This is page 308 of the supplement to An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by T. Northcote Toller (1921)

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308 GE-CWICIAN -- GE-CYND

gegaderode his here. Hml. S. 31, 95), Hml. Th. ii. 502, 4. Hé gecwæð tó gefeohte ongeán Arfaxað pugnavit contra Arphaxad, Hml. A. 103, 26. VIII. to call, name, (1) a person or place :-- Leódscipe Madian gecweden. Jud. 6, 1. In þæ-acute;re stówe þe is gecueden Deórham, Chr. 577; P. 18, 31. (2) a name :-- His tónama wæs Cambises gecweden, Hml. A. 103, 25. His nama wæs gereht 'Godes strengo.' Wel þæt wæs gecweden, Bl. H. 9, 15. (3) to call an object so and so, say that it is so and so :-- þ-bar; byþ rihtlíce gecweden gyldræ-acute;dene, þ-bar; we þus dón, Cht. Th. 607, 23. Scilla ðet is sæ-acute;hund gecweden, An. Ox. 26, 61. Þæ-acute;r wæ-acute;ron háte baðu þe wæ-acute;ron hálwende gecwedene ádligendum líchaman, Hml. Th. i. 86, 22. (4) to name, mention, speak of :-- Seó sáuwul oððe þ-bar; líf oððe seó edwist synd gecwædene tó hyre sylfra, and þ-bar; gemynd oððe þ-bar; andgit oþþe seó wylla beóð gecwædene tó sumum þinga edlesendlíce, Hml. S. 1, 117. (5) to say, use certain words as a true description of an object :-- Næs nánum men forgifen þæt hé móste habban oððe gecweðan his ágen fulluht búton Ióhanne ánum nobody but John could say that his baptism was his own, could call his baptism his own, Hml. Th. ii. 48, 3.

ge-cwician. Add: (1) in a physical sense :-- Sume hé gecwicað mid oroðe. Gr. D. 268, 19. (2) in a spiritual sense :-- Ðá ðe hé wyl hé gicwicað, Jn. R. 5, 21. Gecwuca mé æfter ðínum wordum, Dryhten, Past. 465, 29.

ge-cwicung, e; f. Vivifying, quickening :-- þurh þæs líchaman gecwicunge per vivificationem carnis, Gr. D. 218, 17.

ge-cwide. Add: (1) a condition, an agreement :-- Gecwide conditio, Wrt. Voc. i. 20, 54. Ne hé má eft tó him hwearf æfter heora gecwide (-cwyde, v.l.) neque ultra ad eum juxta suum condictum rediit, Bd. 4, 25; Sch. 496, 10. (2) a will :-- Ðis is Wulfgates gecwide ... þ-bar; is þonne þ-bar; hé geann æ-acute;rest Gode his sáwelscattas ..., C.D.B. iii. 652, 16. v. word-gecwide.

ge-cwidræ-acute;den. Add :-- Gecwydræ-acute;dden conspiratio, An. Ox. 2975. Witan hwæt úre gecwydræ-acute;ddene (cf. seó geræ-acute;dnis ... gecweden, 228, 7), gelæ-acute;st sý, Ll. Th. i. 236, 5. v. ge-cweþan; IV.

ge-cwidræ-acute;dness, e; f. An agreement, a covenant :-- Hér swutelað seó gecwydræ-acute;dnes ðe ..., Nap. 28.

ge-cwildfull; adj. Pernicious, deadly :-- Cwylmbæ-acute;re, gecwyldfulle perniciosa, i. mortifera, An. Ox. 920.

ge-cwilman. Take here ge-cwylman in Dict., and add :-- Ge-cwylmdon secto, Germ. 400, 524. Heora líchaman sceoldon beón mid mislicum tintregum gecwilmede, Hml. Th. ii. 424, 18.

ge-cwis. For Cot. 46: Hpt. 519 substitute :-- Gequis conspiratio, An. Ox. 4955. v. fácen-gecwis.

ge-cwísan; p. de To crush :-- Sumes þegnes cniht feóll fæ-acute;rlíce of his horse ... and swíðe wearð gecwýsed, þ-bar; hí wéndon þ-bar; hé þæ-acute;rrihte sceolde sweltan, Hml. S. 21, 325.

ge-cwylmfull. v. ge-cwealmfull: ge-cynn. The better reading is ge-cynd. v. Sch. 82, 20.

ge-cynd. Dele II, and add: ge-cyndo(-u); indecl. f.: ge-cynd; f. also has gen. ge-cynd (Bl. H. 31, 32); dat. ge-cynd (Bl. H. 121, 30). I. birth(?) :-- Gecynda natilicium, Wrt. Voc. ii. 62, 11. Þú eart sunu and fæder ána æ-acute;gðer; swá is þín æðele gecynd miclum gemæ-acute;rsod. Hy. 7, 43. II. a native place or position, that to which one has a natural right :-- Brytland him wæs on gewealde ... Norman-díge þ-bar; land wæs his gecynde, Chr. 1086; P. 220, 25. Þeáh ðú teó hwelcne bóh of dúne ... swá þú hine álæ-acute;tst, swá sprincþ hé úp, and wrígaþ wið his gecyndes (widu went on gecynde, Met. 13, 55). Swá déð eác seó sunne ... heó sécþ hire gecynde ... Swá déþ æ-acute;lc gesceaft, wrígaþ wiþ his gecyndes, and gefagen biþ gif hit æ-acute;fre tó cuman mæg. Bt. 25; F. 88, 22-29: Met. 13, 67. Onhelded wið þæs gecyndes (hire gecynde. Bt. 25; F. 88, 7) þe him cyning engla æt frymðe fæste getióde, 12. Leóht ... stígeð on lenge, clymmað on gecyndo. Sal. 414. II a. natural condition, lot to which one is born :-- Beó gehealden on ðínum gecynde, ðonne hæfst ðú genóh be content with your lot, then you will have enough, Prov. K. 50. III. the character or quality derived from birth or native constitution, natural disposition, nature :-- Seó gesceádwíslice gecynd rationales natura, Past. 349, 25. Wæs úre gecynd geedneówod, Bl. H. 11, 10. Þisses fugles gecynd fela gelíces be Crístes þegnum beácnað, Ph. 387. Hwæt is heora (the elements) æ-acute;lces gecynd? Ðæs fýres gecynd is hát and dríe ... Hwylces gecyndes is seó heofon? Fýres gecyndes, Angl. vii. 12, 104-108. On gimma gecynde (natura) carbunculus bið diórra ðonne iacintus ... ðæs ðe sió endebyrdnes and ðæt gecynd (naturae ordo) forwiernð ðæ-acute;m iacinte, se wlite hit eft geiécð, and ðeáh ðe ðæt gecynd and sió endebyrdnes (naturalis ordo) ðæs carbuncules hine úp áhebbe, his blïóh hine gescent, Past. 411, 25-32. Sió fordrúgade gecyndo, Lch. ii. 222, 4. Hys gecynde is swíþe hát and slæ-acute;pbæ-acute;re, i. 284, 22. Þysum wífe wæs inne swýðe fýrenu and hát gecynde (gecynd, v.l.) þæs líchaman (valde ignea conspersio corporis) ... ongunnon læ-acute;cas secgan þ-bar; hire wolden beardas weaxan for þæ-acute;re hæ-acute;te hyre gecyndes ... heó wearð for þæ-acute;re mycclan gecynde and hæ-acute;te þæs lustes gebeardedu, Gr. D. 279, 7-14. Þæ-acute;re eorðan gecynde (-cynd, v.l.) natura soli illius, Bd. 4, 28; Sch. 521, 13. Þæt híw úre týddran gecynde, Bl. H. 29, 4. Ðeáh hí ðæt gód hira gecynde gehál nolden gehealdan si accepta naturae bona integra servare noluerunt, Past. 403, 19. Stánas sint stilre gecynde and heardre, Bt. 34, 11; F. 150, 24. Ðeós wyrt is strangre gecynde, Lch. i. 274, 18. Þonne hió bið hátre gecyndo, ii. 220, 16: 20: 22: 26. Gif hé bið cealdre gecyndo, 284, 20. Heó nán þincg on hire næfð horses gecyndes, Hml. S. 21, 488. Hé bið getiéged tó óðrum monnum mid onlícre gecynde, Past. 111, 20. Him wæs on gecynde þ-bar; hé symble wæs reád on his andwlitan cui ex conspersione semper facies rubere consueverat, Gr. D. 187, 15. For his gecynde conspersione, 17. Gecynde consparsione, Wrt. Voc. ii. 86, 14: 19, 1: An. Ox. 4648 (the passage is consparsione ingenitam). Mid þæ-acute;re menniscan gecynd, Bl. H. 121, 30. Be wambe missenlicre gecyndo, Lch. ii. 220, 14. Of flæ-acute;sclicum gecynde, Past. 159, 1. Gewend tó ðám héhstan gecynde, þæt is God, Hml. Th. i. 262, 13. Æfter sóðum gecynde þæt wæter is brosniendlic wæ-acute;ta, ii. 270, 5. Hé onféng þá ilcan gecynde, Bl. H. 23, 24. His þá menniscan gecynd, 127, 24. Wæstmas beóð þurh ágne gecynd eft ácende, Ph. 256: 329. Ásyndrod fram synnum þurh clæ-acute;ne gecynd, Hy. 9, 11: 52. Mæge seó wyrd þé gedón þæt þá þing ðíne ágene sién, þá þe heora ágene gecynd þé gedydon fremde. Bt. 14, 1; F. 40, 32. Hé wæs on ánum háde twégra gecynda. Bl. H. 33, 33. IV. nature in general, in the abstract, the established order of things :-- His mód and his andgit ðæt gecynd áscierpð cujus sensum natura exacuit, Past. 69, 8. Seó gecynd hit onscunað þæt hié magon weorþan tógædere gemenged, Bt. 16, 3; F. 54, 13. Ic eom nú máre ymbe þ-bar; gecynd (de naturali intentione) þonne ymbe þone willan ... þú miht witan be manegum þingum þ-bar; þ-bar; gecynd is swíþe micel. ... Má wilniaþ ðá nétenu ðæs ðe hí wilniað for gecynde (ex naturae principiis) þonne for willan ... hwílum þæt gecynd (natura) ofercymþ þone willan, 34, 11; F. 150, 31-152, 12. Hyngran, þyrstan ... eall þ-bar; is of untrumnesse þæs gecyndes (ex infirmitate naturae est), Bd. 1, 27; Sch. 82, 26. Þára tó feala woroldwuniendra winð wið gecynde, Met. 13, 17. Þá þurh gecynd Críst heriað, Hy. 7, 24. Ealra wihta þára þe æfter gecyndum cenned wæ-acute;re, Rä. 40, 15. V. natural state or condition :-- Seó sáwl ne mæg forleósan þ-bar; líf hire ágenre gecynde, Gr. D. 337, 5. Þæt hí bæ-acute;don þæt ðá gyldenon gyrda eft tó þan æ-acute;rran gecynde áwendon. ... Berað ðá gyrda tó wuda ... hí synd gecyrrede tó heora gecynde, Hml. Th. i. 68, 18-29. þ-bar; wæter, gefylledre ðæ-acute;re ðénunge, hwearf eft to gecynde (ad naturam), Bd. 1, 7; Sch. 25, 17. Hwí þ-bar; is weorþe, and eft for þæ-acute;re sunna scíman tó his ágnum gecynde weorþe, Bt. 39, 3; F. 216, 1: Met. 28, 62. Hí mé onhwyrfdon of þæ-acute;re gecynde þe ic æ-acute;r cwic beheóld, Rä. 72, 4. VI. a natural quality, property, or characteristic :-- Úðwitan secgað þætte án gecynd æ-acute;lcre sáwle yrsung wæ-acute;re, óðer wilnung, is seó þridde gecynd þæ-acute;m twæ-acute;m betere sió gesceádwísnes, Met. 20, 184-188. Is þæt micel gecynd þínes gódes ... for þon hit is eall án ... þú and þæt þín gód, 26: Bt. 33, 4; F. 128, 14. Is þ-bar; formicel gecynd þ-bar; úrum líchoman cymð eall his mægen of ðám mete þe wé þicgað, and ðeáh færð se mete út þurh ðone líchoman, 34, 11; F. 150, 34. Þú man worhtest and him ... sealdest word and gewitt and wæstma gecynd (the property of growth), Hy. 9, 56. Uþwitan secgaþ þ-bar; sió sáwul hæbbe ðrió gecynd; án ðára gecynda is þ-bar; heó biþ wilnigende ... twá ðára gecyndu (-a?) habbaþ nétenu, Bt. 33, 4; F. 132, 3-5. VII. gender, sex :-- Nim of eallum clæ-acute;num nítenum seofen and seofen æ-acute;gðres gecyndes (masculum et feminam), Gen. 7, 2: 3. VII a. sexual organs, v. gecynd-lim :-- Wépen, gecynd veretrum, Wrt. Voc. i. 44, 58. Swá hwylc man swá on gecynde (in genitalibus) óðerne wanhálne dó, Ll. Th. ii. 148, 17. Hié beheledon heora fæderes gecynd (cf. gesceapu, 22) operuerunt uerenda patris sui, Gen. 9, 23. Inádle on wífes gecyndon and on fótum, Lch. ii. 176, 1. VII b. = mónaþ-gecynd :-- Þú scealt simle þám wífe ... drenc sellan on þá ilcan tíd þe hire sió gecynd æt wæ-acute;re, Lch. ii. 330, 24. VIII. the manner or way natural or proper to any one, mode of action :-- Ðeáh hire biþ forwierned hire gecyndes ðurh þæs monnes willan, Bt. 34, 11; F. 152, 13. Lamb spæ-acute;can on mennisc gecynde. Mart. H. 2, 19. Hé (the whale) hafað óðre gecynd ... se mereweard múð ontýneð ..., Wal. 49. IX. character as determining the class to which a thing belongs, generic nature or quality :-- Se abbod cwæð on his gedwilde þ-bar; úres Drihtenes líchama and his godcundnes wæ-acute;re ánes gecyndes. Ll. Th. ii. 374, 25. Sceáwa þæ-acute;r nú dúst, and drýge bán, þæ-acute;r þæ-acute;r þú æ-acute;r gesáwe æfter flæ-acute;sclicre gecynde fægre leomu on tó seónne, Bl. H. 113, 22. X. a race, a natural group of animals or plants having a common origin :-- Seó mennisce gecynd mæg mid rihte þæ-acute;m Scyppende lof secgean, Bl. H. 123, 3. Manna gecynd, El. 735. Nán gesceaft (gecynd, v.l.)... búton mon, Bt. 35, 4; F. 160, 24. Nis nænigu gecynd cwiclifigende, ne fugol ne fisc ..., Sal. 419. Þone feónd þisse menniscan gecynd, Bl. H. 31, 32. Þá hálgan setl gefylde mid þæ-acute;re menniscan gecynde, 121, 35: Past. 411, 32. Tó wlitegum engla gecynde, Hml. Th. i. 12, 14. Þú ... ealle gesceafta tósyndrodest on manega, sealdest æ-acute;lce gecynd ágene wísan, Hy. 7, 66. Ne forseoh þú næ-acute;fre þíne gecynd carnem tuam ne despexeris (Is. 58, 7), Bl. H. 37, 22. God geswác his weorces swá þæt hé ná má gecynda siððan ne gesceóp, ac swá þeáh hé gemenigfylt dæghwomlíce þá ylcan gecynd, Hml. Th. ii. 206, 10-12. XI. a