lk-n, ealing, mercy; g-n, awe, etc., but not very many; a few
are from adjectives, as feik-n immensity, tig-n lordship, from feikiim
immense, tiginn lordly: au-na luck, stjar-na a star. VI. mascu-
lines in -dr (-tr) : 1. with a radical r; al-dr, age (ala); gal-dr,
spell (gala); hjal-dr, sound, battle (hjala); hl.i-tr, laughter; la-tr,
litter (liggja) ; ar-r, a plough (erja) ; gr-r, growth (gra); r-r,
rowing (ra) ; les-tr, gleaning, reading (lesa). 2. with in-
flexive r; stul-r, theft (stela) ; bur-r, birth (bcra) ; skur-r, a cut
(skcra); vr-r, a ivarder (verja) ; ur-r, wane (verra); gruf-tr,
digging, burial (grafa); VX.-T, growth (vaxa) ; tun-dr,finding; kos-tr,
chose (kjosa) ; ma-ttr, might; v-ttr, a wash; dru-Ur, a draught;
sla-ttr (cp. Engl. slaughter), mowing; ha-ttr, mode (haga); sn-r
(sna), a twirl; hlas-tr, a blast: -tti, awe (vg); fi-tti, flight (fiyja) ;
Jx'j-tti, conceit (ykkja); skjlf-ti, trembling: cp. also kul-i, cold;
fjl-i, multitude; van-i, custom;—which however are not formed
from verbs. VII. in -st, -str, masc., fern., and neut.; bak-str,
baking; rak-str, raking; rek-str, a drove; or-sti, thirst (purr);
trau-st, trust (from trua); fre-st, delay (from tirra); ri-st, step, cp. Kngl.
wrist; and rei-str, a serpent, poet, (from vra, to writhe] ; ba-st (from
binda); flau-st (from fljta), etc.

B. From nouns and roots.
Masculines: I. with inilexive n, r, I, 1. in -inn,

-unn, a few words; apt-arm, evening; jt-unn, a giant; him-'mii,heaven;
drtt-inn, a lord; morg-inn, morning; ar-inu, hearth: in pr. names,
-inn, ir-inn, etc.; Au-unn. 2.'m-ttrr,-urr; fjt-urr, a fetter ;
i-urr, wood-grouse; jf-urr, cp. Germ, eber; tt-urr, tatters; kog-urr
and kng-urr, texture; ja-arr, a rim; ham-arr, a hammer; hum-arr,
a lobster; naf-arr, a gimlet; goll-urr, q. v.; gag-arr, q. v.; sum-arr, sum-
mer
(obsolete as masc.): in pr. names, Iljlm-arr, Ein-arr, Bv-arr,
Stein-arr, tt-arr, Gunn-arr, Iv-arr, Agn-arr, Yngv-arr, Ragn-arr, Giz-
urr, Vi-arr, Ulf-arr, etc. are of a different kind, viz. the latter part =

-bari or -here or -bard, thus Gunnarr= Gundebere; YAnzit*=Einbard.
fiy*The pr. names in -an are chiefly of Gaelic origin, thus Bek-an,
Kjart-an, Kalm-an, Kvar-an, Hnok-an, Kjar-an, Kyl-aii, Feil-an,
Bjol-an, Duf-an, Kor-an, Kamb-an, Lun-an, Trost-an, etc., see
Landn. 3. in -nil, -ill; jk-ull, an icicle; kgg-ull, articulus;
T-VL\\,anedge;
s-ull, a saddle; mond-ul!,(7A:/f-.'ree; skiik-ull.asn/'/;
ing-ull, a stalk of seaweed; ong-iill, a hook; ri-ull, a detachment of
troops;
bit-nil, a mouth-piece; tig-ull, a brick, a square; seg-ull, a
magnet;
stop-nil, a steeple; fer-ill, a track; snig-ill, a snail; lyk-ill,
a key; ist-ill, thistle; fif-ili, dandelion; bi-ill, a wooer; ket-ill, a
kettle;
ref-ill, tapestry; hnyk-ill, a clew; skut-ill, a harpoon; dras-ill,
a charger,horse; beit-ill,a herb; smyr-ill,a hawk; dep-l\\,ablol; hef-ill,
brails; hvirf-ill, the crown of the head: foreign, eng-ill, an angel; kynd-
ill, a candle. $&= Many of these were originally diminutives, but
most of them have lost that sense, as jkull from jaki. p. in -all;
ka-all, a chain; va-all, shallow water; kap-all, a horse. II.
a few diminutives in -lingr; ket-lingr, a kitten; ki-iingr, a kidling;
yrm-lingr, Lat. vermicula; bcek-lingr, Lut.libellus ; nng-!ingr, a young-
ling, youth.
III. in -ungr and -ingr, -lingr : 1. patronymic
in plur.; Nifl-ungar, Germ. Niebelung; Vls-ungar, Skjiild-ungar,
Skn-ungar, Kufl-ungar ; Gy-ingar, Jews; Vng-lingar, Knvt-lingar: in

-tozciwg'r,Grœn-lenciingar,etc.: in -firingar, Vest-iiringar; Vk-ingar,
Vikings, etc. 2. in many poet, words ; siklingr, lingr, an elhel-
ing;
mildingr ; hildingr : in pr. names, Erl-ingr, Hr-ingr, etc. 3.
other words; kon-imgr, a king; sifj-ungr, a kinsman (poet.) ; brcer-
ungr and systr-ungr, a cousin ; na-ungr. a neighbour (eccl.) ; helm-ingr,
a half; fjr-ungr, the fourth part, a farthing; fant-ungr, the fifth part;
sctt-ungr, the sixth part; tt-ungr, the eighth part; vetr-ungr and geml-
ingr, a yearling; hfr-ungr, a dolphin; ld-ungr, an elder; biin-ingr,
dress; grn-ingr, a deed; skfn-ungr, a shin-bone; gr-ungr, a jester;
spek-ingr, a philosopher; vitr-ingr, a w'ise man; uml-ungr, an inch;
gra-ungr, a bull: of boats, sexcer-ingr, six-oared; ttœr-ingr, eight-
oared;
teinoer-ingr, ten-oared; byr-ingr, a ship of burden. IV.
in-ingi; hf-ingi, a captain; tt-ingi, a kinsman; hei-ingi, a heathen;
band-ingi, a prisoner; fce-ingi, a native; leys-ingi, a free man ; rxn-
ingi, a robber; mor-ingi, a murderer; let-ingi, a lazy man; aum-
ingi, apoor wretch; cer-ingi, a springal; s!-ingi, an epicurean; Skrsel-
ingi, an Esquimaux ; kuim-ingi, afriend; lœm-ingi, a bird. V.
in -undr; hoi-undr, an author: vol-undr, q.v.; vis-undr, a bison: in

-uni (obsolete), arf-uni, an heir; sif-uni, Goth, siponeis, a disciple;
beim-uni, etc., Lex. Poet. VI. in -ari, especially words such as
dm-ari, a doomster,judge; les-ari, a reader; skrif-ari, rit-ari, a writer ;
skap-ari, creator; skir-ari, baptist; gjaf-ari, giver; grœ-ari, healer;
Lausn-ari, FreIs-ari,.Re/eerr,- Keis-ari, Kaiser; miit-ari (poet.); vart-
ari; ridd-ari, a knight; stall-ari, stabularius; kval-ari, tormenter:—
there are few of these words in old writers, but they have increased,
especially in nouns denoting business, leik-ari, a jester; sk-ari, a shoe-
maker;
vef-ari, a weaver; preiit-ari, a printer; sngv-ari, a singer,
musician ;
kinn-ari, st-ari, bak-ari, fil-ari, f-ari, hatt-ari; rœ-ari,
an oarsman,—some of which occur in olden times; foreign, kjall-ari,