This is page 399 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)

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LÓGA -- LUKA. 399

they cannot come to the end of it, Fms. viii. 117, v. I.; baka til lugs, t o

bake up all one's stores, N. G. L. i. 304.

LÓGA, að, to fart with, but with the notion of waste, with dat.;

lóg. iðu eigi landinu, Glúm. 335; meðan þú átt gripina, ... en þá em ek

hræddr um ef þú lógar þeim, 339; Glúmr hefir nú lógat þeim hlutum,

feldi ok spjóíi, er Vígfúss móður-bróðir hans gaf honum, 389; er þeir

höfðu baugnum lógat, Korm. 218; lóga löndum, Landn. 261; þessum

hring skaltú eigi lúga, Fær. 104; at lógat væri goðorðunurn, Sturl. iii.

104; þar skal maðr engu lóga af þvi fé áðr virt sc, Grág. i. 194; lóga

viti né afli, O. H. L. 19; dæma gripinn aptr tíl kirkju ef ólógat er, K. b. K.

48, Jb. 218, 222: lóga fyrir, to pay for, Grág. 2. to destroy; lóga

af, to MM, slaughter, Grág. i. 426: lóga ft; sinu af, id., ii. 339, jb. 148.

lókátr, m. the name ot the sub-teacher at the school of Hólar.

lókr, m. a tramp, a term of abuse, Edda (Gl.), Bjarn. (in a verse).

Lex. Poët. 2. penis.

LÓMR, m. [Shetl. /oo;w], the loon, ember-goose, columbus arcticus,

Edda (Gl.), Eggert Itin.; metaph. from the cry of these birds, a cry, l a-

mentation; cp. bar-lómr: in local names, Lónia-gnupr, Nj. II.

meanness; lómi beittr, Ýt.; a'. a lorn, Hallfred. COMPDS: lóm-bragð,

n. a trick, Konr. 21. lóra-geðr, adj. cunning, mean, Yt. lóm-

hugaðr, adj. vile, Haustl.

lómundr, m., pl. ir, [Ivar Aascn lemende and lomiimd; Swed. le. in-

mei] :-- the mus letnmtis, lemmer; kvikendi þau er locustae heita ok

sumir kalla lomundi, Pr. 436, (the Icel. writer has here confounded the

lemmer with the locust.)

LOacute;N, n. [Ivar Aast-n l ow], an inlet, sea-loch, Bárð. 166, Grág. ii. 354,

Jb. 314; cp. the 'lón' in Dögurðarnes in western Iceland: freq. in local

names, Lón, Lóns-h. eiðr, Landn. lóna-sóley, f. a kind of buttercup.

lubbi, a, m. a shaggy long-haired dog: botan., kúa-lubbi, q. v.

lukka, u, f. [a for. word, from Germ. gluck, but occurs in writers of the

I4th century, e. g. Bárð. S., or even earlier], luck; þótti þórðr mikla

lukku á haia haft, Bárð. 36; eigi mun þér silfr-fátt verða til lukkunnar,

Finnb. 254 (from Arna-Magn. 132 fol.), Skíða R. 50, 53, 57: freq. in

mod. usage, o-lukka, ill luck, Fms. v. 255. COMPDS: lukku-ligr,

adj. (-liga, adv.), lucky, happy, Fas. iii. 457 (paper MS.) lukku-maðr,

m. a lucky man, Fas. i. 447.

lukt, f. '[Dan. lugi] , a . well, D. N.; see lykt.

lukta, að, to smell; luktandi, Sks. 201, (but not in Cod. B.)

lukta, að, to shut, with dat., Skálda 202 (in a verse).

lulla, að, to loll: lullari, a, m. a lubber, (slang, from the Engl. lollard.)

LUMA, pres. lumi; pret. lumdi (?); part, lumað; imperat. lumi :-- t o

keep closely, hold tight; luma af e-u, to yield up, lumi (imperat.) af

skutlinum, maðr, lend me the harpoon! Fbr. 86 new Ed., cp. Fb. ii.

209; in old writers only recorded in this instance: in mod. usage, Icel.

say, luma á e-u, to keep or hoard, of money, with a notion of stealth or

closeness, hann lumir á penningum (of small savings), or hanri lumaði

(for lumði V) á því; perh. Dan. lomme -- pocket is a kindred word.

LUND, f. [Orm. lurid] , the mind, temper, Edda (Gl.); var nú skipan

â komin um lund hans, Hrafn. 24; vera mikillar lundar, to be of a proud

mind, Ísl. ii. 3; ef hann fann þat í lund sinni, Fb. iii. 247; etju-lund,

a quarrelsome mind, Vellekla, ' gildrar lundar, proud, Bs. ii. 11; leika

e-m í hind, to have a mind for, Al. 137; hugar-lund, fancy,

mind. II. manner; adverb, phrases, nökkura lund (acc.), in

seme manner, Hom. 55; sömu lund, in the same ivay, Sks. 448; á allar

lundir, in every ivay, Niðrst. I: á þá lund, thus, Edda 47; a ymsar

lundir, in many ways, variously; á marga hind, Edda 87; á þessa lund,

thus, Grág. ii. 2 2; hverja lund, in what may f how ? biðr. 33 7. COMPDS:

lundar-far, n. temper, disposition, Rd. 255. lundar-lag, n. = lund-

arfiir.

lundaðr, part, disposed, minded, Hom. 151.

lunderni, n. temper, Sks. 686, Magn. 434, Karl. 339, Stj. 548.

lund-ferli, n. = lunderni, Grett. 95.

lund-góðr, adj. good-tempered. Lex. Poët.

lund-hægr, adj. gentle-minded, Fms. vi. 204.

LUNDI, a, m. the puffin, alca arctica, Edda (Gl.), freq. in mod. usage;

lunda bein, Sturl. ii. 62 (in a verse): a nickname, Bs. i.

lundir, f. pl. the flesh along the back; hrygg-Iundir, q. v.: in animals

the meat inside the hack; whence lunda-baggi, a, m. a sausage made

of the lundir and some fat.

lund-íllr, adj. ill-tempered, Nj. 16, v. 1.

LUNDR, m., gen. lundar, dat. lundi, lund, Fagrsk. Ii; [Dan. and

Swed. lund'] :-- a grove, Skin. 39, 41; hvera-lundr, Vsp.; ok í lundi

óxum, Am. 68; allr lundrinn umhverfis, Stj. 391; fxmr bjó at Lundi,

hann blótaði lundinn, Landn. 224; reyni-!undr, Sturl. i. 5; einn fagr

lundr, Vígl. 17; rúða einum steini ok litlum lund, Fagrsk. 11: of a

hedge (?), taka vigfleka ok bera hann at lundi þeim er stóð sunnan á

garðinum, Sturl. ii. 54. II. very freq. in Dan. and Swed. local

names, Lundr, the archbishop's seat in Denmark (Sweden): in Iceland,

Lundr, Lundar, Lunda-reykir, Lundareykja-dalr, whence

Lundar-menn, Lundar-manna-goðorð, Landn., Sturl.: these places

were connected with the worship of groves, cp. Landn. I. e.: Lund also(occurs in local names in Northern England (the ancient Denelagu), as

Gilsland, and is a mark of Norse or Danish colonisation.

Lundúnir, f. pl. London; í Lundúnum, in London: also Lunduna-

borg, passim: Lunduna-bryggja, London-bridge, 0. H.

lund-ýgr, adj. savage-tempered, Nj. (in a verse).

lung, n. [perh. from Welsh Hong] , poet, a sh z p, Lex. Poet, passim.

LUNGA, n., pl. lungu, gen. lungna; it occurs only in plur., the sing,

may now be used of one lung; [common to all Teut. languages] :-- the

lungs, Orkn. 18, Stj. 612, Fbr. 137, Fms. iii. 285, Sturl. ii. 150; lungun

féllu út í sáriî, Glúm. 381, Skíða R. 144. COMPDS: lungna-blaðkr,

m. a lobe of the lungs. lungna-bólga, u, f. pleuriiis. lungna-

sótt, f. lung-disease, Gþl. 498.

lurka, að, to cudgel, thrash, Stj. 464, 624.

LURKR, m. a cudgel, Nj. 194, Sd. 136, Gþl. 177, Vd. 77; tre-lurkr,

Glúm. 342, Fms. viii. 96; járn-lurkr, Hbl.; vera allr lurkum laminn, to

feel as if thrashed with cudgels: nietaph. of the winter 1601 A. D., var

sá vetr aftaka-harðr frá jólum um allt Island, ok kallaðr Lurkr, Espol.

Årb. s. a. COMPDS: lurks-hogg, n. a blow with a cudgel, Gþl. 177.

lurks-legr, adj. clumsy, clownish.

lustr, m. [Scot, leister] , a cudgel, prop, a salmon-spear = ljostr, q. v.;

hann hafði trélurk niikinn um öxl ok ekki vápn anuat -- þá mæhi Özurr,

hvar eru vápn þín? annan veg er at berjask við Erling jarl en at þreskja

korn, þar má vel hafa lust til, Fms. viii. 96.

lú-berja, barði, to beat till it becomes tender, beat thoroughly.

lúða, u, f. a small flounder, lúðu-laki, a, m. a drone (abuse).

LÚÐR, m., the r radical, [cp. Dan. lur, Shetl. looder-horn] , a trumpet,

Edda 17; þeir höfðu híðr ok blésu, Orkn. 300; lát taka lúðra ok lát blása

um alla borgina, Sks. 74^,; blása í hiðr, Fms. iv. 300; þeyta hiðr, Al,

35, Stj. 392; kvóðu við lúðrar, Fms. vi. 16; við hinn síðasta lúðr-þyt,

því lúðrinn mun gella, í Cor. xv. 52, passim. COMPDS: lúðr-blástr,

m. a blast of a trumpet, Fms. iv. 300. lúðra-gangr, in. the sound

of trumpets, Hkr. ii. 221, Fms. vii. 289. lúðrs-hljóð, n. = lúðrþytr,

Fms. vii. 289. lúðr-maðr, m. = lúörsveinn, Fms. viii. 96. lúðr-

sveinn, m. a trumpeter, Fas. i. 497, Fms. viii. 96, 213, ix. 449, 513.

lúðra-bytr and lúðr-bytr, m. id., Fms. viii. 226, í Cor. xv. 52.

lúðr-beytari, a, m. a trumpeter, Karl. 220, 525, v. l.

B. A flour-bin; þær at lúðri leiddar voru, Gs. 2; leggjum lúðra, 3;

steinar rifna, stökkr lúðr fyrir, þótt lúðr þrumi, Hkv. 2. 2, 3; þat ek

fyrst of man er sá inn fróði jötunn | á var lúðr of lagiðr, Vþm. 35 (re-

ferring to some ancient lost myth). The word is still preserved in the

south-east of Iceland, -- hleypr mjölit um kring kvernitia út á lúðrinn,

Fél. ii. 155 (of the year 1782): poet, the s e a is called ey-lúðr, island-flour-

bin, Edda (in a verse); see the remarks to amlóði :-- the phrase, ganga e-m

í lúðr, to fall into one's bin, nietaph. phrase, to fall to one's lot, Gs. 11.

lúðra, að, to stoop, cringe, perhaps a metaphor taken from the

stooping over a bin; lúðrandi lágt, Stj. 398; fara lúðrandi fyrir kné

ábóta, Mar.; hiðra lágt, THom. 535.

lúfa, u, f. [Ivar Aasen luva; cp. lubbi], rough, matted hair, as a

nickname; Haralds hár var sitt ok flókit, fyrir þá sök var hann Lufa

kallaðr, Fagrsk. 9: cp. the vow of king Harold with that of Civilis,

Tac. Hist. iv. 61.

lúi, a, m. weariness, esp. of the body from age and overwork. lúa-

legr, adj. mean, (conversational.)

lúinn, part, worn; see lyja.

LÚKA, pres. lyk; pret. lauk, laukt (mod. laukst), lauk; pl. luku; subj.

lyki; part, lokinn; mod. Ijuka, which form is not found in old writers;

[Scot, louk; Shetl. lock; Dan. lukke]: I. to shut; hika korn-

hlöðum, Stj. 212: but mostly with prep., lúka upp, t o o pen; luka aptr,

to shut, both with acc. and dat., in mod. usage with dat. solely; hika

upp mina kistu, Fbr. 46 new Ed.; but, ly'kr þá upp kistunni, dat. (in

the same page): ok hjarra-grind, svá at menu hiki upp af hrossi ok aptr

ef vill. Grág. ii. 264; eru menu skyldir at hika löghlið aptr á löggarði, ef

sá maðr lykr eigi aptr hliðit, 265; hann lýkr aptr fjósinu ok byr svá um at

ekki má upp hika, Gísl. 29; hann lýkr aptr eptir sér ramliga, 30; luka upp

hurðum, Vail. 218: luka upp augum, t o o pen the eyes, Bs. i. 318; but, luka

aptr augum, to shut the eyes: tak þú nú við kistu-lyklum inínum, þvíat ek

mun þeim eigi luka optar, Nj. 94; síðan lauk hann upp skemmuna, Fms.

vi. 189; luka upp dyrnar, viii. 332; tóku þá frá slagbranda ok luku upp

hurðina, Ó. H. 135: nokkuru síðar var lokit (upp) úti-hurðu, Bs. i. 627; so

also, luka sundr munni, t o o pen the mouth, Háv. 25 new Ed. II.

nietaph., luka upp, t o o pen one's mind, declare, speak out; en er jarl

hafði því upp lokið (when he had made known) at hann mundi fvlgja

þeim, 0. H. 54; nu skal þat upp luka fyrir yðr er mer hefir lengi i

skapi búit, 32; Guð heyrði bæn hans ok lauk upp fyrir honum öllum

þessum hlutum, revealed to him all these things, Stj. 5. 2. as a law

term, luka upp görð, to deliver a judgment, of an umpire, Fs. 49, Nj.

77; malin komu í dóm Vermundar, en hann lauk görðum upp á Jbórs-

ness-þingi, Eb. 246; vii ek nu luka upp sættar-görð milli þeirra Steinars

ok borsteins, Eg. 735, passim; see görð. 3. lúka við, to end; vera

má at svá hiki við, áðr vit skiljum, at þér þykki alkeypt, Eb, 266. 4.

luka yfir, to come to a bitter end; eigi vii ek við sonu þína sættum