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ROTUNG - RÚME

rotung, e; f. I. corruption, putrefaction :-- Mín rotung on byrgenne dum descendo incorruptionem, Ps. Th. 29, 8. II. a sore accompanied with putrefaction, an ulcer :-- Rotung ulcus, Wrt. Voc. i. 20, 15.

rów; adj. Quiet, calm, mild :-- Se cleweþa (itch) biþ suíðe rów, and ðeáhhwæðere gif him mon tó longe fylgþ, hé wundaþ and sió wund sáraþ, Past. 11, 6; Swt. 71, 19. [Icel. rór, quiet, calm.] v. next word.

rów, e; f. Quiet, rest :-- Ðæ-acute;r hý bídinge móstun æfter tintergum tídum brúcan, ðonne hý of waþum wérge cwóman restan ryneþrágum, rówe gefégon, Exon. Th. 115, 4; Gú. 184. [Biteache mi gast and mi bodi baðen to ro and to reste, Marh. 20, 5. Cristess resste and Cristess ro, Orm. 7042. O. H. Ger. ruowa quies, requies : Icel. ró.]

rówan; p. reów To go by water, to row or sail :-- Ic rówe navigo, Ælfc. Gr. 24; Som. 25, 40. Ic ástíge mín scyp and rówe (navigo) ofer sæ-acute;líce dæ-acute;las, Coll. Monast. Th. 26, 31. Wérig sceal se wið winde róweþ, Exon. Th. 345, 12; Gn. Ex. 187. Drihten tó ðam lande reów, Homl. Th. ii. 378, 31. 'Utun seglian ofer ðisne mere.' And hig seglydan ðá. Ðá hig reówun ðá slép hé (navigantibus illis obdormivit), Lk. Skt. 8, 23, 26. Ða óðre leorningcnihtas reówon navigio venerunt, Jn. Skt. 21, 8. Hí geféngon hine and wurpon hine on ðone bát and reówan tó scipe, Chr. 1046; Erl. 174, 18. Ðá git on sund reón, ðæ-acute;r git eagorstreám earmum þehton, mæ-acute;ton merestræ-acute;ta, mundum brugdon, Beo. Th. 1029; B. 512. Ðá wit on sund reón, 1083; B. 539. Ðonne mót hé swá rídan, swá rówan, swá swilce færelde faran swylce tó his wege gebyrige, L. E. I. 24; Th. ii. 420, 24. Seó sæ-acute; is hwíltídum smylte and myrige on tó rówenne, Homl. Th. i. 182, 32. [Icel. róa to row.] v. be-, ofer-, óþ-rówan.

rówan (?) :-- On hliór róuuit adplaudat, Wrt. Voc. ii. 99, 37.

rówend, es; m. A rower, sailor :-- Næ-acute;fre ic sæ-acute;lidan sélran métte ... rówend (rórend, MS.) rófran, Andr. Kmbl. 945; An. 473. Ðæt scip wile hwílum stígan ongeán ðone streám, ac hit ne mæg, búton ða rówend hit teón, Past, 58; Swt. 445, 11. v. scip-rówend.

rówet[t] glosses remigium :-- Rówette remiglo, Hpt. Gl. 529, 14. v. réwet[t].

równess, e; f. Rowing :-- Wé ne mid seglinge ne mid równesse (neque velo neque remigio) ówiht fremian mihte, Bd. 5, 1; S. 613, 25.

rówung, e; f. Rowing :-- Winnende in rówinge laborantes in remigando, Mk. Skt. Rush. 6, 48, On scip &l-bar; on róuing nauigio, Jn. Skt. Lind. 21, 8.

rudduc a ruddock (v. Halliw. Dict.), a robin red-breast :-- Rudduc rubisca, Wrt. Voc. i. 29, 20 : 62, 36.

rúde (?) roughness of the skin, scab :-- Seó rúde or se rúda (se rude, MS.) on ðam men scamma in homine, Wrt, Voc. i. 45, 30. [O. L. Ger. rútha scabies : O. H. Ger. rúda, rúdo scabies, impetigo : Ger. räude. Cf. (?) Icel. hrúðr crust or scab on a sore. This form seems to point to hrúde as the earlier form in English.]

rúde, an; f. Rue :-- Rúde ruta, Wrt. Voc. i. 30, 40 : 69, 1 : 79, 18. Wildre rúdan seáw, Lchdm. ii. 26, 10. Mintan and rúdan mentam et rutam, Lk. Skt. 11, 42. Rútan, Wrt. Voc, ii. 73. 46. [O. H. Ger. rúta : Ger. raute. From Latin?]

rudig; adj. Ruddy :-- Rudi purpureus, rubicundus, Hpt. Gl. 475, 8. [Rudi scheome, A. R. 330, 20. Þi rudi neb schal as gres grenen, H. M. 35, 22.]

rud-molin (?) redshanks or water pepper; polygonum hydropiper, Lchdm. ii. 342, 12. v. note and glossary.

rudu, e; f. Red, redness, redness of the cheeks, the countenance (?) :-- Anwlita vel rudu vultus, Wrt. Voc. i. 42, 52. Mid rude rubore, Hpt. Gl. 507, 63. Ðá geseah se cyngc ðæt Apollonius mid rósan rude wæs eal oferbræ-acute;ded, Ap. Th. 22, 4. Gezabel gehiwode hire eágan and hire neb mid rude, Homl. Skt. i. 18, 342. [The rude of monnes nebbe þet seið ariht his sunnen, A. R. 330, 29. Þe rose mid hire rude, O. and N. 443. Cf. Icel. roði redness.]

rúg. v. rúh.

Rug-ern rye-harvest, the name of a month :-- Sextan dæge Rugernes, L. Wih. proem. ; Th, i. 36, 6. [Cf. O. Frs. arn : O. H. Ger. aran, arn messis, and see Grmm. Gesch. D. S. 58.]

rúh; adj. I. rough, hairy, shaggy :-- Rúh hispidus, hirsutus, Wrt. Voc. ii. 43, 15-16 : 90, 17 : i. 51, 20. Rúh hrægel amphibalum, 25, 65. Óxn vel rúh óxn ascella vel subhircos, 43, 65. Rúh scó pero, ii. 68, 6. Se wæs reód and eall rúh totus in morem pellis hirsutus, Gen. 25, 25. Min bróðer ys rúh and ic eom sméðe, 27, 11. Gif him þince ðæt hé habbe rúh líc, Lchdm. iii. 170, 24 : Exon. Th. 407, 14; Rä. 26, 5. Rúwes nát hwæt, 479, 17; Rä. 62, 9. Rúhne wæfels yrcum tegimen, Hymn. Surt. 103, 31. Rúhne (rihne, MS.) hine gesihþ gewordenne, Lchdm. iii. 208, 29. Leáf beóþ rúge and bráde, i. 254, 13. Ðá gesáwe wé rúge (pilosos) wífmen and wæ-acute;pnedmen, wæ-acute;ron hié swá rúwe and swá gehæ-acute;re swá wildeór, Nar. 20, 3-5. Ða rúwan (pilosae) handa wæ-acute;ron swilce ðæs yldran bróður, Gen. 27, 23. Seó clæ-acute;ne beó blósman gegrét swá lange ðæt hyre ða rúwan þeóh wurþaþ swýðe gehefegode, Anglia viii. 324,13. Rúwe hirta, Germ. 398, 258. Hrúhe wulla hirsutas lanas, Hpt. 524, 13. II. rough, untrimmed, uncultivated :-- Rúg frondosa, Wrt. Voc, ii. 151, 16. Ne turf ne toft, ne land ne læ-acute;se, ne fersc ne mersc, ne rúh ne rúm, Lchdm. iii. 286, 24. Tó ðære rúwan hecgan, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. ii. 172, 32. On ðone rúwan hlync; andlang ðæs rówan linces, v. 297, 22. On rúwan beorg; of rúwan beorge, 277, 18. On ða rúgan þyrnan; of ðære þyrnan, iii. 419, 12. Ðá férdon begen þurh ða rúgan fennas, Guthl. 3; Gdwin. 20, 25. III. rough, knotty :-- Rúches nodosi, Hpt. G1. 482, 60. IV. rough, undressed :-- .xxx. ombra rúes cornes, iv. ambru meolwes, Chart. Th. 40, 9. [Þet ruwe vel, A. R. 120, 23. Nis þet iren acursed þet iwurðeð þe swarture and þe ruhure so hit is ofture iviled? 284, 17. Margareet sette hire fot uppon his ruhe necke, Marh. 12, 12. Sharrp and ruhh and gatelæs þurrh þorrness and þurh breress, Orm. 9211. Mid ru&yogh;e felle, O. and N. 1013. Sridde &yogh;he Jacob and made him ru, Gen. and Ex. 1539. O. H. Ger. rúh hirtus, hirsutus, hispidus, villosus, scaber, asper : O. Du. rouw, rúgh, rú.]

rúm, es; m. I. local, room, space :-- Under rodera rúm, Cd. Th. 71, 5; Gen. 1166. Hig næfdon rúm on cumena húse non erat eis locus in diversorio, Lk. Skt. 2, 7. II. temporal, space of time :-- Næhtes rúme noctis spatio, Rtl. 36, 35. Þerh alle tído rúmo per omnium horarum spatia, 171, 41. III. time which allows unhindered or unhurried action, opportunity :-- Rúm wæs tó nimanne londbúendum on hyra ealdfeóndum herereáf the men of the land had ample opportunity of taking the spoil from their ancient foes, Judth. Thw. 26, 7; Jud. 314. Hig ne móston rúm habban ðæt hig hit on riht gebócon (Aegyptiis nullam facere sinentibus moram), Ex. 12, 39. Fýrdraca ræ-acute;sde on ðone rófan ða him rúm ágeald (when the opportunity was given him), Beo. Th. 5374; B. 2690. Deáþ ðæs ne scrífeþ ðonne him rúm forlæ-acute;t rodora Waldend, Met. 10, 30. [Goth. rúms : O. Sax. rúm : O. H. Ger. rúm : Icel. rúm; n.] v. ge-rúm.

rúm; adj. I. local, roomy, spacious, ample, extensive :-- Se weg is swíðe rúm (cf. Goth. rúms wigs) ðe tó forspillednesse gelæ-acute;t spatiosa via quae ducit ad perditionem, Mt. Kmbl. 7, 13. Ðeós sæ-acute; micel and rúm (spatiosum), Ps. Spl. 103, 26. Behealde hé hú wídgille ðæs heofones hwealfa biþ, and hú neara ðære eorþan stede is, ðeáh heó ús rúm þince, Bt. 19; Fox 68, 23. Rúma rodor the spacious firmament on high, Met. 28, 16. Ðære sunnan ryne is swíðe rúm, and ðæs mónan ryne is swíðe nearo, Lchdm. iii. 248, 7. Rúme ríce a realm far-reaching, Cd. Th. 254, 13; Dan. 611. Rúmes spatiosae, ampli, Hpt. G1. 434, 45 : 493, 29. Ðú gesettes in stówe rúmre (loco spacioso; in roume stede, E. E. Psalt.) foet míne, Ps. Surt. 30, 9. On sumne sméðne feld and rúmne (amplam), Bd. 5, 6; S. 618, 40. Ðis rúme land the earth, Cd. Th. 7, 31; Gen. 114. Ða rúman patula, Wrt. Voc. ii. 94, 61. Hié úte wilniaþ ðara rúmena wega ðisse worulde causarum secularium foras lata itinera expetunt, Past. 18, 4; Swt. 135, 6. Sóhton rúmre land, Cd. Th. 99, 25; Gen. 1651. Geseah ic ðone rúmestan (latissimus) feld, Bd, 5, 12; S. 629, 19. I a. roomy, open, unencumbered. v. rúmian :-- Ne fersc ne mersc, ne rúh ne rúm neither uncleared nor cleared (?) land, Lchdm. iii. 286, 24. Þurh ða rúman per patentes, Wrt. Voc. ii. 69, 7. II. temporal, long, extended :-- Bútan him se cyng rúmran fyrstes geunnan wolde, L. Eth. vii. 4; Th. i. 330, 12. III. of mental qualities, ample, great, liberal :-- Ic mæg þurh rúmne sefan ræ-acute;d gelæ-acute;ran, Beo. Th. 561; B. 278. Rúmran geþeaht, Elen. Kmbl, 2480; El. 1241. IV. unrestricted, clear, free from conditions :-- Ðæt hé hit hæbbe swá rúm tó bóclonde swá hé æ-acute;r hæfde tó læ-acute;nlonde, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iii. 258, 29. Ðé weorð on ðínum breóstum rúm your mind will be freed from the trammels hitherto restricting it, Cd. Th. 33, 13; Gen. 519. V. not restrained within due limits, lax :-- Rúme regulas, Exon. Th. 131, 23; Gú. 460. VI. ample, far-reaching :-- Ðíne dómas synd rihte and rúme, Hy. 7, 15. VII. liberal. v. rúm-gifa, -gifol, -mód :-- Wel biþ ðam eorle ðe him oninnan hæfþ rúme heortan (liberal in giving alms), Exon. Th. 467, 16. v. rúm-heort. VIII. great, noble, august :-- Ðære rúman a[u]guste, Wrt. Voc, ii. 5, 22. Rúmum augusto, regali, Hpt. G1. 487, 29. Þurh ðæt rúme per augustam, Wrt. Voc. ii. 65, 59. Ðæs æþelan oððe rúme fausta, 33. 76. [He wollde &yogh;ifenn uss heoffness rume riche, Orm. 3689. Mi nest is hol&yogh; and rum, O. and N. 643. He made ys wey roume ynou, R. Glouc. 303, 28. Make this place rom, Chauc. Reeves T. 206. Goth. rúms spatiosus : O. Frs. rúm spacious, open : O. H. Ger. rúmi spatiosus, amplus : Icel. rúmr.] v. ge-rúme.

rúma, an; m. Separation :-- Rúma discidium, i. separatio, divisio, Wülck. 223, 25. [Cf. He gede on rum he went apart, Gen. and Ex. 400. On, a roume at a distance, Strat. Dict.]

rúmaþ. v. rýman.

rúme; adv. I. local, widely, far and wide, so as to extend over a wide space :-- Cyning rúme rícsaþ a king (the Deity) rules far and wide, Met. 24, 32. Rúme geondwlítan ymb healfa gehwone, Exon. Th. 4, 30;

Cri. 60. Heó wíde hire willan sóhte and rúme fleáh, Cd. Th. 87, 29; Gen. 1456 : 86, 10; Gen. 1428. Gehýran mæg ic rúme and swá wíde geseón, 42, 14; Gen. 673 : 132, 9; Gen. 2190. Hié ne meahton leng somed blæ-acute;des brúcan ... ac sceoldon ða rincas rúmor sécan, ellor éðelseld, 113, 31; Gen. 1895 : 115, 1; Gen. 1913. II. liberally, extensively, amply, abundantly, in a high degree :-- Hyt rúme ða wyrmas forþ gelæ-acute;deþ it plentifully brings out the worms, Lchdm. i. 282, 23. Drihten rúme lét willeburnan on woruld þringan, Cd. Th. 82, 35; Gen. 1372 : 75, 20; Gen. 1243. Ðú meaht his rúme ræ-acute;d geþencan for this in ample measure may'st thou devise means, 35, 27; Gen. 561. Ne willaþ rúmor unc landriht heora, 114, 27; Gen. 1910. Wes ðissum leódum árfæst gif ðé Alwalda scirian wille ðæt ðú rúmor (more liberally than now is in your power(?)) móte on ðisse folcsceare frætwa dæ-acute;lan, 171, 15; Gen. 2828. III. without restriction or encumbrance, without the pressure of care. v. rúm-heort, II :-- Ðá (after Judith's prayer was answered) wearþ hyre rúme (cf. Ger. aufgeräumt of good cheer) on móde, Judth. Thw. 22, 39; Jud. 97. IV. without obstruction, plainly, clearly :-- Emmanuhel, ðæt is gereht rúme : Nú is God sylfa mid ús, Exon. Th. 9, 13; Cri. 134. V. without contraction, in full :-- Ðé ic ásecgan ne mæg rúme áreccan (relate at length), ne gerím witan heardra heteþonca, 261, 12; Jul. 314, [O. Sax. rúmur; cþve. further : O. H. Ger. rúmo procul, longe.]