This is page 277 of the supplement to An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by T. Northcote Toller (1921)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 20 May 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

FÝRIAN--GÁD 277

caminatum, Wrt. Voc. i. 58, 7. Fýrhúses (printed -hýses) hlýwing caumene refugium, Angl. xiii. 397, 461. [v. N. E. D. fire-house.]

fýrian to make a furrow. v. fýran: fyrle. v. firl[u]: fyrlen. v. firlen: fyrm. v. firm: fyrmdig. v. frimdig.

fyrmest; adj. In l. 5 for Cot. 153 substitute Wrt. Voc. ii. 67, 7, and add: I. marking order in time:--Hé tó fulluhte heora fyrmest beáh, Hml. S. 10, 150. Seó bóc ys geháten Genesis, . . . for þám þe heó ys firmest bóca, Ælfc. Gen. Thw. 2, 34. II. marking order in rank, importance. (1) of persons:--Maurus wæs fyrmest muneca tó ðám mæ-acute;ran Benedicte, Hml. S. 6, 51. Nembroð fyrmest wæs æt þæ-acute;re getimbrunge þæ-acute;re byrig Babilonian Nemroth condendae Babyloniae auctor exstiterat, Angl. vii. 40, 380. On þám geférscipe wæ-acute;ran þá fyrmestan Mellitus, . . . Rufianus, Chr. 995; P. 128, 32. (2) of things:--On þám fyrmestum stówum ealles his anwealdes, Lch. iii. 440, 12. II. marking order in merit, excellent:--Hú se láreów sceal beón on his weorcum fyrmest (praecipuus). Se láreów sceal bión on his weorcum heálic (praecipuus), Past. 81, 1.

fyrmest; adv. Add: I. of position:--Wæs feorhbealu fæ-acute;gum, sé þe fyrmest læg, B. 2077. Hé on þám folce fyrmest eóde, By. 323. I a. where position marks importance:--Hí sécað ðæt hié fyrmest hlynigen æt æ-acute;fengieflum, Past. 27, 7. II. of rank:--Þá þe under Alexandre fyrmest wæ-acute;ron, Ors. 3, 11; S. 142, 18. III. marking highest degree of excellence, completeness:--Hú hé Gode fyrmest gecwéman mæge how he may best please God, Wlfst. 280, 18. Hú ic Crístendóm æ-acute;fre mihte fyrmest áræ-acute;ran, Ll. Lbmn. 269, 12. ¶ swá (forþ, mycel) swá . . . fyrmest as (far, much) as . . . ever possible:--Swá swá ic fyrmæst mæg quantum possum, Solil. H. 53, 21. Swá swá hé bútan synne fyrmest mæge in quantum sine peccato valet, Past. 451, 24. Swá micel swá wé hit fyrmest witon to the best of our knowledge; in quantum cognitioni hominis conceditur, Ors. 1, 1; S. 14, 28. Hæfþ hé his sceoppendes onlícnesse swá forþ swá æ-acute;negu gesceaft fyrmest mæg hiere sceppendes onlícnesse habban he hath his Creator's image as far as any creature can possibly have its Creator's image, Bt. 14, 2; F. 44, 28. Þ-bar; his grið stande swá forð swá hit fyrmest stód on his yldrena dagum (as well as ever it stood in his ancestor's days), Ll. Th. i. 292, 3. Eal ic him gelæ-acute;ste, swá forð swá uncre wordgecwydu fyrmest wæ-acute;ron I have carried out our agreement in every particular, 182, 12. Man sealde Godwine his eorldóm swá full and swá forð swá hé fyrmest áhte they gave Godwin his earldom with all the rights and powers that he had ever possessed, Chr. 1052; P. 180, 30.

fyrmþ. v. firmþ.

fyrn; adv. Add:--Fyrn olim, Wrt. Voc. ii. 64, 75. Ðá ðe wæ-acute;ron forðférede for hund geárum oððon gyt fyrnor (firnor, v. l.), Wlfst. 96, 7.

fyrn-. v. firen-.

fyrn-dagas. Add:--Swíðe eald feoh þe man on fyrndagum slóh, Hml. S. 23, 614. v. gefyrn-dagas.

fyrn-geár. Add: [(1) a past year. v. Dict.] (2) the preceding year (cf. Quam gibod Godes fernun gére, Hél. 217):--Gif þú wille witan hú eald se móna wæ-acute;re fyrngeáre on þysne dæg, Lch. iii. 228, 9, 14. [Þe lost of uernyere, Ayenb. 92, 4.]

fyrn-geára. l. fyrn geára: fyrnhicge. v. firenicge: -fyrn-ness. v. ge-fyrnness.

fýr-panne. Add:--Fýrpannæ (-ponne) vel herth arula, Txts. 36, 5. Fýrpanne, Wrt. Voc. ii. 6, 35: i. 66, 37. [v. N. E. D. fire-pan. O. L. Ger. fiur-panna arula.]

fýr-ræce (?), an; f. An implement for removing ashes from a fireplace:--Ferrece (= ? fýrræce) vatilla, Wrt. Voc. i. 287, 7. Cf. fýr-scofl.

fyrs furze. Add:--Fyres ruscus, Wrt. Voc. i. 285, 48. Fyrrsum ramnis, An. Ox. 23, 12.

fýr-scofl, e; f. For Cot. 24 substitute Wrt. Voc. ii. 11, 16, and add: Cf. gléd-scofl, fýr-ræce.

fyrs-gára, an; m. A triangular piece of land covered with furze:--On ðane fyrsgáran, C. D. iv. 8, 35.

fyrsian. v. firsian.

fyrs-íg, e; f. An island on which furze grows:--On Beferíge; ðonne on Fyrsíge, C. D. v. 300, 17.

fyrs-leáh a lea on which furze grows:--Be norðan fyrsleáge, swá of norðenwardre fyrsleáge, C. D. v. 232, 30.

fýr-smeortende. Add: smarting like a burn. The Latin has ignitos ciniphes.

fyrsn. v. firsn.

fyrs-penn, es; m. A pen or fold made of furze (?):--On fyrspenn; of fyrspenne, Cht. E. 266, 21.

fyrs-ræ-acute;w, e; f. A row or fence of furze:--On áne firesréwe, C. D. vi. 230, 30.

fyrs-sceaga (?), an; m. A furze-thicket (?):--Onbútan færsscagan on ðá díc ðæt hit cymð tó ðæ-acute;re ródæ, C. D. iii. 229, 29.

fyrst a threshold. Dele, and see first: fyrst time. v. first.

fyrst; adj. For 'First . . . Exod. 399' substitute: (1) first, foremost in position:--Hé wæs mid þæ-acute;m fyrstum mannum on þæ-acute;m lande he was among the first men in the country, Ors. 1, 1; S. 18, 13. (2) foremost in virtue or worth, best, of great excellence:--Hú se láreów sceal beón on his weorcum fyrest (praecipuus). Se láreów sceal beón on his weorcum heálic (praecipuus), Past. 80, 1. Tó þám meðelstede gelæ-acute;dde Abraham Isaac . . ., fyrst ferhðbana; nó þý fæg[en]ra wæs, wolde líge gesyllan beorna sélost his swæ-acute;sne sunu tó sigetibre to the meeting-place led Abraham Isaac . . ., noble destroyer of life; not the more joyous was he (i. e. he was sorely troubled), to the flames would the best of men give his dear son as a sacrifice, Exod. 399.

fýr-stán. Add:--Fýrstán, flint petra focaria, Wrt. Voc. ii. 68, 8. [v. N. E. D. fire-stone.]

fyrstig. Add: v. forstig.

fýr-tang, e; f. Fire-tongs:--Hé sceal fela andlómena tó húsan habban . . . fýrtange, Angl. ix. 263, 9.

-fyrþan. v. á-fyrþan: fýrþling. v. feórþling.

fýr-þolle ? Substitute: fýr-þolle, an; f. I. apparatus for cooking, fryingpan (v. þolle), oven:--Þú setst hig swá swá ofen (fýrþolle, MS. T.) fýres pones eos ut clibanum ignis, Ps. Spl. 20, 9. II. apparatus for torture; catasta (Catastae, genus tormenti, i. e. lecti ferrei, quibus impositi martyres, ignis supponebatur, Du Cange):--Hyrdla, fýrþollena catastarum, An. Ox. 4485: catastarum, i. &e-hook;culei, 2, 340.

fyrþran. Add:--Fyrþru proveho, Wrt. Voc. ii. 118, 31. Þú mínne naman and anwald friþast and fyrþrast, Lch. iii. 436, 27. Hé tó geleáfan gebígde ungerím folces, and fyrðrode cyrcan, and preóstas gehádode tó ðæs Hæ-acute;lendes biggengum, Hml. S. 36, 112: Lch. iii. 438, 3. Mé ðincð þæt mé nán þing ne mage þæs ámærran þæt ic hyt ne firðrige and fremme cum alia nulla re crederem commoveri, Solil. H. 33, 2. Ne tæ-acute;ce wé ná . . . þæt hé leahtras fyrðrige and weaxan læ-acute;te non dicimus ut permittat nutriri vitia, R. Ben. 121, 7. Þæt hé Godes cyrcean fyrðrie and fryðie, Wlfst. 266, 16. Hé hit forseah, sé þe hit fyrþran sceolde æfter hiera ágnum gewunan, Ors. 4, 12; S. 210, 7. Unriht álecgan and rihtwísnysse fyrðrian, Hml. Th. ii. 78, 1: Hml. S. 19, 240. ¶ governing a clause:--Fyrðrige Óslác eorl þ-bar; þis stande, Ll. Th. i. 278, 5. [O. H. Ger. furdren.]

fyrþriend, es; m. One who promotes, advances, &c., a patron:--God eallum þám þe wel þencaþ simle is fultum and firþriend, C. D. B. ii. 389, 17.

fyrþringnes. Add after promotio:--Fyrþringnes exaltatio bonorum.

fyrþrung. Add:--For crístendómes fyrðrunge, Wlfst. 176, 2. Ic on Róme be þes pápan fyrþrunge and leáfe mynster geworhte, Cht. Th. 116, 29. Weder hlúttor gesihð, ceápes ferðrunge hit getácnað, Lch. iii. 198, 17. Buccan gesihð, ferðrunge getácnað, 206, 2. v. scip-fyrþrung.

fyrþung. v. scip-fyrþung.

fýr-tor. For Cot. 93 substitute:--Farus, beácanstán, in promontoria rupis posita, i. fýrtor, Wrt. Voc. ii. 76, 14. Farus, Grecum est nomen, nam fos, lux, oros autem visio, apud eos notninatur, hinc compositum nomen est fari, id est fýrtor, 39, 64.

fyrwet. v. firwit: fýsian. v. físian.

fýst. Add:--Colapsus, i. colafus, pugnus fýst vel tarastrus, Wrt. Voc. ii. 134, 45. Físt [in Wülck. Gl. 291, 17 it is printed fýsð), i. 64, 74. Gif man óðerne mid fýste in naso slæhð .III. scill. gebéte, Ll. Th. i. 16, 17. Þanne ic sleá swíðe mid fýste, breóst míne beáte ego percutiam pugnis pectora, Dóm. L. 29: 160. Ongan heó þerscan heó sylfe mid hire fýste (mid fýstum v. l.) ge eác mid hire brádum handum cum semetipsam alapis pugnisque tunderet, Gr. D. 68, 28. Gif þú gyrde habban wille, þonne wege þíne fýst swylce þú swingan wille, Tech. ii. 122, 11. Fýstum pugillis, i. colaphis, An. Ox. 4694.

fýst-gebeát. Substitute: Hitting with the fist, fisticuffs:--'Tó gemótum and tó gecidum and tó iersunga and tó fýstgebeáte gé fæstað' . . . ðæt fýstgebeát belimpð tó ierre 'in judicia et rixas jejunatis, et percutitis pugnis,' . . . pugnus pertinet ad iram, Past. 314, 3-5.

-fýstlian. v. ge-fýstlian: fýst-slægen. For Cot. 79 substitute Wrt. Voc. ii. 32, 2: fyþer. v. fiþer.

fyxe, an; f. A she-fox, vixen:--Ðæ-acute;r fyxan díc tó bróce gæð, C. D. ii. 29, 1.

fyxen; adj. v. fixen in Dict., and add: [O. H. Ger. fuhsín (fell) vulpinum.]

G

gabban, gabbung, gabere. Dele.

gabote. Add:--Gabutan (gauutan, Corp. Gl. H. 87, 27, and see note on the word at p. xlii where the following Latin glosses are quoted, 'parapsis, gabata vel catinum' 'pisi, gavata (v. l. gabata) vel patina') parabsides, Ep. Gl. 18 f, 25. [O. H. Ger. gebeta(-ita, -iza) catinum gavata, vasis. From Latin.]

gabul-roid. l. -rond, and dele 'a line . . . staff.'

gád a goad. Add:--Gaad stiga, Wrt. Voc. ii. 121, 43. Gád cuspis, 17, 4. Derigendlic bið ðé þæt þú spurne ongeán þá gáde (durum est tibi contra stimulum calcitrare). Gif se oxa spyrnð ongeán ðá gád, hit dereð him sylfum, Hml. Th. i. 390, 9: 386, 9.