This is page 1096 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

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UN-DEÁÞLÍC - UNDER-ÁGENLÍC

un-deáþlíc; adj. Immortal :-- Se líchoma bið ðonne undeáþlíc, þeáh hé æ-acute;r deáþlíc wæ-acute;re, Blickl. Homl. 21, 31. Se ðe com deáðlíc tó ðissum middangearde ... hé árás undeáðlíc, Homl. Th. i. 222, 12, 18. Wé sprecaþ ymbe God, deáðlíce be undeáðlícum, 286, 8. Monna sáwla sint undeáþlíce (undeádlíca, Cott. MS.) and éce, Bt. 11, 2; Fox 34, 33. v. un-deadlíc.

un-deáþlíce; adv. Immortally, to immortality :-- Úre Drihten on ðam ðriddan dæge undeáþlíce of deáðe árás, H. R. 5, 24.

un-deáþlícness, e; f. Immortality :-- Bið úre deádlíca líchama áwend tó undeáðlícnýsse, Homl. Th. ii. 70, 4. v. un-deádlícness.

un-deáw; adj. Without dew :-- Gewyrc ða wyrt on morgenne ðonne hió gedeáw sié, sume beóð undeáwe, Lchdm. ii. 92, 15.

un-declínigendlíc; adj. Indeclinable :-- Nihil náht indeclinabile, ðæt is, undeclínigendlíc, Ælfc. Gr. 9, 8; Zup. 39, 6: 38; Zup. 223, 1: 44; Zup. 258, 1. Indeclinabilia, ðæt synd, undeclíniendlíce, 9, 78; Zup. 75, 3.

un-deógollíce. v. undígellíce.

un-deóp; adj. Not deep, shallow (lit. and fig.) :-- Nis ðæt ræ-acute;dlíc ðing, gif swá hlútor wæter hlúd and undióp tóflóweþ æfter feldum óð hit tó fenne werð, Past. 65; Swt. 469, 6. Ðý læs mon má geóte on ðæt undiópe mód ðonne hit behabban mæge ðæt hit ðonne oferflówe ne cum angusto cordi incapabile aliquid tribuitur, extra fundatur, 63; Swt. 459, 14. [Sume hi diden in crucethus ð is in an cæste þat was scort and nareu and undep, Chr. 1137; Erl. 262, 9.]

un-deópþancol; adj. Not given to think deeply, shallow :-- Nú smeáð sum undeópðancol man hú God mæge beón æ-acute;ghwæ-acute;r ætgædere, and náhwár tódæ-acute;led, Homl. Th. i. 286, 29.

un-deór(-deóre?); adj. Not dear, cheap, common :-- Undeór hit is vile valet, Wrt. Voc. i. 28, 61. Ðæt hié mon ná undeórran weorðe móste lésan ðonne hié mon be ðam were geeahtige, L. Alf. pol. 32; Th. i. 82, 1. Hé nemde ða undiórestan wyrta ðe on wyrttúnum weaxe and ðeáh swíðe welstincenda cum decimari minima diceret, extrema quidem de oleribus maluit sed tamen bene olentia memorare, Past. 57; Swt. 439, 32. [Undeore he makeð God, þet for eni worldliche luue his luue trukie, A. R. 408, 14. O. H. Ger. un-tiuri vilis: Icel. ú-dýrr cheap, of little value.]

un-deóre; adv. Cheaply, at a small cost :-- Undeóre hé bohte vile vendidit, Wrt. Voc. i. 28, 63. Gá seó wæ-acute;ge wulle tó .cxx. p. and nán man hig ná undeóror ne sylle, L. Edg. ii. 8; Th. i. 270, 4. Ðæt sý undeóror geseald ðonne hit woroldmannum gewunelíc sý vilius detur quam ab aliis secularibus, R. Ben. 99, 17. Swylce mon undeórest bicgan mæge quid vilius comparari potent, 89, 17.

un-deornunga. v. un-dearnunga.

under; prep. adv. Under. I. with dat. (1) local, without motion to bring one object under another, (a) where one object has another vertically above it :-- Ða wæteru ðe wæ-acute;ron under ðære fæstnisse, Gen. 1, 7. Under heofenum, 6, 17. Heó áléde ðone sunu under sumum treówe, 22, 15. Ic ge-eah ðé ðá ðú wæ-acute;re under ðam fíctreówe, Jn. Skt. 1, 48. (a 1) where one object is supported by another :-- Mearh under módegum, Elen. Kmbl. 2383; El. 1193. Ðæt scip wæs yrnende under segle, Ors. 1, 1; Swt. 19, 34: Andr. Kmbl. 1009; An. 505. Wedera leód heard under helme, Beo. Th. 689; B. 342. Cwom Wealhþeów gán under gyldnum beáge, 2330; B. 1163. (b) where one object is at the lower part of another, under, at the foot of :-- Wæs bát under beorge, Beo. Th. 427; B. 211. Ðá com of móre under misthleoþum Grendel gongan, 1425; B. 711. Under weallum, Cd. Th. 146, 6; Gen. 2418. v. neoþan. (c) where an object is surrounded, covered, shut in, etc. by another, under, within :-- Heora andwlitan inbewrigenum under loðum, Cd. Th. 95, 29; Gen. 1586. Under lindun, 192, 7; Exod. 228. Under gyrdelse, Exon. Th. 436, 34; Rä. 55, 11: 431, 3; Rä. 45, 2. Under heolstorlocan bídan to wait in prison, Andr. Kmbl. 288; An. 144: Beo. Th. 3860; B. 1928. Heó under breóstcofan bearn ácende, Hy. 10, 16. Hwæþer him yfel þe gód under wunige whether evil or good dwell-within the mind, Exon. Th. 82, 4; Cri. 1333. (d) where an object is surrounded by others, among :-- Ne mehton ða senátus næ-acute;nne consul under him findan, Ors. 4, 10; Swt. 196, 10. Sang se wanna fugel under deoreð-sceaftum, Cd. Th. 119, 23; Gen. 1984. (2) local, where motion is implied :-- Mec mín freá sendeþ under sæ-acute;lwonge, Exon. Th. 382, 27; Rä. 4, 2. (3) figurative, (a) marking subordination, subjection, rule, etc. :-- Sete hig under Aarone, ðæt hig þénigeon him ... Beón hig þénas under Aarone and his sunum, Num. 3, 6, 9. Ða ðe under Alexandre fyrmest wæ-acute;ron, Ors. 3, 11; Swt. 142, 17. Aulixes hæfde twá ðióda under ðam Kásere, Bt. 38, 1; Fox 194, 4: Met. 26, 5. Under Rómwarum, Hy. 10, 26. Burga fífe wæ-acute;ran under Norðmannum gebégde, Chr. 942; Erl. 116, 15. Ic eom man under anwealde gesett, and ic hæbbe þegnas under mé, Mt. Kmbl. 8, 9. Ealle ða rícu ðe him under beóð, Bt. 16, 1; Fox 50, 3. Bútan ðam dæ-acute;le ðe under Dena onwalde wæs, Chr. 901; Erl. 96, 23. Under hæ-acute;þenra hyrda gewealdum, Exon. Th. 44, 19; Cri. 705. Eáþmódgiaþ eów sylfe under ðære mihte Godes handa, Blickl. Homl. 99, 3. Óðer ti is seó ðe wæs under æ-acute;; seó ðridde ... is gecweden under Godes gife, Homl. Th. i. 312, 31. Cild ic eom under gyrde (sub virga) drohtniende, Coll. Monast. Th. 34, 21. (b) marking protection, shelter :-- Under mundbyr[d]e sub pretextu, Wrt. Voc. ii. 79, 84: 84, 15. Under wealla hleó, Cd. Th. 259, 13; Dan. 691. (c) marking pretence :-- Under intingan sub obtentu (Mk. 12, 40), Wrt. Voc. ii. 73, 43. (d) marking exposure, suffering :-- Hú se mánscaða under fæ-acute;rgripum gefaran wolde, Beo. Th. 1480; B. 738. Under stormum, Exon. Th. 476, 21; Ruin. 11. Fela ðæs ðe hé ádreág under níðgysta nearwum clommum, 134, 21; Gú. 511. Under Godes egsan, 146, 2; Gú. 703. (e) marking rank, degree :-- Under hire selfre hió, bíþ ðonne, ðonne heó lufaþ ðás eorþlícan þing, Bt. 33, 4; Fox 132, 17. (f) marking circumstances or conditions under, among, or during which something takes place :-- Be ðam mere ðe bið húsl forboden and under þam (interim) forðfærð, L. Ecg. P. i. 13, tit.; Th. ii. 170, 25: interea, 13; Th. ii. 178, 15: Chr. 876; Erl. 78, 12: 1046; Erl. 173, 5. Hé him gehét ðæt hé his ríce wið hiene dæ-acute;lan wolde and hiene under ðæm ofslóg Titum, mox ut in societatem regni adsumpsit, occidit, Ors. 2, 2; Swt. 66, 12. Under ðæm ðe hé him onwinnende wæs while he was warring upon them, 1, 2; Swt. 30, 5. Under ðæm gewinne hié genámon friþ in the course of the struggle they made peace; pace armis quaesita, 1, 10; Sat. 46, 7. Swá wæs ðæt hié under ðære sibbe tó ðære mæ-acute;stan sace becóme, 4, 7; Swt. 182, 28: 4, 12; Swt. 210, 10: Chr. 865; Erl. 70, 33. Wé sceolan under ðæm feówerte[g]oþan geríme syllan ðone teóþan dæ-acute;l úre worldspéda we must during that forty days give the tithe of our worldly wealth, Blickl. Homl. 35, 18. (g) marking manner :-- Under earhfære bannan tó beadwe to summon to war by sending round an arrow (v. Grmm. R. A. 162), Elen. Kmbl. 87; El. 44. II. with acc., (1) local, where motion is expressed or implied, (a) where one object comes to have another vertically above it :-- Ne eom ic wyrðe ðæt ðú gá under míne þecene, Lk. Skt. 7, 6. Sume steorran gewítaþ under ða sæ-acute;, Bt. 39, 3; Fox 214, 26. Stefn in becom under hárne stán, Beo. Th. 5100; B. 2553. Hió ðæt líc ætbær under firgenstreám, 4263; B. 2128. Ðá námon hig ánne stán and lédon under hine, Ex. 17, 12. Læ-acute;d under earce bond eaforan ðíne, Cd. Th. 80, 23; Gen. 1333. Under helm drepen biteran stræ-acute;le, Beo. Th. 3495; B. 1745. ¶ Combined with on :-- Lecgan uppan ðone stán and on under, Lchdm. iii. 38, 18. (b) where one object comes to the lower part of another :-- Weorod eodon unblíðe under Earna næs wundur sceáwian; fundon on sande sáwulleásne ðone ðe him hringas geaf, Beo. Th. 6055; B. 3031. (c) where one object comes to be surrounded, covered, shut in, etc. by another :-- Hé gelæ-acute;dde brýd under burhlocan, Cd. Th. 153, 12; Gen. 2537: Andr. Kmbl. 1879; An. 942. Under heolstorhofu hreósan, Elen. Kmbl. 1524; El. 764. In under eoderas, Beo. Th. 2068; B. 1037: Cd. Th. 147, 25; Gen. 2445. Under sceát, 124, 17; Gen. 2064: Exon. Th. 436, 21; Rä. 55, 4. (d) where extension under a surface is implied :-- God under roderas feng wolde ðæt eorðe geseted wurde woruldsceafte, Cd. Th, 6, 33; Gen. 98: 71, 5; Gen. 1166. Under heofenes hwealf, Beo. Th. 1156; B. 576: 4033; B.

2015. Under swegles begong, 1724; B. 860: 3550; B. 1773: An. 415; An. 208. Siððan æ-acute;fenleóht under heofenes hádor beholen weorþeþ after the evening light has died out everywhere beneath the sky, Beo. Th. 832; B. 414. (2) figurative, (a) marking subordination, subjection, rule, etc :-- Under hand hæ-acute;ðenum déman in subjection to a heathen ruler, Cd. Th. 220, 14; Dan. 71. Gewát him Abraham under Abimelech æ-acute;hte læ-acute;dan, 158, 22; Gen. 2621. Under ánes meaht ealle forlæ-acute;tan, Exon. Th. 294, 30; Crä. 23. Hí wæ-acute;ran geseald under sweordes hand tradentur in manus gladii, Ps. Th. 62, 8. (b) marking exposure, suffering :-- Se eów in hæft bedráf, under nearowe clom, Exon. Th. 138, 2; Gú. 570. (c) in various other senses :-- Ne þurfon gé wénan ðæt gé ðæt orceápe sellon, ðæt gé under Drihtises borh syllaþ, Blickl. Homl. 41, 13. Hí him his forwierndon and hit under ðæt ládedon for ðon ðe hé æt ðæm óþrum cirre sige næfde they refused him the triumph, and sheltered themselves under the excuse, that he had not on the other occasion been victorious, Ors. 5, 2; Swt. 216, 31. Under monnes híw in human form, Exon. Th. 144, 22; Gú. 682. Ne swerigen gé næ-acute;fre under (cf. þurh, Ex. 23, 13) hæ-acute;ðene godas, L. Alf. 48; Th. i. 54, 23. Se king swór under God æ-acute;lmihtine and under ealle hálgan ðártó, Chart. Th. 340, 2. Symle byð under dæg and niht feówer and xxtlg UNCERTAIN tída, Lchdm, iii. 260, 12. Ðú áhst tó fyllene ðíne seofen tídsangas under dæg and niht, Wulfst. 290, 18. III. adverbial; see also the compound forms given below. (1) where one object has another vertically above it :-- Án treów ðæt mæge .xxx. swína under gestandan a tree so big that thirty swine can stand beneath, L. In. 44; Th. i. 130, 3. His hors wearð under ofscoten his horse was killed under him, Chr. 1079; Erl. 216, 25. Sume crupon under some crept beneath, 1083; Erl. 217, 22. Hé hét fýr under bétan, Homl. Th. i. 4, 393. Ðæ-acute;r ðæs Hæ-acute;lendes fótlástas syndon under, Shrn. 81, 29. (2) where relative height is marked, below, beneath :-- Hé funde wynleásne wudu, wæter under stód, Beo. Th. 2837; B. 1416. (3) down as opposed to up :-- Wið ðone ðe him mete under ne gewunige if his food do not remain down, Lchdm. ii. 190, 1: 198, 23. [Goth. undar: O. Sax. undar: O. Frs. under: O. H. Ger. untar: Icel. undir.] v. þæ-acute;r-under.

under-ágenlíc; adj. The word glosses subnixus in: Underágenlícum beadum subnixis precibus, Rtl. 182, 33.