This is page 1069 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 20 May 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

ÞRÍA - ÞRI-MILCE

þría. v. þriwa.

þri-beddod; adj. Having three beds or couches :-- Búr þrybeddod triclinium, Wrt. Voc. i. 58, 5.

þridæg-líc; adj. Lasting three days :-- Þreodæglíc fæsten jejunium triduanum, Bd. 4, 25; S. 600, 8.

þri-dæ-acute;led; adj. Divided into three parts, tripartite :-- Þreodæ-acute;ledes tripertiti. Hpt. Gl. 511, 10. Þreodæ-acute;led tripartitam, 438, 27. Þreodæ-acute;lede tripertitas, in tribus parlibus divisas, 451, 15. [Icel. þrí-deildr.]

þridda, þirda (in North.) third :-- Se ðridda tertius, Ælfc. Gr. 49; Zup. 282, 16. I. as an ordinal :-- Se forma ... se óðer ... se þrydda (ðirda, Lind.: þridde, Rush.), Mt. Kmbl. 22, 26. Se þridda (ðirdda, Lind.: ðirda, Rush.), Mk. Skt. 12, 21. Twégen men ... mæ-acute;g wæs his ágen þridda, hé feórða sylf, Cd. Th. 173, 29; Gen. 2868: Elen. Kmbl. 1707; El. 855. Heofonwaru and eorðwaru, helwaru þridde, Hy. 7, 95. Ðære þriddan eá nama, Gen. 2, 14. On nánum heolstrum heofenan, oþþe eorþan, oþþe sæ-acute; þriddan, Homl. Th. ii. 146, 32. Ðý þryddan dæge (ðe ðirda dæg, Lind.), Mt. Kmbl. 16, 21. On ðære þriddan (ða ðirdda, Lind.: ðirda, Rush.) wæccan, Lk. Skt. 12, 38. Æfter ðon ðridan dæge, Blickl. Homl. 181, 2. Nán þridde be him sylfum ne lét hé he admitted no third hypothesis about himself, Homl. Skt. i. 23, 633. I a. marking degrees of relationship :-- Þridde fæder proavus, þridde móder proavia, Wrt. Voc. i. 51, 55, 56. Þridde fæder abavus, 72, 21. Mínes fæderan þridda fæder abpatruus meus, ii. 8, 24. Þridda sunu pronepus, 62, 36. II. fractional. v. twæ-acute;de :-- Bewyl óþ þriddan dæ-acute;l, Lchdm. ii. 120, 15. Seóþe tó þriddan dæ-acute;le, i. 98, 7. [Goth. þridja: O. Sax. thriddio: O. Frs. thredda: O. H. Ger. dritto: Icel. þriþi (gen. þriþja).]

þridding (?), e; f. The doing of a thing for the third time (? Halliwell gives thirding with this meaning as a Suffolk word) :-- Ðirding (but the word has been altered to ðirde. v. Skeat's collation) scipdrincende tertio naufragantem, Rtl. 61, 31.

þridung, þrie-, þrielig, þriétan. v. þreodung, þri-, þrilig, þrítan.

þri-ex; n.? :-- On ðæt þri ex; of ðam þri exe, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iii. 436, 28.

þri-feald; adj. Threefold, triple :-- Ic cwæþ ðæt sió sáwul wæ-acute;re þriofeald, Bt, 33, 4; Fox 132, 2. Þriefald, Met. 20, 183. Ðrifald trinus, Rtl. 111, 8: Mt. Kmbl. p. 14, 6. Ðryfeald, Homl. Th. ii. 606, 24. Ðryfeald triplex, Ælfc. Gr. 9, 61; Zup. 70, 2: 49; Zup. 284, 17. From ðæm þriefealdan (triplici) brægene, Wrt. Voc. ii. 80, 57. On þreofealdum húse in triclinio, 45, 80. Þreofealdum fæce terna intercapedine, Hpt. Gl. 462, 76. Mid þreofealdre lencge terna proceritate, 445, 7. Ðú þriefalde on ús sáwle gesettest, Met. 20, 176. Þryfealdne (þreo-, MS. B.) áð ... þryfealde (þri-, MS. B.) láde mid þryfealdan foráðe, L. C. S. 22; Th. i. 388, 12-15. Ða þriefealdan sáwla, Bt. 33, 4; Fox 130, 39. Ðrifaldo ternos, Rtl. 193, 33. [O. Frs. thri-fald: O. H. Ger. dri-falt: Icel. þrí-faldr.]

þrifealdlíce; adv. Triply :-- Ðriof[e]ealdlíce tripliciter, Kent. Gl. 839. Þriefealdlíce (þry-, MS. B.: þri-, MS. H.), L. Alf. pol. 39; Th. i. 83, 3.

þri-feoðor; adj. Triangular :-- Ðrifeoðor, ðrifedor, trifoedur triquadrum, Txts. 103, 2052.

þri-féte; adj. Having three feet :-- Þryféte tripes, Ælfc. Gr. 9, 26; Zup. 51, 12: 49; Zup. 287, 20. Þrieféte rícelsfæt cythropodes, Wrt. Voc. ii. 15, 60. [Icel. þrí-fættr.]

þrifildan; p. de To triple :-- Ic þryfylde triplico, Ælfc. Gr. 49; Zup. 287, 4. [Icel. þrífalda.]

þri-fingre; adj. Three fingers thick :-- Æt þryfingrum (spic is added in MS. B.), L. In. 49; Th. i. 132, 18.

þri-fingre; adv. By a distance equal to the breadth of three fingers :-- Gif se ord sié þreofingre ufor ðonne hindeweard sceaft, L. Alf. pol. 36; Th. i. 84, 17. Cf. Grmm. R. A. l01.

þri-flére; adj. Having three floors, three-storied :-- Ðæt gyftlíce hús wæs ðryflére,for ðan ðe on Godes gelaðunge sind þrý stæpas gecorenra manna, Homl. Th. ii. 70, 17.

þri-fótede, -fótad; adj. Three-footed :-- Þrifótede tripes, Ælfc. Gr. 49; Zup. 287, 20 note. Þryfótad fæt trisilis, Wrt. Voc. i. 25, 30.

þri-fyrede; adj. Three-furrowed; the word renders Latin trisulcus, Ælfc. Gr. 49; Zup. 288, 12 note.

þriga. v. þriwa.

þri-gæ-acute;rede; adj. Cloven into three parts, three-pronged :-- Þrygæ-acute;rede (þreo-, þrio-) trifidus, Ælfc. Gr. 49; Zup. 288, 10. v. gár, gára.

þri-geáre; adj. Three years old :-- Se onféng fulwihte ðá hé wæs þrigeáre cniht, Shrn. 119, 19. [Icel. þrí-ærr.]

þri-geáre, es; n. A space of three years :-- Þrigeáre (þreóra geára ferst) triennio, Hpt. Gl. 519, 15. [Icel. þrí-æri; n.]

þri-gilde; adj. To be paid threefold :-- Cleroces feoh .iii. -gylde, L. Ethb. 1; Th. i, 2, 6. [Icel. þrí-gildr of threefold value; þrí-gilda to pay threefold.] v. twi-gilde; adj. and subst.

þri-gilde; adv. (or case of a noun þri-gilde. v. twi-gilde; subst. and adv.) With a treble payment :-- Gif matt inne feoh genimeþ, se man .iii. gelde gebéte, L. Ethb. 28; Th. i. 10, 1. Gylde hé hit þrygylde, L. A. G. 3; Th. i. 154, 11. Gauge hé tó ánfealdum ordále oþþe gilde .iii. gylde, L. Eth. iii. 4; Th. i. 294, 15.

þri-heáfdede; adj. Three-headed :-- Þryheáfdede triceps, Ælfc. Gr. 9, 55; Zup. 67, 11. [Icel. þrí-höfðaðr.]

þrihing for(?) þriþing. v. trehing.

þri-híwede; adj. Having three forms :-- Ðryhíwede triformis, Ælfc. Gr. 49; Zup. 287, 10.

þri-hlidede; adj. Three-lidded, having three openings :-- Ðryhlidede tripatens, Ælfc. Gr. 49; Zup. 288, 6.

þri-hyrne; adj. Three-cornered, triangular :-- Ðæt sæ-acute;d byþ þreo-hyrne, Lchdm. i. 316, 10.

þri-hyrnede; adj. Triangular :-- Þryhyrnede triangulus, Ælfc. Gr. 49; Zup. 289, 4. [Icel. þrí-hyrndr.]

þri-leáfe, -léfe, an; f. Trefoil (cf. later, three-leaved grass, triple grass. v. E. D. S. Pub. Plant Names) :-- Geáces súre vel þriléfe trifolium, Wrt. Voc. i. 30, 24.

þrilen; adj. Woven with three threads :-- Þrylen hrægel trilicis vestis, Wrt. Voc. i. 40, 19.

þrili. This word has the form of an i-stem adjective in the glosses ðrili trilex, Txts. 35, 29; drili triplex, 115, 158; and that þril- is the main part of the word seems suggested by þrilen (q.v.), by þrielig in þrielig hrægil triligium, Wrt. Voc. i. 289, 53, and by later English þrile, e.g. An God, þrile in þreo hades, A. R. 26, note a; þrumnesse þreofald ant anfaldte, þrile i þreo hades, Marh. 11, 27. Þrille-hod trinity, C. L. 1239. Cf. too, O. H. Ger. drilero triplici (catena). On the other hand it might seem that the form is þri-li from comparison with aen-li simplex, Txts. 115, 156; cf. too, O. H. Ger. dri-lích drilex (tunica), dri-líha trilicem (tunicam): Ger. drillich ticking. Perhaps the word has been influenced by the Latin which it translates. v. twi-líc, and next word.

þri-líc; adj. Threefold :-- Án myhtylíce and þrylíc hádelíce unus potentialiter trinusque personaliter, Hymn. Suet. 29, 13: 55, 13: 105, 15. Eálá ðú ðrilíc godcundnyss, 133, 5. Ðé þrylícne and æ-acute;nne, 146, 32. v. preceding word.

þrilig; adj. Woven with three threads :-- Þrielig hrægil triligium, Wrt. Voc. i. 289, 53. v. þrili.

þri-líðe (?); adj. Having three months named Líða, a term applied to the year in which a fourth summer month was intercalated; the passage in which the Latinized form of the word occurs is as follows: Quotiescunque communis esset annus, ternos menses solares singulis anni temporibus dabant, cum vero embolismus, hoc est xiii mensium lunarium annus occurreret, superfluum mensem aestati apponebant, ita ut tunc tres menses simul Lida nomine vocarentur, et ob id annus thrilidus cognominabatur habens quatuor menses aestatis, ternos, ut semper, temporum caeterorum. Beda de temporum ratione, c. 13. v. Grmm. Gesch. D. S. c. vi.

þrimen a third :-- Nim sealtes þrymen, Lchdm. ii. 124, 4. [O. Frs. thrimen (-in) amounting to a third; thrimenath a third part.]

þri-milce, es; m.(?) The early name for the month of May :-- Se fífta mónað is nemned on úre geðeóde Ðrymylce, for ðon swylc genihtsumnes wæs geó on Brytone and eác on Germania lande, of ðæm Ongla ðeód com on ðás Breotone, ðæt hí on ðæm mónðe þriwa on dæge mylcedon heora neát (Bede's Latin is: Thrimilci dicebatur, quod tribus vicibus in eo per diem pecora mulgebantur; talis enim erat quondam ubertas Britanniae vel Germaniae, e qua in Britanniam natio intravit Anglorum, De temp. rat. c. 13), Shrn. 77, 37. Ðonne Drymelces mónað bið geendod ðonne bið seó niht eahta tída lang, 87, 28. Ðrymylce mónað, Chr. Erl, Introd. xxxi, margin.