This is page 492 of the supplement to An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by T. Northcote Toller (1921)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 18 Nov 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

492 HABBAN

Habban mé dæt tó gamene, 249, l : Bl. H. 113, 34. (β) a clause :-- Hæfdon monige unwíse menn him tó worde þ-bar; sió hate næ-acute;re for heora synnum, Ors. 1, 7; S. 40, 7. Þ-bar; he oft and gelóme hæbbe on gemynde þ-bar; mannum is mæ-acute;st þearf oftast tó gemunenne, þ-bar; is þ-bar; hí rihtne geleáfan habban, Ll. Th. i. 326, 10. IV. to have as a part or adjunct, to contain as parts of itself :-- Habbaþ þá hwíla hwæthwugu onlíces, þ-bar; is þ-bar; heora æ-acute;gþer hæfþ ende utrumque spatium definitum est, Bt. 18, 3; F. 66, 9. September hæfð .xxx. daga, Angl. viii. 300, 37, 39. Hæfde cista gehwilc týn hund geteled tíreádigra, Exod. 230. Hé hæfde blæc feax and blácne andwlitan uir nigro capillo, facie macilenta, Bd. 2, 16 ; Sch. 179, 6. Án fíctreów þe leáf hæfde, Mk. ii. 13. Gif se mónð sceal habban .xxx. nihta ealdne mónan, Angl. viii. 300, 33, 35, V. to have as an attribute, a quality, function, right, wrong, &c. (l) of persons :-- Ic hæbbe geweald micel tó gyrwanne gódlecran stól. Gen. 280. Ylde hé hæfð (haefeð, L. , hæfeð, R. ), Jn. 9, 21. Eác wé habbað ðá synne, Ll. Th. i. 196, 7. Manege beóððe hæbbað ðá unðeáwas ealle. . . , Past. 455, 7. Seleucus hæfde seofon and seofontig wintra and Lisimachus hæfde þreó and seofontig wintra Lysimachus annos septuaginta et quatuor natus, Seleucus autem septuaginta et septem, Ors. 3, 11; S. 152, 17 : Gen. 1117. Ðæt cild hæfde læ-acute;sse þonne brý mónðas þæs þriddan geáres, Shrn. 104, 18. Júdas hæfde onlícnesse (was a type) þæ-acute;ra manna be willaþ Godes cyricean yfelian. Bl. H. 75, 23. Hé ne mehte habban þæs onwaldes noman, Ors. 6, 36; S. 294, 14. (2) of things :-- Þá word þe geendiað on or habbaþ ðreó getácnunga, Ælfc. Gr. Z. 121, 18. Þá þing þe be mé synt habbað ende the things about me are sure to come to pass, Lk. 22, 37. VI. to have, be affected with, experience, enjoy or suffer :-- Ne ic þæs deáðes hafu sorge on móde, Gú. 1040. Þonne hafað hé mycelne lust, Lch. i. 358, 20. Heó hæfð unrótnysse . . . Gé habbað (habað. L. , habbas, R. ) nú unrótnysse, Jn. 16, 21, 12. Wé habbaþ nédbearfe þ-bar; . . . , Bl. H. 23, 1. Swá fela swá untrumnessa and unclæ-acute;ne gástas hæfdon, Mk. 3, 11. On þám ðingum þe hí won (wana, v. l.) hæfdon, Bd. 5, 22 ; Sch. 682, 15. Hæbbe þæs gefeán folca æ-acute;ghwilc, and blessien þeóda laetentur et exutient gentes, Ps. Th. 66, 4. Gif híwan hiora cirican máran þearfe hæbben, Ll. Th. i. 64, 14. Ðæs gefeán habban, B. 2740. VII. with object and dat. infin. expressing what is to be done by the subject, to have as a duty or thing to be done. Cf. II a :-- Ic hæbbe (hafo. L. ) þé tó secgenne sum ðing habeo tibi aliquid dicere, Lk. 7, 40. Ic hæbbe (hafo, L. R. ) þone mete tó etanne þe gé nyton, Jn. 4, 32. Hæfst ðú æceras tó erigenne habes agros ad arandum, Æ-acute;lfc. Gr. Z. 135, 7. Hæfst ðú cild tó læ-acute;renne habes pueros ad docendum, 151, 13. Uton wé geþencean hwylc handleán wé him forþ tó berenne habban, Bl. H. 91, 14. VIII. with dat. infin. to have, be obliged to do something :-- Mage gyt drincan þone calic þe ic tó drincenne hæbbe potestis bibere calicem quem ego bibiturus sum ? Mt. 20, 22. Gif hé hæbbe ealle on fððre tó ágifanne, Ll. Th. i. 140, 9. Hit hæfde (would have) ðonne tó wilnianne sumes gódes, Bt. 24, i; F. 80, 16. IX. to hold, keep, retain. (l) to hold in the same position :-- Hafa lange hwlle þíne hand on. Lch. ii. 32, 22. (2) to keep possession of :-- Ðone onwald mæg wel reccan sé ðe æ-acute;gðer ge bine habban cann ge wiðwinnan quam potentiam bene regit qui et tenere illam noverit et impugnare, Past. 113, 21. (3) to keep in some relation to oneself , have in mind, in keeping, &c. :-- p ic hæbbe feste on gemynde, Bt. 36, 3; F. 176, 24. Gér éce in móde ic hefde annos eternos in meute habui. Ps. Srt. 76, 6. Regolllcór libban þonne hí æ-acute;r þisan on gewunan hæfdon, Ll. Th. i. 346, 28. Hæbbe æ-acute;lc hláford his hírédmen on his ágenon borge, 282, 9. Þá hwíle be we þ-bar; líf on úrun gewealde habban, Bl. H. 101, 11. Æ-acute;ghwylc þára is wyrlte in gemyndum tó habbanne sunt digna memorie singula, Angl. iv. 140, 22 : 142, 75. (4) to keep a person in some particular place or condition, as guest, prisoner, &c. :-- Þá þe þú æ-acute;r on hæftnéde hæfdest, Bl. H. 85, 23. Hé hí feáwa dagas mid him hæfde eos aliquot diebus secum retinuit, Bd. 5, 10; Sch. 601, 9. Hé hæfde (detinuit) þone æ-acute;rendracan hwylcnehugu fyrst in þám mynstre, Gr. D. 39, 23. Hé hæfde æ-acute;nne lícðrowere belocen on ánum clyfan, Hml. S. 3, 480. Se geréfa þe hine hæfde comes qui eum tenebat, Bd. 4, 22; Sch. 457, 17. Gif hwá Godes flýman hæbbe on unriht, ágife hine tó rihte . . . Gif hwá ámánsodne oþþe útlahne hæbbe (habeat) and healde, Ll. Th. i. 410, 15-18. Harold þóhte þone kinge þár tó hæbbenne for huntnoðes þingon, Chr. 1065; P. 190, 28. Mid þý hé hwylcehugu tiid mid þone gesíþ hæfd (haefed, v. l.) wæs (tenerelur), Bd. 4, 22; Sch. 458, 13. Fram þám hí beóð hæfde and gehæftnede a quo captivi tenentur, Gr. D. 336, 5. Hí næ-acute;ron onlýsde ah on bendum hié wiéron hæfde, Bl. H. 87, 26. X. to hold or entertain in the mind :-- Hí hæfdon Godes elnunge, Bd. 5, 22 ; Sch. 681, 29. Sé þe nú forhogaþ þ hé æ-acute;nig gemynd hæbbe Drihtnes eáþmódnesse, Bl. H. 83, 16. X a. to entertain a feeling towards (tó) an object :-- For þæ-acute;re hatunge þe hé hæfð tó his Scyppende, and for þám andan þe hé hæfð tó þám men propter odium in Creatorem et invidiam in hominem, Angl. vii. 8, 65. Hig habbaþ andan tó hym, Nic. 4, 19. þ-bar; man tó óþrum læ-acute;þþe hæbbe, Bl. H. 63, 36. Hé sceal habban andan tó hira yfele, Past. 75, 13. See cýþþe habban unáer cýþþu; 1. 2 a. XI. to treat, use :-- Ic sende ofer eów geswinc and mettrumnesse . . . þá eów habbað oð deáðes tócyme swíðe hearde, Wlfst. 230, 7. Þ-bar; folc hine hæfde swá yfele swilce hé sumes þinges scyldig wæ-acute;re, and ealle men hine fram stówe tó stówe brúdon and tó wundre tawedcn, Hml. S. 23, 652. For hwig þ-bar;; folc þone Hæ-acute;lend swá yfele hæfde. Nic. 4, 18. XII. to hold in some specified estimation, to esteem or account as, consider as. (l) with gen. :-- Sum munuc, sé wæs hæfd and wéned fram mannum mycelre árfæstnesse, and hé wæs gesewen gódra þeáwa quidam monachtis magnae aestimationis habebatur, bonis quippe cernebatur moribus, Gr. D. 326, 24. (2) with prep, (a) habban for to consider or regard as :-- Eall þeódscipe hine heafde for fullne cyning, Chr. 1013 ; P. 144, 6. Heó hyt for Crýstes andwlytan æ-acute;fre hæfde, Hml. A. 187, 180. Hig hæfdon hyne for æ-acute;nne wítegan they counted him as a prophet, Mt. 14, 5: Ors. l, 6; S. 36, 20: Met. 26, 44. Þ-bar; him þá geþflhte swelc þæt mæ-acute;ste wæl swelc hié oft æ-acute;r for nóht hæfdon. Ors. 4, 7 ; S. 184, 15. Hié wilniað ðæt hié mon hæbbe for ðá betstan and for dá hálgestan, Past. 135, 20. Ne magon wé . . . hátan oððe habban deádne mon for cwucene, Bt. 36, 6 ; F. 182, 19. Is þæs folces hlísa æ-acute;lcum men for náuht tó habbenne, 30, l ; F. 108, 17. (b) habban on to hold in honour, esteem, &c. :-- Þá hæ-acute;þenan selfe hæfdon his wundor on þæ-acute;re mæ-acute;stan áre, Shrn. 119, 33. Þone Eástordæg on weorðunge habban, Bd. 5, 22; Sch. 685, 6. Is seó stów on micelre árwurðnesse hæfd (hæfed, v. l.), Bd. 3, 2 ; Sch. 194, 3. XIII. to carry on some proceeding, have dealings, engage in as principal, have or hold a meeting, council, suit, &c. :-- Þá tihtbysian men þe mid þám geréfan sace habbað, Ll. Th. i. 294, 7. Hæfde se cyng his hired set Gieáweceastre, Chr. 1094 ; P. 228, 30. Hæfde se cyng mycel geþeaht, 1085 ; P. 216, 15. Hæfde Eádwerd cing witenagemót, 1050; P. 171, 36. Þe arceb and gehádode men hæfden sinoit þreó dagas, 1085; P. 216, 12. Æ-acute;lc geréfa hæbbe gemót, Ll. Th. i. 164, 20. Þ-bar; man habbe gemót on æ-acute;lcum wæ-acute;pentake, 294, 2. Cwæð þ-bar; hé wolde mid his ealdormonnum and mid his wytum gesprec and geþeaht habban cum principibus et consiliariis suis sese de hoc conlaturum esse dicebat, Bd. 2, 13; Sch. 163, 23. Gif hwilc wið úre bige habban wille, oþþe wé wið heora, Ll. Th. i. 156, 3. Hé wolde his hæ-acute;bengild habban he would have his idolatrous worship, Hml. S. 28, 26. Ðás wísan hé ealle on him hæbbende wæs, 23 b, 32. XIV. to declare, maintain, express the conditions of a case :-- Ðæ-acute;s [s]préce næ-acute;nig mon on næ-acute;nge óðre halfe oncærrende sié nymne suæ-acute; þis gewrit hafað (except as this writing lays down the conditions), Txts. 442, 17. XIV a. willan habban to maintain as a fact that a thing is so and so:-- Þá læ-acute;wedan willað habban þone mónan be þám ðe hí hine geseóð (the unlearned will have it that the moon is as they see if), and þá gelæ-acute;redan hine healdað be þisum foresæ-acute;dan gesceáde, Lch. iii. 266, 10. , XV. to possess by taking or receiving, to have, get, take. (l) of persons (a) without idea of compulsion :-- Hwanon hæfst (hæfis, L. ) þú lífes wæter?, Jn. 4, 11. Sé hæfð ðone weorðscipe. sé ðe æ-acute;r geðyldelíce ðá scande forbær, Past. 227, 4. Ymb .xxii. wiñt þæs þe hé ríce hæfde, Chr. 874; P. 72, 26. Hafa þé wunden gold, Gen. 2128. Hwæt gódes dó ic þ-bar; ic éce líf hæbbe?, Mt. 19, 16. Hæbbe hé him þ-bar; deáde (cf. þæt þæ-acute;r deád byð, byð his (ipsius erif), Ex. 21, 34), Ll. Th. i. 50, 8, 13 : 436, 13. Sæ-acute;dere gebyreð þ-bar; hé hæbbe æ-acute;lces cynnes æ-acute;nne leáp fulne, 438, 9, 18, 22. Æ-acute;lc friðmanna frið hæbbe, 286, 5. Swælc monn se ðæt mín lond hebbe whoever gets my land, C. D. i. 311, I. Þ-bar; wé habban heora ealra fultum, Ll. Th. i. 284, 15. Bið hire ræ-acute;d þ-bar; frýnd þá forword habban, 256, 2. Gif leornere geþuge þ-bar; hé had hsefde (got ordained), 192, 12, Ðonne þú antiphonariam habban wille, þonne wege þú þíne swíþran hand, Tech. ii. 119, 3 (and often). Earmon þæt wé Godes miltse habban móton, Wlfst. 180, 21. Swá hwelce dæge swá hié hit habban wolden, Chr. 874; P. 72, 32. (a α) to get in marriage :-- Lisimahhus his sweostor hæfde cujus sororem Lysimachus in matrimonio habuerat, Ors. 3, 11; S. 152, 17. Sé wæs lúþyttan fæder þe Æþelwulf cyning hæfde (hæfde tó cwéne, v. l.), Chr. 885; P. 80, 2. (a β) of parents, to have a child :-- Hæbbe heó cild, næbbe heó, Hml. Th. ii. 10, 7-Be ðon ðe ryhtgesamhíwan beam hæbben. Gif ceorl and his wíf bearn hæbben gemæ-acute;ne, Ll. Th. i. 126, 1-3: 254, 15. Gif Maria unbeweddod wæ-acute;re and cild hæfde. Hml. Th. i. 196, 11. (a γ) to have granted what has been forfeit :-- Gif hwá sié deáðes scyldig, and hé cirican geierne, hæbbe his feorh, Ll. Th. i. 104, 14. (a δ) ende habban to come to an end, cease to exist :-- Hé standan ne mæg ac hæfð ende, Mk. 3, 26. (b) with idea of compulsion, to get as a result of conflict, pressure, &c. :-- Emilianus ofslóg Gallus and hæfde him þone anweald, Ors. 6, 23 ; S. 274a 14. Þá Seaxan hæfdun sige, Chr. 885 ; P. 78, 29 : 909; P. 95, 30. Hí woldon hine besyrewian æt his lífe and habban syþðan his ríce, 1002; P. 13S. 4. Pá hié angeáten þ-bar; hé ungemetlic gafol wid þæ-acute;m friþe habban wolde cum intolerabiles conditiones pacis audissent, Ors. 4, 6; S. 174, 25. (c) where the source from which the object comes is given :-- Hwæt hæfð hé æt þám hlísan. Bt. 18, 4; F. 68, 11. Gif cniht wæ-acute;pn bréde, gilde se hláford án pund, and hæbbe se hláford æt þ-bar; hé mæge, and him eal gildscipe gefylste þ-bar; hé his feoh of hæbbe, Cht. Th. 612, 23-28. Gé woldon habban méde æt fræmdra monna cwiddunge, Bt. 18, 4; F. 66, 24. Swilce getrýwða swá se cyng æt him habban wolde, Chr. 1093 ; P. 228, 22. (2) of things, (a) to get some condition fixed :-- Þ-bar; gehwilc spræ-acute;c hæbbe ándagan let a term be appointed to each