separated with a (-); the first figure marks 'a part* (ţáttr), the second a chapter. Landnáma (Hb.) denotes the text of the
vellum MS. Hauks-bok. Landnama Mantissa means an appendix affixed to the book in the printed editions, íslendinga-bók
by Ari Frófti, from the Ed. of 1843 (published along with Landnama). Kristni Saga (Introduction of Christianity), cited
from Biskupa' Sögur, vide below. Sturlunga Saga or íslendinga Saga Mn mikla by Sturla ţórđarson, relates the history
of Iceland, especially of the i$th century up to the union with Norway, cited from the Ed. of 1817-1820, in four volumes; the
last volume however, containing the Arna biskups Saga, is quoted from the Biskupa Sögur below. The chief MS. ofi this work
is.in the British Museum, 11,127 ; the letter C after the figures denotes the vellum MS. Arna-Magn. 122, fasc. A.

II. SAGAS OR LIVES OF MEN OR FAMILIES referring to the Icelandic 'Saga time,' i.e. the loth century down to about A. D. 1030 or
1050, properly called íslendinga Sögur. 1. The Larger Sagas :—Njála or Njáls Saga, published at Copenhagen in 1772 ;
the Latin translation by Johnsonius, Copenhagen 1809 with Icelandic various readings, is cited now and then; cp. Burnt Njal
by Mr. Dasent. Laxdćla Saga, Copenhagen 1826; the later part of Laxdćla also exists in a better form in a vellum MS.
Arna-Magn. 309, but is not as yet published. Egils Saga or Egla, Copenhagen 1809. Eyrbyggja Saga or Eyrbyggja,
Ed. 1787, and Leipzig 1864, where the pages of the old Ed. are marked in the margin. 2. The Smaller Sagas:—
LjÓBvetninga Saga, VaJla-Ljots Saga, Svarfdœla Saga, Reykdsela Saga, Víga-Glúms Saga, all five cited from the
octavo volume called íslendinga Sögur, 2nd vol. .Copenhagen 1830: Harđar Saga(pp.i-nS), Hćnsa-;ţóris Saga (pp. 121-186),
Gunnlaugs Saga (pp. 189-276), Heiđarviga Saga (pp. 320-392), all four cited from the collection called íslendinga Sögur,
2nd vol., Copenhagen 1847: Gisla Saga Surssonar, Bjarnar Saga Hitdćla-kappa, Hrafnkels Saga, Droplaugar-
Sona Saga, Vápnfirđinga Saga, fjorsteins Saga hvíta, jborsteins-báttr Stangar-hoggs, all seven cited from the small
editions, 1847,1848; the chapters in Gisla Saga, when quoted, refer to the old edition, Hólum 1756: Kormaks Saga, edited
separately, Copenhagen 1832: Vatnsdćla Saga (pp. 1-80), Floaznanna Saga (pp. 117-161), Hallfređar Saga (pp. 83-115),
ill these three Sagas are published and cited from a collection called Forn-sögur, Leipzig 1860: Bandamanna Saga,
Hávarđar Saga, Grettis Saga (an A after the figures denotes the vellum MS. Arna-Magn. 556 A), Ölkofra-báttr, all these
four Sagas are cited from the quarto volume Margfróđir Sögu-ţćttir, Hólum 1756 (of Grettis Saga a new edition appeared iu
1853, and of Hávarđar Saga in 1860; of Bandamanna Saga an earlier and better text is preserved in a vellum MS: 2845 Royal
Libr. Copenhagen, cited Band. (MS.), but is not published) : J*orfLnns Saga Karls-efnis, cited from Greenland's Historiike
Mindesmaerker i. 352-442, a part is also published in Antiquitates Americanae : ^orsteins Saga Bíđu-Hallssonar, cited
from Analecta, by Möbius, Leipzig 1860, pp. 169-186: Gull-fx5ris Saga by Maurer, Leipzig 1857, cited by the pages of
the MS. which are marked in the margin of the Ed.: Fóstbrćđra Saga, Ed. 1822, new Ed. 1852 : Njarđvíkinga Saga
or Gunnars-báttr fúđranda-bana, published at the end of Laxdćla, pp. 363-384: ;ţorvaldg Saga Víđförla, published in
Biskupa Sögur i. 33-50. Many of these Sagas were undoubtedly written in the I2th century, although preserved in later MSS.;
some, although old, have been worked out into their present shape by historians of the I3th century (e.g. Eyrbyggja, Laxdćla,
and Njála); some few of them have only reached us in the more modern and artificial style of the I3th or I4th century.

III. SAGAS OR LIVES OF THE ICELANDIC BISHOPS from A. D. 1056-1330, collected and edited under the title of Biskupa Sögur:—
Vol. i, Copenhagen 1858, contains Kristni Saga, pp. 1-32, vide above; Hungr-vaka or Lives of the First Five Bishops of
Skalholt, pp. 59-86; forláks Saga, pp. 89-124, 263-332; Jóns Saga, pp. 151-260; Pals Saga, pp. 127-148; Guđ-
mundar Saga, pp. 407-618 ; Árna Saga, pp. 679-786 (bishop Arne died 1298); Laurentius Saga by Einar Hafliđason,
the last Icelandic historian of the olden time, born 1307, died 1393, pp. 789-914 (bishop Laurentius died 1330); Bafns Saga
and Arons Saga are printed as an appendix, vol. i, pp. 639-676, 619-638. Vol. ii, pp. 1-230, contains another recension of
Guđmundar Saga, written by Abbot Arngrim, who died 1361 : the following pages (ii. 230 sqq.) are lives of the bishops of the
Reformation period.

IV. ANNALS:—íslenzkir Annálar or Annals of Iceland, containing Kontmgs-annall or Ann. Regii, an important vellum in Gamle
Kongel. Saml., 2087,4to, published in Langebek's Script, rerr. Dan. vol. iii; cp. also the Hauks-annáll, Hóla-annäll, Flateyjar-
anná.11, Lögmanns-annáll, etc. A collection of Annals embracing the time from the settlement of Iceland up to A. D. 1430
was published at Copenhagen in 1847, and is cited by years.

V. SKKÖK-SÖGUR OR FABULOUS SAGAS:—Bárđar Saga, from Ed. Hólum 1756, new Ed. 1860; Viglundar Saga, Ed. 1756, new Ed.
ď86o; fiórđar Saga hređu, Ed. 1756, new Ed. 1848, and 1860 (partly) ; Kjalnesinga Saga, cited from íslendinga Sögur,
Ed. 1847 ; Króka-Refs Saga, Ed. 1756; Finnboga Saga, Ed. 1812, along with the old Ed. of Vatnsdćla: forsteins-ţáttr
uxafóts, Orms-ţáttr Stórólfssonar, Jborleifs-ţáttr Jarlaskálds, all three in Fb. i. and in Fms. iii: Brandkrossa-battr,
Ed. 1847 : Bolla-báttr, published along with the Laxdćla : Stjörnu-Odda Draumr, Ed. 1780, new Ed. 1860.


I, SAGAS OR LIVES OF THE KINGS OF NORWAY AND DENMARK, contained in a great collection published in twelve volumes, Copenhagen
1835-1837, under the title of Fornmanna Sögur:—Vols. i-v contain the lives of the kings of Norway from the end of the
9th century to A. D. 1030 : vol. vi contains Magnus Saga Góđa and Haraldar Saga Harđráđa (died 1066) : vol. vii goes
down to A. D. 1176; the best text of both vols. vi and vii are contained in a great Icelandic MS. called Hulda (cited now and
then): vol. viii contains the Sverris Saga by Karl Ábóti (Abbot Carle), who died 1213; the king Sverrir died 1202-:
vol. ix, pp. 229-535, and vol. x, pp. 1-154, contain Hákonar Saga by Sturla bórđarson, king Hacon died 1263: vol. xi
contains the lives of the kings of Denmark, viz. Jómsvíkinga Saga (pp. 1-162, a shorter recension of the Saga is preserved
in an Icelandic MS. at Stockholm, and cited from the Ed. 1824) ; Knytlinga Saga (pp. 179-402) = lives of the Danish kings
from king Canute down to the end of the I2th century: in the loth vol. there are besides, Ágrip (pp. 377-421), a com-
pendium of the lives of the kings of Norway; Olafs Saga Tryggvasonar by Oddr Munkr, who lived in the 12th century
(pp. 216-376), another recension of the same work is edited by Munch, Christiania 1853 (and here marked 0. T.) : vol. xii
contains registers, etc. Heims-kringla, vols. i-iii, cited from the folio edition, Copenhagen 1777-1783, contains the lives of
the kings of Norway in a text mostly identical with Fornmanna Sögur vols. i-vii, and is therefore sparingly cited; but the
Heimskringla alone gives the Ynglinga Saga, vide C. II: a new edition by Unger has been published, Christiania 1868. Codex
Frisianus, a vellum MS. of the Heimskringla, fasc. I, Christiania 1869. Ólafs Saga Helga by Snorri Sturluson, who died
1241, cited 0. H., Christiania 1853, is identical with Fornmanna Sögur vols.'iv. v, and Heimskringla vol. ii, but contains the best
text of this Saga. Fagrskinna, Christiania 1847, contains a short history of the kings of Norway down to the end of the I2th
century. Morkinskinna, an old vellum containing the lives of king Harald Harđráđi and the following kings, by C. R. Unger,
Christiania 1867. Ingvars Saga by Brocman, Stockholm 1762. Eymundar Saga, cited from Fb. ii. and Fms. v; the Saga
is given in Antiquités Russes. Olafs Saga Helga (O. H. L.), a legendary life of St. Olave, Christiania 1849. Flateyjar-bók,
edited in three volumes, Christiania 1860-1868, contains the text of Fornmanna Sögur, besides many other things, and is often
cited (Fb.) Here may also be mentioned Skálda-tal or Catalogue of Ancient Poets and Kings, published by Möbius in his
Catalogus, Leipzig 1856; but again edited by Jón Sigurdsson in Edda iii. pp. 251-286 (still in the press).

II. SAGAS referring to other countries:—Orkneyinga Saga, also called Jarla Saga, the Lives of the Earls of Orkney from the earliest
time down to the end of the i-zth century, cited from the new edition of Mr. Dasent, not yet issued, the old Ed. A. D. 1780;
the whole Saga is given in the Flateyjar-bók. Magnus Saga Eyja-jarls, the Life of St. Magnus, Ed. 1780. Fœreyinga
Saga, the History of the Faro Islands, Copenhagen 1832, from the Flateyjar-bók. Grćnlendinga-báttr or Einars-báttr