This is page 13 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)

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ALGORA -- ALLARÆÐILIGA. 13

al-göra, ð, to finish, of buildings, Hkr. iii. 180, Ld. 114. Metaph. to

fulfil Fms. iii. 49, Hom. 8, Stj. 18. Reflex, to become completed, Post.

626 B. II. Part. algörr, perfect; perfectam fortitudinem is rendered by

algorvan styrkleik, thorough strength, Fms. viii. (pref.), i. 96, Sks. 44,

274, Stj. 563, 114; hið algörvasta, 677. 7.

al-görlega, adv. altogether, quite, Fms. ii. 42, Greg. 34, etc.

al-görleikr, now algörlegleikr, s, m. (theol.) perfectness, perfection,

Stj. 21, Fms. x. 337, Rb. 316.

al-görr, adj. part, perfect, finished, v. algöra.

al-gorvi, f. I- perfection, maturity, Stj. 376, Hom. 25. II.

full dress [v. görvi, dress], Sks. 298.

al-heiðinn, adj. altogether heathen; landit (Iceland) var a. nær hundr-

aði vetra, the land was utterly heathen near a hundred (i. e. one hundred

and twenty) winters, Landn. 322.

al-heilagr, adj. all-hallowed, N. G. L. i. 141.

al-heill, adj. 1. completely whole, entire, Lat. integer, Stj. 439.

I Sam. vii. 9 (wholly), Sks. 604, translation from Lat. individua. 2.

perfectly healthy, safe and sound, Fms. xi. 38, ii. 232, Magn. 516.

al-heilsa, u, f. complete restoration to health, Bs. i. 313, v. l.

al-henda, u, f. a metrical term, a subdivision of dróttkvætt, a metre

having two rhymed couplets in every line; if one of these be half rhyme it

is called a. hin minni (the minor alhenda), if both be full rhymes it is a.

meiri (complete alhenda), Edda (Ht.) 132, Sturl. ii. 56: thus harð-múla

varð Skúli is a complete alhenda.

al-hending, f. = alhenda.

al-hendr, adj. used of a metre in alhenda, Edda 132; drápa alhend,

Sturl. ii. 56.

al-hnepptr, adj. part, (metric.) an apocopate (hneppt) species of the

metre dróttkvætt w ith masculine rhymes, v. hnept and hálfhnept. Thus

defined, Edda (Ht.), verse 78; it is called alhneppt, where all the rhymes

are masculine; but hálfhneppt, where feminines and masculines are used

alternately.

al-hreinn, adj. quite pure, clean, Hom. 107.

al-huga and ölhuga or öluga, by eliding the h and changing the

vowel through the following u, adj. ind. [hugr], whole-hearted, in full

earnest, Sturl. iii. 272, v. l.; ölhuga &aolig-acute;st, sincere love, Greg. 17.

al-hugat, alugat, or alogat, n. part, in real earnest, whole-hearted,

having made one's mind up; ef þér er þat alhugat, if thou be in earnest,

Nj. 49; föður hans var alogat at drepa Davíd, his father's heart was set

on slaying David, Stj. 473. I Sam. xx. 33. β. used substantively,

serious matters; blanda hégóma við alhugat (now alvara), to blend trifles

with serious things. γ. adverb. steadfastly, earnestly; iðrast a., to repent

sincerely, Hom. 166; en ef þú sér at alogat (really) tekr fé þitt at vaxa,

Sks. 34, 339; þá er hann alogat úsekr, really guiltless, 677. 9.

al-hugi and alogi, a, m. earnest; þetta er a. minn en engi hégómi, I

am in full earnest, Ísl. ii. 214; hvárt er þessa leitað með alhuga, in

earnest, Eb. 130; er hitt heldr a. minn, I am determined, Fms. ii. 94;

með enum mesta alhuga, with the most steadfast will, Hkr. i. 258, Fms.

viii. 186, Bs. i. 732.

al-hugligr, adj. sincere; ekki þótti mér Ólafr frændi várr a., methought

our kinsman Olaf was not quite sincere, Sturl. i. 81.

al-hungraðr, adj. part, very much an-hungered, Barl. 200.

al-húsa, að, to 'house,' roof in, Fms. x. 153,

al-hvítr, adj. quite white, Fms. xi. 16, Stj. 260.

al-hýsa, t, = alhúsa. Part. alhýst, when all the buildings are finished,

in a complete state, Sturl. i. 68.

al-hýsi, n. farm-buildings, homestead, Gísl. 38, Bs. i. 144, Fas. iii. 15.

al-hægð, f. perfect ease, Sturl. i. 56, v. 1. and dub.

al-hægr, adj. perfectly easy, smooth; a. tungubragð, a smooth, glib

tongue, Skálda 170, Fas. ii. 65.

ali-, used of household or tame animals in some COMPDS: ali-björn, m.

a tame bear, Grág. ii. 118, cp. Fms. vi. 297-307, Bs. i. 6l. ali-dýr,

n. a domestic animal, cattle; alidýr þat sem vér köllum búsmala, house-

lamb, Stj. 18, Finnb. 226, of a tame bear. ali-fe, n. fatlings, Matth.

xxii. 4, in the transl. of 1540. ali-fiskr, m. fish fattened in a stew or

pond, in the local name Alifiskalækr, m. the brook of fattened trout, Gþl.

4. ali-fugl and -fogl, m. tame fowl, Stj. 560, þiðr. 79; öxn mín ok

alifoglar, Greg. 43. Matth. l. c. ali-gás, f. a fattened goose, Fms. vi.

347. ali-karl, m. a nickname, cp. in familiar language fat carle,

Sturl. i. 123. ali-sauðr, m. a pet sheep, Stj. 516. 2 Sam. xii. 3.

ALIN, f. A dissyllabic form alun appears in old poetry, v. Lex. Poët.

In early prose writers a monosyllabic form öln prevails in nom. dat. acc.

sing., D. I. i. 310. l. 22 (MS. of the year 1275), 314. l. 16 (MS. year

1250), 311, 312. l. 16, 313. l. 7, 89. l. 1. Nom. pl., α. the old, alnar; β.

the later, alnir: the former in -ar, in D. I. i. 309 (a MS. of the year 1275),

310-312 (MS. year 1370), 313, 316. l. 19, 318. 1. 15. The pl. in -ir,

D. I. i. 89 sqq., in MSS. of the 13th and 14th centuries. In the con-

tracted form aln- the simple radical vowel soon became a diphthongal á,

viz. álnar, álnir, álnum, álna, and is at present so spelt and pronounced.

We find an acute accent indeed in álna (gen pl.), D. I. i. 313. l. 25 (MS.

year 1375), and dinar, id. l, 7; álnom, 1. 28; ölnum with changed vowel,

N. G. L. i. 323 (in an Icel. transcript). The present declension is, nom.

acc. alin, gen. álnar; pl. nom. acc. álnir, gen. álna, dat. alnum. I.

properly the arm from the elbow to the end of the middle finger [Gr. GREEK ,

Lat. ulna, cp. A. S. el-boga, Engl. el-bow, etc.]; almost obsolete, but still

found in the words ölbogi qs. öln-bogi, 'elbow,' and úlf-liðr, prop. uln- or óln-

liðr, wrist, commonly pronounced unl-liðr [false etymol., v. Edda, p. 17];

cp. Ísl. Þjóðs. ii. 19, where tungl (luna) and unl- rhyme. Freq. in poetry in

such compounds as alun-leygr, -brandr, ölun-grjót, alnar-gim, alin-leygr, the

standing poët, name of gold and gems being ignis or lapis cubiti. II.

mostly metaph.: 1. an ell, [Ulf. aleina; A. S. eln; Engl. ell; O. H. G.

elina; Dan. alen; Lat. ulna, cp. cubitum] ; the finger, arm, foot were

the original standards for measure. The primitive ell measured the length

from the elbow to the point of the second finger, and answered to about

half a yard Engl. = 18 inches. The Icel. ell before the year 12OO measured

just half a yard. About this year, by a law of bishop Paul, the ell was

doubled into a stika, a stika being precisely = two ells = an Engl. ell of

that time. To prevent the use of bad measure, a just and lawful stika

(yard) was marked on the walls of the churches, esp. that at Thingvellir,

as an authorised standard, Páls S. ch. 9, Bs. i. 135, D. I. i. 309, 316, Jb. Kb.

26; ensk lérept tveggja álna, English linen of two ells measure, id.; þat er

mælt, at at graftar kirkju hverri skal mæla stiku lengd, þá er rétt sé at hafa

til álna máls, ok megi menn þar til ganga ef á skilr um alnar, 309. During

the whole of the 15th century the Icel. trade was mainly in British hands;

thus the Engl. double ell probably prevailed till the end of the 15th or be-

ginning of the 16th century. The Hanse Towns ell = 21 1/11. UNCERTAIN inches was

then introduced, and abolished in the year 1776, when the Dan. ell = 24

inches came into use. At present the Hanse Towns ell is called Íslenzk

alin (Icel. ell), and the original half-yard ell is quite obsolete; cp. Jón Sigurðs-

son in D. I. i. 306-308, and Pál Vidal. s. v. alin. 2. a unit of value,

viz. an ell (half-yard measure) of woollen stuff (vaðmál); the vaðmál (Hal-

liwell wadmal, Engl. woadmal, Orkn. and Shell, wadmaal and vadmel)

was in Icel. the common medium of payment, whence an ell became the

standard unit of value or property, whether in land or chattels; 120 ells

make a hundred, v. that word. In D. I. i. 316 we are told that, about

the year 1200, three ells were equal in value to one ounce of ordinary

silver, whence the expression þriggja álna eyrir (a common phrase during

the 13th century). The value of the ell of vaðmal, however, varied

greatly; during the 11th and 12th centuries six ells made an ounce, D. I.

i. 88. In Norway we find mentioned níu, ellifu álna aurar (nine, eleven

ells to an ounce). In Grág. (Kb.) ii. 192, § 245, it is said that, about the

year 1000, four ells in Icel. made an ounce, and so on; vide Dasent,

Essay in 2nd vol. of Burnt Njal., and Pal Vidal. s. v. alin. COMPDS:

álnar-borð, n. a board an ell long, N. G. L. i. 100. álnar-breiðr,

adj. an ell broad, Fas. ii. 118. alnar-kefli, n. a stajf an ell long,

Grág. ii. 339, Ld. 318. álnar-langr, adj. ell-long, Grág. ii. 359.

álnar-tíund, f. tithe of the value of an ell, K. Á. 100. álnar-virði,

n. equal in value to an ell, K. Á. 194. álna-sök, f. action for bad

measure, Grág. i. 472.

al-jafn, adj. quite equal, 677. 12, 655 A. 2.

al-járnaðr, adj. part, shod all round, shod on all four feet, Mag. 5.

alka, alca, the awk, v. álka,

al-keypt, n. part, dearly bought, in a metaph. sense, Fms. ix. 302, Eb.

266, Glúm. 36s, = fullkeypt.

al-kirkja, u, f. a parish church, Pm. 41.

al-klæðnaðr, m. a full suit of clothes, Nj. 73, Eg. 518, Bs. 5. 655, 876.

al-kristinn, adj. completely christianised, Fms. i. 279, Hkr. i. 259.

al-kristnaðr, part, id., Hkr. ii. 178, Fms. x. 273.

al-kunna, adj. ind. α. of a thing or event, notorious, universally

known; sem a. er orðit, Fms. xi. 201; en sem vinátta þeirra görðist a.,

but tvhen their friendship was noised abroad, Hkr. ii. 281. β. of a person,

knowing, fully informed; unz a., until I know the whole, Vtkv. 8, 10, 12.

al-kunnigr, adj. notorious, Hkr. iii. 26, Stj. Gen. iv. IO, 655 xxxi. I,

Fms. vii. 5, Hkr. ii. 328.

al-kunnr, adj. id., Fms. v. 40.

al-kyrra, adj. ind. completely calm, tranquil, Fms. xi. 72.

ALL- may in old writers be prefixed to almost every adjective and

adverb in an intensive sense, like Engl. very, Lat. per-, Gr. GREEK, GREEK.

In common talk and modern writings it is rare (except after a nega-

tive), and denotes something below the average, viz. tolerably, pretty

well, not very well; but in the Sagas, something capital, exceeding.

In high style it may perhaps be used in the old sense, e. g. allfagrt ljós

oss birtist brátt, a transl. of the Ambrosian hymn, Aurora lucis rutilat.

The instances in old writers are nearly endless, e. g. all-aunt, n. adj.

very eager, Fms. ii. 41; ironically, 150. all-apr, adj. very sore,

very harsh, v. apr. all-auðsóttligt, n. adj. very easy, Fs. 40. all-

auðveldliga, adv. very easily, Fms. iv. 129. all-auðveldligr, adj.

very easy, Fms. v. 331. all-auðveldr, adj. id., Fbr. 158: neut. as

adv., Hkr. ii. 76. all-ágætr, adj. very famous, Fms. ii. 76. all-

áhyggjusamliga, adv. and -ligr, adj. very careful, Fms. vi. 184. all-

ákafliga, adv. and -ligr, adj. very hot, impetuous, Hkr. i. 234, ii. 32.

all-ákaft, adj. very fast, Nj. 196. all-áræðiliga, adv. very likely, Fær.