This is page 825 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

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SCEARFIAN--SCEARU. 825

Dip. B. iii. 170, 2. On sceard hweogl (?), Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iii. 419, 11. Hrófas sind gehrorene . . . scearde scúrbeorge, Exon. Th. 476, 9; Ruin. 5. II. gashed, mutilated:--Gif eáre sceard weorðe, L. Eth. 42; Th. i. 14, 7: 48; Th. i. 14, 13. III. deprived:--Hé wæs his mæ-acute;ga sceard, freónda gefylled on folcstede, beslagen æt sæcce, and his sunu forlét on wælstówe, Chr. 937; Erl. 114, 6. (Cf. Icel. hafa, bera skarðan hlut to get worsted.) [O. Sax. skard: O. Frs. skerde cut, gashed: O. H. Ger. scart; lid-scart murcus; lid-scartí mutilation; scartsam scabrosus: M. H. Ger. schart: Ger. schartig: Icel. skarðr.] v. scirdan, and previous word.

scearfian; p. ode To scrape, cut into shreds:--Genim ða ylcan wyrte, scearfa hý ðonne, and gníd swýðe smale tó duste, Lchdm. i. 70, 14: 80, 16: 344, 13 note. Scearfa smæle, ii. 322, 25. Scearfaþ succidite . . . gescearfa ðú succides, Lk. Skt. Lind. 13, 7, 9. Scearfige ealle ðás rinda tógædere, Lchdm. iii. 14, 4. [O. H. Ger. scarbón concidere.] v. sceorfan, and next two words.

scearflian; p. ode To scrape:--Scearfla on wæter, Lchdm. i. 184, 18.

scearfung, e; f. Scraping, scarifying:--Ða wæ-acute;tan ða yfelan weorðaþ gegaderode on ðone magan, and ðæ-acute;r ríxiaþ mid scearfunga innan, Lchdm. ii. 176, 7. Áberan ða strangan scearfunga ðæra wæ-acute;tena, 176, 10.

scearian to grant. v. ge-scearian.

scearn, es; n. Sharn (v. E. D. S. Pub. Gloss. B. 17), dung, filth:--Scearn, scern fimus, Ælfc. Gr. 13; Zup. 83, 13. Gor, scear[n] letamen, Wrt. Voc. ii. 50, 38. Swé swé scearn (stercus) eorþan, Ps. Surt. 82, 11. Góse scearn, ðonne hió ne ete, Lchdm. ii. 92, 15. Scearnes fimi, Wrt. Voc. ii. 95, 75. Scearn (oxena) fimum, Coll. Monast. Th. 20, 1. [O. Frs. skern: Icel. skarn; n. dung: Dan. skarn dung, muck, filth.]

scearn-fifel. v. scearn-wifel.

scearn-wibba, an; m. A dung-beetle:--Scærnwibba scarabeus, Wrt. Voc. i. 77, 52. v. next word.

scearn-wifel, es; m. A dung-beetle:--Scearnwifel (-fifel, MS.) scarabeus, Wrt. Voc. i. 23, 69. [Halliwell gives sharn-bug, a cockchafer, as a Sussex word. Cf. Ssarnboddes (beetles) þet louieþ þet dong, Ayenb. 61, 32. Icel. tord-yfill a beetle.]

scearp; adj. I. sharp, having a fine edge or point:--Seaxes ecg scearp, Exon. Th. 70, 21; Cri. 1142. Ic eom heard and scearp, ingonges strong, 479, 19; Rä. 63, 1. Genim ðæs scearpan þistles moran, Lchdm. ii. 314, 11. Scearpe gáras, Cd. Th. 124, 18; Gen. 2064. Ða Walas ádrifon sumre eá ford ealne mid scearpum pílum, Chr. Erl. 5, 10. Scearpre ðonne æ-acute;ni sweord, Ps. Th. 44, 4. Næ-acute;dle scearpran, Exon. Th. 373, 33; Seel. 119. Scearpeste stánas cautes vel murices, Wrt. Voc. i. 38, 22. II. sharp to the taste, pungent, acid:--Sió scearpe docce oxylapatium, Wrt. Voc. ii. 65, 50: Lchdm. iii. 304, col. 2. Meng wið scearpum ecede, i. 354, 22: ii. 72, 16. On wíne wel scearpum, 180, 16. Mettas ge drincan ða ðe habban hát mægen and scearp, 184, 10. Ðæs scearpestan wínes .v. sestras, 252, 8. II a. acrid:--Ða yfelan wæ-acute;tan sceorfendan and scearpan, Lchdm. ii. 176, 20. III. sharp of speech (cf. sharp-tongued):--Hé biþ scarp and biter and swíðe wær on his wordum, Lchdm. iii. 162, 13. Wæ-acute;ron hyra tungan tó yfele gehwam ungemet scearpe, Ps. Th. 56, 5. IV. sharp, keen, severe, of pain or of that which causes pain:--Syððan com se scearpa hungor and ádyde hí mid ealle, Chr. 1086; Erl. 219, 37. Biþ ðæt sár scearpre ðonne ðæs welmes sár, Lchdm. ii. 206, 3. V. sharp, rough (v. scearpness, III):--Ðæ-acute;r sint swíðe scearpe wegas and stánihte situ terrarum montoso et aspero, Ors. 1, 1; Swt. 10, 25. VI. sharp, keen, active, strenuous:--Ðá ásende hé him tó ðone scearpan here of Rómána ríce mid réðum wæ-acute;pnum, Homl. Th. ii. 302, 18: Homl. As. 61, 244. Ðá geceás hé him geféran ða ðe æ-acute;gðer ge on heora dæ-acute;dum ge on heora gelæ-acute;rednesse frome and scearpe wæ-acute;ron Godes word tó bodienne and tó læ-acute;ranne electis sociis strenuissimis et ad praedicandum verbum idoneis, utpote actione simul et eruditione praeclaris, Bd. 5, 9; S. 622, 25. VI a. of things, effectual, penetrating, cf. scearplíce:--Hyre (black horehound) miht ys scearp, Lchdm. i. 310, 7. Seó sunne scínþ mid hyre scearpan leóman, Homl. As. 43, 484. VII. sharp, keen, of sight:--Scearp gesihþ acies, Ælfc. Gr. 5; Som. 4, 14. Sió sýn hiþ ðý scearpre, Lchdm. ii. 30, 21. VIII. sharp, keen, acute, of understanding:--Scearp angyte acre ingenium, Ælfc. Gr. 9, 18; Som. 9, 66. Búton hé hæbbe swá scearp andget swá ðæt fýr, Bt. 39, 4; Fox 216, 28. Hú ðú eart gleáw and scearp, Exon. Th. 463, 27; Hö. 76. Sceal scearp scyldwíga gescád witan worda and worca, se ðe wel þenceþ, Beo. Th. 581; B. 288. Scearpe arguto, Wrt. Voc. ii. 9, 64. Tósceád simle scearpe móde in sefan ðínum, Exon. Th. 303, 1; Fä. 46. Ðá ongeat hé mid scearpre gleáwnysse ille, ut vir sagacis ingenii, intellexit, Bd. 3, 9; S. 533, 42. [O. Sax. skarp: O. Frs. skerp: O. H. Ger. scarf: Icel. skarpr.] v. beadu-, efen-, heoru-, mylen-, un-scearp.

scearpe; adv. Sharply, keenly. I. literal:--Ða fugelas ðe be flæ-acute;sce lybbaþ syndon scearpe gebilode the birds that live on flesh are sharp-billed, Hexam. 8; Norm. 14, 19. II. referring to seeing, observing:--Scearpe gesceáwian, Ps. Th. 93, 9. Se ðe ealra scearpost lócianne mæg, Shrn. 187, 1.

scearpe, an; f. A scarification:--Ásleah áne scearpan on ðam dolge, Lchdm. ii. 142, 21: 144, 6. Stande on heáfde, ásleá him mon fela scearpena on ðám scancan, ðonne gewít út ðæt átter þurh ða scearpan, 154, 2-4. Wið onfealle: genim hæslenne sticcan oððe ellenne, wrít ðínne naman on, ásleah þrý scearpan on, gefylle mid ðý blóde ðone naman, weorp ofer eaxle oððe betweoh þeóh on yrnende wæter . . . Ða scearpan ásleá, and ðæt eall swígende gedó, 104, 6-11: 84, 4: 100, 4: 126, 21: 130, 10.

scearp-ecged; adj. Sharp-edged:--God hét ðæt hé náme scearpecgedne flint, Homl. Th. i. 92, 33.

scearpian; p. ode To scarify, make an incision in the skin:--Scearpa him ða scancan, Lchdm. ii. 46, 24: 76, 13: 126, 20. Scearpige and smire mid hátan ele, 130, 7: 284, 8. Ðú scealt ymb .iii. niht scearpian, 264, 1. Scearpigean, iii. 132, 31.

scearp-líc; adj. Sharp, keen, searching, effectual:--Hwæt is sió þyrelung ðæs wáges búton scearplícu and smeálícu fandung ðæs módes ðæt mon onlúce ða heardan heortan quid est parietem fodere, nisi acutis inquisitionibus duritiam cordis aperire? Past. 21, 3; Swt. 155, 1. Ðonne hé him gecýð mid hú scearplícum costungum wé sint æ-acute;ghwonon útan behrincgde cum tentationum aculeos nos undique circumdantes innotescit, 21, 5; Swt. 163, 16. Hú ne gesceóp ðé se scaþa scearplíce bysne nonne exempla tibi dabat latro? Dóm. L. 53.

scearplíce; adv. I. sharply, keenly, smartly, effectually, quickly:--Scearplíce efficaciter, velociter, Wrt. Voc. ii. 142, 56. Hyt ys gelýfed ðæt heó scearplíce gehæ-acute;le, Lchdm. i. 154, 9. Heó gehæ-acute;lþ ðæt sár tó ðam scearplíce, ðæt hé eác gán dyrre it heals the pain (gout) so smartly, that he may even venture to walk, 176, 8: 210, 9: Exon. Th. 209, 9; Ph. 168. II. sharply, keenly (of the mind):--Ða ðe meahton smeálíce and scearplíce mid hiera andgite ryht geseón qui videre recta subtiliter per ingenium poterant, Past. 11, 4; Swt. 69, 6. III. sharply, painfully:--Scearplíce acerbatim, Txts. 181, 47. Stingaþ hine scearplíce on ðone múð, Wulfst. 141, 7.

scearpness, e; f. Sharpness. I. referring to the sight:--Scearpnes acies, Wrt. Voc. ii. 2, 19. Sió scearpnes ðæs æpples acies pupillae, Past. 11, 4; Swt. 69, 3. Seó scearpnes mínra eágena nis nú mid mé lumen oculorum meorum non est mecum, Ps. Th. 37, 10. Heó (betony) gegódaþ ðæra eágena scearpnesse, Lchdm. i. 72, 16. Hí ðæs módes eágena scearpnesse náuht gebétaþ tó ðære sceáwunga ðære sóðan gesæ-acute;lþe, Bt. 34, 8; Fox 144, 32: Met. 21, 24. II. referring to the mind:--On his módes scearpnesse aciem mentis, Past. 16, 1; Swt. 99, 9. Wæs hé náwiht hefig . . . ne hé cnihtlíce gálnysse næs begangende . . . ac on his scearpnysse hé weóx, Guthl. 2; Gdwin. 12, 13-20. III. roughness of surface (v. scearp, V):--Ealle wóhnyssa beóþ gerihte and scearpnyssa gesméðode, Homl. Th. i. 360, 34. IV. acidity, pungency:--Sió scearpnes the acidity of the humours, Lchdm. ii. 28, 1. Ðæs ecedes afre scearpnes, 224, 22. Se líchama gefélþ ðæs sealtes scearpnesse, Wulfst. 35, 6. V. efficacy:--For ðære sealfe scearpnesse (to make the salve effectual) genim wífes meoluc, ii. 28, 7. v. un-scearpness.

scearp-numol; adj. Efficacious:--Ðeós wyrt ys swýðe scearpnumul (-el, MS. B.) níwe wunda and wíde tó gehæ-acute;lenne, swá ðæt ða wunda hrædlíce tógædere gáþ, Lchdm. i. 134, 10. Ðeós wyrt is swíðe scearpnumul wið ðæt áttor, 152, 3. Swá se læ-acute;cedóm yldra byþ, swá hé scearpnumulra and hálwendra byþ, 242, 5.

scearp-síne, -siéne, -sýne; adj. Sharp-sighted:--Gif hwá biþ swá scearpséne (-siéne, Cott. MS.) . . . swá swá Aristoteles sæ-acute;de ðæt deór wæ-acute;re, ðæt mihte stánas þurhseón . . . gif ðonne hwá wæ-acute;re swá scearpsiéne, Bt. 32, 2; Fox 116, 19-23. v. un-scearpsíne.

scearp-smeáung, e; f. A sharp, strict examination, argument:--Scearpsméung argumentum, Mt. Kmbl. p. 12, 7. Scearpsmeáwunges argumenti, 13, 9.

scearpþanclíce; adv. Acutely, effectually:--Scearpþanclíce efficaciter, Scint. 32.

scearp-þancol; adj. Acute, subtle:--Ða scearpþanclan witan ðe ðone twýdæ-acute;ledan wísdóm tócnáwaþ, Lchdm. iii. 440, 28.

scearpung, e; f. Scarifying:--Lácna mid scearpinge, Lchdm. iii. 82, 23. Mid gelómlícre scearpunge, hwílum mid miclum, hwílum mid feáwum, 84, 2. Læ-acute;cedómas and scearpunga wið sídan sáre, 262, 24.

scear-seax, es; n. A razor:--Scearsex rasorium, Wrt. Voc. i. 35, 21. Scersaex novacula, Ps. Surt. 51, 4. Scirseax, Wrt. Voc. ii. 70, 17. Scyrseax, 60, 44: culter, 15, 58. Scyrseax scearp machera acuta, Blickl. Gl. Ða sacerdas ne sceoldon nó hiera heáfdu scieran mid scearseaxum (scier-, Cott. MS.) sacerdotes caput suum non radent, Past. 18, 7; Swt. 138, 14. [O. L. Ger. scar-, scer-sahs novacula: O. H. Ger. scar-, scher-sahs novacula, rasorium: cf. Icel. skar-öx a carpenter's adze.]

scearu, scyru, e; f. I. a cutting, shaving:--Scaro tonsura, Wrt. Voc. ii. 70, 18. Gif preóst sceare misgýme beardes oððe feaxes, L. N. P. L. 34; Th. ii. 294, 27. II. a shearing of sheep:--Férde Laban tó his sceápa sceare ad tondendas oves, Gen. 31, 19. III. the ecclesiastical tonsure. v. L. Ecg. E. 152-154; Th. ii. 124, 9-24:--Tó sceares gefe ad tondendi gratiam (in 'oratio ad capilaturam'), Rtl. 97, 4: 95, 31. Ðá wæ-acute;ron scorene ealle munecas and sacerdas on ðone béh S&c-tilde;e