This is page 837 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

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SCÍR-BASU -- SCÍTE. 837

sceoldon he bade throw, but he did not decide on which side they were to throw the net, Homl. Th. ii. 290, 9. III. to bring a charge against a person :-- Scírde actionabatur [or is the verb here connected with scír an office ? cf. gescíra uilicare, Lk. Skt. Lind. 16, 2, folcgeréfa actionator, Wrt. Voc. i. 17, 30], Wrt. Voc. ii. 99, 11 : 3, 55. Ealdormenn swýðe spræ-acute;con and wið me wráðum wordum scírdan principes adversum me loquebantur, Ps. Th. 118, 23. [Cf. Nes nan mon þat durste word sciren. Laym. 16822.] IV. to get clear of obligation, trouble, etc. , get exemption :-- Gif hwylc man ðone ándagan forgémeleásige, æt forman cyrre . iii. messan, æt óðerum cyrre. v. , æt þriddan cyrre ne scíre his nán man (no man shall be exempt from the obligation), bútun hit sié for mettrumnesse oððe for hláfordes neóde, Chart. Th. 614, 18. Ðæm folce wæs æ-acute;gðres waa ge ðæt hié ðæt mæ-acute;ste yfel forberan sceoldon ge eác ðæt hié his scíran ne dorstan there was trouble to the people on both accounts, that they had to bear a very great evil, and that they durst not get rid of it, Ors. 3, 7 ; Swt. 114, 32. [A. R. schiren to make pure: Goth. gaskeirjan to interpret: Icel. skíra to purify, clear from a charge; skýra to explain, solve, decide.]

scír-basu; adj. Bright purple :-- Scírbasu benetum (venetus caeruleus, Ducange), Wrt. Voc. ii. 125, 30.

scír-biscop, es; m. The bishop of a shire or diocese (v. scír, III. 2) :-- Béte ðæt, swá se scírbisceop and eal scírwitan déman, Wulfst. 173, 30. [De scýrbiscop episcopus dioceseos, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. v. 28, 32.]

scirdan; p. de To hurt, injure :-- Hwilcan geþance mæg æ-acute;nig man geþencan on his móde, ðæt hé tó sacerdan heáfod áhylde, . . . and hí hrædlíce siððan scyrde oððe scynde mid worde oððe weorce, L. , Eth. vii. 27 ; Th. i. 334, 35. Da ðe godcunde láre and woruldcunde rihtlage wyrdan and scyrdan on æ-acute;nige wísan. Wulfst. 168, 9. [Icel. skerða to diminish: O. H. Ger. giscartit uuerd dolet.] v. sceard ; adj.

scirden; adj. Of tiles or sherds :-- Scerden testeum, Germ. 400, 553. v. sceard a sherd.

scíre(?), an; f. An enclosure, precinct :-- Portic porticus, scíre peribolum, heall aula. Wrt. Voc. i. 58, 3. [Cf. (?) Andlang scíre on hweðels heal, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. v. 358, 15.]

scíre; adv. I. of light, clearly, brightly :-- Scíre scínan, Exon. Th. 67, 15; Cri. 1089: Andr. Kmbl. 1671; An. 838: Salm. Kmbl. 679 ; Sal. 339. II. of the voice, clearly :-- Saga hwætt ic hátte ða (ðe ?) swá scíre nige (cíge ?), sceáwendwísan hlúde onhyrge, hæleþum bodige wilcumena fela wóþe mínre. Exon. Th. 390, 29; Rä. 9,

scír- (scir- ?)ecg; adj. Having a bright (cutting ? cf. sceran) edge :-- Swurd scearp and scírecg, Lchdm. i. 390, 7. Cf. brún-ecg.

scírfe-mús. v. scyrfe-mús.

Scír-gemót, es; n. A shire-mote, a meeting of the duly qualified men of a shire :-- Hér swutelaþ on þissum gewrite ðæt án scírgemót sæt æt Ægelnóþes stáne be Cnutes dæge cinges. Ðæ-acute;r sæ-acute;ton Æðelstán biscop and Ranig ealdorman . . . and ðæ-acute;r, wæs Bryning scírgeréfa . . . and ealle ða þegnas on Herefordscíre, Chart. Th. 336, 22. Gif hé æt ðam þriddan cyrre náh riht næbbe, ðonne fare hé feórþan síðe tó scírgemðte, L. C. S. 19; Th. i. 386, 14. Hæ-acute;bbe man tuwa on geáre scírgemðt, L. Edg. ii. 5; Th. i. 268, 3. Habbe man twá scírgemót on geáre, L. C. S. 18; Th. .i. 386, 5. See Stubbs' Const. Hist. s. v. shiremoot.

scír-geréfa, an; m. A shire-reeve, sheriff', 'the judicial president of a shire.' v. Stubbs' Const. Hist. i. 113 ; Kemble's Saxons in England, bk. ii. c. v. The word glosses preses in Wrt. Voc. i. 18, 11. (1) of a secular official, v. scír, III :-- Ælfnóþ scírgeréfa, Chr. 1056; Erl. 190, 29. Án scíregemót sæt æt Ægelnðþes stáne . . . ðæ-acute;r wæs Bryning scírgeréfa, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iv. 54, 14. On Æðelwines scíregeréfan gewitnesse, 10, 27. (2) of an ecclesiastic, v. scir, IV :-- Ðonne sceall Cristes scírgeréfan (the bishop) ðæt witan, and ymbe ðæt dihtan and déman, swá swá béc tæ-acute;can, L. I. P. 25; Th. ii. 340, 8.

scír-gesceatt, es; n. The properly of a see :-- Æðelríc bisceop grét freóndlíce Æðelmæ-acute;r: and ic cýðe ðæt mé is wana æt ðam scýrgesceatte ðus micelys ðe míne foregengan hæfdon . . . Ðises ys ealles wana .xxxiii. hída of ðám hídun ðe óðre bisceopas æ-acute;r hæfdon intó hyra scýre. Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iii. 327, 4.

soír-ham; adj. Having bright armour :-- Scacan scirhame (Beowulf and his followers) tó scipe foron. Beo. Th. 3704! ". 1895.

scirian; p. ede; pp. scired, scirred (v. á-scirred) To separate, divide (v. scirung, á-, tó-scirian), but used only metaphorically of setting apart something as a person's lot, to ordain, assign, allot, dispense :-- Swá missenlíce meahtig Dryhten geond eorþan sceát eullum dæ-acute;leþ, scyreþ and scrífeþ, Exon. Th. 331, 10; Vy. 66. God geond middangeard monna cræftas sceóp and scyrede, 332, 34; Vy. 95. Ðara gifena ðe him tó duguþe Drihten scyrede, Cd. Th. 221, 13 ; Dan. 87. Sceóp ðá and scyrede Scyppend úre oferhídig cyn engla of heofnum then did our Creator adjudge and ordain the presumptuous race of angels to banishment from heaven, Cd. Th. 5, 1; Gen. 65. Gif ðé Alwalda scirian wille ðæt ðú móte if the All-ruler be pleased to grant thee opportunity, 171, 12 ; Gen. 2827. Sceolde him beón deáþ scyred should death be the lot doomed him, 31, 15; Gen. 485. Sié hira dæ-acute;l scired mid Marian may their part be assigned with Mary, Elen. Kmbl. 2462; El. 1232, Ðæ-acute;r womsceaþan on ðone wyrsan dæ-acute;l scyrede weorþaþ, háteþ Scyppend him gewítan on ða winstran nond, Exon. Th. 75, 26; Cri. 1227. [O. Sax. skerian: O. H. Ger. scerian.] v. á-, be-, ge-scerian, -scirian.

sciriendlíc j adj. Derivative:. -- Scyriendlíc dirivativum, deductum, Wrt. Voc. ii. 140, 44. v. á-scirigendlíc.

scírig-mann, es; m. Apparently the same as scír-mann, q. v. The form occurs only in one (Kentish) charter, where 'Wulfsige preóst se scírigmann' is twice mentioned, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. vi. 127, 128. In a later Latin version of this charter the term is rendered scírman and explained by judex comitatus, judex provinciae, Chart. Th. 275, 276, and in this sense it is taken by Kemble, v. Saxons in England, ii. 168 sq. In another charter the same person is mentioned, but without the title: a grant of land is made by Ethelred to Winchester 'ofer Wulfsiges dæg preóstes,' Cod. Dip. Kmbl. vi. 135. This document is dated 996; somewhat later, in the time of Cnut, Wulfsige preóst is mentioned in connection with Kent, but then Æðelwine is scíregeréfa, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iv. 10. In another charter (before 1011) Leófríc is scíresman in Kent. For the form scírig-, cf. (?) hýrig-mann.

scír-mæ-acute;led; adj. Brightly marked, bright with inlaid ornaments :-- Scírmæ-acute;led swyrd, Judth. Thw. 24, 38; Jud. 230. v. mál-sweord.

scír-mann (scíre-, scíres-), es; m. I. an official, officer, ruler, one who discharges the duties of a scír (v. scír, I) :-- Scírman procurator, Wrt. Voc. i. 57, 37. Wæs scíremonn (Pontius Pilatus) procurante Pontio Pilato, Lk. Skt. Lind. 3, 1. Scíremon (sgiiremonn, Lind. ) dispensator, Lk. Skt. Rush. 12, 42. Swá sceal gód scýrman (a reeve or bailiff) his hláfordes healdan, dó ymbe his ágen swá swá hé wylle, Anglia ix. 260, 16. Ne ofermódgiaþ ða scírmenn ná for ðý nequaquam praepositi ex hoc superbiunt. Past. 17, 2; Swt. 109, 18. Hwæt elles meahte beón getácnod þurh Eze-chiel búton ða scírmenn per Ezechielem praepositorum persona signatur, 21, 3 ; Swt. 153, 24. II. an inhabitant of a district (v. scir, II) :-- Gregorius befrán, hú þære scíre nama wæ-acute;re, ðe ða cnapan of álæ-acute;dde wæ-acute;ron. Him man sæ-acute;de, ðæt ða scírmen wæ-acute;ron Dere gehátene. Homl. Th. ii. 120, 33. . III. as a technical English term = scír-geréfa. v. Stubbs' Const. Hist. i. 113, Kemble's Saxons in England, ii. 158 :-- Æðelwine scírman (in the next charter he is called scíregeréfa, iv. 10, 27), Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iv. 9, 29. Ufegeat scíreman, 304, 17. Ðá com ðider se scýresman Leófríc, 266, 24: 267, 11. Gif hwá him ryhtes bidde beforan hwelcum scírmen oððe óðrum déman, L. In. 8; Th. i. 106, 21. v. scírig-mann.

scírness, e; f. An explanation, declaration (?) :-- Scírnis ypoteseo bassio, Wrt. Voc. i. 289, 73.

scirpan; p. te. I. to sharpen, whet :-- Scyrpþ acuit, Engl. Stud. ix. 40. Hí hwetton (scyrptun, MS. C. ) tungan heora acuerunt linguam suam. Ps. Spl. 139, 3. Scerptun, Ps. Surt. 139, 4. II. metaph. to make active, arouse :-- Symle hé sceal his hýrmen scyrpan mid manunge tó hláfordes neóde and him eác leánian be ðam ðe hý earnian, Anglia ix. 260, 23. v. a-, ge-scirpan.

scirpan; p. te; pp. ed To clothe :-- Engel hine scirpeþ (scierpeþ) on cwicum wæ-acute;dum, Salm. Kmbl. 278 ; Sal. 138. v. ge-scerpan, sceorp.

-scirpla, scir-seax. v. ge-scirpla, scear-seax.

scír-þegen, es; m. The thane of a shire :-- Ðises is tó gewitnesse . . . Godwine eorl . . . Ælfwine abbod . . . and ealle scírþegenas on Hámtúnscíre, Cod. Dip. B. i. 544, 8.

scirung, e; f. Separation, dismission, rejection :-- Gif hé swá biþ ðæt hé ne sý wyrðe ðære scyrunge (scirunge, MS. T. : ðæt hé wurðe ne beó, ðæt hé beó ðanon áscyred, Wells Frag. ) si non fuerit talis qui mereatur proici, R. Ben. 109, 21.

scír-wered; adj. Bright, clear :-- Wuldres scíma æðele ymb æðelne andlonge niht scan scírwered. Exon. Th. 179, 15; Gú. 1262. Cf. swegl-wered.

scír-wita, an; m. A chief man (wita, q. v. ) of a shire :-- Béte ðæt, swá se scírbisceop and eal scírwitan déman. Wulfst. 173, 30. Gebéte ðæt, swá scírewitan geceósan, 172, 4.

scítan, scýtan (?) to shoot (of a plant), flourish: -- -Næ-acute;fre on his weorþige weá áspringe mearce má scýte (sprýte?) mán inwides may ill never fail in his place, rather may guile flourish in his borders; non defecit de plateis ejus usura et dolus, Ps. Th. 54, 10. [Or does scýte belong to sceótan ? cf. for change of vowel in subjunctive hlípen, Past. Swt. 215, 7.]

scítan; p. scát, pl. sciton; pp. sciten Cacare. [He sched out his bowels and his lyf wiþ þe dritt þat he schoote (shote) effudit viscera et vitam cum ipsis stercoribus, Trev. 5, 153. Prompt. Parv. schytyn merdo, stercoro: O. H. Ger. scízan; Icel. skíta.] v. be-scítan.

scíte, scéte, scýte, an; f. A sheet, piece of linen cloth: -- Scéte, loða sandalium, Wrt. Voc. &l-bar;. 119, 55. Scýte sindo, i. 25, 47: 81, 61: 284, 58. Wæ-acute;felses l scýtan sindonis, Hpt. Gl. 494, 13. Mid scítan begird, Ap. Th. 12, 17. Heó hire feax geræ-acute;dde and ní mid scýtan besweóp crines composuit, caput linteo cooperuit, Bd. 3, 9; S. 534, 13. Sum iungling mid ánre scýtan bewæ-acute;fed (amictus sindone). Mt. Skt. 14, 51, 52. Josep bewand ðone líchoman mid clæ-acute;nre scýtan (scétan, Rush. ). Mt. Kmbl. 27, 59: Nicod. 11; Thw. 6, 11: 13 ; Thw. 6, 31: Guthl.