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1022 TWELF--TWELF-HYNDE.

are found, but ei may represent earlier e, e. g. weig, Lk. 1, 79, eige, 2, 9; or é, e. g. wreigende, 23, 10, wreigeð, 23, 14: Layamon has twei&yogh;e, tweien: in the Ormulum the form is twe&yogh;&yogh;en); m.: twá, twuá; f.: tú, tuu, twá; n.: gen. twéga, twégea, tweágea, twíga, twégera, twégra (later Gospels have tweigre, tweire); dat. twám, twæ-acute;m. Besides these West Saxon are the following forms, nom. acc. twæ-acute;gen, twœgen, tuoegi, tuoege, tuóge, tuoe, tué; m.: f. tuoege: gen. tuoega, tuoe, twégen, tuoegara, twoegra, tuoera. Two. I. used adjectivally:--Tuégen stridi passus, Txts. 85, 1510. Twégen (twæ-acute;gen, MS. E.) aldormen, Chr. 822; Erl. 62, 12. Twégen englas, Gen. 19, 1. Óþre twégen sealmas, R. Ben. 37, 11. Twæ-acute;gen míne mégas, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. i. 310, 23. Twoegen gibróþæra, Txts. 127, 1. Miððý wéron onfence fíf hláfo and twé fiscas, Mk. Skt. Lind. 6, 41. Brýda twá, Cd. Th. 65, 33; Gen. 1075. Twá þeóda . . . twá folc, Gen. 25, 23. Sinhíwan twá, Cd. Th. 49, 9; Gen. 789. Ðæt tweágea (twégea, Hatt. MS.) bleó godweb, Past. 14; Swt. 86, 14. Of ðissa twégea (tuéga, Hatt. MS.) monna múðe, 7; Swt. 48, 10. Twégra gebróðra bearn oððe twégea gesweostra sunu and dohtor, Bd. 1, 27; M. 70, 4-5. Ðissa twéga yfela áuþer, Bt. 6; Fox 16, 2. Ys ðeós wyrt twégea (twégra, MSS. B. O.) cynna, Lchdm. i. 204, 9. Twégra (tuoegara, Lind.: twoegra, Rush.: tweire, later MS.) manna gewitnes, Jn. Skt. 8, 17. Twoega nétna duorum animalium, Ps. Surt. ii. p. 189, 6. Tuoera scyldigra, Lk. Skt. p. 5, 14. Hié wæ-acute;run on twæ-acute;m (tuæ-acute;m, l. 30) gefylcum, Chr. 871; Erl. 74, 16. His wífum twæ-acute;m, Cd. Th. 66, 26; Gen. 1090: Beo. Th. 2387; B. 1191. His twám gebróðrum, Gen. 9, 22: 19, 30. Twám (tuæ-acute;m, Lind.: twæ-acute;m, Rush.) hláfordum þeówian, Mt. Kmbl. 6, 24. On ðysum twám bebodum, 22, 40. On twám styccum, Exon. Th. 70, 15; Cri. 1139. Ic hæbbe twégen suna, Gen. 42, 37. Heó geseah twégen (tuoege, Lind.: twoege, Rush.) englas sittan, Jn. Skt. 20, 12: Lk. Skt. 10, 35. Twégen (tuóge, Lind.: twoege, Rush.) briddas, 2, 24. Ymb twæ-acute;gen mónðas, Chr. 871; Erl. 75, 28. Ðæt wæter stód an twá healfa ðære stræ-acute;te, Ex. 14, 22. Twá turtlan (tuoe (twoege, Rush.) turturas, Lind.) par turturum, Lk. Skt. 2, 24. Hé gelæ-acute;rde twuá mæ-acute;gþa, Shrn. 131, 26. Wé habbaþ twá (tuá, Hatt. MS.) bebodu, Past. 7; Swt. 48, 13. Twá eágan (tuoe égo, Lind.) hæbbende, Mt. Kmbl. Rush. 18, 9. Bring mé twá ða betstan tyccenu, Gen. 27, 9, Ofer tú folc, Bd. 3, 21; S. 551, 33. II. used substantively, (1) absolutely:--Twégen of his leorningcnihtum, Jn. Skt. 1, 35, Twégen of eów, Mt. Kmbl. 18, 19. Ðæ-acute;r twégen (tuoe, Lind.: twége, Rush.: tweigen, later MS.) oððe þrý synt gegaderode, 18, 20. Twá (tuoege &l-bar; tuu wíf duae, Lind.: twá, Rush.) beóð æt cwyrne grindende, 24, 41: Lk. Skt. 17, 35. Tuu in líchome ánum, Rtl. 106, 32. Twéga sang bicinium, Wrt. Voc. ii. 13, 4. On twégra gewittnesse (in múð tuoe witnesa, Lind.: in múþe twégen gewitnesse, Rush.: tweigre, later MS.) in ore duorum testium, Mt. Kmbl. 18, 16. Ðá sende hé twégen (tuoege, Lind.: twæ-acute;gen, Rush.) hys leorningcnihta, 11, 2. Ðara scipa tú (twá, MS. E.) hé genam, Chr. 882; Erl. 82, 11. Ðæt wé twá (tuu, MS. T.) oþþe ðreó gehýron, Bd. 3, 9; S. 533. 28. (1 a) distributively:--Hé sende hig twám misit illos binos, Lk. Skt. 10, 1. Hé sende hí twám and twám, Homl. Th. ii. 528, 27: 530, 1. Ða wuniaþ twám and þrím ætgædere (bini aut terni), R. Ben. 9, 15. Steorran of heofenan feóllan, náht be ánan oððe twám, ac swá þiclíce ðæt hit nán mann áteallan ne mihte, Chr. 1095; Erl. 231, 21. (2) with qualifying or defining words:--Wit Adam twá we two, Adam and I, Cd. Th. 290, 6; Sat. 411. Wer and wíf, hí tú beóþ in ánum líchroman, Bd. 1, 27; S. 491, 13. Hwelce twá synd wiþerweardran ðonne gód and yfel? Bt. 16, 3; Fox 56, 6. Wurdon ðam æðelinge bearn áféded, freólícu tú, Cd. Th. 102, 30; Gen. 1708. Uncer twéga, 110, 9; Gen. 1835: Beo. Th. 5057; B. 2532. Ðonne him mon ðissa twégea (tuéga, Hatt. MS.) hwæðer ondræ-acute;t, Past. 27; Swt. 188, 9. Hwæðer ðara twégra (twéga, Cott. MS.) þincþ ðé mihtigra? Bt. 36, 4; Fox 178, 15. Ðyssa twíga mæ-acute;st, Lchdm. iii. 28, 15. Mon dyde him twæ-acute;m ðone triumphan, Ors. 6, 7; Swt. 262, 25. Wið him twæ-acute;m, 6, 36; Swt. 294, 16. Betwih him twám, Bd. 1, 13; S. 482, 1. Andreas wæs óþer of ðám twám (tuæ-acute;m, Lind.: twæ-acute;m, Rush.) erat Andreas unus ex duobus, Jn. Skt. 1, 40. Be ðám neáhstan twám is æfter tó cweþanne, Bd. 4, 23; S. 594, 12. Him twám duobus ex eis, Mk. Skt. 16, 12. Ðá gebletsode Metod monna cynnes ða forman twá, fæder and móder, Cd. Th. 12, 31; Gen. 194. Hé dráf of wícum dreórigmód tú, idese and his ágen bearn (Hagar and Ishmael), 169, 24; Gen. 2804. (3) in particular phrases:--Óþer twéga, oððe . . . oððe either . . . or, Bt. 11, 1; Fox 30, 26: 11, 2; Fox 34, 23. Ðeáh heó an tú tefleówe, Past. 7; Swt. 49, 11: Exon. Th. 70, 19; Cri. 1141: Chr. 885; Erl. 82, 19. Tósliten on twá (tuu, Lind. Rush.), Mk. Skt. 15, 38. On twá (tú, Cott. MS.), Bt. 34, 11; Fox 150, 32. On twá (twuá, Cott. MS.), 38, 4; Fox 202, 27. Hí on twá férdon they parted, Homl. Th. i. 388, 20. Ðæt wæter wearð tó twá tódæ-acute;led divisa est aqua, Ex. 14, 21. III. used in combination with other numerals, (1) with cardinals, (a) multiplicative:--Tú hund and þreó swylce þrittig eác wintra, Elen. Kmbl. 3; El. 2. Twá hund, 1264; El. 634. Twá (tuu, Lind.: tú, Rush.), hund elna, Jn. Skt. 21, 8. On twégera hundred penega wurþe, 6, 7. Mid twám hundred penegon, Mk. Skt. 6, 37. Twá þúsendo, Cd. Th. 189, 14; Exod. 184. (b) added to the decades:--Twá (tuoege, Lind.: tú, Rush.) and hundseofantig septuaginta duos, Lk. Skt. 10, 1. Hundseofontig tuoegi, Rtl. 113, 22. Nánne ðara twá and twéntigra monna, Ors. 6, 2; Swt. 256, 1. (2) with ordinals:--Se twá and feówertigeða sealm, R. Ben. 37, 14. Ðane twá and syxtigeþan, 36, 16. On ðære twá and twéntugoðan wucan, Mt. Kmbl. 8, 14, rubric. Móna se twá and twéntigoðe, Lchdm. iii. 194, 17. IV. with the force of an adverb:--Hé tódæ-acute;lde hig twá divisit ea per medium, Gen. 15, 10. Ðæ-acute;r wearþ micel gefeoht tuá (tuwa in three MSS.) on geáre, Chr. 885; Erl. 84, 7. Tú swá lange swá ða óðru twice as long as the others, 897; Erl. 95, 12. Nymaþ twá swá micel feós pecuniam duplicem ferte, Gen. 43, 12. Selle man him twá swylc swylce man æt him nime, Lchdm. i. 400, 17. Seó hell ys twá swá deóp, and heó ys ealswá wíd, Wulfst. 146, 10. Seóð ðú hit twá swá swíðe swá hit æ-acute;r wæs, Lchdm. iii. 12, 21. [Goth. twai; m. twós; f. twa; n.; gen. twaddjé; dat. twaim; acc. twans; m. twós; f. twa; n.: O. Sax. twéne; m. twá, twó; f, twé; n.; gen. twéió; dat. twém: O. Frs. twéne; m. twá; f. twá; n.; gen. twéra, twíra; dat. twám: O. H. Ger. zwéne; m. zwá, zwó f. zwei; n.; gen. zweio, zweiio, zweiero; dat. zweim: Icel. tveir; m. tvær; f. tvau; n.; gen. tveggja; dat. tveim; acc. tvá; m. tvær; f. tvau; n.]

twelf, generally indeclinable if used adjectivally and preceding the noun, but generally in other cases declined; nom. acc. twelfe; gen. twelfa; dat. twelfum. Twelve. I. adjectival:--Ða twelf ðíne þeówas sind gebróðru, Gen. 42, 13. Wé twelf gebróðru wæ-acute;ron ánes esnes suna, 32. Twelf (tuoelf altered from tuoelfo, Lind.: twelf, Rush.) tída ðæs dæges, Jn. Skt. 11, 9. Twelf wintra tíd, Beo. Th. 296; B. 147. Be twelf sealmum, R. Ben. 35, 6. Se tíreádga twelf síþum hine bibaþaþ, Exon. Th. 205, 2; Ph. 106: 202, 13; Ph. 69: Cd. Th. 285, 17; Sat. 339. Mid hys twelf leorningcnihtum (ðæ-acute;m twelfum ðegnum, Lind.: ðæ-acute;m twælf leorneras, Rush.), Mt. Kmbl. 26, 20. Ymbe twelf mónaþ post annum, L. Ecg. P. iv. 65; Th. ii. 224, 32. Tuoel ðegnas hé sendeþ, Mk. Skt. p. 2, 19. In the following instance the word is inflected:--Án ðæra twelfa Drihtnes ðegena, Homl. Th. ii. 242, 15. I a. where the numeral follows the noun:--Ðá ongan hé sendan hálige weoras and geornfulle twelfe holy men and diligent, twelve in number; viros sanctos et industrios . . . erant numero duo&dash-uncertain;decim, Bd. 5, 10; S. 623, 42. Hié getealdon féðan twelfe, Cd. Th. 192, 2; Exod. 235. Míne suna twelfe, Salm. Kmbl. 30; Sal. 15. II. substantival, (1) absolutely:--Twelfe wæ-acute;ron dæ-acute;dum dómfæste, Apstls. Kmbl. 8; Ap. 4. Hé twelfa sum áð sealde cum undecim comparibus suis sacramentum fecit, Chart. Th. 203, 1. Hé com twelfa sum (cum duo&dash-uncertain;decim militibus), Bd. 3, 1; S. 523, 31. Gewát xii.-a sum, Beo. Th. 4793; B. 2401. Lond twelfum hérra fæðmrímes per bis sex ulnas eminet ille locus, Exon. Th. 199, 20; Ph. 28. Wé gefrunon twelfe under tunglum we have heard of twelve men beneath the stars, Andr. Kmbl. 3; An. 2. (2) with qualifying or defining words:--Hí twelfe (tuoelfo, Lind.), Lk. Skt. 8, 1. Hig twelfe (ða tuoelfo, Lind.) sæ-acute;don him, 9, 12. Hé dyde ðæt hí twelfe mid him wæ-acute;ron (ðætte hiá wére twelfo mið him, Lind.), Mk. Skt. 3, 14. Hine áxodon ða twelfe, 4, 10. Ealra twelfa, Beo. Th. 6322; B. 3171. Eom ic ðara twelfa sum ðe hé gelufade, Exon. Th. 144, 20; Gú. 681. Hé wæs án ðara twelfa (án of ðæ-acute;m twelfum, Lind.), Jn. Skt. 6, 71. Án of eów twelfum (ðæ-acute;m twelfum, Lind.), Mk. Skt. 14, 20. Hé ætýwde him twelfum (ðæ-acute;m tuoelfum, Lind.), 16, 14. Ðú ús twelfe trymman ongunne, Andr. Kmbl. 2837; An. 1421. Wé geségon eówre standan twelfe getealde, 1765; An. 885. In the following instance the word is not inflected:--Ðás twelf (tuelfe, Lind.: twælfe, Rush.) se Hæ-acute;lynd sende, Mt. Kmbl. 10, 5. [Goth. twalif: O. Sax. twelif: O. Frs. twelef, twilif, tolef: O. H. Ger. zwelif: Icel. tólf. These forms are declinable as in English.]

twelf-feald; adj. Twelve-fold, (1) with a noun:--Hí gegaderodon twelf wilian fulle. Ðæt twelffealde getel getácnode ða twelf apostolas, Homl. Th. i. 190, 11: 542, 4. Twelffeald geþungennes duodenus apex, twelffealdum setle duodeno solio, Wrt. Voc. ii. 142, 14, 13. (2) used substantively:--Be .xii.-fealdum ágife hé ðone ciricsceat, L. In. 4; Th. i. 104, 11. Forgilde hé mid twelffealdan, L. Eth. ix. 11; Th. i. 342, 28: Wulfst. 311, 6.

twelf-gilde; adj. To be restored twelve-fold:--Godes feoh and ciricean .xii.-gilde the property of the church, if stolen, is to be restored twelve-fold (the word, however, might be a noun = a restoration of twelve times the amount stolen, cf. án-gilde; or adverb (dat.?), cf. ix-gylde forgylde, 4; Th. i. 4, 3), L. Ethb. 1; Th. i. 2, 4.

twelf-hynde; adj. As applied to a person, of the rank for which the wergild was twelve hundred shillings; applied to the wergild, that must be paid for a person of such rank. As will be seen from the passages given below, the twelfhynde man was a þegn, and his importance, as marked by the wergild and otherwise, was six times that of the ceorl:--Æ-acute;nig mæ-acute;gð, xii-hynde oþþe twyhynde, L. Ath. v. 8, 2; Th. i. 236, 10. Be xii-hyndum men. Gif hé sié twelfhynde, L. Alf. pol. 31; Th. i. 80, 14. Gif hió sié cirlisc mid .lx. sci&l-bar;&l-bar;. gebéte . . . Gif hió sié xii-hyndu .cxx. sci&l-bar;&l-bar;. gebéte, 18; Th. i. 72, 15. Be twelfhyndes monnes wífe forlegenum. Gif mon hæ-acute;me mid twelfhyndes monnes wífe, hundtwelftig sci&l-bar;&l-bar;. gebéte ðam were . . . Cierliscum men feówertig sci&l-bar;&l-bar;. gebéte,