leásuncga quid diligitis vanitatem, et quæritis mendacium? 4, 3. Hé forlét ða ídelnesse deófolgylda relictis idolorum superstitionibus, Bd. 2, 15; S. 518, 26. Ðis synt ða ídelnyssa ðisse worlde hæ sunt vanitates hujus mundi, L. Ecg. P. 1, 8 ; Th. ii. 174, 32. On ídelnyssum heora with their vanities, Cant. Moys. ad fil. 21. [O. Frs. tó ýdelnisse in vain : O. H. Ger. ídalnissa desolatio.]

ídel-spræ-acute;ce; adj. Talking idly, vainly :-- Ða felaídelspræ-acute;can multiloquio vacantes, Past. 23; Swt. 175, 25.

ides, e; f. A woman [it is a word little used except in poetry, and it is supposed by Grimm to have been applied, in the earliest times, like the Greek ν&upsilon-tonos;μφη, to superhuman beings, occupying a position between goddesses and mere women, v. D. M. 372] :-- Ides virgo, Kent. Gl. 1196. Freólecu mæg ides æ-acute;w scmód [Eve], Cd. 42; Th. 55, 18; Gen. 896. Freólecu mæg ides eaforan fédde [Cain's wife], 50 ; Th. 64, 22; Gen.1054. Wlitebeorht ides [Sarah], 82; Th. 103, 34; Gen. 1728. Monig bláchleór ides [the women of Sodom and Gomorrah], 92; Th. 118, 24; Gen. 1970. Freólecu mæg ides egyptisc [Hagar], 101; Th. 134, 19; Gen. 2227. Ides ælfscínu [Judith]. Judth. 9; Thw. 21, 11; Jud. 14. Ides Helminga beághroden cwén [Wealtheow, Hrothgar's queen], Beo. Th. 1245 ; B. 620. Ides Scyldinga, 2341; B. 1168. Idese onlícnes a woman's form, 2706 ; B. 1351. Him brýda twá idesa eaforan féddon [Lamech's wives], Cd. 52; Th. 65, 34; Gen. 1076. Weras and idesa, Exon. 50 b; Th. 176, 7; Gú. 1205. Eorlas and hira idesa mid, Andr. Kmbl. 3275 ; An. 1640. A weak form occurs in Hpt. Gl. 456, 76 :-- Tó, on ydesan in juvenculam. [O. Sax. idis : O. H. Ger. itis matrona; itis-líh matronalis, Grff. i. 159. Grimm D. M. 373 takes the Icel. dis to be the same word, and compares the phrase from the Edda dis skjöldunga with the similar phrase given above from Beowulf.]

idig [?] ; adj. Busy, active :-- Tóþas idge busy teeth [referring to the eating of the forbidden fruit by Adam and Eve], Exon. 61 b ; Th. 226, 18; Ph. 407. [Cf. Icel. iðja activity: iðinn assiduous, diligent; iðja to be active, busy. The passage is somewhat uncertain, as the MS. has to þas, and Thorpe prints as if there were a gap between þas and idge.]

ídisc, ýddisc, es; pl. e; m. n [?]. Property, household ,stuff :-- Ýddisc supellex, Ælfc. G1. 27; Som. 80, 98; Wrt. Voc. 25, 38. Ýddisce supplex, Wrt. Voc. 83, 28. Ne forlæ-acute;te gé nán þing of eówrum ýddisce nec dimittatis quidquam de supellectili vestra, Gen. 45, 20. Ágif ðises ceorles ýddysce [cf. æ-acute;hta l. 18, þing, l. 23] give up this fellow's property, Homl. Th. ii. 180, 27. DER. in-ídisc. v. eád, édisc.

ídlian; p. ode To become vain or idle, come to nought, to make vain or empty :-- Him hyge brosnaþ ídlaþ þeódscype their mind corrupts, discipline comes to nought, Exon. 81 a ; Th. 304, 13; Fä, 69. Ídlodon on ídelnyssum heora irritaverunt in vanitatibus suis, Cant. Moys. ad. fil. 21. Wæs ídlod cassaretur, Hpt. Gl. 515. Ídelude exinanita, Ps. Spl. T. 74, 8. [Cf. O. H. Ger. ki-ítallant adnullabunt : Ger. ver-eiteln.] DER. á-, ge-ídlian.