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NÍWAN - NÓN-GEREORD

níwan, neówan, neón ; adv. Recently, lately, newly :-- Níwan, neówan, nuper; Ælfc. Gr. 38; Som. 39, 58. Secgeaþ hí ðæt sume dæge ðider níwan (nuper) cóme cýpemen, Bd. 2, 1 ; S. 501, 4. Ða þing ðe ús níwan bodade syndon ea quae nunc nobis nova praedicantur, 2, 13 ; S. 516, 11. Ðonne man níwan wíf nymþ cum acceperit homo nuper uxorem, Deut. 24, 5. Ðone consul ðe hié ðá níwan geset hæfdon, Ors. 2, 6 ; Swt. 86, 32. Gif hwelc man biþ wíteþeów níwan geþeówad, L. In. 48; Th. i. 132, 7. Ic eom se ðe nú níwan com. Swilce hé swá cwæ-acute;de : Ic wæs geswutelod nú níwan, Glostr. Fragm. 50, 2-4. For ðære swíðlícan ehtnysse ðe ðá níwan ásprang æfter Carines slege on account of the fierce persecution that just then had sprung up after the murder of Carinus, Homl. Skt. 5, 326. Gif hwá níwan tó mynstres drohtnunge gecyrran wyle if a man's wish to turn to a monastic life is but newly formed, R. Ben. 96, 3. Gelamp nýwan it happened lately, Nicod. Thw. 8, 27 : 19, 37. Seó núgyt neówan is becumen and gelæ-acute;ded tó Godes geleáfan quae (ecclesia Anglorum) nuper adhuc ad fidem adducta est, Bd. 1, 27; S. 489, 12. Hé eów neón gesceód lately he harmed you, Andr. Kmbl. 2354 ; An. 1178. [Cf. O. H. Ger. níwanes nuper.] v. níwane.

níwan-ácenned new-born :-- Ðá wæs broht tó fulwihte níwanácenned cild, Shrn. 130, 7. Cf. níw-cenned.

níwan-cumen recently come (to a particular belief), a neophyte :-- Níwancumen neofitus, Wrt. Voc. ii. 59, 68. Cf. níw-cumen.

níwane; adv. Lately, recently :-- Wénaþ ðæt ðæt ne sié eald gesceaft, ac síe geworden níwane, Bt. 39, 3; Fox 216, 4. v. níwan.

níw-bacen; adj. New-baked :-- Wé mid ús námon nígbacene hláfas panes calidos sumpsimus, Jos. 9, 12.

níw-cealct, -cilct newly white-washed :-- On ánum nícealtan (níwcilctan, MS. C.) húse in cubiculo nuper calce illito, Ors. 6, 32 ; Swt. 286, 30.

níw-cenned, -cend new-born :-- Mid hyre nícendum cilde cum recens nato parvulo, Bd. 2, 16; S. 520, 1.

níw-cumen newly come (to a particular belief), a neophyte :-- Nícumen neophytus, Hpt. Gl. 480, 12. Se sylfa nígecumena (nícumena, nígcumene) bróðor, R. Ben. 101, 15. Be nígcumenra (nícumenra, Wells, Frag.) gebróðra andfenge, 97, 2. Tæ-acute;ce him mon siððan tó nígcumenra manna húse, 97, 11. v. níwan-cumen.

níwe, neówe ; adj. I. new, not yet used :-- Ne ásend nán scyp of níwum reáfe on eald reáf; elles ðæt níwe slít, and se níwa scyp ne hylp ðam ealdan, Lk. Skt. 5, 36. Smyre mid níre (MS. B. ánre) feþere, Lchdm. i. 234, 13. Hé léde hyne on hys níwan byrgene, Mt. Kmbl. 27, 60. Gé ðæ-acute;r gemétaþ níwe byrgenne, Blickl. Homl. 147, 30. II. new, recent, not of long standing, not long made :-- Nán man ne sent níwe wín on ealde bytta; elles ðæt níwe wín brycþ ða bytta . . . Ac níwe wín is tó sendenne on níwe bytta ... And ne drincþ nán man eald wín and wylle sóna ðæt níwe, Lk. Skt. 5, 37-39. Ðá hé (the Roman name) com æ-acute;rest tó Parþum, and wæs ðæ-acute;r swíðe níwe, Bt, 18, 2; Fox 64, 13. Níwe móna neomenia, Wrt, Voc. i. 16, 51. Se níwa neophytus, ii. 60, 64. Seó (the English Church) núgyt is níwe on geleáfan, Bd. 489, 41. Ðy læs se steall swá níwre cyricean tealtrian ongunne, 2, 4; S. 505, 11. Ðis gelimpþ seldon, and næ-acute;fre búton on níwum mónan, Lchdm. iii. 242, 23. Nó on níwan wylme, ac on lancsumere mynsteres drohtnunge, R. Ben. 9, 6. Hé ðone winter mid ðý níwan folce (the newly converted Frisians) wunode, Bd. 5, 19 ; S. 639, 26. Níwan stefne anew, Cd. Th. 94, 1; Gen. 1555 : Andr. Kmbl. 245 ; An. 123. Niówan, Beo. Th. 3582; B. 1789. On swá niówan gefeán, Andr. Kmbl. 3336; An. 1672. Ðá sceáwode Scyppend úre his weorca wlite, níwra gesceafta, Cd. Th. 13, 25; Gen. 208 : 55. 4 ; Gen. 889. On ðisum níwum dagum in these modern times, Homl. Th. i. 608, 23 : Homl. Skt. 13, 177. Brembel ðe síen begen endas on eorþan ; genim ðone neówran wyrttruman, Lchdm. ii. 292, 1. III. new (to anything), inexperienced :-- Swá swíðe swá ða níwan Cristenan hit niman mihte in quantum rudes capere poterant, Bd. 3, 22 ; S. 553, 10. Ðæ-acute;m níwum neotericis, Wrt. Voc. ii. 60, 58. Ðæt is ðæt mon ða earce bere on ðæ-acute;m saglum ðætte ða gódan láreówas ða hálgan gesomnunge læ-acute;rende ða níwan (niéwan, Cott. MSS.) and ða angeleáffullan mód mid hira láre gelæ-acute;de tó ryhtum geleáfan vectibus arcam portare est bonis doctoribus sanctam ecclesiam ad rudes infidelium mentes praedicando deducere, Past. 22, 2 ; Swt. 171, 13. Níwa láre rudimenta, Rtl. 80, 3. IV. new, novel, different from what has gone before :-- Árás níwe cing ðe nyste hwæt Iosep wæs, Ex. 1, 8. Hasterbal se níwa cyning Asdrubal novus imperator, Ors. 4, 6 ; Swt. 176, 33. Hwæt is ðeós níwe lár, Mk. Skt. 1, 27. Níwe circhálgung (v. cyric-hálgung) encenia, Wrt. Voc. i. 16, 52. Calic níwre æ-acute; (novi testamenti), Mt. Kmbl. 26, 28. Nemde níwan stefne ; nama wæs gecyrred, Elen. Kmbl. 2119; El. 1061. Him ne wæs næ-acute;nig earfoþe ðæt líchomlíce gedál on ðære neówan wyrde (in their new condition), Blickl. Homl. 135, 31. Ic eów sylle níwe bebod, Jn. Skt. 13, 34. Singaþ Drihtne neówne sang, Ps. Th. 149, 1 : Ps. Surt. 32, 3. Hí hæfdon neówne gefeán geméted, Elen. Kmbl. 1737; El. 870. Fægere word ðis synd . . . ac forðon hí níwe syndon and uncúþe, Bd. 1, 25; S. 487, 9. Lyt swígode níwra spella, se ðe næs gerád, Beo. Th. 5788; B. 2898. Hí sprecaþ níwum tungum, Mk. Skt. 16, 17. Gelæ-acute;rdan biscepas swelce níwe ræ-acute;das swelce hié fol oft æ-acute;r ealde gedydan, Ors. 4, 7 ; Swt. 184, 2. Singaþ sangas neówe, Ps. Th. 95, 1. [Goth. niujis : O. Sax. níwi : O. Frs. níe : O. H. Ger. niuwi, níwi novus, recens, rudis modernus.] v. ed-níwe.

níwe, níge; adv. Newly, recently :-- Wé níwe syndon tó ðissum geleáfan gedón we are newly turned to this faith, Blickl. Homl. 247, 34. Syððan heó níge cealfod hæfþ after it (a cow) has recently calved, L. R. S. 13; Th. i. 438, 19. Sceal mon lácnian swilce ádle mid cú meolcum oððe gáte swá níge molcene drince (or let him drink goat's milk as newly milked as possible), Lchdm. ii. 218, 22 : 222, 13. v. níwan.

niwel. v. neowol.

níw-fara, an; m. A new-comer, a stranger :-- Ic eom nífara hider on eorþan beforan ðé and ælþeódig incola ego sum apud te in terra, et peregrinus, Ps. Th. 38, 15.

níw-gecirred newly converted :-- Nígecerred neophytus, novellus, Hpt. 488, 4.

níw-gehálgod newly consecrated :-- Hieu se nígehálgode (níghálgoda) cynincg, Homl. Skt. 18, 326.

níw-gehwirfed newly converted :-- Ðæt hé ða nígehwyrfedan (níghwurfedan, MS. C.; níghwerfdan, MS. V.) mid fulluhte áþwóge, Homl. Skt. 5, 126.

níw-hwirfed newly converted :-- Níhwurfed &l-bar; nílæ-acute;red neophytus, Hpt. G1. 48o, 13. v. preceding word.

níw-hworfen newly converted :-- Betwux ðam níghworfenum folce (the recently converted people of Kent), Homl. Th. ii. 130, 27.

níwian; p. ode To renew, renovate, restore :-- Nú mé Sethes bearn torn níwiaþ, Cd. Th. 76, 16; Gen. 1258. Hé níwade Cnutes lage (v. Freeman's Old English History, p. 241), Chr. 1064; Erl. 196, 2. Ne wrec ðú ða æ-acute;rran yflu, búton hí mon eft níwige, Prov. Kmbl. 35. Swá ðæt ðú æ-acute;ghwylce dæg ðone drenc níwie (níwige, MS. B.), Lchdm. i. 192, 15. Burh ræ-acute;ran, and sele settan, salo níwian, Cd. Th. 113, 3 ; Gen. 1881. Sár níwigan, Elen. Kmbl. 1878; El. 941. Eft níwige emendare, Mt. Kmbl. p. 2, 12. Wæ-acute;ren æ-acute;rendracen, gesend tó Ængla lande tó níwianne ðone geleáfan, Chr. 785 ; Erl. 57, 17. Eorþan neówiende anseón terrae novas faciem, Hymn. Surt. 97, 34. [Chauc. newe : Goth. ana-niujan : O. Sax. níwian : O. H. Ger. niuwón, níwón novare.] v. ed-, ge-níwian.

ni-wiht nothing :-- Tó niwihte ad nihilum, Ps. Surt. 59, 14. v. ná-wiht.

níwinga, níw-læ-acute;red. v. níwunga, níw-hwyrfed.

níw-líc; adj. New, fresh :-- Bearn ðíne swá swá gýwlícra elebergena filii tui sicut nouellae oliuarum, Ps. Lamb. 127, 3.

níwlíce; adv. Newly, recently :-- Níwan nuper, níwlícor nuperius, níwlícost nuperime, Ælfc. Gr. 38; Som. 42, 11. Hér cumaþ tó eów níwlíce twegen men, Homl. Th. ii. 494, 7. Hí hæfdon níwlíce gesett they had recently decreed, Ors. 4, 10; Swt. 202, 26. Hió ðá wæs níwlíce cristen, 6, 4 ; Swt. 260, 12.

níwness, e ; f. Newness, novelty :-- Ne sceal him mon ánne mete gebeódan, ac missenlíce, ðæt seó niównes ðara metta mæ-acute;ge him góde beón, Lchdm. ii. 240, 15. Ðæs mónan níwnys, Anglia viii. 310, 38. Ðá wæs se déma mid ða neównysse (novitate) swá monigra heofonlícra wundra swýðe gedréfed, Bd. 1, 7 ; S. 478. 44. Míne níwnysse juventutem meam, Ps. Lamb. 42, 4.

niwol. v. neowol.

níw-tirwed new-tarred :-- Flotan níwtyrwdne, Beo. Th. 595; B. 295.

níwung, e ; f. A beginning, rudiment :-- Níwunge rudimenta, Hpt. Gl. 428, 18. v. níwe, III.

níwunga; adv. Anew :-- Níwunga (niówunga, Rush.) denuo, Mk. Skt. Lind. 14, 40. Niúnge (niówunga, Rush.), Jn. Skt. 3, 3. Neówinga, Andr. Kmbl. 2787; An. 1396. v. ed-níwinga.

níwerne; adj. Young, tender :-- Sum wíf mid hire nýwerenan (MS. Bodl. niwernan, glossed by tenero) cilde, Homl. Th. i. 566, 5.

nixtnig. v. nihstnig.

nó, nóh, nóht, nolde, nom-, noma. v. ná, ge-nóh, ná-wiht, nyllan, nam-, nama.

nón, es; n. I. the ninth hour; hora nona :-- Prím prima; undern tertia; middæg sexta; nón nona; æ-acute;fen vesperum, Wrt. Voc. i. 53, 10-15 : R. Ben. 40, 13. Ða nigoþan tíde ðe wé nón hátaþ, Homl. Th. ii. 256, 35. Ðá com nón dæges, Beo. Th. 3204; B. 1600. Hí him tó gewunon náman ðæt hí fæston tó nónes (ad horam nonam), Bd. 3, 5; S. 527, 9. Tó huíl nónes ad horam nonam, Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 27, 45, 46. On tíde nónes, Mk. Skt. Rush. 15. 33, 34. Tó underne and tó nóne ... and tó middæge. Lchdm. iii. 218-222, often. Fram middæge óþ nón, H. R. 107, 9. Sele drincan on undern, on middæg, on nón, Lchdm. ii. 140, 2. II. the service held at the ninth hour, nones :-- Wé sungon nón cantavimus nonam, Coll. Monast. Tb. 33, 35. [O. Sax. nón, nuon : Icel. nón ; n. nones, about three o'clock.] v. ofer-nón.

non, es ; m. The title given to the older by the younger monks :-- Ða yldran hyra gingran bróðor nemnen, and ða gingran hyra yldran nonnos (nonas, Wells, Frag.) nemnen, R. Ben. 115, 19. v. nunne.

nón-gereord, es ; n. A repast after the service of nones :-- Siððan hý ðone forman cnyl tó nóne gehýren, gangen hý ealle from hyra weorce and dón hý gearuwe, ðæt hý mágon tó cirican gán, ðonne mon eft cnylle. Ðonne eft æfter heora nóngereorde ræ-acute;dan hý eft heora béc, R. Ben. 74, 8.