This is page 684 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

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MID - MID

MID, (in Gloss. Ep. and Lindisfarne Gospels) mið; prep. with dat. acc. inst. With; at the root of the various meanings lies the idea of association, of being together. I. having very nearly the same force as and, (a) with dat. or inst. :-- Hig læ-acute;ddon hí of ðære byrig mid eallum hire mágum (Rahab et cunctum cognationem illius), Jos. 6, 23. Wé sungon seofon seolmas mid letanian, Coll. Monast. Th. 33, 29. Se feónd mid his geférum eallum feóllon of heofnum, Cd. 16; Th. 20, 10; Gen. 306. Ðú scealt friþ habban mid sunum ðínum thou and thy sons shall be protected, 65; Th. 78, 28; Gen. 1300. Æðelinga bearn, weras mid wífum, 83; Th. 104, 20; Gen. 1738. (b) with acc. :-- Wes ðú hál mid ðás willgedryht, Andr. Krnbl. 1828; An. 916. II. with the idea of joint action or companionship, in conjunction with, in company with, along with, (a) with dat. or inst. :-- Ic sang úhtsang mid gebróðrum cantavi nocturnam cum fratribus, Coll. Monast. Th. 33, 25. Mittan wítegan clypige, R. Ben. 29, 6. Mit ðam wítegan cweðan, 31, 16. Ðá férde se Hæ-acute;lend mid him, Lk. Skt. 7, 6. Mycel menegu wæs mid hyre, 7, 12. Ðá bebeád se fæder ðæm consule ðæt hé mid his fierde angeán fóre, and hé beæftan gebád mid sumum ðæm fultume, Ors. 3, 10; Swt. 140, 19. Gefeaht Æþelhelm wið Deniscne here mid Dornsæ-acute;tum, Chr. 837; Erl. 66, 8. Se winterlíca wind wan mid (in league with) ðam forste, Homl. Skt. 11, 144. Ic fleáh mid fuglum, Exon. 126 b; Th. 487, 16; Rä. 73, 3. Hé fulluhtes gerýno onféng mid his þegnum ðe mid hine wæ-acute;ron, Bd. 3, 3; S. 525, 27. Ða eágan ... ætgædere mid ðæs martyres heáfde on eorþan feóllan, 1, 7; S. 478, 38. (b) with acc. :-- Ðé dæ-acute;lnimende gedéþ mid hine, 2, 12; S. 515, 29. Hé bæd ðæt hé mid ðone martyr þrowian móste, 1, 7; S. 478, 18: 1, 23; S. 485, 27. Nemþe hé Cristes geleáfan onfénge mid ða þeóde ðe hé ofer cyning wæs, 3, 21; S. 551, 1. Hé gewát mid cyning engla, Cd. 60; Th. 73, 26; Gen. 1210: Beo. Th. 1329; B. 662. Ðæt mínne líchaman mid mínne goldgyfan gléd fæðmie, 5297; B. 2652. Ic mid mec gelæ-acute;dde míne frýnd, Nar. 29, 26. Mid dryhten rúne besæ-acute;ton, Andr. Kmbl. 1252; An. 626. (c) with. inst. :-- Eode hé in mid áne his preósta, Bd. 3, 5; S. 527, 4. His hand mid ðý earme ðe of his líchoman áslegen wæs hé hét tó áhón, 3, 12; S. 537, 34. Mid medmycele werede hé férde, 3, 24; S. 556, 20. III. with the idea of reciprocal action :-- Hé wolde mid his freóndum spræ-acute;ce and geþæht habban, Bd. 2, 13; S. 515, 36. IV. expressing the relation between animate and inanimate things, (a) with dat. or inst. :-- Ðá ða wífmen urnon mid stánum wið ðara wealla cum matronae currerent, et convehere in muros saxa gestirent, Ors. 4, 10; Swt. 194, 11. Twelf stánas hí hæfdon forþ mid him, Jos. 4, 8. Faran tó eá mid scype mínum, Coll. Monast. Th. 24, 23. Ic ástíge mín scyp mid hlæstum mínum, 26, 31: Beo. Th. 250; B. 125. Hæ-acute;lend cymeþ mid wolcnum, Cd. 227; Th. 303, 5; Sat. 608. Hí férdon mid ðý hálgan Cristes mæ-acute;le, Bd. 1, 25; S. 487, 22. (b) with acc. :-- Ða (these things) mid hine brohte, 2, 4; S. 505, 38. Mid ða nóþe niðer gewíteþ, Exon. 97 a; Th. 361, 31; Wal. 28. V. with the idea of an association which affords protection or help :-- For ðan ðe ic beó mid ðé on eallum ðám ðe ðú tó færst, Jos. 1, 9; Mt. Kmbl. 28, 20. Theodosius hæfde ðone wind mid him, ðæt his fultum mehte mæ-acute;stra æ-acute;lcne heora flána on hiora feóndum áfæstnian, Ors. 6, 36; Swt. 294, 26. VI. with the idea of permanent association, (residing) with, at, (when the relation expressed is that of one to many) among; apud, penes, (a) with dat. :-- Elles næbbe gé méde mid eówrum Fæder (apud patrem vestrum), Mt. Kmbl. 6, 1. Bæd æt Gode ðæt hé him geswutelode hwylc Basilius wæ-acute;re on wurðscype mid him (in what estimation he was with God), Homl. Skt. 3. 498. Eallum ús leófre ys wíkian mid (apud) ðam yrþlinge ðonne mid (apud) ðé, Coll. Monast. Th. 31, 1. Ys seó mildheortnes mid (apud) ðé, Ps. Th. 129, 4. Albanus hæfde ðone andettere mid (penes) him, Bd. 1, 7; S. 477, 7. Mid mannum ic eom apud homines sum, mid ðam biscope hé wunaþ apud episcopum manet .. mid eów hé is penes vos est, mid démum penes judices, Ælfc. Gr. 47; Som. 47, 23-47. Ic wæs mid Englum, Exon. 85 b; Th. 322, 10; Víd. 61 (and often). Ic hæfde ðé mid ðám fyrmestan ðe mínum hýréde folgodon I held thee among the first who followed my court, Homl. Skt. 5, 412: Ors. 1, 1; Swt. 18, 53. Gefrugnen mid folcum known among nations, Exon. 11 a; Th. 14, 26; Cri. 225. (b) with acc. :-- Is mín hyht mid God, 37 a; Th. 125, 16; Gn. 289: 39 a; Th. 128, 27; Gú. 410. Sibb sý mid eówic, 75 b; Th. 282, 25; Jul. 668. Wuna mid úsic, Cd. 130; Th. 164, 29; Gen. 2722. VI a. between :-- Déma mid unc twih a judge between us two, 102; Th. 136, 5; Gen. 2253. VII. expressing an accompanying circumstance, the phrase being often equivalent to an adverb of manner, (a) with dat. :-- Mid gódum willan fæstan, Blickl. Homl. 37, 27: 35, 27. Mid his sylfes willan, willum ultro, Bd. 1, 7; S. 477, 22, 15. Mid mycelre willsumnysse bodian magna devotione predicare, 3, 3; S. 526, 4. Hé hæfde hí mid mycelre áre mid him, 4, 1; S. 564, 33. Wæs sió fæ-acute;mne mid hyre fæder willan beweddad, Exon. 66 a; Th. 244, 24; Jul. 32. Brúc ðisses beáges mid hæ-acute;le, Beo. Th. 2438; B. 1217. Ic eów mid gefeán ferian wille, Andr. Kmbl. 693; An. 347. Winnan mid máne (criminally), Cd. 16; Th. 19, 30; Gen. 299. Mid swáte and mid sorgum libban, 24; Th. 31, 8; Gen. 482. Wíf ðonne heó mid cylde biþ mulier gravida, L. Ecg. C. 28, tit; Th. ii. 130, 54. Heó wæs mid bearne (cf. Icel. ganga með barni), Shrn. 60, 33. Ðá heó mid ðam bearne wæs, 149, 1. Swá mid ðam cilde wearþ, Homl. Th. i. 460, 7. (b) with acc. :-- Ðæt hé mid ða mæ-acute;stan swétnesse (maxima suavitate) geglencde, Bd. 4, 24; S. 596, 34. (c) with inst. :-- Ðá ongan hé mid gleáwe móde þencean, 3, 10; S. 534, 20: Past. 9, 1; Swt. 55, 20. VIII. expressing the idea of instrumentality, by, through, (a) with inst. or dat. :-- Hié wæ-acute;ron gebrocede ... mid ðæm ðæt manige ðara sélestena cynges þéna forþférdon they suffered from the death of many of the best king's thanes, Chr. 897; Erl. 94, 32. Ne canst ðú huntian búton mid nettum? ... Mid swiftum hundum ic betæ-acute;ce wildeór, Coll. Monast. Th. 21, 21-27. Ðú ðæt land tódæ-acute;lst mid hlyte (sorte), Deut. 31, 7. Mid ðissum woruldgesæ-acute;lþum and mid ðís andweardan welan mon wyrcþ oftor feónd ðonne freónd, Bt. 24, 3; Fox 84, 2-4. Mid his handum gesceóp, Cd. 14; Th. 16, 30; Gen. 251. Hié heora líchoman leáfum beþeahton, weredon mid ðý wealde, 40; Th. 52, 19; Gen. 846. Stód bewrigen folde mid flóde, 8; Th. 10, 15; Gen. 157. Ofgeót mid scíre wíne ealde, L. M. 2, 11; Lchdm. ii. 188, 20. Mid monige wíte þreágan, Shrn. 101, 23. Mid ðý blóde gewurþad, Bd. 1, 7; S. 478, 24. Mid deáþe fornumen, forgripen, 1, 27; S. 492, 30: 3, 8; S. 532, 27. Mid his láre by means of his teaching, 3, 28; S. 560, 38. Mid gýmenne mínra mága by the care of my kinsmen, 5, 24; S. 647, 22. Dæ-acute;le hé swá mycel feoh for hyne swá hé æ-acute;r mid him nam (as much as he got with him, i. e. by selling him), L. Ecg. P. iv. 26; Th. ii. 212, 12. Eom ic leóhte geleáfan and mid lufan gefylled, Exon. 42 a; Th. 141, 9; Gú. 624. Hé frægn hí mid hwí hí gesceldan heora hús wið ðæs fýres frécennysse, Shrn. 90, 7. Gewiton mid ðý wæ-acute;ge in forwyrd sceacan carried by the wave they hurried to destruction, Andr. Kmbl. 3186; An. 1596: Cd. 12; Th. 14, 5; Gen. 214. (b) with acc. (and inst.) :-- Hé mid hí féran sceolde tó ðon ðæt hé ða fæ-acute;mnan æ-acute;ghwæðer ge mid ða (ðære, MS. B.) mæ-acute;rsunge heofonlícra gerýna ge mid his dæghwamlícre láre trymede, Bd. 2, 9; S. 510, 37. Hé monige ... mid ða leornunga ðissa bóca gelæ-acute;dde, 5, 18; S. 636, 4: Cd. 100; Th. 133, 9; Gen. 2208. Se mihtiga slóh mid hálige hand, 167; Th. 208, 18; Exod. 485. IX. having reference to time, with, at :-- On úhtan mid æ-acute;rdæge, Beo. Th. 253; B. 126: Andr. Kmbl. 2776; An. 1390: 3048; An. 1527: Cd. 121; Th. 155, 19; Gen. 2575. X. giving direction :-- Onlong bróces mid streáme along the brook in the direction in which it runs, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. vi. 226, 20. XI. in adverbial or conjunctional phrases, (a) with eallum, ealle :-- Hyne myd scrýne myd eallum on feastum cwearterne beclýsdon they shut him up cage and all in prison, St. And. 38, 9. Mid ealle penitus, Ælfc. Gr. 38; Som. 40, 46. Mid stybbe mid ealle stirpitus; mid wyrttruman mid ealle radicitus, Som. 42, 3-4. Hié ásettan hí on æ-acute;nne síþ ofer mid horsum mid ealle, Chr. 893; Erl. 88, 24 (cf. Icel. með öllu). (b) with dat. or inst. case of the demonstrative, denoting that the two actions expressed by the verbs in the connected clauses are in close association, being either simultaneous, or the one following upon, and being regarded, more or less, as the result of the other, when, since, seeing that; cum :-- Mid ðam ðe se apostol stóp intó ðære byrig, ðá bær man him tógeánes ánre wydewan líc, Homl. Th. i. 60, 51. Mid ðam ðe hé hig geseah ðá éfste hé quos cum vidisset, cucurrit, Gen. 18, 2. Hé yfele mé dóþ manege woruldmenn, mid ðam ðæt is ne mót wealdan mína ágenra þeówa how ill do many men act towards me, when I may not rule my own servants, Bt. 7, 3; Fox 20, 19. Mid ðý ðe heó gehýrde ... ðá cwæþ heó, Blickl. Homl. 7, 19: 15, 6. Mid ðí ðe hié cómon ... hié gemétton seofon hyrdas standan, 237, 17. Mid ðý ðe (dum) hé hine geseah on singalum gebedum ... ðá wæs hé semninga mid ðam godcundan gyfe gemildsad, Bd. 1, 7; S. 476, 37. Mitté dum, Ps. Surt. 67, 8. Mid ðý (cum) Peohtas wíf næfdon, bæ-acute;don him fram Scottum, Bd. 1, 1; S. 474, 19. Gif hé eów ne wyllan árísan tógeánes, mid ðý eówer má is (cum sitis numero plures), 2, 2; S. 503, 13: 1, 27; S. 493, 42. Mid ðí hé ðis cwæþ, hé ástáh on heofenas, Blickl. Homl. 237, 15. XII. used after its case or as an adverb :-- On ðam clifian ðe him gód mid worhte cleave to him who did good with them, Bt. 16, 3; Fox 56, 10, 12. Ða him mid scoldon which were to go with him, Beo. Th. 82; B. 41. Ðara ðe hé him mid hæfde, 3255; B. 1625: 1783; B. 889: Homl. Th. ii. 490, 24. Manega óðre ðe him mid (simul cum eo) férdon, Mk. Skt. 15, 41. Mid férdan comeant, simul pergebant, Wrt. Voc. ii. 132, 45. Hé his heres þriddan dæ-acute;l gehýdde and him self mid wæs, Ors. 3, 7; Swt. 116, 27. Hine mid wunode án ombehtþegn, Exon. 47 a; Th. 162, 8; Gú. 972. Biddan ðone ele ðæt ðú Adam myd smyrian móte to ask for the oil, to anoint Adam with, Nicod. Thw. 13, 23. Smyre ðone man mid, Herb. 54, 3; Lchdm. i. 158, 2. Ðá sceolde hé sendan lýgetu and windas, and tówyrpan eall hira geweorc mid, Bt. 35, 4; Fox 162, 14. Ic wilnode andweorces ðone anweald mid tó gereccenne, 17; Fox 60, 8: 20; Fox 72, 24. Se forma hád and se óðor hád beóþ æ-acute;fre ætgedere ... se þridda hád is hwílon mid, hwílon on óðre stówe, Ælfc. Gr. 15; Som. 17, 39. Ðonne se mon nó his ágenne gielp mid ne sécþ, Past. 59; Swt. 451, 15. Gif hé nóht geseón ne mæ-acute;ge mid, L. Alf. pol. 47; Th. i. 94, 6. Hé hæfde mildheortnysse ða þearfan mid tó fréfrigenne, Bd. 3, 17; S. 545, 13. Geond ðone ofen eodon and se engel mid, Cd. 191; Th. 238, 14; Dan. 354. Ðæt wæs Satane and his gesíðum mid, Exon. 30 a; Th. 93, 7; Cri. 1522. Æ-acute;lc ðara ðe mid stande every one that stands by (assists) him, L. Ath. i. 1; Th. i. 200, 3. [Mid occurs in Piers P., and still remains in mid-wife: Goth. miþ, mid: O. Sax. midi, mid: O. Frs. mith, mit mei: O. L. Ger. mid, mit, met: Icel. með: Swed. Dan. med. O. H. Ger. miti, mit: Ger. mit: Du. met.]