This is page 201 of the supplement to An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by T. Northcote Toller (1921)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 15 Jul 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

-FÆST -- FÆSTEN 201

fæstum slæ-acute;pe (somno gravi depressi), Gr. D. 253, 18. Of slæ-acute;pe þý fæstan, Cri. 890: An. 796. VI. of established reputation (?), standard (of books) ? :-- Hé forbeád openlíce þæt mon náne fæste bóc ne leornode aperto praecepit edicto, ne quis Christianus docendorum liberalium studiorum professor esset, Ors. 6, 31; S. 286, 4.

-fæst. Add: æ-acute;rend-, eorþ-, sceam-, weder-, wíf-, wíte-, word-fæst.

fæstan; I. Add: I. to make fast. v. ende-fæstend. II. to entrust, commit :-- In hondum ðínum ic fæsto (commendo) gást mínne, Lk. L. 23, 46. [v. N. E. D. fast; vb.] v. borh-, on-fæstan.

fæstan; II. to fast. Add: I. in a general sense. (1) absolute, to abstain from food :-- Hé fæste feówurtig daga, Mt. 4, 2 : Sat. 667. Fæstte, Bl. H. 27, 24, 29. Móyses and Hélias fæston, Guth. 32, 2. Fæstende jejunius, Wrt. Voc. i. 83, 44. (2) to abstain. (a) with gen. :-- Ðæt hié selfe ne fæsten ðæs hláfes ryhtwísnesse ne ipsi remaneant a justitiae pane jejuni, Past. 137, 25. Þonne hié woldon sylfe firene fæstan (abstain from sin), Dan. 592. (b) with prep. : -- Þá fram middangeardes gyrninge fæstað qui a mundi ambitione jejunant, Scint. 53, 18. Hé fæste fram eallum bigleofum, Wlfst. 285, 24. I a. to fast as a remedy :-- Gif sió ádl sié weaxende, fæste .ii. dagas tógædere, Lch. ii. 218, 1. II. to fast as a matter of ecclesiastical discipline. (1) absolute :-- Ic fæste tuwa on wican, Past. 313, 6. Ná Gode ac him sylfum gehwylc fæst (jejunat), Scint. 53, 9. Ðonne wé fæstað oððe ælmessan sellaþ, Bt. 41, 2 ; F. 246, 22. Hwí fæste wé . . . sóðlíce þíne leorningcnihtas ne fæstað, Mt. 9, 14. Fæstest þú on foldan, Seel. 144. Fæst tó nónes, and forgang hwít, Ll. Th. ii. 132, 4. Sé ðe fæstan wille, ne tæ-acute;le hé nó ðone ðe ete, Past. 311, 24. Ðá dagas syndon rihtlice tó fæstenne, Shrn. 80, 2. (2) with cognate acc. :-- Stuntlíce fæst sé lenctenlic fæsten, sé ðe hine sylfne mid gálnysse befýlð, Hml. Th. ii. 100, 16: Wlfst. 285, 31. Þæt fæsten þe þá Ninivete fæston, fæstað þá, 227, 29. Fæstað eówer lenctenfæsten tó nónes, 136, 16. v. un-fæstende.

fæste. Dele II, and add: I. so as not to be moved or shaken, firmly, fast (in to stand fast) (lit. and fig.) :-- Þæt treów fæste stód, Dan. 557. Nánwuht nis fæste stondendes weorces on worulde, Bt. 9; F. 26, 21. Ic fæste stande for þínre campunga, Bl. H. 225, 34. Him þá férend on fæste wuniað the travellers fix their abode on him, Wal. 25 : 36. Oþ þæt þín fót weorðe fæste on blóde, Ps. Th. 67, 22. Þ-bar; man Godes cyricean fæste tremede, Bl. H. 43, 6 : 111, 4: An. 1673. Þ-bar; se stemn móte þý fæstor standon, Bt. 34, 10; F. 148, 34. I a. of sleeping :-- On middre nihte þá men fæstost slépon, Hml. S. 31, 857. I b. expressing fixity of intention, attention or purpose :-- Geréfa mín fæste mynteð þæt mé æfter sié eaforan síne yrfeweardas my steward quite means his children to be heirs after me, Gen. 2182. Hwæþer þú æ-acute;nig þing swá fæste getiohhod hæbbe þ-bar; hit næ-acute;fre þínum willum onwended weorþe, Bt. 41, 3 ; F. 250, 6. Þá þing þe wé handledon UNCERTAIN and fæste ymbe wæ-acute;ron the matters that we handled and with which we were diligently engaged, Angl. viii. 304, 24. I c. expressing vigorous action or thoroughness of condition :-- Hí fæste tógedere féngon they attacked each other vigorously, Chr. 999; P. 131, 21: Cri. 980: Ps. Th. 70, 6, 4. Hí mé georne æ-acute;r fæste feódan they hated me fiercely and violently, 85, 16. Fæste wiðhycgan, Jul. 42. Fæste wiðsacan, El. 933. Swíðe fæste gesoden æ-acute;gra very hard-boiled eggs, Lch. ii. 194, 5. Fæste geþúf luxoriante (prosperitate), Wrt. Voc. ii. 77, 76: 52, 28. Beóð Godes streámas góde wætere fæste gefylde flumen Dei repletum est aqua, Ps. Th. 64, 10. Gif geliórade fæst if he were quite dead; si jam obisset, Mk. L. 15, 44. II. with firm grasp or attachment, fast (in to bind, hold fast) (lit. and fig.) :-- Dó on þ-bar; dolg and bind fæste, Lch. ii. 132, 18 : Sat. 324. Oft þræ-acute;l þegen cnyt swýðe fæste, Wlfst. 163, 2 : Gen. 374. Hé þone cniht genam fæste mid folmum, Exod. 407: B. 554. Sié fæste genæglad on róde crucifigatur, Mt. L. 27, 22. Gefég fæste, Gen. 1310 : Crä. 66. Nim þé fæste þ-bar; ic sprece fixum tene quod loquor, Gr. D. 172, 33. Hé nam of hire eall þ-bar; áhte, for ðám heó hit heóld æ-acute;r tó fæste wið hine, Chr. 1043; P. 162, 26. Fæste bewunden, An. 58 : El. 937. Fæste genearwod, Gen. 2603. II a. of command, promise, urgently, strictly, solemnly :-- Ðá ilca lufu suíðe fæst bebeád eandem dilectionem instantius commendans, Jn. p. 7, 11. Þá senatus him hæfden þá dæ-acute;d fæste forboden, Ors. 4, 10; S. 196, 8: Gen. 895. Hé him fæste gehét þ-bar; . . . , Met. 1, 35. II b. of concealment, securely :-- Þéh þe hé hit fæste wið þá senatus hæ-acute;le though he succeeded in keeping it secret from the senate, Ors. 4, 10; S. 196, 16. Þú him fæste hel sóðan spræ-acute;ce be sure to keep the truth from them, Gen. 1836. Þú heora fyrene fæste hæ-acute;le, Ps. Th. 84, 2. Wæ-acute;ron hié þý swýðor áfyrhte and hié fæstor hýddan tanto magis cunctis propter timorem abditis, diu apparente nemine, Nar. 10, 26. II c. fast (as in to stick fast), so as to be unable to move :-- Hé þæs þeófes fót onlýsde of þám gærde þe hé æ-acute;r fæste on clyfode pedem furis a sepe in qua inhaererat solvit, Gr. D. 25, 11. III. fast (as in to shut fast) :-- Stód on merigen þæt cweartern fæste belocen, Hml. Th. i. 230, 22. Hé þá grimman góman bihlemmeð fæste tógædre, Wal. 77. . Wearð sé hálga wong þurh feóndes searo fæste bitýned, Ph. 419. IV. so as to make secure. Cf. fæst; IV :-- Seó burg wæs ungemettan fæste mid clúdum ymbweaxen the town was so surrounded by rocks that it was exceedingly strong; saxum mirae asperitatis et altitudinis, Ors. 3, 9; S. 132, 10. V. speedily, at once :-- Ricene weorðe his feónda gehwylc, fæste tóworpen, Ps. Th. 67, 1. Ic mé helpe fand þæt ic fæste ne feóll (that I did not straightway fall), 117, 13. Þæt þone mándrinc geceápað wer fæste feóre síne, Rä. 24, 14. v. fæstlíce.

fæsten; I. Add: I. abstinence from food :-- Fæsten, behæfednes (q. v.) parsimonia, Wrt. Voc. ii. 83, 26. Fæstern jejunium, Mk. p. 1, 16. I a. a fast on grounds of health. v. dæg-fæsten ; fæstan; I a. II. a fast as ecclesiastical discipline :-- Hié gulpun hiera fæstennes (-enes, v. l.), Past. 313, 1. Gif hwá for his untrumnysse þ-bar; fæsten áberan ne mæg . . . him ys álýfed þ-bar; hé mót his fæstan álýsan, Ll. Th. ii. 220, 26. Man æ-acute;lc beboden fæsten healde . . . tó Philippi et Jacobi mæssan wé ne beódað nán fæsten . . . æ-acute;lces Frigedæges fæsten, Wlfst. 117, 8-13. Gif hí þæt fæsten rihtlíce ne gefæstan . . . gyf hé þæt fæsten ábrece, 172, 1-2. Fæstinum jejuniis, Rtl. 8, 17. Heó lufude fæstenu, Hml. Th. i. 148, 1. ¶ Fæsten dreógan to do penance (?), suffer scarcity (?) :-- Þæs fæsten dreáh fela missera Egypta folc, þæs þe hié wyrnan þóhton Móyses mágum síðes for many a year the Egyptians did penance (?), suffered scarcity (?), because they thought to refuse the Israelites leave to depart, Exod. 49. [v. N. E. D. fasten; sb. Cf. O. Sax. fastunnia; f. : Goth. fastubni; n.] v. æ-acute;-, dæg-, eáster-, ge-, gecwed-, lár-, lencten-, riht-, ymbren-fæsten.

fæsten; II, III. Add: I. a firm place, firmament :-- Hé geworhte roderas fæsten. . . . Flód wæs ádæ-acute;led . . . wæter of wætrum þám þe wuniað under fæstenne folca hrófes, Gen. 147-153. II. in a military sense, a strong place, one fitted to resist attack. v. fæst; IV. (1) a place of permanent residence, citadel, fort, fortified town :-- Faestin arx, Wrt. Voc. ii. 100, 71. Fæsten oppidum, sé þe on fæstene sit oppidanus, i. 84, 41, 47. Fæsten municipium, i. oppidum, An. Ox. 2443: municipium, i. civitas, 3990. Burge, fæstenes municipii, 5123. Fæstennes arcis, Wrt. Voc. ii. 10, 1. Beforan Numentia fæstennes geate, Ors. 5, 2 ; S. 218, 32. Hé gefór tó ánum fæstenne. Þá hé þæ-acute;r tó cóm, þá ne mehton hié nánne monn on ðæ-acute;m fæstenne útan geseón exercitum ad urbem duxit. Et cum murum escendisset, vacuam civitatem ratus, 3, 9; S. 134, 10 : 3, 11 ; S. 148, 19. Palistas, mid þæ-acute;m hié weallas bræ-acute;con, þonne hié on fæstenne fuhton, 4, 6; S. 174, 9. Martinus wæs geboren on þám fæstene (cf. on þæ-acute;re byrig, Hml. Th. ii. 498, 23) Sabaria, Hml. S. 31, 10. Tó þám fæstenne . . . under burhlocan, Gen. 2534. On þám fæstene (Exeter), Chr. 877 ; P. 74, 19. Hé forneáh ealle þá betste of þes eorles híréde innan ánan fæstene (in a fortress called New Castle, Hen. Hunt. ) gewann, 1095; P. 231, 3. Hí fóron on þæt fæsten (Rome), Met. 1, 20. Hé þæt fæsten (urbem Pydnam) ábræc, and þá burgleóde . . . hí sendon on óðer fæstre fæsten (in arcem Amphipolitanam), Ors. 3, 11 ; S. 148, 20 -- 23: 2, 6; S. 88, 4 : 3, 9; S. 124, 4: 5, 7 ; S. 230, 4. Fæstena worn, Exod. 56. Fæstna mæ-acute;st and mæ-acute;rost (Babylon; cf. Ors. 2, 4 ; S. 74, 24), Dan. 692. Faestinnum arcibus, Txts. 42, 110. Hí manige festena and castelas ábræ-acute;con, Chr. 1094; P. 230, 3. (2) a fortification, entrenchments, fortified camp, place strengthened to resist attack :-- Ðanan eást úp suae ðet ealde(n) fæstan scáðe (as the old earthwork makes a line of separation); andlang ðes fæstenes, C. D. v. 70, 30. Hié þone here besæ-acute;ton on ánum fæstenne (cf. they threw up a fortification, Hen. Hunt.), Chr. 894; P. 87, 21. Hí wícstówa námon on twám stówum . . . Scipia geáscade þ-bar; þá foreweardas wæ-acute;ron feor ðæ-acute;m fæstenne gesette . . . hé feáwe men tó óþrum þára fæstenna onsende . . . þæt þá óþre onfundon þe on ðæ-acute;m óþrum fæstenne wæ-acute;ron, Ors. 4, 10 ; S. 200, 8-19. Hié on þæ-acute;m íglande fæsten worhton (castra posuerunt), 4, 6; S. 176, 15. Þ-bar; hí fæsten geworhten him tó gescyldnesse, stæ-acute;nene weal, Bd. 1, 12; Sch. 33, 23: 34, 8. (2 a) used with reference to siege-works :-- " Wyrceað fæsten ymb ðá burg." Fæsten wyrcð se hálga láriów " aedificabis munitiones." Munitiones sanctus praedicator aedificat, Past. 163, 5: 161, 5. Hí ymbsæ-acute;ton ðá ceastre and worhton óþer fæsten ymb hié selfe . . . se here forlét þæt geweorc, Chr. 885 ; P. 78, 11. ¶ a siege (?) :-- Fæstenne obsidione (cf. in arta Betuliae obsidione, Ald. 76, 25), Wrt. Voc. ii. 63, 13. (3) a place naturally strong against attack, fastness, stronghold :-- Faestin Termofilas (cf. Ors. 2, 5; S. 80, 14), Txts. 104, 1042. Grendel móras heóld, fen and fæsten, B. 104. Hé swíþe þæs londes fæstenum trúwode þonne his gefeohte, Nar. 17, 28. Hæfdic þæs kyninges wíc and his fæstenu gesceáwod þe hé mid his fyrde in gefaren hæfde, 19, 13. III. a place that can be shut fast. (1) a place of security, closet, strong room: -- Fæstene gehæft (in arto carnis) clustello continetur, An. Ox. 5396. Hí hýdað heáhgestreóna, healdað georne on fæstenne, Sal. 318. (2) a place of confinement, (a) a prison :-- Hé on þám fæstene (cf. beinnan þám carcerne, Bt. 1 ; F. 4, 2) frófre ne gemunde, Met. 1, 79. Gelæ-acute;dan of leoðobendum fram þám fæstenne, An. 1036 : 1070. (b) a sepulchre :-- Út eóde engla Drihten of þám fæstenne, Sat. 521. (c) Hell :-- In þám fæstenne gebróht brought to Hell, Wal. 71. IV. an implement that closes or confines; claustrum :-- Óstiges copses fæstene in nodosi cippi claustrum, An. Ox. 3252. Heó fégeð mec (hemp) on fæsten, Rä. 26, 9. Fæstenu claustra (coelestis