This is page 101 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)
This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.
Click here to go to the main page about Cleasby/Vigfusson. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.
This page was generated on 19 Oct 2019. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.
The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.
djöful-ligr, adj. (-liga, adv.), devilish, 623. 24, 625. 72, Fms. x. 289 290, Barl. 149, Mar. 60.
djöful-óðr, adj. ' devil-wud' possessed, Orkn. 518, Clem. 51, N. T.
djöful-ærr adj.= djöfulóðr, Mar. 656 B. 7.
djörfung, f. [djarfr], boldness, in a good sense, Fms. iv. 133, Pass. 40. 17: impudence, Fms. ii. 184, H. E. i. 503: cp. dirfð, dirfska.
DOÐI, a, m. '[dauðr], deadness, insensibility.
doðka, u, f. the bird tringafusca, lækjar-duðra, Fél. i. 17, Edda (Gl.)
doð-na, að, to become insensible, Anal. 196.
doðr-kvisa, u, f. a kind of bird, Edda (Gl.)
dofi, a, m. [daufr], medic, torpor, in the hands, feet, etc., -- handar-dofi, fota-dofi; as to the art, stein-dofi, anaesthesia; núla-dofi, 'needle-torpor, ' 'pins and needles, ' Fél. ix. 205, 206: metaph. torpor, numbness, Stj. 97, Hom. 108.
dofinn, adj. de a d, of a limb; d. er mér fótr minn, Vápn. 21: metaph. drowsy, [Dan. d oi/ en], Al. 71.
dofna, að, [Goth, daubnan; Swed. domna] , to become dead, of limbs; dofnaði höndin, Fms. vi. 203, Stj. 296, 297: of water, flat, Sks. 165: metaph. the phrase, dofnar yfir e-u, the matter begins to die out, people cease to talk about it, Fms. x. 301, Bs. i. 348, Band. 4; hugr dofnar, the mind gets heavy, Brandkr. 60.
dogg, n. a pillow (?), in the phrase, að sitja upp við dogg, to lie half erect in bed, leaning the head upon a high pillow.
dokk, dokka, u, f. a windlass, Fms. x. 53.
doparr, m., and doppa, u, f. a boss of metal, þiðr. in, Karl, 550 (in a saddle); of earrings, D. N. i. 321*: (the last word is freq.)
dor-dígull (dordingull), m. a small spider; araneus tolas ater splen-
dens, filo demissorio, Eggert Itin. 609; also called fiski-karl, fisher-carle;
the word is no doubt to be spelt dorg-digull, i. e. angling spider; for
popular lore as to the dordigull vide Ísl. þjóðs. ii. 547, 548: the small
spider's web is called hégómi, q. v.
dorg, f. a n angler's tackle, rod and line, etc., for trout or small fish;
þeir réru tveir á báti með dorgar sínar at smá-fiski, Sæin. Gm. (introd.),
p. 32; land-dorgar, the land of dorg, the se a, Edda 66; dorgar-skot, a
kind of fishing implement, D. N. iii. 201; cp. dorga.
dorga, að, to fisb with a dorg: in mod. use dorg is only used of fishing
through holes in the ice; metaph. Icel. also say, d. við e-t, to go angling
for a thing, go dangling after it.
dorma, að, [Lat. dormire] , to doze.
dornikar, m. pl. [from Doornik in Flanders], a kind of water-tight
boots, Jón þorl.
dorri, a, m. a wither.
dotta, að, (dott, n.), to nod from sleep; dottr, m. a nodder, Háv. 44.
dólg (dolg), n. [A. S. dolg = vidnus, O. H. G. tolg~] , direful enmity,
only in poetry in compds, as dólg-brandr, -eisa, -Ijos, the fire, embers,
light of the d., = swdrd; dólg-lið, the ale of the d., i. e. blood; dólg-linnr,
the d. snake, i. e. spear; dolg-. svala, the battle-swallow, i. e. the shaft;
gaping wounds are called dólg-spor, Hkv. 2. 40.
dólg-ligr, zdj. fiendish, Finnb. 326.
dólg-maðr, m. = dólgr, Hkv. 2. 49 (Ed. dólgar maer).
DÓLGR (dolgr), m. [Ulf. renders xpfaxpfiXfrrjs, Luke vii. 41, by
ditlgisskula; and oavaarijs, id., by dulgahaitja] : -- a fiend; duuðir dólgar,
ghosts, Hkv. 2. 49 -- verða öflgari allir ú nóttuin dauðir dúlgar mær, en
um daga Ijosa -- used synonymous to 'devil, ' djufull. Fms. iii. 200, vi. 143,
x. 172 (of a giant); þar sat dólgr í hásæti, mikill ok illiiigr (of witches),
Fas. ii. 184; svartir dólgar, Karl. 525; sögðu at sá d. væri kominn í
bygðina er þeim þætti eigi dæll viðfangs, Grett. 127; söku-dólgr, a cri-
minal; vide dylgja.
dóli, a, m. [dole, Ivar Aasen; cp. Engl. dull], a drudge, Edda. (Gl.)
dólpr, m. a so rt of dress, Edda (Gl.) 232.
dólpungr, m. the l ar v a of a caterpillar, Björn.
dómandi, a, m., pl. dómendr, [A. S. dêmend'] , a judge, Fas. ii. 32, Grág.
i. 27, 65, 79, Nj., N. G. L. i. ii, Eg. ch. 57, Stj. 378 sqq.; as to the Icel. judges
cp. esp. Grág. J). f). ch. i, 6, and numberless passages in the laws and Sagas.
dómari, a, m. [Dan. dommer; Swed. d owza re], a judge, this is the com-
mon form instead of dómandi, Edda 93, K. Á. 202, Sks. 472 B, Pass. 27. 5,
28. 10; dómara-sæti, n. judgment-seat, Sks. 480 B; Dómara-bók, f. the
. Boo k of Judges: used besides in many compds, lands-domarijC hie/l/w d^f, of
Pilate, Matth. xxvii. 27, Pass. 25. i; yfir-domari, undir-domari, etc.
dóm-fé, n. ay ee or payment fixed by sentence, D. N.
dóm-festa, u, f. submitting to subpoena, N. G. L. i. 22, 221.
dóm-flogi, a, m. a law term, a runaway from court, used either of the
plaintiff" or judge if they do not appear in court, or quit the court, or
even rise in court, without leave; in which case the judge forfeits his
seat, and the plaintiff his case; defined N. G. L. i. 23, 220.
dóm-hringr, m. 'doom-ring, ' 'judgment-ring;' (cp. also vé-bönd, the
sacred bounds ^r b a r): the courts of heathen times were surrounded by
the domhringr, about a bow-shot from the centre where the benches
were placed; no evil-doer might enter this hallowed ring, or commit an
act of violence within it; if he did so, he was called a vargr í veum
(lupus in sanctii); the Engl. law term ' bar' answers to this old word, cp. Gr. SpvcþaKTOi, Lat. cancelli; the Goth, staua, •=•• court and judge, properly
means a staff, bar; the bar was, according to Eg. 1. c., a pole of hazel-
wood, hesli-stengr: classical passages referring to this, -- þar sér enn dóm-
hring þann, er menu vóru dæmdir í til blóts, í þeim hring stendr Jjurs
steinn, etc., Eb. ch. lo; þar stendr enn þórs steinn ... ok þar ' hjá'
(better) er s;i domhringr er (in which) menu skyldi til blóts dæma, Landn.
98: another classical passage is Eg. ch. 57 beginning; cp. also Fas. iii.
Gautr. S. ch. 7, Edda 10, though the ' ring' is not expressly mentioned in
these last two passages: hann gengr í domhringinn ok setzk niðr, Band.
6; en peir eigu at rísa ór dóminum ok sitja í dómhring innan meðan
um þá sök er dæmt, Grág. i. 78, cp. 17, 26: in early heathen times this
sacred circle was formed by a ring of stones, cp. dóm-stcinar: no doubt
some of the so-called Celtic or Druidical stone circles are relics of these
public courts, e. g. the Stones of Stennis in the Orkneys; cp. Scott's last
note to the Pirate, referring to this subject: even in later times, when
the thing was obsolete, the name still remained.
dóm-hús, n. the 'house of doom, ' court-bouse, Sks. 784; the idea is
foreign, though the word is native: the old courts and meetings were
always held in the open air.
dóm-kirkja, u, f. [Germ, dom-kirche, from Lat. domus~\, a cathedral,
dóm-leggja, lagði, a law term, to lay before a court, Dipl. iii. 13.
dóm-nefna, u, f. the nomination of judges in the Icel. court, described
in ib. ch. 5; in parliament the goðar (priests) had the right to appoint
the judges, Grág. i. 25; þeir (viz. the priests) skyldu domnefnur eiga á
þingum, Fms. iii. 106.
DÓMR, in. [Goth, dams, which occurs once, but not in Ulf., vvho
only uses the word in compds, and renders Kpiais and Kptrris by siaua;
A. S. dôm; F, ngl. d oow and the termin. -dom; O. H. G. torn; known in
Germ, only from the termin. -turn (-thum)'] . I. a court of judgment,
the body of judges, or the 'court' itself; the Icel. law of the Common-
wealth distinguishes between several bodies of judges; in parliament
there were Fjórðungs-dómar, ' Quarter Courts, ' one for each of the poli-
tical quarters of the country, Breiðfirðinga-d. or Vesttirðinga-d. for the
West, Rangaeinga-d. for the South, Eyiîrðinga-d. or Norðlendinga-d. lor
the North, and Austfirðinga-d. for the East; these courts were instituted
by Thord Gellir A. D. 964: at a later date a fifth High Court, called
Fimtar-domr, the Fifth Court, was erected about A. D. 1004; vide Nj.
ch. 98, íb. ch. 8, Grág., esp. f). fx in the first chapters, and many passages
in the Sagas, esp. Nj., Sturl.; and of mod. authors, Konrad Maurer in his
essay, Die Entstehung des Icel. Staates, Ed. 1852, Dasent's Introd. to
Burnt Njal; -- the treatise of Maurer is an indispensable guide in matters
of the Fimtar-domr. There are other courts on record, e. g. dyra-dómr,
a court at the door of the defendant, vide Eb. ch. 18 and N. G. L.; mi
skal dóm setja fyrir durum verjanda, en eigi á. bak hnsi; hann (viz. the
plaintiff) skal setja dóm sinn eigi nær húsi en svá, at verjandi (the defender)
megi setja sinn dóm milli dura ok dóms hans ok aka hlassi viðar milli
dóms ok dura (vide dæma), N. G. L. i. 22: technical law-phrases as to the
courts, setja dom, to set the court, let the judges take their seats; durmr
fara lit, the courts 'fare out, ' i. e. open; faera lit dom, dúma-iitfærsla, i. e.
the opening of the courts, Grug. i. 27, -- the judges went out in a body in
procession and took their seats; ryðja dóm, to challenge the court, Nj.;
ganga at dúmi, to go info court; nefna dom, to name the judges (iK'. ui-
nefna); sitja í dómi, t o s it in court; múl ferr í dom, a case goes into
court; hleypa upp dómi, to break up the court by force; bera K i dóm,
to bribe the court; dóms-afglapan, vide afglapan; -- for all these phrase?,
vide Grág., |x þ. in the first chapters, Nj., esp. ch. 140 sqq., Eg. ch. 57,
N. G. L. i, Gþl. This sense is now almost obsolete, but it remains in
the Manx demster and Scot, dooinster. II. doom, judgment, sen-
tence, and this may be the original sense; dóms-atkvæði, dóms-orð,
and dóms-uppsaga mean doom, sentence, as pronounced by the pre-
siding judge, Nj., H. E. ii. 115, Sks. 159, Band. 6, Grág. i. 3, 83; dóma-
dagr, doomsday, 'he day of judgment; Norna-dómr, the doom of the
Norns, their weird, fate, Ýt. 23, Fm. 11; skapa-dómr, id. (3. judg-
ment, opinion. III. denoting s t a te, condition, age, in words such
as heiðin-dómr, Kristin-dómr, the heathen, Christian age, faith; konung-
domr, a kingdom; biskups-dómr, a bishopric, etc.; hefja ór heiðnum dómi,
to lift out of heathendom, baptize, Sighvat. 2. helgir dómar, relics, Bs.,
H. F, ., Grág. ii. 165, Fms. i. 230, v. 143, Gpl. 70 :-- but helgidómr, Old
Engl. halidom, Germ, heiligthum: leyndr d., mystery, fji\iaTrjpl. ov of the
N. T.; leynda donia hirnnarikis, Matth. xiii. ii; þenna leyndan dom,
Rom. xi. 25; sjáið, að eg segi yðr leyndan dom, í Cor. xv. 51. 3.
in many compds = Engl. -dom, -hood, -head; Guð-dómr, Godhead; mann-
dóm-rof, n. disregard of judgment, Grág. i. 87, cp. Gþl. 21.
dóm-ruðning, f. a challenging of judges, Gnig. i. 27.
dóm-seta, u, f. sitting in court, judgment, Sks. 638, 641.
dóm-setning, f. opening the court, N. G. L. i. 220.
dóm-staðr, m. court, tribunal, Grág. i. 448, ii. 405, Edda 10.
dóm-staurr, m. a co urt b a r, properly court rails, but used in N. G. L. i.
220 of select men who stand outside and pronounce an opinion on the case,