This is page 1066 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

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ÞRÁWING-SPINEL - ÞREÁGUNG

þráwing-spinel, e; f. A curling-iron, crisping-pin :-- Þráwincspinle &l-bar; hæ-acute;rnæ-acute;dla calamistro, Hpt. Gl. 435, 7: 513, 75: 526, 46.

þreá, þrawu; gen. þreá; pl. þreá; f.: þreá; gen. þreán, also þreás(?); m.; also neuter. I. rebuke, reproof, threat :-- Thrauuo, thrauu, trafu argutiae, Txts. 41, 200. Se ðe ege healdeþ eallum þeódum and his þreá ne sí ðæ-acute;r for áwiht qui corripit genres, non arguet? Ps. Th. 93, 10. For ðínre þreá ab increpatione tua, 75, 5. Hé mid heardre ðreá hí on spræc aspera illos invectione corrigebat, Bd. 3, 5; S. 527, 11. Ðreán adversione, Wrt. Voc. ii. 2, 29. Ðæ-acute;m scamleásan ne wyrð nó gestiéred bútan micelre tæ-acute;linge and miclum ðreán impudentes ab impudentiae vitio non nisi increpatio dura compescit, Past. 31; Swt. 205, 23. For ðínum þreán and for ðínum yrre ab increpatione tua, ab inspiratione spiritus irae tuae, Ps. Th. 17, 76. Ða him þreá ðíne þearle ondræ-acute;daþ ab increpatione tua fugient, 103, 8. Hé for him þreá geaf kyningum corripuit pro eis reges, 104, 12. Gé hláfordas, dóð gé eówrum monnum ðæt ilce, and gemetgiaþ ðone ðreán vos domini eadem facite illis, remittentes minas, Past. 29; Swt. 203, 1. Ne hí Agustinus lárum ne his bénum ne his ðreám (increpationibus) geþafigean woldan, Bd. 2, 2; S. 502, 14. Ðreá þeódum eáwan ad faciendas increpationes in populis, Ps. Th. 149, 7. II. chastisement, correction, punishment, an infliction that has been deserved, justifiable severity :-- Se egsan þreá the pain caused by the terror of the day of judgement, Exon. Th. 65, 34; Cri. 1064. Seó lufu ðæt gemet ðære ðreá (the punishment to be imposed for stealing) dihtaþ, Bd. 1, 27; S. 490, 21. On strengo þeódscipes and þreá tó wlæc in disciplinae vigore tepidus, S. 492, 18. Ðære uplecan ðreá sweopon supernae flagella districtionis, 2, 5; S. 507, 2. Æfter ðære ðreá (flagello), 4, 31; S. 611, 1. Ðæt weorþeþ þeódum tó þreá, ðám ðe þone Gode ne cúþun, Exon. Th. 67, 21; Cri. 1092. Ðoliaþ wé þreá on helle, Cd. Th. 25, 5; Gen. 389. Þurh egsan þreá, Exon. Th. 83, 32; Cri. 1365. Næs æ-acute;nig ðæt mec þus bealdlíce bendum bilegde, þreám forþrycte, 273, 22; Jul. 520. III. an infliction (where no idea of correction is implied), evil, ill, pang, plague, calamity, affliction :-- Tó ne geniólaecað tó ðé yfel and ðreá (flagellum) ne geneólaeceþ getelde ðínum, Ps. Surt. 90, 10. Hí gesomnadon in mec ðreá (flagella), 34, 15. Heó fleón gewát þreá (ill treatment, cf. Gen. 16, 6) and þeówdóm, Cd. Th. 136, 24; Gen. 2263. Geþola þeóda þreá bear, the ills inflicted on thee by the gentiles, Andr. Kmbl. 213; An. 107. Swylt ealle fornom ... þurh þearlíc þreá death carried off all ... by a terrible calamity (shipwreck), Exon. Th. 283, 10; Jul. 678. Þreá wæ-acute;ron þearle, þegnas grimme, 135, 4; Gú. 519. Monge ðreá (flagella) synfulra, Ps. Surt. 31, 10. Wé ðec for þreáum and for ðeónýdum (for þearfum and for þreánýdum, Exon. Th. 186, 3) árna biddaþ, Cd. Th. 234, 18; Dan. 294. Bonan mæ-acute;ndon ðæt hý monnes bearn þreám oferþunge and him tó earfeðum ána cwóme gif hý him ne meahte máran sárum gyldan gyrnwræce the murderous spirits made moan, that a child of man would have surpassed them in afflictions (i.e. would have caused them greater miseries than they had done to him), and alone would have come to their distress, if they could not requite their misery on him with greater pains, Exon. Th. 128, 10; Gú. 402. Þreám forþrycced þurh ðæs þeódnes word grievously oppressed by the prince's words (which announced his death), 174, 1; Gú. 1171. Hí beág ymb mín heáfod þreám (painfully or with reproaches?) biþrycton, 88, 26; Cri. 1446. Hé Godes ðeówdóm miccle swíðor lufode þonne ða ídlan þreás ðisse worlde he loved God's service much more than the vanities and vexations of this world, Blickl. Homl. 211, 27. III a. in reference to inanimate things :-- Sunne wearð þreám áþrysmed the sun was miserably darkened (at the crucifixion), Exon. Th. 70, 5; Cri. 1134. Wind nearwe geheaðrod, þreám forþrycced the wind, straitly confined, strictly repressed, Elen. Kmbl. 2551; El. 1277. [Hie nimeð swo bittere þrowes, þat hie ne mai hire muð holden, O. E. Homl. ii. 181, 2. A thrawe hire cam, Alis. 616. Wa geres us thol hard traues (thrawes, MS. C.), Met. Homl. 36, 76. In his harde þrowe, L. H. R. 150, 18. On his last þrowe, Ass. B. 533. Throwe, womannys pronge erumpna, Prompt. Parv. 493. O Sax. thrá (in thrá-werk): O. H. Ger. drauua, drouua, dróa animadversio, comminatio, mina; dróa passio: Icel. þrá a throe, pang.] v. bróh-, cwealm-, heáh-, mód-, þeód-þreá, and next word.

þreágan, þreán, and þreáwian (v. þreápian); p. þreáde [in Bt. 38, 1; Fox 196, 7 a form occurs that might be a strong past of þreán, on the analogy of þweán, sleán :-- Ðæt gewit wæs swíþe sorgiende for ðám ermþum ðe hí ðrógan; cf. the rendering of the same passage in the metres: Ðæt mód wæs swíðe sorgum gebunden for ðæ-acute;m earfoþum ðe him on sæ-acute;ton, Met. 26, 97. But, perhaps, drugon should be read, as, Latin is: Mens super monstra, quae patitur, gemit]; pp. þreád. I. to reprove, rebuke, reproach :-- Ic hine þreáge (ðreá, Lind.: ðriá, Rush.) and forlæ-acute;te corripiam illum et dimittam, Lk. Skt. 23, 22. Ne þreáge (drégu, Surt.: þreá, Spl. C.: þræ-acute;wie, Spl. T.) ic eów non arguam te, Ps. Th. 49, 9. Þreáge (ðréu, Surt.: ðreáge, Spl.), 49, 23. Ðú ðreást (ðreádes, Surt.: þreádest, Spl.) ðeóda increpasti gentes, 9, 5. Gif ðú ðreást (dreast, MS.) si corripueris, Kent. Gl. 714. Ðreáð corripit, 514: arguit, 290. Ðú oferhýdige þreádest (ðreádes, Surt.) increpasti superbos, Ps. Th. 118, 21. Abraham þreáde Abimelech mid wordum Abraham increpavit Abimelech, Gen. 21, 25: Andr. Kmbl. 3371; An. 1689. Hé ðreáde ðæne wind, Lk. Skt. 8, 24: 23, 40. Ðreáde corripit, Past. 21; Swt. 151, 20. Þreádon increpabant, Mt. Kmbl. 19, 13. Ne þreá ðú mé ne arguas me, Ps. Th. 6, 1: 37, 1. Þreá hine openlíce publice argue eum, Lev. 19, 17: R. Ben. 13, 9. Mé sóðfæst gerecce (ðreáð, Surt.) and þreáge (ðreáð, Surt.) corripiet me justus et increpabit me, Ps. Th. 140, 7. Ðreágan redarguere, Past. 2; Swt. 31, 12. Hé ongan hine þreágean (þreágan, MS. B.) coepit increpare eum, Mk. Skt. 8, 32. Ðreiga, Mt. Kmbl. Rush. 16, 22. Hé sceall stíðlícor þreán (arguere), R. Ben. Interl. 15, 1. Monige sindon suíðe líðelíce tó ðreágeanne nonnulla sunt leniter arguenda, Past. 21; Swt. 157, 24. Sindon monige sníðe sníðe tó ðreágeanne ðæt hí gehiéran ðreágende of ðæs láriówes múðe hú micle byrðenne hié habbaþ on hiera scyldum nonnulla sunt vehementer increpanda, ut quanti sit ponderis culpa ab increpantis ore sentiatur, Swt. 159, 16-18. Ðá andwyrde se óðer ðreágende 'the other answering rebuked him (Lk 23, 40), Homl. Th. ii. 256, 12. Ðreágende wer uir objurgans, 530, 28. Wæs hé fram ðám bróþrum ðreád corripiebatur a fratribus, Bd. 5, 14; S. 634, 10. Wé beóþ þreád corripiemur, Ps. Spl. 89, 12. II. to punish one who deserves punishment, to chastise by way of discipline, with a view to amend, to chasten, correct :-- Ða ðe ic lufige, ða ic ðreáge and beswinge, Homl. Th. i. 470, 26. God beswingð and þreáð ða ðe hé lufaþ, ii. 548, 18: Exon. Th. 63, 23; Cri. 1024. Lég þreáð þeódsceaþan, 97, 25; Cri. 1596. Wé sculon men ðreágean swá swá ða gódan fæderas gewuniaþ heora bearn ða hí for heora synnum ðreágeaþ and swingaþ and hwæðere ða sylfan ðe hí mid ðám wítum ðreágeaþ and swenceaþ lufiaþ eác sic nos fidelibus tenere disciplinam debemus, sicut boni patres filiis solent, quos et pro culpis verberibus feriunt, et tamen ipsos quos doloribus adfligunt amant, Bd. 1, 27; S. 490, 15-18. Ðú mé þreádes þurh sárslege, Exon. Th. 275, 7; Jul. 546. Drihten hyne þreáde myd þearlwýslícere swingle for his ungehýrsumnysse, Shrn. 98, 14. Hé hine sylfne þreáge swíðe þearle mid forhæfednesse æ-acute;tes and drinces, L. Pen. 14; Th. ii. 282, 18. Synrust þweán, hine sylfne þreán, Exon. Th. 81, 10; Cri. 1321. Mid þýstrum þreán, Ps. Th. 104, 24. Ðrégende ðreáde mec Dryhten castigans castigavit me Dominus, Ps. Surt. 117, 18. Hé him eáwde mid hú miclum swingum hé ðread and wítnod wæs, Bd. 2, 6; S. 508, 24. Hé (the man who will not give tithes) bið mid wítum þreád æfter his deáþe, Blickl. Homl. 49, 25. Synfulle (those in purgatory) beóþ þreád, Elen. Kmbl. 2590; El. 1296. III. of undeserved punishment, to torture, torment, afflict, distress, vex, oppress :-- Seó wyrd þreáþ ða unscildigan and náuht ne þreáþ ðám scildigum fortuna premit insonteis debita sceleri noxia poena, Bt. 4; Fox 8, 13. Se hine mid miclum wítum þreáde, ðæt hé Criste wiðsóce, Shrn. 93, 33. Ðreáde, 118, 19, 21. 'Þreá hig lóca hú ðú wylle.' Sarai hig ðá geswencte, Gen. 16, 6. Ic hálsige ðé ðæt ðú mé ne þreáge (torqueas), Mk. Skt. 5, 7: Lk. Skt. 8, 28. Ðrége urgeat, Ps. Surt. 68, 16. Ðá hét hé hí áhón be hire loccum and hí þreágean mid missenlícum wítum, Shrn. 75, 21: 104, 16. Swingan and þreágan, Exon. Th. 251, 9; Jul. 142. Cóme ðú ús tó þreágenne (torquere), Mt. Kmbl. 8, 29. Ðreágende torquens, Kent. Gl. 662. Mid sumre untrumnesse his líchaman ðreád quadam infirmitate corporis arreptus, Bd. 3, 19; S. 547, 12. (Wé) biáð þreáde aporiamur (aporiare ad angustiam reducere, Migne), Wrt. Voc. ii. 100, 44: 7, 6. (Wæ-acute;ron) þreád (cruciatibus) artabantur, stringebantur, Hpt. Gl. 484, 10. III a. where the subject of the verb is not a person :-- Seó langung hine þreáde, Blickl. Homl. 713, 14. Gif strongra storm and genip swýþor ðreáde si procella fortior aut nimbus perurgeret, Bd. 4, 3; S. 569, 12. [Þraghand castigans, Ps. 117, 18. What if þretty þryuande be þrad (punished), Allit. Pms. 60, 751. O. Sax. gi-þróón corripere (Lk. 23, 22, v. first passage in I above): O. H. Ger. drauwen, drouwen arguere, redarguere, increpare, minari, minitari.] v. ge-þreán.

þreágend, es; m. One who reproves or corrects :-- Þreágendes (vox) correctoris (amici), Hpt. Gl. 527, 48.

þreágung, þreáwung (v. þreápung), þreáung, þreáng, e; f. I. reproof, rebuke :-- Þreáiunge castigationis (censura), Hpt. Gl. 476, 48. For ðære strenge ðínre þreáunga, Ps. Th. 38, 11. Of þreáunga (þræ-acute;gunge, MS. T.: ðreánge, Surt.) ðínre ab increpatione tua, Ps. Spl. 17, 18: 79, 17: 103, 8. Fram ðreáwunge (ðreánge, Surt.), 75, 6. Hú gesceádwís se reccere sceal bión on his ðreáunga quae esse debet rectoris discretio correptionis, Past. 21; Swt. 151, 5. Ðreáunge correptionibus; Swt. 155, 5. Ðreánge increpationem, Ps. Surt. 37, 15. Ðreángum increpationibus, 38, 12. Ðreánge increpationes, 149, 7. II. a threat :-- Æ-acute;lc gleáw mód hit gewarenaþ æ-acute;gðer ge wiþ heora þreáunga ge wid ólecunga prudentia nec formidandas fortunae minas, nec exoptandas facit esse blanditias, Bt. 7, 2; Fox 18, 24. III. chastisement, punishment :-- Ic wæs beswungen æ-acute;lce dæg and þreáung (castigatio) mín on dægræ-acute;de, Ps. Spl. 72, 14. Ðæt ic ídel heonone ne hwyrfe míne synna on þreágunge berende that I may not go hence with nothing accomplished, bearing my sins to punish me, Homl. Skt. ii. 23 b, 672. III a. correction :-- Æfter deáþe nán þreágincge ys leáf post mortem nulla correctionis est licentia, Scint. 48, 16. [O. H. Ger. drowunga, dróunga animadversio, comminatio.]