This is page 630 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

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LEÓD - LEÓD-RÚNE

leód, e; f, A people, nation, race, district occupied by a people [v. preceding word, and cf. mæ-acute;gþ], country :-- Hit wæs hwílum on Engla lagum ðæt leód and lagu fór be geþincþum at one time it was in the laws of the English, that the people and the law went according to ranks, L. R. 1; Th. i. 190, 11. Ðæt leód and lagu trumlíce stande, Wulfst. 74, 8. Feówer folccyningas, leóde ræ-acute;swan, Cd. 95; Th. 125, 6; Gen. 2075. Ða fæ-acute;hþe eówer leóde the hostility of your people, Beo. Th. 1197; B. 596. Tó fela Deniga leóde, 1396; B. 696: 1202; B. 599. Se wæs Cantwara leóde oriundus de gente Cantuariorum, Bd. 3, 14; S. 539, 27. Moyses leóde from the Israelites, Cd. 149; Th. 187, 16; Exod. 152. Wæs his gewuna ðæt hé his ágene leóde Norþanhymbra mæ-acute;gþe sóhte solebat suam, id est, Nordanhymbrorum provinciam revisere, Bd. 3, 23; S. 554, 6. Hé wæs ealle ða land and leóde þurhfærende omnia pervagatus, 3, 30; S. 562, 13. Úres hláfordes geræ-acute;dnes is ðæt man cristene menn of earde ne sylle ne húru on hæ-acute;ðene leóde our lord's ordinance is, that Christian men be not sold out of the land, certainly not into a heathen country [or leóde = men, preceding word], L. Eth. v. 2; Th. i. 304, 16: Beo. Th. 387; B. 192. Ðone Denisca leóda lufiaþ swýðost him [Thor] the Scandinavian peoples love most, Wulfst. 106, 23. Beneuentius and Sepontanus hátton ða twá leóde Benevento and Sepontus were the two places called, Blickl. HomI. 201, 22. Ealle him leóda lácum cwemaþ all nations shall make offerings to please him, Ps. Th. 71, 10. [O. Sax. liud-: O. Frs. liod: Icel. ljóð-; lýðr; m. people, common people: O. H. Ger. liut; m. n. populus, plebs.] v. land-leód, and preceding word.

leód, es; m. Fine for slaying a man [cf. leudus, id est weregildus; and see other passages in Grmm. R. A. 652] :-- In xl nihta ealne leód forgelde let him pay the whole fine within forty days, L. Ethb. 22; Th. i. 8, 6. Healfne leód, 23; Th. i. 8, 7. v. leód-geld, wer-geld.

leóda, an; m. A man, one of a people or country :-- Gif hwá his ágenne geleód [MS. B. leódan] bebycgge if any one sell a man of his own people, L. In. 11; Th. i. 110, 3. Be leódan bygene concerning the sale of a man of one's own country, Th. i. 110, 1 note.

leódan; p. leád; pl. ludon To spring, grow :-- Swá Libanes beorh lídeþ and gróweþ sicut cedrus Libani multiplicabitur, Ps. Th. 91, 11. Of ðam twige ludon réðe wæstme from that branch sprang dire fruits, Cd. 47; Th. 60, 29; Gen. 989. [Goth. liudan: O. Sax. liodan: O. H. Ger. ar-, fram-liutan.] DER. á-, ge-leódan.

leód-bealu, wes; n. Harm or bale which affects a people, Beo. Th. 3448; B. 1722: 3896; B. 1946.

leód-biscop, es; m. A bishop of a district, province, or diocese, a bishop subordinate to an archbishop, a suffragan. The leódbiscop ranks with the ealdorman, the arcebiscop with the æþeling. In Rtl. 194, 34-40 occurs the following 'Chore episcopi; Grece core, Latine vicari, episcopi: hii in vicis et villis constituti habentes licentiam constituere gradum minorem, non presbiterum neque diaconum, propter scientiam episcopi in cujus regione est.' The Greek form is here glossed by liódbiscop, the Latin by scírebiscop. Ercebisceop archiepiscopus; leódbisceop, episcopus, Wrt. Voc. 71, 70, 71. Se hálga Cúðbertus Lindisfarnensiscere gelaþunge leódbiscop [cf. hé wæs tó biscope gecoren ðære cyricean æt Lindisfarena eá, Bd. 4, 28; S. 606, 7], Homl. Th. ii. 148, 22. Gif hwá arcebisceopes oððe æþelinges borh abrece ... Gif hwá leódbisceopes oððe ealdormannes, L. C. S. 69; Th. i. 408, 8-10. Ðæt Turonisce folc hine geceás him tó leódbiscope the people of Tours chose him as their bishop, Homl. Th. ii. 506, 3: Chr. 971; Erl. 125, 34. Bútan hit beforan cyninge oððe leódbisceope oððe ealdormen beó, Chart. Th. 612, 13. Séce man tó ðam leódbiscope; and gif man furþor scule tó ðam arcebiscope; and syððan tó ðam pápan, Wulfst. 275, 6. Gif hé sóhte leódbiscop oððe ealdorman ðonne áhte hé vii nihta griþ, L. Eth. vii. 5; Th. i. 330, 14. Ðá bæ-acute;don ealle ða leódbisceopas ðone hálgan apostoi ðæt hé ða feórþan bóc gesette then all the provincial bishops asked the apostle to compose the fourth gospel, Homl. Th. i. 70, 6. Hé létt gewrítan hú mycel landes his arcebiscopas hæfdon and his leódbiscopas and his abbodas and his eorlas, Chr. 1085; Erl. 218, 30. [Mid arcebiscopes and leódbiscopes and abbotes, 1125; Erl. 254, 8. Ealle ða leódbiscopes ða ðá wæ-acute;ron on Englalande, 1129; Erl. 258, 10.] [Icel. adopts from English ljóð-, lýð-biskup a suffragan bishop.] Cf. scír-biscop.

leód-burh; f. A people's town, a town of a country, town occupied by a people :-- Of ðysse leódbyrig [Sodom], Cd. 116; Th. 150, 33; Gen. 2501. Hé eaferum læ-acute;fde lond and leódbyrig he to his children left his land and its towns, Beo. Th. 4933; Th. 2471.

leód-cyning, es; m. The king of a people :-- Beówulf Scyldinga leóf leódcyning; Beo. Th. 107; B. 54. [Laym. leod-king.]

leóde; pl. people. v. leód.

leód-fruma, an; m. The first in time of a people, the founder of a people, a patriarch; the first in rank among a people, a prince, chieftain, king :-- Him wæs án fæder leóf leódfruma one father had they, founder beloved, Cd. 161; Th. 200, 9; Exod. 354. Leódfruma [St. Andrew], Andr. Kmbl. 3318; An. 1662: [Constantine], Elen. Kmbl. 382; El. 191. Mín leódfruma my lord, Exon. 115 a; Th. 442, 5; Kl. 8. Sethes cynn, leófes leódfruman, Cd. 63; Th. 75, 26; Gen. 1246. Of ðam leódfruman brád folc cumaþ from that patriarch [Isaac] shall come nations wide-spreading, 106; Th. 140, 24; Gen. 2332. Gif hí leódfruman læ-acute;stan dorsten if they durst follow their chief, Bt. Met. Fox 1, 53; Met. 1, 27. Cyning, leófne leódfruman, Exon. 60 b; Th. 222, 7; Ph. 345: [Hrothgar], Beo. Th. 4266; B. 2130: [St. Andrew], Andr. Kmbl. 1977; An. 991.

leód-geard, es; m. The dwelling of a people, country :-- Sunu æfter heóld leódgeard, Cd. 62; Th. 74, 20; Gen. 1225. Ethiopia land and leódgeard, 12; Th. 15, 6; Gen. 229: 85; Th. 106, 18; Gen. 1773. [Cf. Icel. ljóð-heimar the people's abode, the world.]

leód-gebyrga, an; m. The protector of a people, a prince, chief man :-- Se æþeling, leódgebyrga [Constantine], Elen. Kmbl. 405; El. 203. Hláford ðínne, leódgebyrgean [Hrothgar], Beo. Th. 543; B. 269. Leódgebyrgean the chief men of the city [cf. ceastre weardas applied to the same persons in v. 767], Elen. Kmbl. 1108; El. 556.

leód-geld, es; n. The fine paid for slaying a man, L. Ethb. 21; Th. i. 8, 4: 7; Th. i. 4, 9. v. Grmm. R. A. 653, and leód.

leód-geþyncþ, es; f. Rank existing amongst a people :-- Be leódgeþincþum, L. R.; Th. i. 190, 10.

leód-gewinn, es; n. Strife :-- Læ-acute;t sace restan, láð leódgewin, Exon. 68 b; Th. 254, 22; Jul. 20.

leóð-gryre, es; m. Terror affecting a people, Salm. Kmbl. 558; Sal. 278.

leód-hata, an; m. A tyrant :-- Nalæs swá swá sigefæst cyning ac swá swá leódhata non ut rex victor sed quasi tyrannus, Bd. 3, 1; S. 523, 29. Bana, láð leódhata [the angel that destroyed the first-born in Egypt], Cd. 144; Th. 180, 4; Exod. 40. For wédenheortnesse ðæs leódhatan Brytta cyninges propter vesanam Brittonici regis tyrannidem, Bd. 3, 1; S. 524, 2: Bt. 16, 2; Fox 52, 30. Láðne leódhatan [Holofernes], Judth. 10; Thw. 22, 22; Jud. 72. Hér sind on earde leódhatan grimme ealles tó manege herein the land are fierce tyrants all too many, Swt. A. S. Rdr. 109, 155. Áwyrgede womsceaðan, leáse leódhatan, Elen. Kmbl. 2597; El. 1300. Cyningas ða habbaþ under him mænigfealde leódhatan reges sub se multos habentes tyrannos, Nar. 38, 19.

leód-hete, es; m. Hate or enmity felt by a people, Andr. Kmbl. 2278; An. 1140: 224; An. 112: 2300; An. 1151.

leód-hryre, es; m. Fall or destruction of a people, Beo. Th. 4771 ; B. 2391: 4064; B. 2030.

leód-hwæt; adj. Very brave [cf. leód a prince?] :-- Se leódhwate lindgeborga, Elen. Kmbl. 21; El. 11. [Grein suggests lindhwata leódgeborga; cf. leóð-gebyrga.]

leód-mæ-acute;g, es; m. A kinsman as being one of the same race, tribe or people, a man of the same nation with one's self :-- Hí fundon fíf hund leódmæ-acute;ga they found five hundred of their race, Elen. Kmbl. 759: El. 380. Leódmágum feor far from my kinsmen [Abraham in Egypt], Cd. 128; Th. 163, 6; Gen. 2694.

leód-mægen, es; n. The might of a people, its fighting men :-- Ðæt leódmægen, gúþrófe hæleþ, eorlas æscrófe, Elen. Kmbl. 544; El. 272. Lofige hine eall his leódmægen laudate eum omnes virtutes ejus, Ps. Th. 148, 2. Leódmægnes worn a host of warriors, Cd. 151; Th. 190, 7; Exod. 195: Th. 188, 13; Exod. 167.

leód-mearc, e; f. A people's territory, a country, Andr. Kmbl. 572; An. 286: 1554; An. 778.

leód-riht, es; n. Public law, common law, the law which affects a whole people, law of the land; jus publicum :-- Mid rihtum landrihte and leódrihte swá hit on lande stonde in accordance with the common law of the land, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iii. 435, 35. Bútan leódrihte, Andr. Kmbl. 1357; An. 679. v. folc-, land-riht.

leód-rúne, an; f. A witch, wise woman [cf. burh-rúne furia; helle-rúne pythonissa: Grmm. D. M. 375 on the forms of feminine names in -rín, -rúna]: Wið æ-acute;lcre yfelre leódrúnan ... eft óðer dust and drenc wið leódrúnan, L. M. 1, 64; Lchdm. ii. 138, 23, 26. Cockayne translates the word 'heathen charm.' Cf. Laym. 9121 seolcuðe leodronen [tocke, 2nd. MS.]: leoten weorpen & fondien leodrunen [incantations], 15499, 15511: leodrunen [deorne rouning, 2nd MS.], 14553.