This is page 421 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)

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MEGAN -- MEIÐA. 421

75; litlar sögur megu ganga frá hesti mínum, 90; fá mættim vér betr; landtöku, id.; í öllu er prýða má góðan höfðingja, Fms. x. 230; dyrr þær er ganga mátti upp í húsit, Eg. 421; svá at hann mátti kveða um morguninn, id.; má vera, it may be, Nj. 75: hvat megi! as adverb, hvat megi til vita! nema þér vilit bíða vár hér, may be ye will wait here for us, Band. 40 new Ed.; hvat megi vinna okkrum ástum? Konnak; and so in countless instances. 2. to be permitted, allowed; hann mátti aldri tala til Kjartans svá at Þorkell væri hjá, Ld. 232; halda máttú þessu sæti þótt hón komi sjálf til, Nj. 6; graut má göra hvárt er sygnt er eða heilagt, N.G.L. i. 349; kynfylgju spell, svá at hann má eigi (cannot) lag eiga við konu sína, þá megu þau (then they may) skiljast, H.E. i. 248; nú man eigi mega sitjanda hlut í eiga, in that case one must not remain sitting, be inactive, a looker on, Nj. 110; hann kvað þat eigi mega (that would not do, not be lawful) er maðr var sekr orðinn, 117. 3. ellipt., the verb göra or vera being understood; lemja man ek bogann, ef ek má (viz. göra þat), Fms. x. 362; þat má vel, sagði Özurr. I may as well do so, I will, Nj. 6, Bad. 2, 4, 25: ef svá má (viz. vera), if so be, Grág. i. 411: the saying, ungr má en gamall skal, the young may, the old must (die); nálgastú mik ef þú megir, if tbou canst, Gm.; þeir spurðu, hversu þat mætti, Fms. ix. 239; ok má (it may be, perhaps), at hans menn fari á land, Fbr. 74 new Ed.; en þá, verðr eptir þat sem má, leave the rest to luck, Gullþ. 7; ferr þat sem má, fare that as it may, go that as it may, Nj. 38; en þat mætti (viz. vera) at vér vikim þá skammt inn at leginu, Fms. vii. 361; má ok, at sumir sé vinhollir nokkut, ix. 331; má, at hana hendi eigi slík úgipta í annat sinn, Nj. 23; má, at ek leiti þagat vináttu. Fms. vi. 399: the ellipt. mættim (hafa), ix. 239 (lines 17, 18), is a mere slip. III. part. megandi, availing, mighty, strong; athafnarlauss ok ekki megandi, listless and of no avail, Fms. iii. 154; fylldi hann þat heit, er hann var megandi maðr, as soon as he grew to be a man of might, Bs. i. 791; lítt megandi, 'of little main,' feeble, helpless, Vsp. 17; ú-megandi, poor, destitute; cp. ú-magi.

megan, f. a doing; vel-megan, well-doing, wealth.

megð, f. = megan; see ú-megð.

MEGIN, n., gen. megins, Gs. 22; but else contr. in gen. and dat. megns, megni, see megn; [from mega; Engl. main] :-- might, main, strength; kosta megins, Gs. 22; þitt varð nú meira megin. Fm. 22; orms megin, 28; hjörs megin, 30; svá at þitt minnkisk megin, Hsm. 21. 1; oddar görva jarli megin, Mkv.; trúa á mátt sinn ok megin, Fms. i. 35; þegar er hann vitkaðisk ok fékk megin sitt, Fb. ii. 389; ok svá sem á leið sóttina minnkadi stórum megin (acc.) hans, Fms. ix. 250; Medi funnu megin hans, MS. 544. 39: ú-megin, a swoon; van-megin, weakness. II. [cp. Engl. mainland], the main, chief part of a thing; allt megin landsins, the main of the land, Fms. x. 184; Jótland er megin Dana-veldis, vi. 53; megin árinnar, the main-stream, Þórð. 11 new Ed.: in a more local sense, máni þat né vissi hvat hann megins átti, the moon knew not his main, his place in heaven, had not his fixed course, Vsp. 5; jarðar-megin, the earth's main, the wide earth, Hm.; vetrar-megin, the main part of winter, Sks. 59; veðr-megin, 'weather-main' the power, but also the 'airt,' direction of the weather; hafs-megin, the main, open sea; lands-megin, the mainland. Eg. 50.

B. COMPDS: megin-afl, m. main strength, Sks. 199. megin-á, f. a main river. Fas. i. 388. megin-áss, m. the main or chief As, i.e. Odin, Lex. Poët. megin-borg, f. the main town, Fms. ix. 41. megin-bygð, f. the main district, Fms. viii. 59. megin-dómar, m. pl. the main events, world-famed events, Vsp. 59. megin-dráttr, m. the great draught, of fish, Bragi. megin-dróttning, f. the great queen = the Virgin Mary, Geisli 3, Lil. 86. megin-dýrr, adj. 'main dear,' dearly beloved, Lex. Poët. megin-ekkja, u, f. the great widow, a nickname, Fær. megin-fjall, n. the main fell, Hkv. Hjörv. 5 (= reginfjall). megin-fjarri, adv. 'main far off,' very far, Fms. vi. (in a verse). megin-fjöldi, a, m. a vast multitude, Geisli 4. megin-flokkr, m, the main body, Fms. viii. 322, v.l. megin-flótti, a, m. the main body of a host put to flight or flying, Sturl. ii. 223, Hkr. ii. 371, passim. megin-gjörð, f. the main girdle, girdle of power. Fms. v. 345: plur. megingjarðar, of the girdle of Thor, Edda 15, 29, 60. megin-góðr, adj. 'main good,' mighty good, Fms. vi. 364. megin-góðvætliga, adv. very kindly, Clem. 26. megin-grimmr, adj. 'main grim' very fierce, Orkn. (in a verse). megin-haf, n. the main, ocean, Rb. 438, 464, Mar. 1031. megin-herr, m. the main army, Fms. i. 121, Orkn. 106. megin-hérað, n. the main district, Hkr. ii. 89. megin-húfr, m. the main hull of a ship, opp. to róðrar-húfr, N.G.L. ii. 283. megin-hyggja, n, f. 'main-sense,' wisdom, Skv. 1. 39. megin-höfn, f. the main harbour, Grett. 107 A. megin-kátr, adj. (-liga, adv.), 'main glad,' mighty glad, Grett. (in a verse), Orkn. (in a verse). megin-land, m. a mainland, continent, K.Þ.K. 8, Fms. x. 412, Sks. 155, Ld. 40, Orkn. 6, Fb. ii. 394. megin-lauss, adj. without strength, Barl. 162, Bs. ii. 172, Karl. 358. megin-leikr, m. the main of a thing, Sks. 185, v.l. megin-leysi, n. weakness, Barl. 147, Bs. ii. 168. megin-lið, n. the main body of an army, Fms. vii. 260, viii. 315, Sturl. i. 38 (Ed. megit liðit). megin-ligr, adj. [cp. Engl. mainly]; mál meginlig, mighty strong words, i.e. holy oaths, Vsp. 30. megin-lítill, adj. of little might, weak, Sól. 2, Fms. xi. 103. megin-ljótr, adj. very hideous. Lex. Poët. megin-meingjarn, adj. very mischievous, Fas. i. 435 (in a verse). megin-merki, n. the chief standard, Róm. 352. megin-mildr, adj. very mild, Lex. Poët. megin-mörk, f. the main forest, Eg. 378. megin-njörðr, m. the mighty god, Dropl. (in a verse). megin-ramr, adj. very strong, Sighvat. megin-rás, f. the main course. Sks. 196. megin-rúnar, f. pl. mighty, powerful Runes (charms), Sdm. 19. megin-sjór, n. the main, ocean, Mar. megin-skjótr, adj. very fleet, Harms, megin-skjöldungr, m. the mighty king, of Christ, Skálda (in a verse). megin-stjarna, u, f. a main star, a star of first order, Rb. 110. megin-stormr, m. a mighty gale, Sks. 44, Barl. 124. megin-straumr, m. a mighty stream, current, Mar. megin-tíðendi, n. pl. mighty tidings, Pd. 42. megin-tírr, m. 'main-fame,' glory, Sdm. 5. megin-trygðir, f. a firm truce, Ísl. ii. 381. megin-veðr, n, = meginstormr, Fas. ii. (in a verse). megin-vegr, m. the main way, geogr. the zones, Sks. 195 (meginvegir sem úbyggvanda er undir). megin-vel, adv. mighty well, Fb. iii. 315. megin-verk, n. pl. mighty works, labour, Gs. 11. Ad. (fine). Lex. Poët, megin-þing, n. a great meeting, Fms. vi. 50 (in a verse). megin-þungr, adj. very heavy, Sturl. (in a verse). megin-þorf, f. great need; fá þú mey mann í meginþarfar (into wedlock), Skv. 2. 11.

megin or megum, adv., which may be derived, not from megin, but from vegr, veginn, with the m from the dat. of the preceding word; hjá altara kvenna megin, on the women's side (in a church), Bs. i. 438; karla megin, on the men's side, Pm. 108; Hjarðarholts megin, on the H. side (of the river), Nj. 35; þeir sátu í öndvegi enum úæðra megin, i.e. on the left side of the hall, Fs. 72, Fms. xi. 71; hinum vinstra m., Hrafn. 13; hægra m., on the right side; enum syðra m., on the southern side, Stj. 564, Fms. viii. 236; hit nyrðra megin, x. 16 v.l.; öðru-megin, on the other side, Nj. 43, 68, 144, Eg. 531; einu megin (einum-megin). from one side only, Nj. 246, Fms. ii. 281, Ísl. ii. 362; þeim megin, on that side, Grág. ii. 137; sínu megin hvárr, Fms. i. 305; báðu-megin, on both sides, Ld. 46; öllum megin, all around, from all sides. Fms. i. 149, 291, Ísl. ii. 343: hvárungi megin, on neither side, Grág. ii. 266, 267; tveim megin brikar, Kormak. II. megum, hann bjó á Bálkastöðum hvárum megum, Grett.; sínum megum hvárir, Fms. viii. 51; báðum megum, Grág. ii. 266; öllum megum, Eg. 288, Gg. 7; öðrum megum sundsins, Hbl. (prose); tveim megum, Blanda (MS.)

meginn, adj. [Engl. main], strong; meginn ok máttugr, Stj. 26.

megn, n. = megin, a contr. form, strength; likams megn, Bs. i. 317; megn ok frækleik, Fms. x. 256; hann hafði fjögurra manna megn, Háv. 54; af Guðs megni ok af krapti ens helga kross, Fms. x. 417; treysta á mátt ok megn = mátt ok megin, Or. 24; deila megn við e-n, to contend with, Lil. 8; var í því mest megn, it went to the highest pitch at Yule time, Bs. ii. 21: the phrase, um megn, beyond one's strength, power; kasta steini um megn sér. Eg. 473; þetta mál er nokkut þér um megn með at fara, Fms. vi. 18; þat ráð mun þér verða um megn, 151; Guði er ekki um megn at reisa hann upp af dauða, Stj. 132; yfir megn, id., Bs. ii. 162, 175. COMPDS: megn-lauss, adj. feeble, weak, Bs. i. 321, Mar. megn-lítill, adj. faint, exhausted. Fær. 183, Fas. i. 556.

megn, adj. main, strong, mighty; var þá megnt mannfall, Sturl. iii. 63; svá var megn þessi rógburðr, at ..., Fas. ii. 372; með megnu hugskoti, with a strong mind, forti animo, Bs. i. 11. 2. freq. in mod. usage in the sense bitter, fierce; and of taste, strong, bitter: of a quarrel, megn deila, megnt hatr: of illness, megn sótt, a strong fever; megn kvöl, the bitter pang, Pass. 41. 9: of a gale, megn stormr, megn hríð, megnt kafald: of taste, það er megnt, has a hot taste, of acid or the like: of smell, megn lykt: of hay, megnt hey: of food, megn matr, strong meat for the sick.

megna, að, [megn], to be able, have strength to do a thing: þó ek megni minna en einhverr yðar, Grett. 98; munu vér ekki megna at berjask við þá tólf, Fas. i. 422: mod. with dat., eg megna því ekki. II. reflex. to get strength; at hans ríki mætti megnask. to wax strong, Fms. viii. 204; hversu mjök megnaðisk ok aukaðisk Guðs réttr, x. 301; en er synir þeirra tóku at megnask, when their sons grew up to be men, Orkn. 132; eptir þetta megnaðisk sóttin, Eb. 264.

megna, u, f. a bitter, strong taste.

megnugr, adj. able to do.

MEGRA, ð, to make meagre, emaciate, Stj. 147; megrir öndina, Hom. 14. 2. reflex. to wax meagre, Stj. 519.

megrð, f. [magr], meagreness, leanness, Stj. 201, passim.

megri, f. = megrð, Eb. 150, Grág. ii. 341.

-megum, see megin.

MEIÐA, d, to hurt, of bodily injury; hann lék hann ílla ok kvaðsk mundu meiða hann, Eg. 189; munda ek þat ok vilja, at hann meiddi ykkr eigi opt, Fms. ii. 101; meiddu þig ekki, take heed not to hurt thee! hefirðu meitt þig? -- esp. to maim, injure seriously, or if of things, to damage, sverðum þeir meiddu þann er saklauss var, Sól. 22, Sturl. ii. 181; en hina rak hann ór landi, meiddi eðr drap, Fs. 18, 99, Ó.H. 63; ok ætlaði at láta meiða eðr drepa ossa landa fyrir, Íb. 10; meiðit hvert skip svá at ekki sé sjófært, Fær. 260; finna þeir nú, at skipit var meitt neðan, Sturl. iii. 68: