This is page 416 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)

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416 MÁLSAFGLÖPUN -- MÁLENDR.

var þat annat m., another affair, Nj. 256; ekki eru þau efni í um várt mál, Ld. 76; konungr átti dóm á þeirra máli, id.; ber hann upp fyrir bróður sinn málit, hann berr upp málit ok biðr Unnar, ok undra ek er þú ferr með því máli, Fas. i. 364; Austmaðrinn heldr nú á málinu við bónda Nj. 259; ef þér vilit göra málit at álitum, 3; svara þessu máli, Fms. vii. 124; miðla mál, to mediate, Íb. 12; inna stærri mála, in important cases, Nj. 2. 7. special phrases, e-t skiptir miklu, litlu ... máli, to bear much or little upon a case, to be of great (small ...) importance, Eg. 742, Ó.H. 31, passim: skiptir þá eigi máli, Grág. i. 43; varða máli, id.; ef honum þætti máli varða at hann næði því, Rd. 260: þú kvaddir þess kviðar er eigi átti máli at skipta um víg Auðúlfs, who had no concern with the slaying of A., Nj. 87.

C. COMPDS, máls- and mála-: máls-afglöpun, f. a false or collusive action, whereby the suit is lost, Grág. i. 494. máls-bót, f. an excuse, exculpation, Fms. vii. 207; esp. in plur., hafa sér e-ð til málsbóta, to use as an excuse. mála-efni, n. pl. a cause, its circumstances and nature, Nj. 47, Háv. 51; íll málaefni, a bad case, Fs. 41. 138, Ó.H. 150, Band. 12. máls-endi, a, m., see málsemd. máls-eyrendi, n. a discourse, Sturl. i. 140. mála-ferli, n. pl. lawsuits, litigation, Fs. 47, Eg. 644, Nj. 78, Sturl. i. 105, Fær. 109. mála-flutningr, m. the conduct of a suit, Hrafn. 17. mála-fylgjumaðr (mála-fylgismaðr), m. a lawyer; mikill m., a great taker up of suits, Nj. 1, Bs. i. 82. máls-fylling, f. the conclusion of a case, Fb. iii. 451. máls-grein, f. a sentence, Skálda 174, 181, Bs. i. 753 (a passage in a letter): a phrase, Stj. 79, Edda 49; partr málsgreinar = pars orationis, Skálda 180: diction, style, Edda 120. mála-háttr, m. [mál, háttr], a kind of metre, Edda 142, where a specimen is given. máls-hattr, m. a phrase, Stj. 67, 126: = málsgrein, Skálda 170: a proverb, saying, Fms. ii. 33, Fas. iii. 104, Stj. 133, passim. málshátta-safn, n. a collection of proverbs. mála-hlutr or máls-hlutr or -hluti, a, m. one side of a case or suit eiga enn þyngra málahlut, Ísl. ii. 172; þá ferr ílla m. várr (our case), Lv. 95: a share, mun sá verða m. várr beztr, Nj. 88; nú kann vera, at ek kunna ekki at sjá málahlut til handa mér, en vilja munda ek halda sæmd minni, Sturl. i. 105. mála-kosta, u, f. a complaint, pleading in a case, Sturl. i. 613, H.E. i. 457. mála-leitan, f. a negotiation, the mooting a question, Eg. 521, Eb. 130, Fms. vii. 299, Orkn. 56. mála-lenging, f. useless prolongation. mála-lok, n. pl. the end of a case, conclusion, Eb. 106, Nj. 102, Bs. i. 68. mála-lyktir, f. pl. = málalok, Eb. 24, 36, Nj. 88, Fms. vii. 14. máls-löstr, m. bad grammar, SkáJda 181. mála-maðr, m. = málafylgju-maðr, Dropl. 6, Ld. 298, Boll. 354. mála-mannligt, n. adj. like, worthy of a málamaðr, Bs. i. 751. máls-metandi, part., m. maðr, a person of mark. mála-mynd, f.; til málamyndar, only for appearance, not seriously. máls-orð, n. a word in a sentence, Edda 124, 126, 128. máls-partr, m. a part of speech, Skálda 185: a part in a suit, mod. máls-rödd, f. = málrómr, Stj. 81. mála-skil, n. pl. knowledge of proceeding. Sturl. iii. 10. mála-skot, n. an appeal in a case, K.Á. 218. mála-sóku, f. a lawsuit, prosecution, Nj. 248. máls-spell, n. a flaw in a suit, Nj. 170, Fms. x. 12. mála-sönnun, f. evidence, Mar. mála-tilbúningr or mála-tilbúnaðr, m. the preparation of a suit, Grág. i. 490, Eb. 282, Nj. 36, 100. mála-tilleitan, f. = málaleitan, Þórð. 67. mála-vöxtr, m. the state of a case, Fms. vi. 11, Al. 113, Bs. i. 67, Nj. 79. máls-þörf, f. a wish to speak, Fms. vi. 374.

MÁL, n. [Ulf. mêl = GREEK; A.S. mâl; Engl. meal; Germ. mahl; Dan. and Swed. maal, mâl = a mark] :-- a measure: hann mælti grundvöll undir húss, þat var þeirra átrúnaðr ef málit gengi saman, þá er optarr væri reynt, at þess manns ráð mundi saman ganga, ef mál-vöndrinn þyrri, en þróask ef hann vissi til mikilleiks, gékk nú málit saman ok var þrem sinnum reynt, Korm. 8; fimm álna er hátt mál hans, Fms. vi. 929; ganga undir mál, to undergo a mál (for measuring one's height); þat sögðu menn at þeir hefði jafnmiklir menn verit, þá er þeir gengu undir mál, Ld. 178; leggja, bera mál við, to measure; hann lagði mál við öll in stærstu tré, 216; með því sama máli sem þér mælit út mun yðr verða aptr mælt, Mar.; bar hón mál á, ok þurfti þá þrjár álnar ok þver hönd, Bs. ii. 168; kunna maga mál, to know the measure of one's stomach, Hm. 20. 2. a length of sixteen fathoms, D.N. (Fr.)

B. Temp. [Ulf. mêl = GREEK], a 'meal,' of time, i.e. a certain portion of time: I. time, high time; skipverjum þótti mál ór hafi, Landn. 206: with infin., Vsp. 14, Hm. 111, Skm. 10, Bm. 1; mönnum væri mál at lýsa sökum sínum, Nj. 149; at mál væri at ganga at sofa, Fms. ii. 138; mælti biskup at mál væri at sofa, 139; sagði mál at ríða, Orkn. 48: adding a dat., mál er mér at ríða, Hkv. 2. 47: ok er mál at vit farim, Fær. 255; mál er at leita at hestum várum, Korm. 182; ok er allt mál at ættvíg þessi takisk af, Ld. 258; ok er nú mál at hætta, Fms. vi. 212: e-m er mál (of stools) :-- í mál, in due time; þóat í mál yrði borinn kviðrinn, Grág. i. 54. 2. the moment, nick of time (mál, q.v.); at hann var þar þá nótt, ok á því máli ..., of an alibi, N.G.L. i. 309. II. the meal-time, morning and evening, Edda 103; hence of cattle, missa máls, to miss the time, sheep lost or astray for a day so that they cannot be milked, Grág. ii. 230, 231; kvikfénaðr missir máls, Snót; hence málnyta. q.v.; deila mat at málum, to deal out meat at each meal, Grág. i. 149; í hvert mál, Hm. 36; í eitt mál, for one single 'meal,' Karl. 347, Grág. i. 293; fæða þá í tvau mál, ii. 400; í bæði mál (see i B, p. 317): at því máli = Germ. diesmahl, Korm. (in a verse); þat er ok mitt ráð þó þat sé at fyrra máli at menn snæði nokkut, Fb. ii. 676; þat vilda ek at þær æti at einu máli kýr Hálfdanar bróður míns, Ó.H. 64; ef ættak at málungi mat, if I had meat from meal to meal, Hm. 2. of the day marks; dag-mál = day-meal = 9 o'clock A.M.; and nátt-mál, night-time = 9 o'clock P.M.; í fyrra málið, to-morrow morning; eg skal koma í fyrra málið. III. of the seasons of the year; í misseri eru mál tvau, í máli eru mánuðr þrír, Rb. 6; mál ok misseri, Hm.; sumar-mál, the time when summer sets in (middle of April), opp. to vetr-nætr, when winter sets in; hríð-mál. q.v. COMPDS: mála-matr, m. food every meal, N.G.L. i. 8. mála-mjólk, f. milk every meal, morning and evening, Vm. 73, H.E. ii. 107. máls-verðr, m. a 'meal's food,' a meal. K.Á. 78, Eb. 36, Bs. i. 382.

MÁL, n. [Ulf. mêl =GREEK and GREEK; Hel. mâl = imago, effigies; cp. also Goth. maljan = GREEK, whence mod. Germ. mahlerei, mahlen, = pingere] :-- prop. 'a drawing,' but it is used in old writers only of inlaid ornaments on spear's heads or on the hilts and guards of swords; görir Þorgrímr þar af spjót, mál vóru í, Gísl. 18; hann hafði króka-spjót í hendi haugtekit ok allgóð mál í, Ld. 78; spjót, þá fann hann blóð í málunum, Glúm. 344; stál bjartra mála, Korm. 1; gull-mál (q.v.), Þiðr. 110; stála-mál, inlaid work of steel, Ht. R. 33. For specimens of 'mál' see Worsaae, Nos. 325, 331; a plate with inlaid work on the outside and a Runic inscription on the inside was found in Oct. 1870 in the cairn Greenmount in Ireland, and is described by Major-General Lefroy. COMPDS: mála-járn, n. an iron (weapon) inlaid with mál, Fms. iii. 223, Fas. i. 414. mála-sax, n. an inlaid sax (sword), Fas. i. 514. mála-spjót, n. an inlaid spear, Gísl. 11. mála-steinn, m. = lyfsteinn (q.v.), Mag. 16 (vellum 580 B).

mála, u, f. [mál = speech], a female acquaintance, female friend; kona heitir mála búanda sins, Edda (Ht.)

mála, að, [from Germ. mahlen, Dan. male], to draw, paint, (mod.)

málan, f. a depicting, (mod.)

málari, a, m. a painter, (mod.); as also mál-verk, n. a picture.

mál-bein, n. the 'talk-bone,' one of the bones in the head, Ísl. Þjóðs. ii. 547; láta málbeinið ganga, to chatter glibly.

mál-bók, f. = lesbók (q.v.), or a book with drawings(?), D.I. i. 256.

mál-bót, f. an excuse; göra e-ð sér til málbótar.

mál-dagi, a, m. a covenant, agreement; at því skal virða sem máldagar vóru með þeim, Grág. i. 155; fá slíkan stað ok máldaga þeim griðmönnum, er áðr vóru teknir, sem þeir áttu sér mæltan, 154; inna máldaga, to fulfil the agreements, ii. 267, 366; ek vil setja hér til máldaga með okkr, Fms. i. 261, Orkn. 52; eptir réttum siðum ok fornum máldögum, Fms. i. 257, v.l.; göra máldaga við e-n, K.Þ.K. 56; sá mádagi á at haldask, id.; hann görði þann máldaga of fé sitt, of a bequest, Mar. 2. a written deed, chartulary, esp. of the rights, property, and inventories of churches, kirkju-máldagi; the old eccl. law made it incumbent on the church-lord or churchwarden to put on parchment any gift or emolument made to the church by private donors; this deed (máldagi) might then for authorisation and publication be brought into parliament to be read in the Lögrétta or from the Law-hill. It had also to be read at home once a twelvemonth at church when there were many worshippers present, see K.Þ.K. 46 (ch. 10), K.Á. 190, Bs. i. 778. A specimen of such an original scroll with successive entries in different hands is the Reykjaholts-máldagi (the deed of Reykholt, dating from the time of Snorri the historian). An interesting collection of the earliest máldagar, all in the vernacular tongue, and very illustrative of the state of the infant church of Iceland, has been published by Jón Sigurdsson in D.I. i, as also in H.E. passim. At a later date (13th and 14th centuries) the bishops used to make collections for their diocese of all the special máldagar, entering them into one book, which was to be kept at the cathedral; for several such collections, bearing the names of the respective bishops who collected them, see List of Authors (J.I.) máldaga-bók, -skrá, f. a book, entry, of máldagar; jarða-máldagi, a deed telling the landmarks etc. of a farm or estate.

mál-deili, n., in the phrase, e-m er máldeili á e-u, to be of importance, Fms. vi. 379.

mál-djarfr, adj. free-spoken, out-spoken, Ó.H. 55, 59.

mál-drykkja, n, f. 'meal-drink,' a measure of drink served for each meal; með sæmiligum kosti ok máldrykkju annat-hvárt mjöð eðr mungát, Bs. i. 848; var þat bæði vetr ok sumar, at þar var m. at dögurðar-borði, en at náttverði var úmælt drukkit, Ó.H. 29; máldrykkju-skálar, pint-cups, to measure out drink, Fms. iii. 191.

mál-efni, n. the circumstance of a case; gott m., a just case, Rétt. 52, freq. in mod. usage.

mál-eldr, m. a 'meal-fire,' Nj. 15, Eb. 120, 276; see eldr II.,

málendr, part. pl. parties to a suit or match; ok væri jafnir málendr,