This is page 336 of the supplement to An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by T. Northcote Toller (1921)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 22 Apr 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

336 GE-GRÓWAN--GE-HÆFTNÍDAN

ge-grówan. Add: I. to grow together, unite by growing:--Swá fæste his heáfod wæs gegrówen tó ðám líchaman, swylce hit næ-acute;fre of ácorfen næ-acute;re ita caput ejus unitum fuerat corpori, ac si nequaquam fuisset abscissum, Gr. D. 198, 28. II. of soil, to produce, bear:--Se æcer syððan gegreów .c. síða sélor þonne hé æ-acute;r dyde, Shrn. 137, 25. Swá se fiicbeám ofersceadað ðæt lond ðæt hit under him ne mæg gegrówan, Past. 337, 11.

ge-grunded. Dele.

ge-grundstaþelian; p. ode To found, build on a firm foundation:--Hí ne magon áfyllan mín fæstræ-acute;de geþanc þe is gegrundstaþelod, Hml. S. 8, 21.

ge-gyld. Add:--Mid þám fægerum stafum gegylde, Guth. 4, 2. .II. gegylde weófodsceátas, Cht. Th. 244, 18.

ge-gylden; adj. Golden:--Ðá gegyldnan aurea, Wrt. Voc. ii. 3, 69.

ge-gyltan. Add:--Hé gegylte on neorxnawonge, Angl. xi. 1, 15. Ic eom ondetta synne þe hié on gegyltan, 98, 21.

ge-gymian, -gymm(i)an to pierce, cut into the flesh:--Gif man sié gegymed, and þú hine gelácnian scyle . . . þ-bar; dolh rét mid ealdan spice, Lch. ii. 352, 18-354, 5: 304, 12. Gif man gegemed weorðeð, .xxx. sci&l-bar;&l-bar;. gebéte, Ll. Th. i. 18, 8. v. gymian.

ge-gyrd. v. forþ-gegyrd.

ge-gyrdan. Add:--Gegyrdeð (-að, R.) hine praecingit se, Lk. L. 12, 37. Ðú waldes ðec gigyrde cingebas te, Jn. L. 21, 18. Gegyrded praecinctus, 13, 5. Luna beón gegyrd (cingi), Lch. iii. 206, 19.

ge-gyrian. v. ge-girwan: ge-gyrnan. v. ge-girnan.

ge-habban. Add:--Gehæbbende cohercens, Wrt. Voc. ii. 21, 74. I. to have, possess (of relative position):--Gif hié (þíne menn) yfele sint, ðonne sint hié þé pleólicran gehæfd þonne genæfd, Bt. 14, 1; F. 42, 22. II. to retain, detain, keep (1) a person (a) in a place:--Hé hí hwylcehwugu dagas mid him gehæfde eos aliquot diebus secum retinuit, Bd. 5, 10; Sch. 601, 9. Hé þone æ-acute;rendracan on ðám mynstre sume hwíle gehæfde (detinuit), Gr. D. 39, 25. Hé wæs gehæfd (-hæfed, v. l.) retentus, Bd. 5, 10; Sch. 597, 14: 5, 19; Sch. 658, 18. Petrus wæs gehæfd on ðám cwearterne, Hml. Th. ii. 380, 31. (b) in a state or position:--Þám þe se æfterra deáð gegrípð and on écnesse gehæfð, Bt. 19; S. 47, 2. Sió ungelícnes hira geearnunga hié tiéhð sume behindan sume, and hira scylda hí ðæ-acute;r gehabbað, Past. 107, 20. (2) a thing. (a) material:--Ne mæg ðæt scip nó stille gestondan, búton hit ankor gehæbbe, Past. 445, 13. Wiþ ðon þe man ne mæge his mete gehabban, and hé spíwe, Lch. i. 76, 20: ii. 190, 8. (b) non-material:--Ðára synna gé gihabbað quorum peccata retinueritis, Jn. L. 20, 23. Ne mæg hé þá swétnesse þisse worulde nó gehabban, gif heó hine fleón onginþ, Bt. 11, 1; F. 32, 36. III. to restrain:--Hé hine gehæfde (restringeret) fram æ-acute;ghwylcum unnyttum worde, Gr. D. 11, 8. Ðæt gé eów gehæbben sume hwíle, Past. 99, 15. IV. to contain, have involved:--Gif þ-bar; lange swá biþ, þonne gehæfþ hit on unéþelícne wæterbollan if that is so for long, then it has a dropsy hard to cure involved in it, Lch. ii. 204, 13. V. to have room or capacity for, to allow, suffer:--Þæt heora land ne wæ-acute;re tó þæs mycel, þ-bar; hí mihton twá þeóde gehabban (on gehabban, v. l.) quia non ambos eos caperet insula, Bd. 1, 1; Sch. 11, 10. VI. to uphold, maintain, preserve:--Hé his ríce mid micelre uniéðnesse gehæfde, Ors. 6, 24; S. 276, 2. Ne ic máran getilige tó haldænne þonne ic . . . þá men on gehabban and gehealdan mage þe ic forðian sceal, Solil. H. 35, 18. Þyssera hyrda gemynd is gehæfd be-eástan Bethleem áne míle, Hml. Th. i. 42, 34. VII. to have, experience, be subject to:--On þám heofenlicum éðele nis nán niht gehæfd, Lch. iii. 240, 12. VIII. to hold, keep in some relation to oneself:--Búton se hláford hine wille on borh gehabban, Ll. Th. i. 228, 28. IX. to have in the mind, hold, entertain a feeling, &c.:--Fácn ne sceal mon on heortan gehabban dolum in corde non tenere, R. Ben. 17, 7. IX a. to exhibit (a feeling, &c.) in action:--Gif hié ðá hálwendan forhæfdnesse gehabban ne mægen if they cannot be continent, Past. 401, 32. X. to hold, consider as:--Hé for his lífes geearnunge wæs gehæfd (gehæfd and ongyten, v. l., habebatur) micelre hálinesse man, Gr. D. 26, 6. Þæs emnihtes dæg ys gehæfd, swá swá Béda tæ-acute;cð, þæs on ðám feórðan dæge, Lch. iii. 240, 5. Nis se Fæder gehæfd gemæ-acute;nelíce Fæder from ðám Suna and þám Hálgan Gáste, Hml. Th. i. 498, 29: 32. Gehæfd swilce hálig stów, ii. 506, 26. Gehæfde habebatur (celebris), An. Ox. 3606. Hé befrán ðone pápan hwæt hí wæ-acute;ron gehæfde (what they were considered to be). Þá sæ-acute;de se biscop þæt hí sóðlíce wæ-acute;ron hálige mæssepreóstas, Hml. Th. ii. 310, 12. XI. to hold, carry on, engage in:--Hí geðafedon þæt ðæ-acute;r cýping binnan gehæfd wæs, Hml. Th. i. 406, 6. XI a. to carry on an institution:--Basilius tó þæ-acute;re byrig férde on þæ-acute;ra wæs gehæfd þ-bar; foresæ-acute;de mynster, Hml. S. 3, 325. XII. to treat well or ill:--Hé fram him fremsumlíce wæs onfangen and micle tíd mid him well gehæfd (-hæfed, v. l.) wæs (habitus est), Bd. 4, 1; Sch. 340, 16. XII a. of the effect of natural causes, e. g. sickness:--Heó wiste þ-bar; þ-bar; folc swá yfle wæs gehæfd mid scearpum hungre for heora synnum, Hml. A. 110, 249. Þ-bar; þú síðige tó mé and míne untrumnysse gehæ-acute;le, for ðan þe ic eom yfele gehæfd, Hml. S. 24, 98. XIII. intrans. To have at (wiþ), to attack:--Drihten hig gehyrde, þæt hig gehæfdon (-hæfton, Thw.) wið hine, þæt hig feóllon on þám gefeohte ætforan Israhéla bearnum Domini sententia fuerat, ut indurarentur corda eorum et pugnarent contra Israel et caderent, Jos. 11, 20.

ge-haccod. Dele.

ge-háda. Add:--Beó þæslic wurðmynt gegearwod þám rihtgelýfedum úrum gehádum (domesticis fidei), R. Ben. 82, 1.

ge-hádian. Add:--Fram þám biscopum oþþe abbodum þe þone abbod gehádodun, R. Ben. 124, 11. Gesette hé þæne and gehádige tó ðám dihte abbodhádes, 119, 11. Gif hwylc abbod mæssepreóstes behófige, geceóse hé of his ágenum geférum þe þæs hádes wyrðe sý, and hine gehádian læ-acute;te, 111, 19.

ge-hádod. Add:--Ne úre æ-acute;nig his líf ne fadode swá swá hé scolde, ne gehádode regollíce ne læ-acute;wede lahlíce, Wlfst. 160, 1: Bl. H. 43, 7. v. un-gehádod.

ge-hæc. v. mearh-gehæcc.

ge-hæcca, an; m. A sausage:--Gehæcca farcimen, Wrt. Voc. ii. 39, 77. v. mearh-hæccel.

ge-hæft, es; m. A captive:--Ðæt ðá bendas sumes gehæftes (captiui) tólýsende wæ-acute;ron, Bd. 4, 22; Sch. 454, 9. v. hæft a captive; ge-hæft; adj.

ge-hæft, e; f. A taking captive:--Sé þe ne sealde ús on gehæfte &l-bar; tó fæncge tóðum heora qui non dedit nos in captionem dentibus eorum, Ps. L. 123, 6.

ge-hæft; adj. Add:--Gif wífe hæftnýd gelympe, gif se wer onfó óðrum wífe and þ-bar; gehæfte (captiva) ymbe .v. winter cume, Ll. Th. ii. 152, 6. Ðæt dumbe and ðæt gehæfte neát subjugale mutum, Past. 257, 11. Hé mót gehæftne man álýsan, Wlfst. 294, 32.

ge-hæftan. Add: To prevent free movement or action. I. to restrict, restrain, confine:--Ðonne monn ðæt mód gehæft cum cogitatio per custodiam restringitur, Past. 273, 17. Hié nellað hié gehæftan and gepyndan hiora mód, swelce mon deópne pool gewerige, ac hé læ-acute;t his mód tóflówan . . . and ne gehæft hit ná mid ðám gesuincium gódra weorca se ad superiora stringendo non dirigit, neglectam se expandit, et studiorum sublimium vigore non constringitur, 283, 13-16. Sume weriað wísdómes streám, welerum gehæftað, ðæt hé út ne tóflóweð, 469, 3. II. to bind, fetter (1) with material bonds:--Se geonga . . . gehæfted (cf. fetorwrásnum fæst, 1109), An. 1129. (2) with non-material bonds:--Sé þe gehæft sié mid ðæ-acute;re unnyttan lufe þisse middangeardes capti, quos ligat improbis catenis terrenis habitans libido menteis, Bt. 34, 8; F. 144, 24. Gehefted, Met. 21, 5. Sefa . . . unrótnesse geræ-acute;ped, hearde gehæfted, 25, 49. Hé ealle gesceafta hæfð geheaþorade and gehæfte mid his unanbindendlicum racentum stringat ligans irresoluto singula nexu, Bt. 25; F. 88, 5. III. to fasten one thing to another:--Sihhemes mód wæs gehæft tó Dinan conglutinata est anima ejus cum ea, Past. 415, 25. IV. to seize, arrest, capture. (1) the subject a person:--Swá hraðe swá hí becumað tó ðyssere byrig gehæftað hí, Hml. Th. ii. 494, 12. Se déma hét gehæftan Crisantum and Darian, Hml. S. 35, 136. Wæs sum wyln gehæft tó swinglum, 21, 166. (2) the subject a (non-material) thing:--Gehæfton mé unrihtwísnyssa míne comprehenderunt me iniquitates meae, Ps. L. 39, 13. Geheft captus (propriis sermonibus), Kent. Gl. 123. Meteleás . . . hungre gehæfted, El. 613. Hí mæ-acute;ndon meteleáste, hungre gehæfte, An. 1160. V. to take captive, make prisoner:--Seó ungeðwæ-acute;rnes þá mægnu syrwde and gehæfte discordia virtutibus insidiatur et capitur, Prud. 78 a. Wæs seó burhwaru mæ-acute;st ofslegen and gehæft, Chr. 980; P. 124, 8. Ic geseó óðre æ-acute; . . . wiþfeohtende þæ-acute;re æ-acute; mínes módes and gehæftedne (captiuum) mé is læ-acute;dende. Hú gif hé gehæfted (captiuus) wæs, Bd. 1, 27; Sch. 98, 6-11. Gehæftum heora feóndum captis hostibus, 5, 12; Sch. 620, 7. Hí weorþaþ geræ-acute;pte mid þæ-acute;re unrótnesse and swá gehæfte moeror captos fatigat, Bt. 37, 1; F. 186, 22. VI. to put into the power of another, bring into bondage, enslave. (1) lit.:--Genam se sciphláford mé neádinga . . . and hé mé gehæfte on his éðle, Hml. S. 30, 358. (2) fig.:--Ðý læ-acute;s hé sié gehæft mid ðám úterran ne exterioribus deditus, Past. 127, 14. Gehæft mancipatus, An. Ox. 1164: 2352: 779. VII. to confine to a place or locality, imprison:--Seó stów þe þú nú on gehæft eart . . ., heó is þám monnum éþel þe þæ-acute;r on geborene wæ-acute;ran, Bt. 11, 1; F. 32, 27. Loce gehæft clustello continetur, An. Ox. 5397. Gehæftad wæs diwl in helle dampnatus est diabolus in infernum, Rtl. 197, 25.

ge-hæftednis. Add: a taking; deception; captio:--Geheftednis ðá gedégladon gegrípeð hié captio quam occultaverunt adpraehendat eos, Ps. Srt. 34, 8.

ge-hæftfæst. Dele.

ge-hæftn(i)an. Add:--Þú bist mid deófles anwealde gehæftned juri diaboli mancipaberis, Gr. D. 135, 16. Ealle þe þæ-acute;r gehæftnede wæ-acute;ron captivi omnes, 292, 18. Fram deófle hí beóð hæfde and gehæftnede a diabolo captivi tenentur, 336, 5. Þám gehæftnedum mannum captivis, 293, 3.

ge-hæftnídan to make captive, seize:--Þú bist mid deófles anwealde gehæftniéded (-hæfdnéded, v. l.) juri diaboli mancipaberis, Gr. D. 135, 15.