OUTLINES OF GRAMMAR.

xxm

C. IRREGULAR VERBS.

INDIC. Pres. Sing. i. em Fret, var (vas)

2. er-t var-t

3. er (es) var (vas)

Plur. I. er-um var-um

a. ej-ut var-ut

3. er-u vr-u

THE VERB SUBSTANTIVE.

IMPERAT. ver (ver-tu) SUBJ. Pres. s Pret. vr-a INFIN. ver-a PART. Pass, ver-it

s-r vr-ir

s vr-i

verit (estate) s-m vr-im

s-t vr-it

s vr-i

TEN VERBS WITH PRESENT IN PRETERITE FORM.

INDIC.

Pres. Sing.

I.


kn

m

skal

kann

mun (mon) man arf

ann

veit



2.

-tt

kn-tt

m-tt

skal-t

kaim-t

mun-t man-t arf-t ann-t

veiz-t



3-


kn

m

skal

kann

mun man arf

ann

veit


Plur.

I.

eig-um

kneg-um

meg-um

skul-um kunn-um

mun-um mun-um urf-um unn-um

rit-um



2.

eig-ut

kneg-ut

meg-ut

skul-ut

kunn-ut

mun'-ut mun-it urf-ut unn-it

vit-u



3-

eig-u

kneg-u

meg-u

skul-u

kunn-u

mun-u mun-a urf-u unn-a

vit-u


Pre/. Sing.

I.

-tta

kn-tta

ma-tta


kunn-a

mun-da mun-da urf-ta unn-a

vis-sa




as regular v

^eak verbs








IMPERAT.

eig




kunn


mun

unn

vit

SUBJ.

Pres. Sing.

I.

eig-a


meg-a

skul-a

kunn-a

mun-a mun-a urf-a unn-a

vit-a



as regular weak verbs


Pre/. Sing.

I.

sett-a

kntt-a

msett-a

skyl-da

kynn-a

mn-da myn-da byrf-ta ynn-a

vis-sa



as regular weak verbs




INFIN.

Pres.


eig-a


meg-a

skul-u

kunn-a

mun-u mun-a urf-a unn-a

vit-a


Pret.





skyl-du

mun-du

PART.

Act.


eig-andi


meg-andi


kunn-andi

mun-andi urf-andi unn-andi

vit-andi

PART.

Pass. Neut.


-tt


m-tt


kunn-at

mun-at urf-t uun-t

vit-a

NINE VERBS WITH THE PRETERITE IN -ra (-It).

INDIC. Pres. Sing.

3-

rœ-r

grœ-r

s-r

gny-r

sny'-r

frs-s kys-s slae-r

veld-r



Plur.

3-

r-a

gr-a

s

gn-a

sn-a

frjs-a kjs-a sh

vald-a



Pret. Sing.

3-

r-ri

gr-ri

s-ri

gn-ri

sn-ri

fro-ri kj-ri sl-ri

ol-li




(or

re-ri

gre-ri

se-ri

gne-ri

sne-ri

fre-ri ke-ri sle-ri)

IMPERAT.

T

gr

s

gn

sn

frjs kjs sl

vald


SUBJ.

Pre/. Sing.

3-

r-ri

gr-ri

s-ri

gn-ri

sn-ri

fr-ri kj-ri sl-ri

yll-i


INFIN.



r-a

gr-a

s

gn-a

sn-a

frjs-a kjs-a sl

vald-a


PART.

Pass.


r-inn

gr-inn

s-inn

gn-inn

sn-inn

fros-inn kos-inn sleg-inn vald-it

D

. VERBS

WITH THE

REFLEXIVE OR RECIPROCAL SUFFIX

-s*,

-z, -st (-m*).



Present.

_______ — -*— — - -- _____

Preterite.

Present.

Preterite.




s ——————

Indie.

Subj.

/— ——— —
Indic.

—— \
Sitbj.


Indic. Subj.

Indic.

Subj.


Sing.

i.

kalla-sk

kalli-sk

kaflai-sk

kallai-sk


lzk lti-sk

lzk

lti-sk



i.

kalla-sk

kalli-sk

kallai-sk

kallai-sk


lzk lti-sk

lzk

lti-sk



3-

kalla-sk

kalli-sk

kalai-sk

kallai-sk


laezk lti-sk

lzk

lti-sk


Plur.

i.

kllu-mk

kalli-mk

klluu-mk

kallai-mk


ltu-mk lti-mk

ltu-mk

lti-mk



2.

kalli-zk

kalli-zk

klluu-zk

kallai-zk


lti-zk lti-zk

ltu-zk

lti-zk



3-

kalla-sk

kalli-sk

klluu-sk

kallai-sk


lta-sk lti-sk

ltu-sk

lti-sk

PART. Pasj.Neut.

kalla-zk, lti-zk, (gla-zk, gefi-zk, bori-zk,)

etc.





E. VERBS

WITH THE

NEGATIVE

SUFFIX.




Prts.

Pret.


Pres.

Pret.


Prs. Pret.

Pres.

Pret.

INDIC.

Sing.

i.

em-k-at

var-k-at (rask-at)

skal-k-at skyldi-t

mon-k-a mundi-t

hyk-k-at

tti-g-a



3.

ert-at-tu

vart-at-tu


skalt-at-tu skyldir-a

mont-at-tu mundir-a

hyggr-at

ttir-a



3-

er-at (es-at) var-at (vas-at)

skal-at

skyldi-t


mon-at mundi-t

hyggr-at

tti-t


Plur.

3-

ern-t

varu-t


skulu-t

skyldu-t


monu-t mundi-t

hyggja-t

ttu-t

IMPKRAT.

ver-at-tu (be not ibou /), lt-at-tu (/*/ not tbou!), grt-jtt-tu (weep not tbou /), etc.