This is page 386 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)

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386 LÉTTASOTT -- LEYSA.

x. 147; nú léttisk honum við þetta mikit, xi. 4S; biskupi léttisk mikit'

um hjarta-rætrnar, he w as much eased, Bs. i. 769: pass, to become lig/Jl.

létta-sótt, létta-kona, see U'-ttr B.

létti, a, m. alleviation, relief, easing; e-m til létta, Karl. 207, Mag.

160; Bósi kveðsk væ:ita mikils létta af konungi, Fas. iii. 200, Bs. ii. 81;

engir þeir sem upp hüfðu gefit sinn part vildu nokkurn létta undir leggja,

they would lend no help, Grett. 153. 2. the pulley above the bed

of a sick person is called létti. 3. in the adverb, phrase, af k'tta,

outright, plainly, Germ, frhcbweg; Grettir spurði at tidendum, en Barði

segir af létta slík sern vóru, Grett. 73 new Ed.; spyrr lion hann af

storvirkjum sinum, en hann sagði ailt af létta, Fb. i. 278; sætt vara

gor með létta, not straight, Eb. (in a verse). COMPDS: létti-byrð-

ingr, n. a light boat, Fms. xi. 430. létta-drengr, in. an errand-

boy, létti-möttull, in. a light mantle, Fagrsk. 182. letti-skip,

n. and létti-skúta, u, f. a light, fleet ship, Eg. 261, Fms. vii. 259, viii.

137, ix. 285, Hkr. i. 279. létti-vinátta, u, f. a slight, suf. erf. cial

friendship, Sturl. iii. 291.

léttir, m. alleviation, relief.

LÉTTR, adj., lóttari, k'ttastr, [cp. Ulf. leihts = iKa^pla, 2 Cor. i. 17;

A. S. leobt; Engl. light; (). H. G. lihti; Germ, lei c ht; Dan. let, - Swed.

l u tt; cp. Lat. le w's; Gr. ê-Xaø-pós] :-- liíf ht, of weight; bjortunnu eða

annað eigi léttara. Bs. i. 389. 2. of the body; manna iimastr ok

léttastr á sér, Fms. x. 73; vera á léttasta skeiði (aldri), /o be at one's most

active age; þá er Haraldr var á lcttasta skeiði aldrs, Eg. 536, O. H. 68;

ek em nú af léttasta skeiði, ok ekki til slíks færr, / have passed my best

years, Háv. 40 :-- the phrase, vtrða léttari, to give birth, ' to be lightened

of the womb, ' Spenser, (ú-lótt = heavy with child); ok nu líða stundir

fram lil þess er hón verðr lúttari, ok fæ3ir luui sveinbarn, Fais. xi. 53,

Nj. 91, Ísl. ii. 11), 0. H. 144, Fs. 143, 190; verða lóttari barns (= at

barni), N. G. L. i. 131. II. metaph. li if ht, easy; mæddisk hann

fyrir þeim ok gékk þeim k'ttara, F. g. 192; þvíat þat kann henda at

monnum verðr harms sins léttara ef um er talat, Fms. vii. 105 :-- light,

of wind, var veðr létt ok segltækt, 286; hann siglir lit lóttan land-

nyrðing, Ld. 116. 2. light, mild, gladsome, of manners or coun-

tenance; var konungr þá lcttr í öllum ræðum, Eg. 55; lcttr í nuV. um,

Ls.; lettr ok linr í nu'tli, gracious, Germ, huldvoll, Bs. i. 154; hann var

við alla menu léttr ok kátr, Nj. 48; hverjum manni kátari ok lóítari ok

vakrari, Fms. x. 152; e-m segir eigi létt hugr um e-t, to have apprehen-

sions, Fs. 38, Fms. vi. 211. 3. of value, light, vile; gütaðan dúk

sæmiligan ok annan k'ttari, Vm. 32; betri, opp. to lúttari, Dipl. iii. 4;

hinar betri, hinar lúttari, Vm. 58; létt fæða, light fare, Mar.; lettr

forbeini, Bs. ii. So; leggja e-t í léttan stað, to think lightly of, Grett.

1 75 new Ed.

B. COMPDS: létta-bragð, n. cheerfulness, Stnri. iii. 196. let-ta-

lc ona, u, f. a midwife, Thoin-482. létta-sótt, f. child-labour, Mar.

976. létt-brúnn, adj. 'light-browed, ' fair-complexioned, Gullþ. 9,

Ld. 48, 94; spelt létt-brýnn, Grett. "160 new Ed. létt-búinn,

part, lightly-clad, Stj. 240, Gullþ. 8. létt-bærr, adj. easy to bear,

625. 72, Bs. i. 105, 236. Létt-feti, a, m. ' light-pacer, ' name of a

horse, Edda, Gm. létt-fleygr, ] . fleet-winged, Sks. létt-færi,

f. alertness, Mar. létt-fœrr, adj. nimble, fleet, Rb. 334, þiðr. 343,

Korm. (in a verse). létt-fættr, adj. light-footed, fleet. lett-hendr,

adj. light-handed. létt-hjalað, n. part.; e-m verð 1., to chatter, Fms.

xi. 234. létt-hlaðirm, part. ligb:-lnden, Fms. ii. 188. létt-

h. ugaðr, ad] , light-minded, Sks. 24. létt-klæddr, part, ligh. 'ly-clad,

Hkr. iii. 281. létt-látr, adj. light-hearted, cheerful, Sks. 24. Fms.

vii. 175, viii. 447, ix. 4. létt-leikr, in. (-Iciki, a, in.), lightness,

agility, alertness. Sks. 620, Fas. iii. 237, Lil. 17. létt-liga, adv. lightly,

easily, Fms. i. 85, viii. 78, Stj. 17: civilly, Stj. 209, Barl. 119: lightly,

of dress, Ld. 46: readily, Eg. 200: may be, perhaps, Stj.; Kittliga hvergi,

16, 24, 35, 112; h-ttliga at, may be that, 47, 59, 106, 122, 126, 159,

400, Fb. i. 376. létt-ligr, adj. lightly, light, Bs. ii. líio. lét-t-

lifr, adj. 'light-lived. ' living an easy life, N. G. L. ii. 444, Mag. 90.

lett-ljmdi, n. an easy temper. létt-lyndr, adj. easy-tempered. létt-

læti, n. a light life; lé:tlæíis-kona, a harlot, Sti. 350, Fms. vii. 24f,

Sir. 9. létt-meti, n. a poor diet. létt-mæil-r, pait. light-spoken,

ligbt-tongîied, Fms. vii. 227. létt-úð, f. ligbt-berirled/iess, Fms. vi.

287: mod. levity, frivolity. létt-úðigr, adj. light-minded, Fms. ii.

20, xi. 5: light, ibovgb. 'less. létt-vaxinn, part, flight of figure,

slender, Hem. létt-vígr, adj. prone to fight, Kb. 43 new Ed.

létt-vísi, f. levity, Barl. 148. létt-vægr, adj. light-weighted, of

little value.

LEYÐRA, að (?), [lauðr or löðr], to wasb; leyðra borðker or

bjórker, to wash the dishes, Em. i.

LEYFA, ð, [lof; Germ, er-lauben'] : I. to permit, allow; ley fa

e-m e-t, leyfí þér honum at fara sem honum gegnir be/t, Nj. 10; var levft

at gefa upp gamal-inenni, Fms. ii. 225; villtú ley fa nökkurum monnuin

útgöngu, Nj. 200, passim in old and mod. usage. II. to praise,

with acc.; leyfa is the older, lofa (q. v.) the later form; leyfa freq. occurs in

old poets, Hm. 81, 91, Gh. 4 (Mm. 5), Fms. i. 182 (in a verse), xi. 215 (in

a verse), 0. H. 173, Fldda 65 (in a verse): in prose -- þá er ek Icyfi Ölaf konung ok svá háttu haiis, Fms. v. 327; lítt er þessi maðr leyfðr

fyrir oss, vi. 108; þó er hann mjök leyfðr af murgum inonnum, Bs. i.

480: the phrase, eiga fótum fjör at leyfa (mod. fjor at launa), O. H. L.

6; but esp. freq. in poetry is the part, ley for = famed, glorious, passim,

see Lex.

leyfð, f. praise, 0. H. 24 (in a verse).

leyfi, n. [Engl. leave^. leave, permission, Fms. ii. 79, viii. 271, K. Á. 176,

Sks. 59, Bs. i. 500; lof eð. í leyfi, Fb. ii. 266; taka leyfi af e-m, to take

leave, Flóv. 32, Sir. 64: of poetical licence, Edda 120, 124. COMPDS:

leyfi-dagr, m. a ' leave-day, ' holiday, K. þ. K. 120. leyfls-laust, n.

adj. without have, Jb. 398.

leyfi-liga, adv. by leave, with permission, Mar., H. E. i. 470.

leyfi-ligr, ad] , permitted, alloii/ed, Fs. 23.

LEYGR, in., gen. leygjar and leygs, [akin to logil, a lowe, fire, flame,

freq. in old poetry, singly as well as in coinpds, but never used in prose;

esp. freq. in pout, circumlocutions of gold and weapons; báru-leygr, the

waves'beam = gold; arm-lcygr, the fla:b of the arm -- a bracelet; und-

leygr, the flai-h of a wound, of blood, of Odin, etc. = a weapon, see

Lex. Pout. leyg-för, f. afire (Lat. incendium), Fms. ix. 533 (in a

verse).

LEYNA, d, [laun; Scot, layne] , to hide, conceal, absol. or with dat.

of the thing; var leynt nafni hans, Ld. 296, Grúg. i. 125, Ísl. ii. 251,

Ld. 296. 2. with dat. of the thing, acc. of the person; leyna e-n e-u,

to hide a thing from one, Og. 27, Nj. 23, Grig, i. 370, Fms. viii. 12; old

leynig því aldri, Sighvat, 0. H. 119: with acc. of the thing, less correct,

Sir. 31, 50, D. N. iv. 546. II. reflex, to hide oneself; leynisk

hann mi Norðinanin-kommgr, Fms. i. 44, Sks. 605 :-- leynask í broil,

to steal away. Eg. 572, Fb. ii. 367: or absol., í því ætlar bóndi at

leynask lit í myrkrit, Eg. 240 :-- leynask at e-m, to steal upon a person,

attack by stealth, Greit. 149 A. 2. part, leynandi -- Icyndr, in the

phrase, með leynanda löstum, with hidden flaws, N. G. L. i. 25, 29:

leyndr, part. pass, secret, hidden; e-t ferr leynt, goes by stealth, in

secrecy, Eg. 28; leynd mat, secrets, Grág. i. 362; for bat eigi leynt, it

was not hidden, Fb. ii. 271.

leynd, f. secrecy, hiding; til leyndar, Fms. x. 383, Sks. 365; með

leynd. secretly, Stj. 200, Rd. 235, Ísl. ii. 199, Fms. x. 380, passim;

leyndar-brút, -crenclí, a secret letter, secret errand, viii. 128, ix. 341,

Stj. 383. cor. ii'Ds: leyndar-dómr, in. a mystery, N. T., Vidal. .

Pass. leyndar-kofi, a, in. a closet, Bs. i. 253. leyndar-limr, m.

the hidden limb, genitalia, Sij. 21. leyndar-mál, n. a secret ajfair,

Fms. i. 54, viii. 342, Sks. 341. leyndar-nef, n. a hidden person,

N. G. L. i. 200. leyndar-staðr, m. a hidden place, Sturl. ii. 151.

leyndar-tal, n. secret talk, Fms. x. 262, 320.

leyni, n. a hiding-place, esp. in pl., 623. 3: sing., leita sér leynis, Nj.

267; í Ityni e-u, Korm. 144: í leyni?=i leynd. COMPDS: leyni-

bragð, n. a secret plot, Fms. v. 257. leyni-dyrr, n. pl. s e c ret doors,

Nj. 198 (v. L), Anal. 186. leyni-fjörðr, m. a hidden fjord, Fas.

leyni-gata, u, f. a secret path, Sol. 23. leyni-gröf, f. a bidden pit,

Ísl. ii. 74. leyni-liérað, n. a secluded county, Róm. 260. leyni-

kofi, a, in. a secret closet, Mar. leyni-stigr, in. a bidden path, Ísl.

ii. 44, Al. 89. leyni-vágr, m. a hidden creek, Nj. 280, Fs. 112, Eg.

374, O. H. L. 2, 36. leyni-vegr, in. a secret way, Rd. 222.

leyni-liga, adv. secretly, Nj. 5, Gþl. 63, 65.

leyni-ligr, adj. hidden, secret, 625. 190, Fms. x. 269, N. G. L. iii. 5.

leyningr, m. a hollow way; skal ráða lækr fyrir ofan ho! er fellr or

leyningum, upp ú fjail ok fram í ú, Dipl. iv. I: a local name, Rd. 276.

leyninn, adj. hiding; 1. af kniptum sinum, 625. 83.

leyra, u. f. (spelt lôra, Edda ii. 464, 547), [cp. Dan. kukke-lure and

Scot, loiciy -- a fox] :-- a sneaking, worthless person, mann-læra; laeðist

kisu-lóra (the naughty pass sneaks) latir í cndann klóra, Flaligr.

LEYSA, t, [lauss; Ulf. lausjan = pvttv; A. S. losjan; Ei\g\. loosen;

Germ, losen] :-- -to loosen, untie, Edda 29, Eg. 223, Ems. vii. 123; leysa

skua, 656. 2: the phrase, þó mun einn cndi leystr vera um þetta

mill, it will all be untied, end in one way, Gísl. 82, cp. Korm. (in a

verse); leysa til sekkja, to untie, open the sacks, Stj. 216; leysa til súrs, t o

unbind a ivound, Bs. ii. í So; leysa sundr, to te n r asunder, Grett.

115. 2. inipers. it is dissolved, breaks up; bat veðr gerði mánu-

daginn, at skipit (acc.) leysti (wa s dissolved) undir þeim, hljópu menu þá

i bat, Sturl. iii. 106; sum (?kip, acc.) leysti í liafi undir monnum, were

wrecked, broken up, Bs. i. 30; bein (acc.) leysti ór höfði henui, 196;

leysti fót undan Jóni, Sturl. iii. Il6 :-- of ice, snow, to thaw, þá er var

koni ok snse leysti ok isa, Eg. 77; koin þeyr iniki'. I, hlupu votn fram, ok

le\'sti arnar, the ice broke up on the rivers, Sturl. iii. 45; þegar ísa leysir

af votnuni, Fms. iv. 142; áin var leyst (thawed, open) með lönduni, en

iss flaut ú henni miðri, Boll. 3:8; vötn (acc.) mun ok skjótt leysa, Fbr.

12 new Ed. II. metaph. to free, redeem; leysa lif sitt, Nj. í 14 J

leysa sik af hó'. mi, passim, see hólmr :-- leysa sik, to release oneself by

performing one's duty, see atiausn, Fbr. 154; þo mun (iuiinarr leysa þik

af þessu múli, Nj. 64; ek mun leysa þorstcin undan ferð þessi, Eg. 542:

to redeem a vow, leysa kross sinn, Fms. x. 92; leysa heit, Stj. 520; '•

suðrgöngu, Nj. 2. to redeem, purchase, as a law term; þau sex