This is page 345 of the supplement to An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by T. Northcote Toller (1921)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 18 Mar 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.


g&a-long;st, folc wæs geh[n]æ-long;ged, Exod. 169. [Goth. ga-hnaiwjan to humble: O. H. Ger. ge-hneigen inclinore, subjugare.]

ge-hnæ-long;stan; p. te To come into conflict with, contend :-- S&e-long; þe mec f&e-long;h&d-bar; ongeán and wi&d-bar; mægenþisan m&i-long;nre genæ-long;ste&d-bar;, Rä. 28, 10. v. ge-hnæ-long;st.

ge-hnesctun. Substitute: ge-hnescan, -hnescian; p. -hnescte, -hnescode To make nesh. I. in a physical sense. (1) to soften hard material :-- þ-bar; hearde hyt gel&i-long;&d-bar;iga&d-bar; and gehnesceaþ. Lch. i. 368, 2. Gehnescige mon mid þ&y-long; þ-bar; forsetene yfel . . . h&e-long; þone forheardodan swile gehnesce . . . wir&d-bar; se swile sw&a-long; heard sw&a-long; st&a-long;n, and ne mæg hine mon gehnescian, ii. 212, 15-22. H&u-long; mon mæg gehnescan þ&a-long; heardnesse, 168, 8. Oþ þ-bar; &d-bar;&a-long; corn þurh &d-bar;one wæ-long;tan gehnehsode s&y-long;n, i. 92, 14. Wurdon þ&a-long; gyrda gehnexode swilce hit fæ&d-bar;era wæ-long;ron, Hml. S. 35, 190. (I a) figurative :-- Ðæ-long;r wæ-long;ron gehnescode hiera breóst . . . beó&d-bar; hira breóst gehnescod ibi subacta sunt ubera earum . . . ubera subiguntur, Past. 403, 34-405, 2. (2) to alleviate, relieve pain :-- Oft hearda wunda beó&d-bar; mid l&i-long;&d-bar;um be&d-bar;engum gehnescode and gehæ-long;lede plerumque dura vulnera per lenia fomenta mollescunt, Past. 183, 21. II. to make gentle or tender. (1) of persons :-- Genehxa þ&a-long; heardheortnysse m&i-long;nre þæ-long;re stæ-long;nenan heortan, Angl. xii. 500, 14. Ðæt mon &d-bar;&a-long; heardan heortan gehnescige, Past. 154, 3. (2) of speech :-- Gehnistun word heora mollierunt sermones suos, Ps. Srt. 54, 22. Genexode synt his spræ-long;cu molliti sunt sermones eius, Ps. L. 54, 22. III. to weaken, enfeeble, (i) to relax the vigour of :-- Ðonne mon læ-long;t t&o-long;sl&u-long;pan &d-bar;one ege and &d-bar;&a-long; l&a-long;re su&i-long;&d-bar;ur &d-bar;onne hit &d-bar;earf sié for w&a-long;cm&o-long;dnesse, &d-bar;onne wier&d-bar; gehnescad &d-bar;onone sió ðreánng &d-bar;æs anwaldes, Past. 289, 3. (a) to cause to be yielding (cf. hnesce t&o-long; lustum, Hml. Th. ii. 220, 4) :-- Ðing &d-bar;e heora hl&a-long;ford þurh oferfl&o-long;wednysse t&o-long; unlustum gehnexa&d-bar;, Hml. Th. ii. 92, 19. O&d-bar;re mid lyffetungum t&o-long; leahtrum gehnexian, Hml. S. 16, 174.

ge-hn&i-long;gan. Add: [O. Sax. gi-hn&i-long;gan to bend, bow: O. H. Ger. ge-hnigan.]

ge-hnigian to cause to bend; reflex, to bow :-- Ne geþr&i-long;stlæ-long;ce h&e-long; þ-bar; h&e-long; hine t&o-long; Godes weófode gehnigie non audeat se ad altars Dei inclinare, Ll. Th. ii. 176, 3.

ge-hnycned drawn (?), pinched (?) :-- &E-long;þung bi&d-bar; s&a-long;rlic, gehnycned neb, Lch. ii. 258, 17. [Cf. (?) Icel. hnykkja to pull.]

ge-hnyscan. Add:-- On þone þe se st&a-long;n falleþ, gehnyscet (conteret) hine.

ge-hnystan (?) to afflict :-- Se gehnysta g&a-long;st, hiorte gecl&a-long;nsod and geeádm&e-long;ded spiritus contribulatus, cor contritum et humiliatum, Ps. C. 127. Cf. hnossian. [But gehnyst might belong to ge-hnyscan. Ci. ge-hnistun under ge-hnescan; V. 2.]

ge-hnyst. See preceding word.

ge-hoferod. Add :-- Wæs sum earm ceorl egesl&i-long;ce gehoferod, and &d-bar;earle geb&i-long;ged þnrh &d-bar;one br&a-long;dan hofor, Hml. S. 21, 95.

ge-h&o-long;fod; adj. Hoofed, having a hoof :-- Þ&a-long; þe synd geh&o-long;fode on horses gel&i-long;cnysse wæ-long;ron unclæ-long;ne, Hml. S. 25, 44.

ge-hogian; p. ode; pp. od. I. to resolve, determine, (1) with infin. :-- Þu-long; gehogodest sæcce s&e-long;cean ofer sealt wæter, B. 1988. (2) with clause :-- Hæfde h&e-long; gehogod, þæt h&e-long; gedæ-long;de, sw&a-long; hine Drihten h&e-long;t, Gen. 2892. (3) with pronoun and clause in apposition :-- Þ&a-long; ic æ-long;rest hyt gehogede, þæt ic hine t&o-long; sw&i-long;þe ne lufige, Solil. H. 35, 14. H&e-long; þæt on his m&o-long;de gehogode (-hogod, v. l.) and geteód hæfde (decreuerat), þæt he wolde his þeóde ford&o-long;n, Bd. 3, 24; Sch. 307, 6. G&e-long; þæt gehogodon, þæt g&e-long; on f&a-long;ra folc feorh gelæ-long;ddon, An. 429. (3 a) with pron. , relative clause, and clause in apposition :-- Ð&a-long; þæt gehogode M&e-long;da aldor, þæt æ-long;r man ne ongan, þæt h&e-long; Babilone &a-long;brecan wolde, Dan. 687. II. to look for, hope for :-- Israh&e-long;la h&u-long;s on Drihten helpe gehogedan Domus Israel speravit in Domino, Ps. Th. 113, 18. III. to conceive :-- Beón gehoged conici, i. intelligi, An. Ox. 2688. v. ge-hycgan.

ge-hogod; adj. Having (such and such) thoughts :-- Gefeorma m&i-long;ne s&a-long;wle, fæder moncynnes, hædre gehogode (having anxious thoughts) hæ-long;l. &e-long;ce God . . . Ic ymb s&a-long;wle eom forht, Hy. 4, 62. Cf. ge-hugod.

ge-hola. Add :-- W&e-long; beó&d-bar; þ&i-long;ne geholan, and ealne wæg þ&i-long;ne mid-sprecan, ne w&e-long; nella&d-bar; &d-bar;&e-long; &a-long;meldian, achit eall stillelæ-long;tan, Hml. S. 23, 590.

ge-holian; p. ode To get :-- Ðætte &d-bar;onne hié w&e-long;nen &d-bar;æt hié &d-bar;one gilp and &d-bar;æt lof begieten hæbben &d-bar;æt hié æ-long;r wilnodon, &d-bar;æt hié &d-bar;onne hæbben mid &d-bar;&y-long; scame geholode ut unde adepta gloria creditur, inde utilis subsequatur confusio. Past. 209, 19. [O. H. Ger. ge-hol&o-long;n, -hal&o-long;n adipisci, obtinere. O. Sax. gi-hal&o-long;n to gain, obtain.]

ge-holian; p. ode To hollow out :-- Geholedum (gescafenum) telgrum cauatis corticibus, An. Ox. 255: II, 15: deasceato, i. dolato, Germ. 395, 381. [O. L. Ger. ge-[h]olade exesa (antra): O. H. Ger. ge-hol&o-long;t cauatus.]

ge-h&o-long;n, -hongian. Substitute: ge-h&o-long;n to hang (trans. ). I. to fasten to an object above :-- Genim þ&a-long;s wyrte, and geh&o-long;h h&y-long; t&o-long; &d-bar;æ-long;re h&y-long;fe, Lch. i. 98, i. II. to fasten to a cross, crucify :-- Geh&e-long;ngon hine crucifixerunt eum, Mt. L. 27, 36. þ-bar;te hiá geh&e-long;ngon &l-bar; mæhton &a-long;h&o-long;a hine, Mk. L. 15, 20. Mæhte ic hafo geh&o-long;a &d-bar;ec &l-bar; &d-bar;ec t&o-long; h&o-long;anne, Jn. L. 19, ID. þ-bar;te h&e-long; s&e-long; geh&o-long;en &l-bar; &a-long;hongen, Mt. L. 26, 2 : Mk. L. 15, 15. III. to hang with, decorate with that which is suspended :-- Wudu bi&d-bar; bl&e-long;dum gehongen lucus frondis honore viret, Ph. 38. Sindon thorn&a-long; bearwas bl&e-long;dum gehongene, wlitigum waestmum genus arboreum tracero stipite surgens, 71.

ge-hopian; p. ode To hope :-- Ic gehopige on hine sperabo in eum, Ps. L. 90, 2. Gehopud speratus, Scint. 27, 14 : 172, I.

ge-hopp, es; n. A little bag, a seed-vessel of a plant, a pod. Cf. codd :-- Gehopp folliculum, Wrt. Voc. ii. 36, 40. [Cf. N. E. D. hoppe the seed-vessel of flax.] v. hoppe.

ge-horian, ge-hornian. v. ge-horwian : ge-hornung. Dele.

ge-horsod (ge-horsian). Add; I. provided with or possessed of a horse :-- H&e-long; sceal beón gehorsad þ-bar; h&e-long; mæge t&o-long; hl&a-long;fordes seáme þ-bar; syllan equum habeat quem ad summagium domini sui prestare possit, Ll. Th. i. 436, 6. H&e-long; sceal beón gehorsad t&o-long; hl&a-long;fordes neóde equum habeat in opus domini sui, 436, 18. II. mounted (of cavalry) :-- On his f&e-long;&d-bar;ehere wæ-long;ron XXXN M. and þæs gehorsedan f&i-long;fte healf M. Ors. 3, 9; S. 124, 12. XM gehorsedra and eahtatig M f&e-long;þena. S. 126, 3 : 3, 10; S. 138, 17. Hundteóntig þ&u-long;senda gangendra manna and tw&e-long;ntig þ&u-long;senda gehorsedra manna, Hml. S. 25, 557. þ-bar; æ-long;lc man hæbbe æt þæ-long;re syhl .II. wel gehorsede men omnis homo habeat duos homines cum bonis equis de omni caruca, Ll. Th. i. 208, 13.

ge-horwian, -horgian, -horian; p. ode. I. to defile. (1) with material filth, to spit upon :-- Ongunnun summe efne-gespitta &l-bar; gehorogæ (conspuere) hine. Mk. L. 14, 65. Gehoræd bi&d-bar; (conspuetur), Lk. L. 18, 32. [Cf. G&e-long; mid horu speówdon on his andwlitan, El. 297.] (2) with moral impurity :-- G&a-long;lnyss gehorwigende libido sordidans, Hy. S. 5, 5. Gif g&e-long; mid synnum gehorgode beó&d-bar;, Nap. 30. II. to disgrace, treat shamefully :-- Ðene hiá mi&d-bar; sceofmum (scomum, R.) miclum gehoruadon (Skeat prints gehornadon, but Cook in his Glossary to the Durham Book gives gehoruadon) illum contumeliis affecerunt, Mk. L. 12, 4. v. horh, horu.

ge-hradian. Substitute: I. trans, (i) to cause a thing to be done rapidly :-- H&e-long; s&o-long;na getimbrian h&e-long;t mæ-long;rlic mynster on þreóra geára fæce. þ-bar;æt wile þincan ungeleáflic eallum þæ-long;m þe þ&a-long; st&o-long;we on uferum t&i-long;dum geseó&d-bar; and þis ne gemunaþ. H&e-long; thorn-bar; ilce mynster þus gehradod h&e-long;t SUNCERTAIN Marian geh&a-long;lgian, Lch. iii. 438, 16. (2) to cause to attain an end quickly, to prosper a person or undertaking :-- God h&i-long; s&o-long;na gehradode, sw&a-long; þ-bar; h&i-long; þæ-long;r gem&e-long;tton &a-long;ne mæ-long;re þr&u-long;h, Hml. S. 20, 78. Heora s&i-long;&d-bar;fæt wæs from Drihtne sylfum gehradad and gefyr&d-bar;rad a Domino suum iter erat prosperatum, Bd. 4, 19; Sch. 446, 2. II. intrans. To come quicily, happen quickly :-- S&o-long;na w&o-long;l ealra m&a-long;na somod gehradode luxuriam continuo omnium lues scelerum comitari adcelerauit Bd. 1, 14; Sch. 38, 18.

ge-hradige, Angl. viii. 303, 27. v. ge-r&a-long;dian: ge-hrado. v. wægn-gehrado: ge-hræcan. l. -hræcean ( = -reccan) : ge-hrædnys. Dele v. ge-hwæ-long;dnes: ge-hr&e-long;man. v. ge-hr&i-long;man.

ge-hremmed. Substitute: ge-hremman; p. -hremde; pp. -hremmed To hinder, impede, (1) to prevent the free action of :-- D&o-long;&d-bar; h&u-long;ru þæt h&i-long; ne magon &u-long;re tungan gehremman, ne &u-long;s &a-long;l&e-long;fian, Hml. Th. ii. 488, 5. þ-bar; se br&o-long;&d-bar;or &d-bar;e hine synderl&i-long;ce gebiddan wyle t&o-long; Gode, þ-bar; h&e-long; ne beó gehremmed o&d-bar;&d-bar;e gelett (impediatur) þurh (mid, v. l. ) æ-long;niges &o-long;&d-bar;res onhr&o-long;pe . . . þe læ-long;s &d-bar;e þ&a-long; gehremmede beón (impedimentnm patiantur) þe &d-bar;&a-long; gebedu lufia&d-bar;, R. Ben. 80, 7-15. (2) to prevent the right action of, be a stumbling-block to :-- Þe læ-long;s te gehremde (gelette) ne (castos) offenderet, An. Ox. 3675. þ-bar; &u-long;s deófol ne mæge mid syn-gr&i-long;num t&o-long; sw&i-long;&d-bar;e gehremman, Btwk. 196, 20. (3) to prevent from reaching an object, keep from :-- &U-long;s n&a-long;n þingc on worulde fram Gode ne gehremme, Hml. S. 23, 207. þ-bar; heora m&o-long;d fram Drihtne ne s&y-long; gehremmed mens impediri non possit, R. Ben. 137, 14.

ge-hreódan. v. ge-hroden.

ge-hreósan. Add; I. to fall from an upright position, fall to the ground; of a structure, to fall in ruins :-- Monige weallas mid seofon and f&i-long;ftegum torran gehruronand gefeóllan (conruerunt), Bd. I. 13 ; Sch. 37, 13. Seó eor&d-bar;e wæs &a-long;styred and on manegum st&o-long;wum gehroren (-hropen, Th.) revelata sunt fundamenta orbis terrarum. Ps. Th. 17, 15. la. to fall in battle :-- þ-bar; m&i-long;ne f&y-long;nd on m&i-long;nre gesihþe feallan and gereósan (corruant) sw&a-long; sw&a-long; gereás (corruit) Golias ætforan Dauides ans&y-long;ne, and sw&a-long; sw&a-long; gereás and wearþ besenct Faraones folc on þæ-long;re reádan sæ-long;. . . and sw&a-long; sw&a-long; geriás Amaleh ætforan M&o-long;issu . . . Sw&a-long; feallan and gereósan (cadant) m&i-long;ne f&y-long;nd under m&i-long;num f&o-long;tum, C. D. B. ii. 333. 7-12. II. to fall from a prosperous condition :-- Feallan h&i-long; &l-bar; gehreósan h&i-long; (decidant), Ps. L. 5, II. Ð&a-long; wæs gehroren sió &u-long;p&a-long;-hæfenes Paules, . . . and æfter &d-bar;æ-long;m hryre h&e-long; ongan timbran eá&d-bar;m&o-long;dnesse elationis ejus fabrica tota corruerat, et post ruinam suam humilis aedi-ficari requirebat, Past. 443, 29. III. to fall from a higher to a lower level, fall headlong :-- Oft &d-bar;onne se hirde gæ-long;&d-bar; on fr&e-long;cne wegas, sió hiord gehr&i-long;st cum pastor per abrupta graditur, ad praecipitium grex sequatur, Past. 31, I. Dryhten forl&e-long;t hine (Lucifer) of d&u-long;ne gehreósan, Sal. 458. III a. of strong emotion, e. g. fear, to fall upon :-- Gehreás &l-bar; onsæt egsa ofer hig incubuit timor super eos, Ps. L. 104, 38. IV. to rush upon, move with violence :-- On gehreósan ingruere, Wrt. Voc. ii. 43, 73. IV a. of inconsiderate action :--