This is page 51 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Cleasby/Vigfusson. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 18 Mar 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

BALDRAST -- BARÐ. 51

baldrast and ballrast, að, dep. [cp. Germ. poltern; Ivar Aasen baldra,

Ihre ballra = strepere], to make a clatter; þeir sneru hestunum ok böld-

ruðust sem þeir væri úráðnir hvárt þeir skyldi ríða, Sturl. iii. 279: adding

saman, þeir böllruðust saman, Ingv. 34.

baldrekr, m. (for. word), a belt, baldrick, Lex. Poët.

BALI, a, m. a soft grassy bank, esp. if sloping down to the shore,

Grett. 116 A.

BALLR, adj. [Goth, balþs, audax, may be supposed from Jornandes,

ob audaciam virtutis baltha, id est audax, nomen inter suos acceperat,

109; Ulf. renders GREEK by balþis, f., and balþjan is audere; in Icel.

the (lth) becomes ll; A. S. beald, audax; Engl. bold] :-- bard, stubborn:

only used in poetry, and not in quite a good sense, as an epithet of a

giant, Hým. 17; böll ráð, telling, fatal schemes, Hom. 27 ; ballir draumar,

bad, deadly dreams, Vtkv. I; ballr dólgr, Haustl.; böll þrá, heavy grief,

Ls. 39, etc., vide Lex. Poët. [So old German names, Bald, Leo- pold, etc.]

BALSAM, m. (now always n.), a balsam, Bs. i. 143, (for. word.)

bana, að, [bani; Gr. root (GREEK] , to kill, with dat., ef griðungr banar

manni, Grág. ii. 122, Rb. 370, Fms. iii. 124; b. sér sjálfr, to commit

suicide, Ver. 40; metaph., Hom. 17.

BAND, n. pl. bönd, [binda; Ulf. bandi, f. GREEK ; O. H. G. pfand,

whence the mod. Dan. pant; N. H. G. band; Engl. band and bond; Dan.

baand.] I. prop. in sing. any kind of band; mjótt band, a

thin cord, Edda 20, Grág. ii. 119. β. a yarn of wool, v. bandvetl-

ingar. γ. metaph. a bond, obligation; lausn ok b. allra vandamála,

Fms. v. 248, Bs. i. 689. II. in pl. also, 1. bonds, fetters,

Lat. vincula; í böndum, in vinculis, Bs. i. 190, Fms. ii. 87, 625. 95: theol.,

synda bönd, 656 A; líkams bönd, Blas. 40. 2. a bond, confederacy;

ganga í bönd ok eið, to enter into a bond and oath, Band. 22; cp.

hjónaband, marriage; handaband, a shaking of hands, etc. 3.

poët, the gods, cp. hapt; of providence ruling and uniting the world,

Hkm. 10; banda vé, the temples, Hkr. i. 204; at mun banda, at the will

of the gods, 210; vera manu bönd í landi, the gods (i. e. lares tutelares)

are present in the land, Bs. i. 10; gram reki bönd af löndum, Eg. (in a

verse); blóta bönd, to worship the gods; vinr banda, the friend of the

gods; bönd ollu því, the gods ruled it, Haustl.; vide Lex. Poët., all the

instances being taken from heathen poems. Egilsson suggests a refer-

ence to the imprisoning of the three gods, Odin, Hænir, and Loki, men-

tioned Edda 72; but bönd is that which binds, not is bound; (band

means vinculum not vinctus.) 4. metric, a kind of intricate intercalary

burden (klofastef). This seems to be the meaning in the word Banda-

drápa, where the burden consists of five intercalary lines occurring

in sets of three verses | Dregr land at mun banda || Eirikr und sik

geira | veðrmildr ok semr hildi || gunnblíðr ok réð síðan | jarl goðvörðu

hjarli; but as this metrical term is nowhere else recorded, the name of

the poem may have come from the word 'banda' (gen. pl. deorum),

Hkr. i. 210 sqq. COMPDS: banda-dagr, m. vincula Petri, the 1st of

August, Fms. vi. 222. banda-menn, m. pl. confederates, Band. 5,

and many other modern compds. banda-ríki, n. (mod.) the United

States. banda-þing, n. the late German Bund, etc.

banda, að, [cp. Ulf, bandvian = GREEK and bandva, vexillum;

Germ, banner; is probably alien to binda], to make a sign with the

hand, esp. in the phrase, b. móti, to drive back sheep or flocks, Háv. 41,

Fas. ii. 124, v.l. The chief MSS., however, spell bannaði; the word is

at present freq., but only in the above phrase, or gener. to remonstrate

slightly against as by waving the hand; v. benda.

bandingi, ja, m. a prisoner, Stj. 200, Fms. vi. 16, 623. 25.

band-vetlingr, m. a knitted woollen glove, Fms. iii. 176; and band-

vöttr, id., a horse's name, Gísl. 19.

BANG, n. hammering, Sturl. iii. 256; mod. also banga, að, [Scot.

and North. E. to bang], to hammer.

bang-hagr, adj. knowing a little how to use the hammer, Sturl. ii. 195.

BANI, a, m. [Ulf. banja = GREEK; A. S. bana; Engl. bane; O. H. G.

bano; v. ben below]. I. bane, death, natural or violent (properly

violent); Egill tók sótt þá er hann leiddi til bana, Eg. 767; lostinn öru

til bana, Fms. i. 118; kominn at bana, sinking fast, of a sick person, vii.

166. II. a bane, and so = bana-maðr, a slayer; fjögurra

manna b., Nj. 8, Grág. ii. 88, Ld. 326; pl., N. G. L. i. 163: the phrase,

verða e-m at bana, to slay one, may refer to I. or II: poët, fire is called

bani viðar, the bane of wood, and bani Hálfs, the bane of king Half, Ýt. 6;

the winter is bani orma, the bane of worms, etc., Lex. Poët. COMPDS:

bana-blóð, n. blood shed in death, Stj. 432. bana-dagr, m. the

day of death, Fas. i. 52. bana-drykkr, m. a baneful potion, poison,

Fms. i. 18. bana-dægr, n. =banadagr (freq.), Fas. i. 160. bana-

högg, n. a death-blow, mortal wound, Nj. 8, Eg. 193. bana-

kringla, u, f. vertebra colli, atlas (in animals). bana-lag, n.

stabbing to death, Sturl. iii. 62. bana-maðr, m. a slayer, Fms. i.

215. bana-orð, n. death, in the phrase, bera b. af e-m, to put one to

death, slay in fight, Edda 42; betra þykir mér frændi at þiggja b. af þér

en veita þér þat, Ld. 222, Bs. i. 106; kenna e-m b., to charge one with

slaying one, N. G. L. i. 306. bana-ráð, n. pl. the planning a person's

death, a law term, Grág. ii. 116; eigi réð ek honum b., Nj. 21; slá

banaráðum við e-n, Ld. 218. bana-sár, n. a mortal wound, Nj. 9,

Eg. 258. bana-skot, n. a mortal shot, Jb. 324. bana-sótt, f.

death-sickness, the last sickness, Jb. 192, Ísl. ii. 38, Gullþ. II, Bs. i. 426.

bana-spjót, n. pl. in the poët, phrase, berast banaspjótum eptir, to be

deadly enemies, Glúm. 354, Hkr. iii. 76. bana-sæng, f. the death-bed.

bana-sök, f. a deed worthy of death, Fms. i. 199. bana-tilræði, n. a

mortal attack, Fas. i. 406. bana-þúfa, u, f., in the phrase, drepa fótum

í banaþúfu, to stumble against a fatal mound, Anal. 179, Hdl. 28.

banlaga-ráð, n. = banaráð, Str. 14.

BANN, n. [cp. Ulf. bandva; Hel. bann, mandatum; Engl. ban; Germ.

bann; A. S. geban; mid. Lat. bannum] , prob. of foreign origin: 1.

eccles. excommunication, interdict; minna b. (excommunicatio minor), þat

sem forboð er kallat á Norrænu, K. Á. 226 (App.); meira b. (excommuni-

catio major), Ann. A. D. 1255; England í banni, id. A. D. 1208; Bs., H. E.

several times. 2. in secular sense, prohibition of trade or intercourse;

leggja b. fyrir mjöl eðr vöru, N. G. L. i. 204, 103; cp. farbann, forbid-

ding ships to set sail. 3. gener. a protest, prohibition, in phrases,

boð ok b., Gþl. 76; lof né b., Eg. 349; leggja b. fyrir, to prohibit, Ísl.

ii. 265. 4. =bannan, a curse, swearing. The notion of jurisdic-

tion common in Germany (v. Grimm) is unknown in the Scandin. idioms;

yet the Laufás' Edda, Ed. A. M. i. 586, v.l. 14, has bann as one of

the names of the earth, cp. the O. H. G. banz, regio. The passage Gísl.

16, náttlangt né lengra banni, is an GREEK and probably corrupt, = á

lengr or the like; lengra banni might, however, be equivalent to lengra

meli, bann here denoting spatium temporis, a while. COMPDS: banns-

atkvæði, n. a sentence of excommunication, H. E. i. 465. banns-

áfell and -áfelli, n. the condemnation of excommunication, H. E. ii. 70.

banns-dómr, m. a ban-doom, sentence of excommunication, H. E. ii.

74. banns-mál, n. a case liable to excommunication, H.E. i. 254.

banns-pína, u, f. the punishment of excommunication, H. E. i. 477.

banns-spjót, n. a spear of excommunication, H. E. ii. 77. banns-

verk, n. an act liable to excommunication, H. E. i. 390.

banna, að, [A. S. bannan =jubere; Germ, bannen; mid. Lat. bannire] , to

forbid, hinder, prohibit (freq.); b. e-m e-t, or with infin., Fms. i. 254,

Nj. 157, Ld. 256, Orkn. 4; b. fiskiför, Grág. ii. 350, N. G. L. i. 117. 2.

to curse, [Scot, ban], with dat., Stj. 37: with acc., Hom. 31, Stj. 199,

Post. 656 A, ii. 12: reflex., bannast um, to swear, Sturl. ii. 126, Fms.

viii. 174. 3. = banda, to stop, drive back; hann sá tröll við ána,

þat b. honum, ok vildi taka hann, Fas. ii. 124.

bannan, f. swearing, Bs. ii. 134. bannanar-orð, n. id., Stj. 153.

bann-bóla, u, f. a bull of excommunication, Anecd. 8.

bann-færa, ð, to place under ban, K. Á. 134, Sturl. ii. 3.

bann-setja, tt, id., K. Á. 64, Sturl. ii. 3, H. E. i. 471; part. pass, under

ban, accursed, Fas. iii. 423, Stj. 417.

bann-setning, f. an excommunication, Sturl. ii. 3. bannsetningar-

sverð, n. the sword of excommunication, H. E.

bann-syngja, söng, to pronounce the ban of excommunication, Fms.

ix. 486.

ban-orð, n. = banaorð, Fms. x. 400, Bret. 76.

ban-væni, f., medic, prognosis mortis, Fcl. ix.

ban-vænligr, adj. mortal, deadly, Bret. 56, Edda 154.

ban-vænn, adj. deadly, Eg. 34. 2. medic, deadly sick, just before

death; ok er dró at því at hann (the sick) var b., when all hope of life

was gone, Eg. 126, Fms. i. 86; snerist um allt sárit svá at Grettir görðist

b., Grett. 153.

BARAR, mod. börur, f. pl. [A. S. bär; Hel. bara; Engl. bier and

barrow; Lat. feretrum], a hand-bier; borinn í börum um fjallit, Fms.

vii. 9, Bs. i. 352: sometimes to be carried on horseback (by two horses),

báru þeir Guðmund í börum suðr til Hvítár, ... bararnar hrutu ofan,

Bs. i. 508 (Sturl. ii. 49 C spells barir): esp. the funeral bier, hearse, to

be carried on horseback, lagði þegar kistuna í bunar barar, 655 xxii, Fms.

x. 149; mæddust hestarnir undir börunum, Finnb. 322, cp. líkbörur; now

also liggja á nátrjám (nátré) in like sense. The sing, in D. N. i. no. 70

is perh. a bad reading.

bar-axlaðr, adj. part, high-shouldered, with sharp prominent shoulder

bones, Fms. vii. 321.

bar-átta, u, f. [North. E. barett obsolete], gener. a fight, contest: α.

a row, Gþl. 176. β. a fight, battle, Fas. i. 26. γ. now freq., esp. =

strife, contest. COMPDS: baráttu-maðr, m. a warrior, þiðr. 67.

baráttu-samr, adj. troublesome, Barl. 137.

barberr, m. (for. word), a barber, N. G. L. iii. no. 15.

BARÐ, n. [identical in etymology but not in sense to Lat. barba,

Engl. beard, Germ, bart; the Scandin. dialects all call the beard skegg;

Swed. skägg; Dan. skjœg; barð in the sense of barba is quite alien from

the Scandin. idioms; the passages, Edda 109 (skegg heitir barð) and

höggva börðum í gras, Id. UNCERTAIN 12, a poem of the end of the 13th century,

are isolated instances: bart in Dan. is a mod. word] :-- Lat. ora,

margo: α. a brim of a helmet or hat (hjálmbarð, hattbarð), Fas. iii.

341. β. the verge, edge of a hill (holtbarð, túnbarð, brekkubarð,

hólbarð, etc.), freq. in local names of farms in Icel. γ. the wing or

side fin of some fishes, e. g. whales, cp. barðhvalr; of flat fishes, raja