This is page 750 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 25 Mar 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

ON-ÉGAN--ON-FÓN.

Onemn ðæm at the same time, Ors. 3, 9; Swt. 128, 33. See efn, emn for other examples.

on-égan; p. de To fear:--Sæ-acute;ton him at wíne, wealle belocene, ne onégdon ná orlegra níð, Cd. Th. 259, 25; Dan. 697. Ic mé onégan (onagen, MS.) mæg, ðæt mé wráðra sum wæ-acute;pnes ecge feore beneóte, 109, 28; Gen. 1829. Ni anoegun (anoegu ná?) ic mé aerigfaerae egsan brógum, Txts. 151, 13. Cf. óga.

on-erian to plough up:--Wé ma lufiaþ ðone æcer ðe æ-acute;r wæs mid þornum áswógen and æfter ðæm ðe ða þornas beóþ áheáwene and se æker biþ onered bringþ gódne wæsðm plus terram diligimus, quae post spinas exarata fructus uberes producit, Past. 52, 9; Swt. 411, 18.

on-éðung, e ; f. In-breathing, inspiration:--From onoeðunge gástes, Ps. Surt. 17, 16.

onettan; p. te. I. to hasten, move rapidly:--Æ-acute;lc wlite tó ende éfsteþ and onetteþ, Blickl. Homl. 57, 28. Tó ðam onet Egeas unforwandodlíce, Homl. Th. i. 592, 17. Deáþ eów æ-acute;lce dæg tóweardes onet, Bt. 39, l; Fox 210, 28. Eall moncynn irnaþ and onettaþ, 37, 2 ; Fox 188, 14. Hé onette on ðære byrig him tó fultume, Jos. 10, 33. Hé wið mín onette, Homl. Th. ii. 352, 4. Wið ðæs fæstengeates folc onette, Judth. Thw. 23, 39; Jud. 162. Ðá onette Abrahames mæ-acute;g tó ðam fæstenne. Cd. Th. 153, 3; Gen. 2533. Éfste ðá swíðe and onette forþ foldwege, 174, 3; Gen. 2872. Hié swíðe on ða úre wíc onetton and in ða feóllon ad castra confluxere, Nar. 13, 14. Onettad agitate, Wrt. Voc. ii. 99, 56. Onettendum (festinantibus) cretum, 147, 80. II. to make a quick movement, to anticipate:--Onette occupavit, 63, 30. Hé gebrægd his swurd and wolde mé ofsleán ðæ-acute;r ic him ne onette and ic ðæt wíf gegripe be hire earme and mé tóforan ábræ-acute;d and ðæ-acute;r ðis næ-acute;re ðonne wæ-acute;re mín blód instæpe ágoten he drew his sword and would have slain me, if I had not anticipated him, and had seized the woman by her arm, and drew her before me; and if it had not been for this, my blood would have been straightway shed, Shrn. 39, 16. III. to be quick in one's movements or actions, be active, quick or busy:--Byrig fægriaþ wongas wlitigaþ woruld onetteþ fair grow the towns, beauteous the plains, the world is quickened (in the spring), Exon. Th. 308, 34 ; Seef. 49. Lég onetteþ busy shall the flame be (at the day of judgment), 448, 17; Dóm. 55: 212, 29; Ph. 217. Sceal onettan se ðe ágan wile líf æt Meotude ðenden him leóht and gæ-acute;st somod fæst seón diligent must he be, while light and spirit hold fast together, who life will receive at the hands of the Lord, 96, 24; Cri. 1529. Ræ-acute;d sceal mon secgan, dæges onettan (cf. the night cometh, when no man can work), 342, 11 ; Gn. Ex. 141. [Cf. O. H. Ger. anazzan sollicitare, excitare, inflammare, hortari, instigare.]

onettung, e; f. Hastening, haste, precipitation:--Oft ða oferblíðan weorðaþ gedréfde for ungemetlícre onettunga gravatur usu immoderatae praecipitationis, Past. 61, 1 ; Swt. 455, 15.

on-fægnian to shew gladness:--Ðære helle hund ongan onfægnian mid his steorte Cerberus shewed his gladness by wagging his tail, Bt. 35, 6 ; Fox 168, 17 note.

on-færeld, es; n. An in-going, entrance:--Gesáwon onfæreldu viderunt ingressus, Ps. Spl. 67, 26. v. an-, in-færeld.

on-fæstnian to transfix, pierce:--Hig geseóþ on hwæne hig onfæstnodon videbunt in quem transfixerunt, Jn. Skt. 19, 37. Onfæstna (confige) ege ðínum flæ-acute;sc míne. Ps. Spl. 118, 120.

on-fæðmness, e; f. Embrace:--Seó onbláwnes ðære heofonlícan onfæðmnesse sý gewindwod on ðé (the Virgin Mary), Blickl. Homl. 7, 26.

on-fangenness, e ; f. Receiving, reception, acceptance:--Mid Gode nis anfangenness (onfangenes, MS. T.) nánra háda bútan geearnunge ánre (cf. God is no respecter of persons, but he that worketh righteousness is accepted with him, Acts 10, 34-35), R. Ben. 13, 4. Seó onfangenes ðaes rices is of Godes gódnysse, Homl. Th. ii. 80, 23. Nán ásolcen man nis orsorh be onfangennysse Godes feós, 556, 24, 33. Mid onfangennesse (perceptione) ðæs Drihtenlícan líchoman, Bd. 4, 3 ; S. 568, 39. For onfangenysse (susceptionem) gesta, 1, 27 ; S. 489, 8. v. on-fengness.

on-fealdan; p. -feóld To unfold, unwrap:--Hé onfeóld hys hrægl æt hys sceoldrum, Shrn. 98, 17. v. un-fealdan.

on-feall a swelling, fellon:--Wið onfealle, gefóh fox, ásleah of cucum ðone tuxl, læ-acute;t hleápan áweg, bind on næsce, hafa ðé on. Lchdm. ii. 104, 12. Drenc wið onfealle, 102, 27: 104, 1, 3, 4, 6. Læ-acute;cedomas wið æ-acute;lces cynnes ómum ond onfeallum and báncoþum, 98, 21: 102, 20. Wíð innanonfealle, 106, 9. Onfelle, 106, 10.

on-feallende; part. On-rushing:--From ðære onfeallendan ab ingruenti, Wrt. Voc. ii. 3, 34. Ða unstillnesse ðara onfeallendra menigeo tumultus irruentium turbartim, Bd. 3, 19; S. 549, 32.

on-feng, es; m. [v. fón (on)]. I. laying hold of, seizing:-- Be cirliscre fæ-acute;mnan onfeuge. Gif mon on cirliscre fæ-acute;mnan breóst gefó, L. Alf. pol. 11; Th. i. 68, 13. Be nunnena onfenge (andfencgum, MS. B.: anfenge, MS. H.), 18; Th. i. 72, 7. Be þeófes onfenge æt þiéfþe, L. In. 28; Th. i. 120, 4. Secg wundaþ beorna gehwylcne ðe him æ-acute;nigne onféng gedéþ sedge cuts every one that lays hold of it, Runic pm.

15 ; Kmbl. 342, 14. II. taking, with the idea of wrongful taking :-- Be wuda onfenge (andfenge, MS. H.: anfenge, MS. B.) bútan leáfe, L. In. 44; Th. i. 130, 1. Be unáliéfedes mæstennes onfenge, 49; Th. i. 132, 11. III. defence, protection (cf. and-fenga):--Wæ-acute;ron ða hálgan on onfenge manna sáulum, Blickl. Homl. 209, 29. IV. attack, onset, assault:--Wurdon hié on ðam onfenge forhte, and on fleám numen, Andr. Kmbl. 2679 ; An. 1341. Hé hine scilde wið onfengom earmra gæ-acute;sta, Exon. Th. 126, 24; Gú. 376: 133, 15; Gú. 490. v. an-feng.

on-fenge, es; m. A receptacle:--Anfengce receptaculum, Hpt. Gl. 498, 32. Anfencgas receptacula, 408, 51.

on-fenge; adj. Taken, accepted:--Onfenge adsumtus, Mk. Skt. Lind. 16, 19. Mið ðý onfenge woeron assumtis, Lk. Skt. Lind. 9, 10: acceptis, 9, 16. Án geonfenge (onfenge, Rush.) biþ una assumetur, 17, 35. Onfengo suscepta, Rtl. 9, 7. v. and-fenge.

on-fengness, e; f. Reception, acceptance:--Seó onfengnes Cristes geleáfan, Bd. 2, 9; S. 510, 12. Be ðære onfengnysse Cristes geleáfan de percipienda fide Cristi, 2, 13 tit; S. 515, 33. Ymb xl nihta ðæs sæ-acute;des onfengnesse xl dies post semen receptum, L. Ecg. C. 30, note; Th. ii. 154, 36. Þurh ða onfengnesse dæs Hálgan Gástes, Blickl. Homl. 135, 35. v. and-fengness.

on-findan; p. -fand, -funde. I. to find out, discover, detect:--Ic anfinde deprehendo, Wrt. Voc. ii. 25, 32. Gif mec onfindeþ wíga, ðæ-acute;r ic búge, Exon. Th. 396, 20; Rä. 16, 7. Ic me sylf onfand ðæt . . . I discovered that . . . , Blickl. Homl. 177, 6. Ic hine onfand, and hine onbændan hét, Salm. Kmbl. 550; Sal. 274. Ne ic culpan in ðé æ-acute;fre onfunde, Exon. Th. 11, 30; Cri. 178. Hú Boetius hí wolde beræ-acute;dan, and þeódríc ðæt anfunde, Bt. 1. tit.; Fox x. 2. Onfundan deprenderint, Wrt. Voc. ii. 25, 33. Gif hé wæccende weard onfunde búan on beorge, Beo. Th. 5675; B. 2841. Gif hwylc brððor on lytlum gyltum byþ onfunden, R. Ben. 49, 2. II. to find out from experience, become aware of, perceive, be sensible of:--Ic onfinde experiar, Wrt. Voc. ii. 32, 7. Hé ðæt ðonne onfindeþ, ðonne se fæ-acute;r cymeþ he will find it out, when the peril comes, Exon. Th. 449, 18; Dóm. 73. Ðá se gist onfand ðæt se beadoleóma bítan nolde, Beo. Th. 3049; B. 1522. Landweard onfand (became aware of) eftsíð eorla, 3785; B. 1890. Onfunde, 1504; B. 750: 1622; B. 809. Ðá hé ðá onfunde, ðæt hé deád beón sceolde, Bt. 29, 2: Fox 104, 20. Onfunde comperit, i. intellexit, cognovit, invenit, Wrt. Voc. ii. 132, 63. Æ-acute;r hine ða men onfunden ðe mid ðam cyninge wæ-acute;run, Chr. 755; Erl. 48, 31. On ðæs wífes gebæ-acute;rum onfundon ðæs cyninges þegnas ða unstilnesse, Erl. 50, 2. Hú fela onfundun (were sensible of), ða gefélan ne mágun, Dryhtnes þrowinga, Exon. Th. 72, 27; Cri. 1179. Onfindaþ ðæt and ongeotaþ intelligite, Ps. Th. 93, 8. Onfinden sapiant, Germ. 389, 16. Onfinden experiamur, Wrt. Voc. ii. 31, 42. Onfindende expertur, 31, 62. Onfunden, ongeten expertus, cognitus, i. probatus, inventus, 145, 47. Heó onfunden wæs men were aware of her presence, Beo. Th. 2591; B. 1293. III. to meet with, experience, suffer:--Hé weán oft onfond, Exon. Th. 377, 16; Deor. 4.

on-findend, es; m. One who finds out; inventor, Germ. 391, 1.

on-flæ-acute;scness. e; f. Incarnation:--On ðære soþan onflæ-acute;scnesse, Blickl. Homl. 81, 29.

on-flígen, es; n. Infectious disease:--Nú mágon ðás .viiii. wyrta wið .viiii. áttrum and wið nygon onflýgnum, Lchdm. iii. 36, 16. v. next word.

on-flyge, es; m. Infectious disease, disease which, as it were, flies at people:--Ðú miht wið áttre and wið onflyge, Lchdm. iii. 32, 2, 16, 30. v. preceding word and ongeflogen; and cf. Icel. á-flog, flying at a person, fighting.

on-fón; p. -féng; pp. -fangen (with gen. dat. acc.). I. to take:--Calic hæ-acute;lu ic onfóu, Ps. Surt. 115, 13. Hé mycelne dæ-acute;l ðæs landes on anweald onféng, Bd. 1, 3; S. 475, 12. Mód Bryttas onféngon they took courage, 1, 16; S. 484, 19. Se Ælmihtiga onféng ðæt hiw úre tyddran gecynde. Geþencean wé, gif óðer nýten wæ-acute;re tó háligienne, ðonne onfénge hé heora hiwe, ac hé wolde úrum hiwe onfón, Blickl. Homl. 29, 2-6. Ðá nýddon hine hys yldran to ðæm ðæt hé sceolde woroldlícum wæ-acute;pnum onfón, 213, 2. Se hálga héht his heorþwerod wæ-acute;pna onfón. Cd. Th. 123, 5; Gen. 2040. Wífe onfón uxorem ducere, L. Ecg. C. 26; Th. ii. 152, 3. II. to take what another appoints or grants, to receive, have given (a) of material things:-- Seó sául onféhþ hire líchoman, Blickl. Homl. 57, 16. Adames cynn onféhþ flæ-acute;sce, Exon. Th. 63, 33; Cri. 1029. Ðá onféngon hig syndrige penegas, Mt. Kmbl. 20, 10. (b) of non-material things:--Ic ne onfó gewitnesse fram menn, Jn. Skt. 5, 34. Se ðe Godes word mid blisse onféhþ, Mt. Kmbl. 13, 20. Gé onfóþ ðæm mægene Hálges Gástes, Blickl. Homl. 119, 11. Hé onféng for worlde mycelne noman, 43, 34. Hí léfnysse onféngon, Bd. 1, 26; S. 488, 5. Hé ðonne mid læ-acute;wedum mannum onfó ðæs heardestan þeówdómes let the hardest service be assigned to him among laymen, Blickl. Homl. 49, 5. Onfón synna forgifnesse, 45, 7. Méde onfón 83, 15. Freódóm onfón, Ap. Th. 5, 19. Hé ðam upplícan ríce gehyhte tó anfónne. Bd. 3, 6; S 528, 5. III. to take what another offers, receive favourably, accept:--Gif ðú on God gelýfan wilt, ic ðæs drences onfó, Homl.