This is page 512 of the supplement to An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by T. Northcote Toller (1921)

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512 HÉ -- HEÁFOD

bioð anlíc þára his þegna sumum, 37, 1 ; F. 186, 12. Sendon hý ymb heora þæt mæ-acute;ste bismer, Ors. 3, 11 ; S. 146, 28. (β) without noun :-- Æ-acute;r þá Crístnan mehten hira út áscúfan, Chr. 897 ; P. 91, 13. (β β) as substantive:-- Hé bið gelícost ðæ-acute;m men ðe his tówirpð, Past. 445, 18. Ðá ðe hiera (hiora, v. l.) sellað qui sua largiuntur, 327, 12. II. where the pronoun refers to an animal. (1) masculine:-- Feóll se assa . . . and Balaam beót hine. Þá geopenode Drihten þæs assan múð, and hé cwæð: 'Hwí beáest UNCERTAIN þú me?' Num. 22, 27-28. Þæ-acute;r wæs begyten se mæ-acute;sta bera . . ., sé wæs gewunod þ-bar; hé manna líchaman slát . . . þá wæs hé mid réðnesse onæ-acute;led, and ðone biscop gesóhte; ac hé forgeat ealle þá his réðnesse and his heáfod ofdúne ásænde, Gr. D. 194, 24-195, 3. Fleógende fugel, ðonne hé gífre bið, hé gesihð ðæt æ-acute;s, Past. 331, 17. Gif se hund má misdæ-acute;da gewyrce, and hé (the owner) hine (the dog) hæebbe, Ll. Th. i. 78, 6. (2) feminine :-- Hé ásende áne culfran, þ-bar; heó sceáwode. . . . Heó fleáh, and ne mihte findan hwær heó hire fót ásette, Gen. 8, 8-9. Seó leó, ðeáh hió wel tam sé, and hire mágister lufige, Bt. 25 ; F. 88, 9. Seó leó mid hire clifrum scræf geworhte, Hml. S. 23 b, 787. Beseó hé tó þæ-acute;re næ-acute;ddran, and hé leofað sóna swá hé besihð on hig. Num. 21, 8. (3) for genitive as possessive see instances under (1) and (2). III. where the pronoun refers to an inanimate thing. (1) masculine :-- Ðæs mónan ryne is nearo, for þan þe hé yrnð ealra tungla niðemest, Lch. iii. 248, 9. Of ðám wæ-acute;tan þe byð gefroren æ-acute;r þan hé tó dropum geurnen UNCERTAIN sý, 278, 25. Þá læ-acute;wedan willað habban þone mónan be þám ðe hí hine geseóð, 266, 10. Hé nam þá hláfas and hig gedæ-acute;lde, Jn. 6, 11. (1 a) where the pronoun refers to either a masc. or fem. noun, cf. I. 1 a β :-- Gyf þín hand oððe þín fót þé swicað áceorf hyne of, Mt. 18, 8. (2) feminine:-- Sió spræ-acute;c . . ., hié (hió, v. l.) . . . gelæ-acute;rð, Past. 275, 4. Sió gesceádwíslice gecynd . . . ðonne hé . . . forliésð, 351, 1 . Nilus seó eá hire æ-acute;wielme is néh þæ-acute;m clife . . . and þæ-acute;r hió æ-acute;rest úp wielð. . . . Ond þonne of þæ-acute;m sæ-acute; þæ-acute;r hé úp of þæ-acute;m sonde scýt hé is eást irnende . . . and þæ-acute;r mon hæ-acute;t þá eá Ion, Ors. 1, 1; S. 12, 19-27. Man wísdóm and láre hieder on lond sóhte, and wé hié (hí, v. l.) nú sceoldon úte begietan, gif wé hié habban sceoldon. Swá clæ-acute;ne hió wæs oðfeallenu . . ., Past. 3, 13. Æ-acute;lc sæ-acute;, þeáh heó deóp sý, hæfð grund on ðæ-acute;re eorðan, Lch. iii. 254, 20. 'Teóh ðíne hand' . . . þá teóh hé hig ongeán and bróhte hí eft út, and heó wæs gelíc þám óðrum flæ-acute;sce, Ex. 4, 7. Seó Ægyptus . . . be norþan hire . . ., and be eástan hiere, Ors. 1. 1 ; S. 12, 16-17. Genim þás wyrte . . . cnuca hý, Lch. i. 122, 2. Hié hiora (books) nánwuht ongiotan ne meahton for ðæ-acute;m ðe hié næ-acute;ron on hiora ágen geðióde áwritene, Past. 5, 12. (2 a) pleonastic :-- Seó eorþe þe Lazarus deádan líchaman heóld, heó hyne cwycne ágeaf, Nic. 14, 37. v. Ors. 1, 1; S. 12, 16 supra. (2 b) possessive :-- Heó (the sun) mid heore beorhtan scíman, Bt. 4 ; F. 6, 33. Hiore, 41, 1 ; F. 244, 7. Hyre, Lch. iii. 260, 10. IV. where the pronouns are used to mark sex :-- Sum cyn is gecweden epicena, þæt is on Englisc gemenged : hic coruus ðes hremn, swá hwæðer swá hit byð, swá hé , swá heó ; hic miluus ðes glida, æ-acute;gðer ge hé ge heó ; haec aquila ðes earn; æ-acute;gðer ge hé ge heó, Ælfc. Gr. Z. 19, 10-14. Ursus bera, ursa heó, Wrt. Voc. i. 78, 12, 13. B. neuter forms. I. where the pronoun refers to a neuter noun. (1) the noun denoting a person. (a) a male. cf. A. I. 1 a α :-- Underfóh þis cild (puerum istum) and féd hit, Ex. 2, 9. Áxiað be þám cilde, and þonne gé hyt gemélað, Mt. 2, 8. (b) a female, v. (4). (c) sex not determined : -- Manig wíf swelt for hire bearne æ-acute;r heó hit forðbringan mæge, Bt. 31, 1; F. 112, 11. (2) the noun denoting an animal :-- Ongan his hors wérigean . . . oð ðæt hit on eorðan hreás, Bd. 3, 9; Sch. 230, 3; Ps. Th. 32, 15. þ-bar; nán man ne sylle nán hors ofer sæ-acute; bútan hé hit gifan wille, Ll. Th. i. 208, 19. Hé genam án cealf . . . and se cnapa hit ofslóh, Gen. 18, 7. (3) the noun denoting an inanimate object :-- Ðæt hefige mód glít . . . , oð hit áfielð . . . ; for ðæm hit æ-acute;r hit nolde behealdan . . . , hit sceal áfeallan, Past. 279, 2-5. Hé ðæs áliéfdan nánwuht nolde forlæ-acute;tan, ac his swíðe ungemetlíce breác, 339, 5. Wé cwæ-acute;don be hláfordsearwe, þ-bar; hé beó his feóres scyldig, gif hé his ætsacan ne mihte, Ll. Th. i. 202, 3. Hé ástígende on án scyp . . . bæd hyne þ-bar; hé hit fram lande tuge, Lk. 5, 3. Wæs micel licggende feoh funden ; sum hit Scipia tó Róme sende, sum hé hit hét ðæ-acute;m folce dæ-acute;lan, Ors. 4, 10 ; S. 196, 30. (3 a) pleonastic :-- Hit is welig þis eálond on wæstmum, Bd. 1, 1 ; Sch. 8, 6. Hit hafað þis land sealtseáðas, and hit hafað hát wæter, 24. Brittania þæt ígland hit is norðeástlang ; and hit is eahta míla lang, Ors. 1, 1 ; S. 24, 12. Mýn rýce nys ná on þysum myddanearde; gif hyt on þysum myddaneard(e) mýn ríce wæ-acute;re, þonne . . . , Nic. 4, 37. Uton oðwendan hit monna bearnum, þæt heofonríce, nú wé hit habban ne móton. Gen. 403 : B. 1705. (3 b) pronoun omitted :-- On þám gemótan, þeáh wurðan on namcúðan stówan, Ll. Th. i. 348, 17. (4) possessive, its (his, her) :-- Þ-bar; hús feóll; and his hryre wæs mycel, Mt. 7, 27. Þ-bar; mægden cuoeð móder his puella dicit matri suae, Mk. L. 6, 28. Hé geheáld hond his (hyre hand, W. S.) cuoeðende, 'Lá, mægden, árís,' Lk. 8. 54. II. where the pronoun represents a masculine or feminine noun. (1) masc. (a) a living creature :-- Gif se oxa spyrnð ongeán ðá gáde, hit dereð him sylfum, Hml. Th. i. 390, 10. (b) an inanimate object :-- Se wæ-acute;ta . . . , gyf hit sealt sý . . . , hit byð . . . tó ferscum wæterum áwend, Lch. iii. 278, 10. Hié wurdon geunrét mid moncwealme, and sé wæs swá ungemetlic, ðæt hié . . . sóhton hú hí hit gestillan mehte, Ors. 3, 10; S. 140, 8. Þisne middangeard . . . hit, S. 142, 23: Past. 5, 5. (2) fem. (a) a living creature :-- Geseah hé león (cf. seó leó, 777) . . . and hit his fótlástes liccode, Hml. S. 23 b, 773. (b) an inanimate object :-- Ðára byrðenna hefignesse, eall ðæt ic his geman, ic áwríte, Past. 23, 12. Ne gæ-acute;ð ná máre tó métinge búton þæt þú hit geseó and herige, Hml. Th. i. 186, 7. Þá þe landáre hæfdon, hí hit beceápodon, 316, 10. ¶ possessive :-- Þonne seó leó bringð his hungregum hwelpum hwæt tó etaune, Ors. 3, 11; S. 142, 24 : Hml. S. 23 b, 778. III. the pronoun representing a personal pronoun or noun :-- Cwyst þú eom ic hyt (ah ic hit eam, R. ) numquid ego sum?. Mt. 26, 22. Ah hit sié ic numquid ego ?, Mk. R. 14, 19. Gif þú hyt eart (þ-bar; siæ-acute;, R.) si tu es, Mt. 14, 28. Hí wiston þ-bar; hit wæs Drihten scientes quia Dominus est, Jn. 21, 12. III a. the pronoun omitted :-- Se Hæ-acute;lend cwæð: 'Hé ys (he it is, A. V.) sé ðe ic ráce hláf, ' Jn. 13, 26. Him wearð gesæ-acute;d þ-bar; wæ-acute;re Martinus, Hml. S. 31, 994. IV. where the pronoun represents an object which is described in, or may be inferred from, the context :-- Þá þá þú tó þám gefeohte férdest þú offrodest deóflum, and nú ðú sigefæst cóme þú gebæ-acute;de þé tó Críste; cýð mé hú hit sý, Hml. S. 7, 342. Genim þá ylcan wyrte, and wyl on ealdan wíne tó þriddan dæ-acute;le, hit hæ-acute;lþ wunderlíce, Lch. i. 72, 24: 122, 9. Genim þæ-acute;re ylcan wyrte þreóra trymessa wæ-acute;ge, seóð on ealdum wíne, and gníd þæ-acute;rtó xxvii piporcorn; gedrinc his þreó full fulle, 74, 1. Sete ðín wín, and lege ðínne hláf ofer ryhtwísra monna byrgenne, and ne et his nánwuht, Past. 327, 2. Æfter ðæ-acute;m þe him swá oftræ-acute;dlíce mislamp, hié angunnan hit wítan heora látteówum and heora cempum heora earfeþa, Ors. 4, 4; S. 164, 25. IV a. where hit stands in apposition to a following clause or infinitive phrase :-- Hycgað his ealle, hú gé hí beswícen, Gen. 432. Unc hit Waldend héht for wera synnum Sodoma and Gomorra sweartan líge fýre gesyllan and þás folc sleán, 2504. V. hit as indefinite subject :-- On lencten hit gréwð, and on hærfest hit fealwaþ, Bt. 21; F. 74, 22. Swylce hit ealle niht dagie, Lch. iii. 260, 1. Hit segð on hálgum bócum, þæt . . . , Wlfst. 146, 16. Þæs ylcan scyldige þe hit hér beforan cwæð, Ll. Th. i. 248, 18. Winnende þæ-acute;r hit þonne þearf wæs, Ors. 6, 23; S. 274, 29. Harold þæ-acute;r his liðes ábád, for þám þe hit wæs lang æ-acute;r hit man gegaderian mihte, Chr. 1066 ; P. 196, 14. ¶ with plural verb :-- Fór Hannibal, þéh þe hit (the earlier MS. omits hit) ymbe þone tíman wæ-acute;ron swá micel snáwgebland, Ors. 4. 8; Bos. 90, 5.

heador. v. heaþor: heá-dor. v. heáh-deór: heaf. l. hæf, q. v.

heáf. Add :-- Wearð micel morcnung and ormæ-acute;te wóp, swá þ-bar; se heáf swégde geond ealle þá ceastre . . . þá cwæð hé : 'Sege mé for hwilcum intingum þeós ceaster wunige on swá micclum heáfe and wópe,' Ap. Th. 6, 8-20: Exod. 35. Nales þæt heáfe bewindeð, ne húru wæl wépeð wulf se græ-acute;ga not heard were his howls about that, nor cared the grey wolf for the carnage, Gn. Ex. 150. Byrnende for þám heáfe þæ-acute;re ásteópnesse orbitatis luctu aestuans, UNCERTAIN Gr. D. 164, 12. Þú scealt þurh wóp and heáf cennan, þurh sár micel in dolore paries, Gen. 923. Heáf in helle habban, Gú. 588 : Sal. 467. Helle heáfas, Gen. 38.

heáfan. Take the passages to heófan: -heáfda. v. efen-heáfda [cf. O. Sax. obar-hobd(i)o] UNCERTAIN : heáfdede. v. micel-, þri-, twi-heáfdede.

heáfdian; p. ode To behead :-- Sóna swá hig man heáfdode, þá cóm þæ-acute;r fæger culfre of þám líchaman, Shrn. 154, 11. Heó lócode his goldes þe hí belífian (vel heáfdian) wolde, Hml. S. 12, 221. [v. N. E. D. head ; vb. and O. Frs. hávdia : O. H. Ger. houbeten decollare.] v. be-heáfdian.

heáfod. Add: A head :-- Heáfod caput, heáfud cephal, Wrt. Voc. ii. 16, 40, 41. I. the head of a living creature. (1) of a human being :-- Bróht wæs heáfud (-od, L. ) his on disce, Mt. R. 14, 11. Þeáh him mon sleá mid sweorde wiþ þæs heáfdes though one strike at his head with a sword, Bl. H. 47, 14. Wið ðæs heáfodes sáre, Lch. i. 286, 22. Him ne hangað nacod sweord ofer þám heáfde (pendentis supra verticem gladii terror), Bt. 29, 1; F. 102, 27. Hé slóg mid his heáfde on þone wág caput pariete collidens, Ors. 5, 15; S. 250, 12. Þ-bar; sigbég gesetton hæ-acute;fde (on heófod, R. ) his coronam inposuerunt capiti eius, Jn. L. 19, 2. Hé Ióhannes bibeád heáfde biheáwan, Jul. 295 : Met. 1. 43. Heáfde beneótan, Ap. 46: Jul. 604. Ic heáfde forceart Grendeles módor, B. 2138. On ðæt heáfud (-od, v. l.), Past. 261, 14. Tó sácerdan heáfod áhyldan, Ll. Th. i. 334, 33. Þweh mín heáfod (heáfut, L., heófod, R. ), Jn. 13, 9. Hnigon mid heáfdum him tógeánes, Gen. 237 : 742. Heora heáfda of áceorfan, Ors. 2, 3 ; S. 68, 12. Hí wecgað heora heáfdu, Ps. Th. 21, 6. Heáfda, Mt. L. 27, 39. (1 a) where the head is used in measurement :-- Dura þ-bar; mannes heáfod ge þá sculdro magan in, Bl. H. 127, 9. Se hróf on sumre stówe wæs þ-bar; man mid his handa neálíce geræ-acute;can mihte, in sumre eáþelíce mid heáfde gehrínan, 207, 23 : Hml. Th. i. 508, 19. (2) of an animal :-- Ðæs íles heafud (-od, v. l.), Past. 241, 16. Scépes heáfod, Bl. H. 183, 22. Slóg hé hors mid his sweorde þ-bar; him wand þæt heáfod of, Ors. 5, 2 ; S. 216, 24. Ðá heáfudu (heáfdu, v. l.), Past. 105, 5. Hí hine oftorfodon mid hrýðera heáfdum, Chr. 1012; P. 142, 23. Ceruerus sceolde habban