This is page 706 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 14 Oct 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

NABO-GÁR - NÆGEL

nabo-gár, nabula. v. nafo-gár, nafola.

naca, an; m. A boat, bark, ship, vessel :-- Ne hié scip fereþ, naca, Exon. Th. 439, 17 ; Rä. 59, 5. Sæ-acute;geáp naca, Beo. Th. 3797; B. 1896. Heáhstefn naca, Andr. Kmbl. 532 ; An. 266. Of nacan stefne, 582 ; An. 291 : Exon. Th. 306, 14; Seef. 7. On bearm nacan, Beo. Th. 433 ; B. 214. Néðan on nacan tealtum, Runic pm. 343, 22 ; Rún. 21. Flotan níwtyrwydne, nacan, Beo. Th. 596; B. 295 : Exon. Th. 474, 31 ; Bo. 39. [O. Sax. nako : O. H. Ger. nacho : Icel. nökkvi.] v. hring-, sæ-acute;-, ýð-naca.

nacian; p. ode To strip (the clothes off a person) :-- Ðá hé ðæt nolde hé wæs nacod and on carcern onsænded when he would not do that (deny Christ), he was stripped and sent to prison, Shrn. 51, 12. [The shenship of his flesh he shal nakyn, Wick. Lev. xx, 19; he nakide (later version, made nakid) the hous of the pore man, Job xx, 19 : O nice men, whi nake ye youre bakkes, Chauc. Boeth. 1. 4288 : Prompt. Parv. nakyn nudo, denudo, v. p. 351, note 1. The verb to nake occurs as late as Tourneur who has 'nake your swords;' v. Skeat Dict. s. v. naked.] v. be-nacian, nacod.

nacod, næcad ; adj. I. naked, bare; nudus :-- Nacod exertum, Wrt. Voc. ii. 144, 70. Næcad exerta, 107, 78. (a) of persons, without clothing :-- Nacod and ceald nuda, 61, 65. Nacod plegere gymnosophista, i. 17, 10. Ic eom nacod (nudus), Gen. 3, 10, 11. Ðá sæt ðæ-acute;r sum þearfa nacod, bæd him hrægles, Blickl. Homl. 213, 33 : Cd. Th. 255, 32; Dan. 633. Ic wæs nacod and gé mé scrýddon, Mt. Kmbl. 25, 36 : Cd. Th. 207, 29; Exod. 474. Gif ðú earm gewurðe, geþenc ðú ðæt ðín móder ðé nacodne gebær, Prov. Kmbl. 15. Nacode wé wæ-acute;ron ácennede, and nacode wé gewítaþ, Homl. Th. i. 64, 28. Gé géfon hrægl nacedum, Exon. Th. 83, 13; Cri. 1355. Nacode scrýdan, Blickl. Homl. 213, 18. Se feónd swá micle iéðlícor ðæt mód gewundaþ swá hé hit ongiet nacodre ðære byrnan wærscipes, Past. 56; Swt. 431, 10. (b) of an animal, unsaddled, bare-backed :-- Hé nolde on nacedum assan rídan, Homl. Th. i. 210, 27. (c) of a sword, naked, unsheathed :-- Him ne hangaþ nacod sweord ofer ðam heáfde, Bt. 29, 1; Fox 102, 27 : Beo. Th. 1082; B. 539. II. bare in a metaph. sense, (a) of persons, destitute, stripped of property :-- Se nacoda wegférend vacuus viator, Bt. 14, 3; Fox 46, 29. Ðú (Adam) scealt on wræc hweorfan, nacod niédwædla, neorxna wanges dugeþum bedæ-acute;led, Cd. Th. 57, 16; Gen. 929. Ðú (Laban) mé (Jacob) woldest forlæ-acute;tan nacodne, Gen. 31, 42. (b). of words, not accompanied by deeds :-- God nele ðæt ðú hine lufie mid nacodum wordum ac mid rihtwísum dæ-acute;dum, Basil admn. 4; Norm. 40, 18. [Goth. nakwaþs : Icel. nökviðr : O. Frs. nakad : O. H. Ger. nachot, nahhut : Ger. nackt.] v. eall-, lim-nacod; nacian.

nacodian. v. ge-nacodian. [O. H. Ger. gi-, ant-nachatón.]

næ-acute;can to kill :-- Ic næ-acute;ce (other MSS. knæ-acute;ce, næ-acute;te) oððe ic ácwelle neco, Ælfc. Gr. 24; Som. 25, 56. [Cf. O. H. Ger. neihan immolare, Grff. 2, 1015.]

næced, e; f. Nakedness :-- Gif hwylc man stele mete oððe cláðas and hine hungor oððe næced ðæ-acute;rtó drife (fames vel nuditas eum coegerit), L. Ecg. P. iv. 25 ; Th. ii. 212, 4. Drihten ásent hungor on eów and þurst and næcede, Deut. 28, 48. [Goth. nakwadei : Icel. nekt nakedness.]

næcedness, e; f. Nakedness :-- Swá ðæt hig ne gesáwon heora fæder næcednesse, Gen. 9, 23. Ðé ne sceamaþ ðínre næcednysse, Homl. Th. i. 432, 5.

næct, nædder-, næddre, næ-acute;del. v. niht, næder-, nædre, næ-acute;dl.

næder-bíta, an; m. An ichneumon :-- Næderbíta hinc neomon ( = ichneumon), Wrt. Voc. ii. 43, 49. Nædderbíta cicidemon, 131, 40.

næder-winde, an; f. The name of a plant, adder-wort :-- Næddrewinde viperina, Wrt. Voc. i. 63, 26. v. next word.

næder-, nædre-wyrt, e ; f. Adder-wort ; polygonum bistorta :-- Nædderwyrt uiperina, Wülck. Gl. 300, 23. Nædrewyrt. Ðeós wyrt ðe man uiperinam and óðrum naman nædderwyrt nemneþ, Lchdm. i. 96, 11. Nædderwyrt. Ðeós wyrt ðe man basilisca and óðrun naman nædder- (næddre-, MS. O) wyrt nemneþ, 242, 7 : iii. 8, 24. Genim næderwyrte, ii. 110, 25. [v. E. D. S. Pub. Plant Names, adderwort, and Lchdm. ii. Glossary.]

næ-acute;dl, e ; f. A needle :-- Næ-acute;dl acus, Wrt. Voc. i. 85, 4 : Ælfc. Gr. 11; Som. 15, 18. Hwanon seámere næ-acute;dl unde sartori acus, Coll. Monast. Th. 30, 33. Þurh næ-acute;dle (nédle, Rush.) eáge per foramen acus, Mt. Kmbl. 19, 24 : Lk. Skt. 18, 25. Þurh næ-acute;dle þyrel, Mk. Skt. 10, 25 : Wrt. Voc. ii. 73, 1. Næ-acute;dle sceorpran, Soul Kmbl. 230; Seel. 116. Mið nédle acu, Wrt. Voc. ii. 117, 37. Mið naeðlae, Ep. Gl. 19 f, 30. [Goth. néþla : O. Sax. nádla : O. Frs. nédle : O. H. Ger. nádala : Icel. nál.] v. feax-, hæ-acute;r-næ-acute;dl.

nædre, næddre, an; f. Any kind of serpent, adder, viper :-- Nædre gipsa, Wrt. Voc. ii. 41, 55 : natrix, 97, 36 : 60, 77. Snaca oððe nædre coluber, 16, 75. Gerumpenu, gehyrnedu nædre coluber cerastis. 15, 68 : 16, 2. Mé nædre beswác, Cd. Th. 55, 20; Gen. 897. Næddre vipera vel serpens vel anguis, Wrt. Voc. i. 78, 55. Fleónde næddre, 24, 1. Ðære nedran basilisci, ii. 12, 2 : 86, 58. Efter gelícnisse nedran (serpentes), Ps. Surt. 57, 5: Cd. Th. 271, 8; Sat. 102. Ðære scortan næddran spalangii, Hpt. Gl. 450, 25. Nedran colubri, Kent. Gl. 1095. God cwæþ tó ðære næddran (ad serpentem), Gen. 3, 14. Nædran celidrum, Wrt. Voc. ii. 21, 21. Nædran hilidros, i. celidros, 43, 38. Swá swá Moyses áhóf ða næddran . . . Ðá sende God fýrene næddran . . . God bebeád Moyse ðæt hé gewothte áne æ-acute;rene næddran, and sette up tó tácne, and ðæt hé manode ðæt folc ðæt swá hwá swá fram ðám næddrum ábiten wæ-acute;re, besáwe up tó ðære æ-acute;renan næddran, Homl. Th. ii. 238, 4-19. Nædran serpentes, Ps. Th. 139, 3. Gif mon hine (gagates) on fýr déþ, ðonne fleóþ ðæ-acute;r neddran onweg, Bd. 1, 1; S. 473, 25. Nædrena draconum, Wrt. Voc. ii. 27, 71. Næddrena áttor venenum aspidum, Deut. 32, 33. Lá næddrena (ætterna, Lind. ; nedrana, Rush.) cyn progenies viperarum, Mt. Kmbl. 3, 7 : 12, 34. Hig wurpon ealle hira gyrda nyðer and hí wurdon tó næddrum (versae sunt in dracones), Ex. 7, 12. [Goth. nadrs ; Icel. naðr (in poetry) ; m.; naðra ; f. : O. Sax. nadra : O. H. Ger. natra, natara ; f. : Ger. natter.] v. hilde-, mere-, wæter-nædre.

næfde = ne hæfde. v. nabban.

næfig; adj. Not having means, poor :-- Þarfa &l-bar; næfga (næfre, Lind.) mendicus, Jn. Skt. Rush. 9, 8. Næfgum (næfigum, Lind.) egenis, 13, 29. Næfigum, Lind. 12. 5.

næ-acute;fre ( = ne æ-acute;fre); adv. Never. I. alone :-- Næ-acute;fre ætýwde swylc, Mt. Kmbl. 9, 33. Næ-acute;fre ic máran geseah eorl ofer eorþan, Beo. Th. 500 ; B. 247. Næ-acute;fre gé mid blóde beódgereordu eówre þicgeaþ, Cd. Th. 91, 26; Gen. 1518. Eádig biþ se ðe in his éþle geþíhþ; earm se him his frýnd geswícaþ; néfre (?) sceal se him his nest áspringeþ (never shall he thrive whose provision fails him (?). Grein takes nefre = infirmus), Exon. Th. 335, 23; Gn. Ex. 38. II. with another negative :-- Ne hit næ-acute;fre ne gewurðe nec unquam fiat, Ælfc. Gr. 38 ; Som. 40, 14. Ðæt hí næ-acute;fre ne gedóþ, Bt. 14, 2 ; Fox 44, 15. Næ-acute;fre siðan Rómáne ne rícsodon on Bretone, Chr. 409; Erl. 10, 7. Hié næ-acute;fre his banan folgian noldon, 755 ; Erl. 50, 20. Nán man ne dorste sleán óðerne man, næfde hé næ-acute;fre swá mycel gedón wið ðone óðerne, 1086; Erl. 222, 6.

næ-acute;gan, négan; p. de To address, accost, speak to :-- Nigeþan síþe næ-acute;gde se gomola, sæ-acute;gde eaforan worn, Exon. Th. 304, 5 ; Fä. 65. But generally the verb is accompanied by wordum :-- Ðú mé wordum næ-acute;gest, fúsne frignest, 175, 26 ; Gú. 1200. Hine weroda God wordum næ-acute;gde, Cd. Th. 179, 4; Exod. 23. Hé ðone wísan wordum næ-acute;gde (hnæ-acute;gde, MS.) freán Ingwina, Beo. Th. 2641 ; B. 1318. Ongan ðá wíf weras wordum négan, Elen. Kmbl. 574; El. 287 : 1115; El. 559. v. ge-næ-acute;gan.

nægel, nægl, es; m. I. the nail of a finger or toe :-- Nægel unguis; næglas ungues, Wrt. Voc. i. 43, 60. Fingras digiti . . . nægel ungula, 65, 4. Nægl, 283, 25. Nægl unguana, ii. 124, 10. Gif nægl of honda weorðe if a nail come off a hand, Lchdm. iii. 58, 7 : ii. 80, 20. Gif þuman nægl of weorðeþ, .iii. scill. gebéte . . . Æt ðám neglum gehwylcum scilling if a thumb-nail come off (from a blow) the bót shall be iii shillings . . . For each finger-nail a shilling (cf. L. Alf. pol. 56-60; Th. i. 94, 96 where the bót for the thumb-nail is 5 shillings, for the nail of the fore-finger and for that of the ring-finger 4 shillings each, for that of the middle finger 2 shillings, and for that of the little finger one shilling), L. Ethb. 54. 55; Th. i. 16, 9-14. Wið scurfedum nægle; nim gecyrnadne sticcan, sete on ðone nægl, Lchdm. ii. 150, 4 : i. 370, 9 : iii. 114, 21. Deóplíc dæ-acute;dbót biþ ...; ðæt íren ne cume on hæ-acute;re ne on nægle, L. Edg. C. 10 ; Th. ii. 280, 21. God of ðam láme flæ-acute;sc worhte and blód, bán and fell, fex and næglas, Homl. Th. i. 236, 16. II. a nail, peg :-- Nægl clavus, Wrt. Voc. ii. 22, 10. Nægl paxillum, palum, 116, 27. Nægles epigri vel clavi, i. 39, 63. Nægle cuspide, ii. 21, 24. Ðæ-acute;r hýdde wæ-acute;ron næglas (the nails by which Christ was fastened to the cross) on eorþan, Elen. Kmbl. 2216; El. 1109 : 2227; El. 1115 : 2344; El. 1173. Ne gelýfe ic búton ic geseó ðæra nægela (clavorum) fæstnunge on his handa, and ic dó mínne finger on ðære nægela stede, Jn. Skt. 20, 25. Ðæt fýr eode andlang ðara nægla ðe seó studu mid gefæstnad wæs tó ðam wáge, Bd. 3, 17; S. 544, 31, col. 1. Mid næglum þurh-drífan ða hwítan honda, Exon. Th. 68, 27; Cri. 1110 : Rood Kmbl. 91 ; Kr. 46. Hié námon treówu, and slógon on óðerne ende monige scearpe ísene næglas, Ors. 4, 1 ; Swt. 158, 5. Heó læ-acute;dde tó hire suna ða ísenan næglas ðe wæ-acute;ron ádrifene þurh Cristes folman, Homl. Th. ii. 306, 15. Nægelas geseón anxsumnysse getácnaþ, Lchdm. iii. 212, 24. III. an instrument for striking the strings of a harp, v. hearpe-nægel, Exon. Th. 332, 12; Vy. 84. [O. Sax. nagal (in both senses) : O. Frs. neil (in both senses) : O. H. Ger. nagal unguis, clavus. paxillus : Icel. nagl unguis; nagli clavus : cf. Goth. ga-nagljan.] v. hearpe-, scóh-, steór-nægel.