This is page 980 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 27 May 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

980 TEÓÐUNG(-ING) -- TERMEN.

æ-acute;lce wyrte, Lk. Skt. 11, 42. Gé teogoðiaþ eówrne kymen, Past. 57; Swt. 439, 28. Teóðige hé eal ðæt hé áge, L. Pen. 15; Th. ii. 282, 22. Ús is wyrse ðæt wé úrne ceáp teóþian, gif wé willaþ syllan úre ðæt wyrste Gode, Blickl. Homl. 41, 7. Heáfodmen teóðian, Wulfst. 181, 18. Gif gé nellaþ teóðian æ-acute;lc ðæra þinga ðe eów God læ-acute;nþ, 297, 2: Homl. Th. i. 178, 30; ii. 608, 21. II a. to grant a tenth :-- Ðá ðá hé teóðode gynd eall his cyneríce ðone teóðan dél ealra his lande quando decimam partem terrarum per omne regnum meum dare decreui, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. v. 106, 21. v. ge-teóðian; un-teóðod.

teóðung(-ing), e; f. I. tithe, a tenth part, (a) in passages not relating to the Christian church :-- Hé sealde him ða teóðunge (decimam) of eallum ðám þingum, Gen. 14, 20. Of eallum þingum, ðe ðu mé sylst, ic bringe ðé teóðunga (decimas), 28, 22. Ic sylle teóþunga (tegðunge, Rush.: teigðuncgas, Lind. decimas) ealles ðæs ðe ic hæbbe, Lk. Skt. 18, 12. Abraham geaf ðam kincge Melchisedech ða teóðunga (decimas) of ðám ðingon ðe hé gewunnen hæfde, Prud. 56. (b) with special reference to the English church. 'In A.D. 787 tithe was made imperative by the legatine councils held in England, which being attended and confirmed by the kings and ealdormen had the authority of witenagemots,' Stubbs' Const. Hist. i. 228. See also Kemble's Saxons in England, vol. ii. c. x. Accordingly laws of a later date and ecclesiastical writings contain injunctions for the payment of tithe :-- Ic Æðelstán cyningc ... eów bidde ... ðæt gé of mínum ágenum góde ágifan ða teóðunga, æ-acute;gðer ge on cwicum ceápe ge on ðæs geáres eorðwæstmum; ... and ða biscopas ðæt ilce dón on heora ágenum gode, and míne ealdormen and míne geréfan ðæt silfe. And ic wille ðæt bisceop and ða geréfan hit beódan eallum ðám ðe him híran sculon, ðæt hit tó ðam rihtan ándagan gelæ-acute;st sý ... Gif wé ða teóðunga Gode gelæ-acute;stan nellaþ, hé ús benimeþ ðara nigon dæ-acute;la ðonne wé læst wénaþ, L. Ath. i. prm.; Th. i. 194, 1-196, 7: L. Edm. S. 2; Th. i. 244, 15. Ðæt neádgafol úres Drihtnes, ðæt sýn úre teóðunga and cyricscealtas ... Æ-acute;gðer ge earm ge eádig, ðe æ-acute;nige teolunga habbe, gelæ-acute;ste Gode his teóðunga mid ealre blisse, L. Edg. S. 1; Th. i. 270, 25-272, 2. Wile cristenra manna gehwilc, ðæt hé his Drihtene his teóðunge, á swá seó sulh ðone teóðan æcer gegá, rihtlíce gelæ-acute;ste, L. Eth. ix. 7; Th. i. 342, 11. Godes æ-acute; ús bebýt, ðæt wé sceolon ealle ða ðing ðe ús gesceótaþ of úres geáres teolunge Gode ða teóðunge syllan, Homl. Th. i. 178, 28: Wulfst. 102, 20. Further, the time of payment and the penalties for neglect to pay were fixed :-- Gif hwá teóðunge forhealde, gylde lahslit mid Denum, wíte mid Englum, L. E. G. 6; Th i. 170, 1. Gif hwá teóðinge forhealde, and hé sí cyninges þegn, gilde .x. healfmearc, landágende .v. healfmearc, ceorl .xii. ór, L. N. P. L. 60; Th. ii. 300, 9. Be teóðungum. Sý æ-acute;lcere geóguðe teóðung gelæ-acute;st be Pentecosten, and ðara eorðwsestma be emnnihte ... and gif hwá ðonne ða teóðunge gelæ-acute;stan nelle, swá wé gecweden habbaþ, fare ðaes cynges geréfa tó and ðæs bisceopes and ðæs mynstres mæssepreóst and niman unþances ðone teóðan dæ-acute;l tó ðam mynstre ðe hit tó gebyrige and tæ-acute;can him tó ðam nigoðan dæ-acute;le; and tódæ-acute;le man ða eahta dæ-acute;las on twá, and fó se landhláford tó healfum, tó healfum se bisceop, L. Edg. i. 3; Th. i. 262, 19-264, 4: L. Eth. v. 11; Th. i. 308, 1: ix. 8; Th. i. 342, 14-23. Some information as to the destination of tithe is contained in the following :-- Man ágife æ-acute;lce teóðunge tó ðam ealdan mynstre ðe seó hýrnes tó hýrþ, L. Edg. i. 1; Th. i. 262, 6. Gif hwá þegena sý ðe on his bóclande cyricean hæbbe ðe legerstów on sý, gesylle hé ðone þriddan dæ-acute;l his ágenre teóðunge into his cyricean, i. 2; Th. i. 262, 13: L. C. E. 11; Th. i. 366, 25. Be teóðunge se cyng and his witan habbaþ gecoren and gecweden, ðæt þridda dæ-acute;l ðare teóðunge þe tó circan gebyrige gá tó ciricbóte, and óðer dæ-acute;l ðám Godes þeówum, þridde Godes þearfum and earman (v. teoðung-sceatt) þeówetlingan, L. Eth. ix. 6; Th. i. 342, 6-9. Gange æ-acute;gðer ge cyricsceat ge teóðunge intó ðam hálgan mynstre, Chart. Erl. 236, 2. In a charter, which speaks of Edward as dead, a tithe of eight pennies from each hide is mentioned as due to Taunton :-- Hér swutulaþ on ðisum gewrite hwylce gerihta langon into Tántúne. Ðæt is ... teóðung of æ-acute;lcere híde eahta penegas, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iv. 233, 8. v. æcer-, corn-teóðung. II. a tithing, an association of ten men (ten such associations formed a hynden, q.v.). The word remains as the name of a local division in many of the southern counties, v. Stubbs' Const. Hist. i. 86, n. 2, but in the earlier time it seems to be personal, v. teóðung-ealdor, -mann :-- Ðæt man funde æ-acute;nne man ðæ-acute;r máre folc sig swá of ánre teóðunge ðæ-acute;r læsse folc sý that one man should be provided alike where the population was large, as where it was so small that there was only one tithing to draw upon, L. Ath. v. 4; Th. i. 232, 14. Ðæt wé ús gegaderian á emban æ-acute;nne mónað ða hyndenmenn and ða ðe ða teóðunge bewitan, v. 8, 1; Th. i. 236, 3. Ðæt æ-acute;lc mon beó on teóðunge. Wé wyllaþ, ðæt æ-acute;lc freó man beó on hundrede and on teóðunge gebroht, ðe láde wyrðe beón wylle oððe weres wyrðe, L. C. S. 20; Th. i. 386, 18-22. See Stubbs' Const. Hist. i. 85; Kemble's Saxons in England, vol. i. c. 9.

teóðung-ceáp, es; m. Tithe-stock, stock paid as tithe :-- Gehéraþ hwæt se æþela láreów sægde be manna teóþungceápe. Hé cwæþ: Nú neálæ-acute;ceþ ðæt wé sceolan úre æ-acute;hta and úre wæstmas gesamnian. Dón wé ðonne Drihtne þancas ðe ús ða wæstmas sealde, and sýn wé gemyndige ðæs ðe ús Crist sylfa bebeád. Hé cwæþ, ðæt wé symble emb twelf mónaþ ágeáfon ðone teóþan dæ-acute;l ðæs ðe wé on ceápe habban ... Úre Drihten bebeád, ðæt wé symle emb twelf monaþ gedæ-acute;lan ðone teóþan dæ-acute;l on úrum wæstmum and on cwicum ceápe, Blickl. Homl. 39, 10-20.

teódung-dagas; pl. Tithing-days, days amounting to a tithe of the year, a term applied to the thirty-six week days in the six weeks of Lent from the first Sunday in Lent until Easter-day :-- Gif wé teóðiaþ ðás geárlícan dagas, ðonne beóþ ðæ-acute;r six and ðrítig teóðingdagas; and fram ðisum dæge (the first Sunday in Lent) óð ðone hálgan Eásterdæg sind twá and feówertig daga; dó ðonne ða six Sunnandagas of ðam getele, ðonne beóþ ða six and ðrítig ðæs geáres teóðingdagas ús tó forhæfednysse getealde ... Wé sceolon on ðisum teóðingdagum úrne líchaman mid forhæfednysse teóðian, Homl. Th. i. 178, 21-30: ii. 608, 20: L. E. I. 37; Th. ii. 436, 10. Ús gebyreþ, ðæt wé æ-acute;lces þinges úre teóðunge rihtlíce Gode betæ-acute;can; ðonne syndan ðás dagas (fast days of Lent) getealde for teóðingdagas innan geáres fæce, and wé sculan eác ða teóðunge wyrðlíce Gode gelæ-acute;stan, Wulfst. 102, 21.

teóðung-ealdor, es; m. A chief of ten monks, a dean :-- Hwylce mynstres teóðingealdras (decani) beón sceolon. Gif seó geférræ-acute;den tó ðam micel sý, sýn gecorene of ðám sylfum gebróðrum ðá ðe gódes gewittes sýn, and sýn gesette tó teóðingealdrum (constituantur decani), R. Ben. 46, 6-10: 137, 17-20. Cf. teóðung, II.

teóðung-georn; adj. Sedulous in paying tithes :-- Ælmysgeorn and cyricgeorn and teóþunggeorn tó Godes cyricean and earmum mannum eleemosynas libenter erogans, et ad ecclesiam libenter frequens, et sedulo decimas erogans ecclesiae Dei ac pauperibus, L. Ecg. C. prm.; Th. ii. 132, 15: Anglia xii. 518, 26.

teódung-land, es; n. Land that was subject to the payment of tithe (?) :-- Ic feng tó mínan londe and sealde hit ðon biscope ða fíf hída wið ðon londe æt Lidgeard wið fíf hídan and biscop and eal híwan forgeáfan mé ða feówer and án wæs teóðinglond I resumed my land and sold it, the five hides to wit, to the bishop (of Winchester) for the land at Liddiard, for five hides, and the bishop and brethren granted me the four (free of lithe ?) and one was subject to tithe, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. ii. 135, 2-6. As may be seen from another charter, the land at Liddiard was in the hands of the bishop of Winchester, v. 144; and several names besides will be found common to the two charters. For the teóðung of a hide, see the last passage given under teóðung, I b.

teóðung-mann, es; m. I. one set over ten persons, a ruler of ten :-- Ic sette hig tó teóðingmannum constitui eos decanos, Deut. 1, 15. Geceós wise men and sóðfæste ... and gesete of him ... teóðingmen (decanos), Ex. 18, 21. II. as a technical English term, the head of a tithing, v. teóðung, II :-- Wé cwæ-acute;don be uncúðum yrfe, ðæt nán man næfde búton hé hæfde ðæs hundredes manna gewitnyssa oððe ðæs teóðingmannes, L. Edg. ii. 4; Th. i. 260, 1. Gyf neód on handa stande, cýðe hit man ðam hundredes men, and hé syððan ðám teóðingmannum, 2; Th. i. 258, 8.

teódung-sceatt, es; m. A tax of a tenth, a tithe :-- Teóþingsceat decimatis, Wrt. Voc. ii. 26, 36: 73, 44. Swá feala earmra manna swá on ðæs rícan neáweste sweltaþ, and hé him nele syllan his teóþungsceatta dæ-acute;l, ðonne biþ hé ealra ðara manna deáþes sceldig, Blickl. Homl. 53, 6. Mid ðam oftige ðæs neádgafoles ðe cristene men Gode gelæ-acute;stan scoldon on heora teóðingsceattum, L. Edg. S. 1; Th. i. 270, 14.

teped, ter. v. tæpped, ge-ter.

teran; p. tær, pl. tæ-acute;ron; pp. toren To tear, rend, bite, lacerate, (1) literal :-- Fealleþ on sídan ðæt ic (a plough) tóþum tere, Exon. Th. 403, 27; Rä. 22, 14. Hit tyrþ (mordebit) eal swá snaca, Scint. 105, 8. Teraþ carpunt, Germ. 395, 403. Gif swín deáde men teraþ (laceraverint), L. Ecg. C. 40; Th. ii. 164, 38. Ðá tær hé his cláðas scissis vestibus, Gen. 37, 29, 34. Wyrmas gelíce mid ðæ-acute;m scillum gelíce mid ðé múþe ða eorðan sliton and tæ-acute;ron oribus scamisque suis humum atterentes, Nar. 14, 12. Hæfdon hié téð and hié mid ðæ-acute;m ða men wundodon and tæ-acute;ron habentes dentes quibus artus militum violabant, 15, 9. Ða fuglas mid hiora cléum ða fixas tæ-acute;ron, 16, 21. Hé ongon his hrægl teran, Exon. Th. 278, 10; Jul. 595. Feax teran to tear the hair. Judth. Thw. 25, 28. Ne sceal hé teran ne bítan swá swá wulf, Homl. Th. ii. 532, 9. Tó teorenne lacerandum, Txts. 172, 2. Terende weleras mordens labia, Scint. 78, 14. Teorende hine discerpens eum, Mk. Skt. Rush. 9, 26. Mid slítendum &l-bar; terendum tóðreómum validis (voracibus) gingivis, Hpt. Gl. 423, 43. (1 a) to bite, of pungent food, etc. :-- Hé is swíðe biter on múþe and hé ðé tirþ on ða þrotan ðonne ðú his æ-acute;rest fandast talia sunt, ut degustata mordeant, Bt. 22, 1; Fox 76, 29. (2) figurative :-- Ne ðú hine ne tæ-acute;l ne ne ter mid wordum do not backbite, Basil admn. 5; Norm. 46, 11. [Goth. dis-, ga-tairan: O. H. Ger. zeran.] v. á-, ge-, tó-teran.

Ter-finnas; pl. Finns occupying country west of the White Sea :-- Ða Beormas hæfdon swíþe wel gebúd hira land ... Ac ðara Terfinna land wæs eal wéste ... Finnas, him þúhte, and ða Beormas spræ-acute;con neáh án geþeóde, Ors. 1, 1; Swt. 17, 29.

tergan. v. tirgan.

termen, es; m, A term, fixed date :-- Gif ðú wille witan ðæt gemæ-acute;re