This is page 472 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Cleasby/Vigfusson. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 27 May 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

472 ÓLMLIGA -- ÓRKOSTK.

ólm-liga, adv. furiously, savagely, Nj. 104, Karl. 520.

ólm-ligr, adj. furious, savage, Fas. iii. 411, Ld. 234.

ÓLMR, adj. savage, furious, worrying; ólmr hundr, a savage dog, Grág. ii. 119; halda e-m sem ólmum hundi, Grett. 93: the saying, opt hefir ólmr hundr rifit skinn, a savage dog has often a torn skin; óarga dýr, svá at þau væri ólmari en áðr, Ver. 31; ólmt kykvendi, a savage beast, Grág. ii. 117; ólmr ok údæll, Fms. v. 240; ólmr ok óðr, iv. 111; hinir verða ólmari æ því meir, Sturl. ii. 8.

ÓLPA, u, f., mod. úlpa, a kind of outer cloak, a fur cloak as it seems; ólpu eðr kápu, Jb. 187; græn ólpa, Fms. ii. 16, Fs. 92 (in a verse); loð-ólpa (q.v.), a fur cloak; á þá mynd sem ólpa eðr loðkápa, Mag. 63; ólpu-maðr, a cloaked man, Fms. ii. 17.

óma, að, to resound: part. ómandi, sounding, resounding; ómandi stólpa gangr, rendering of Homer's GREEK.

óman or ómun, f. sound, voice; ómon þverr, the voice fails, falters, Skv. 3. 68; heitir ok rödd ómun, Edda 110: ómun-lokarr, m. 'sound-plane,' i.e. the tongue, Ad. 16; see lokarr.

Ómi, a, m. one of the names of Odin or Allfather, Gm., Edda: a personification of the wind as the voice of God (cp. 1 Kings xix. 12, God speaking to man through the 'still small voice' of the wind).

ÓMR, m. [A.S. woma and wom and dæg-woma = aurora], sound, voice, esp. of a tinkling sound such as a peal of bells heard afar off; klingir mér fyrir eyrum ómr, a sound tinkles in my ears, Bjarni; held eg sem helgan dóm, hörpunnar sætan óm, a ditty: the word is freq. in mod. usage, but is not recorded in old writers, for Edda i. 544, v.l., is from a paper MS.

ón, f. = ván, hope, Am. 67, Ls. 36, Hom. 60.

ón, prep. = án (q.v.), without, Fms. xi. 111, 153, Eluc. 38, 39, Alm. 7, and passim in the oldest vellums; see án.

ó-nei, interj. oh no!

ónn, m. = ofn (q.v.) according to pronunciation; óns-hús, n. a close stove, Bs. ii. 256.

ÓP, n. [cp. Ulf. wôpjan = GREEK; A.S. wôp; Engl. whoop, weep] :-- a shouting, crying: 1. without the notion of weeping; með ópi ok eggjan, Stj. 365; heyrðu þeir óp mikit, Fs. 143; þá varð óp mikit (a great shouting) at Lögbergi, Nj. 15; en er Egill heyrði óp þat, Eg. 296; æpa sigr-óp, shouting victory, id., 298, Fms. viii. 141, Karl. 365, 368; her-óp, a war-whoop, Nj. 245, Eg. 80. Ó.H. 107, Orkn., Stj. passim; hrinda upp ópi, to raise the war-cry. Fas. i. 254 (in a verse). 2. a crying, weeping aloud; þá setti hann upp mikit óp, ok í þeim angistar ekka, ... gráta með ópi miklu, Stj. 167; stóð hann þar ok grét aumliga, þessi maðr bað hann ganga inn í búðina ok taka af sér ópit, Ölk. 35; óps ok ýlfranar, Matth. ii. 18; óp og tanna gnístan, weeping and gnashing of teeth, xiii. 50; setr hon upp stór óp, she set up a great howling, Bs. ii. 87; sló síðan ópi á barnit, the child began to weep, i. 341; þeir sögðu konu hans þenna atburð, en hón kunni ílla ok grét hátt ... hann taldi sér leiðask óp hennar, Edda 48.

ópi, a, m. a magical Rune character, causing hysterics, Skm.

óp-ligr, adj. weeping: með ópligum tárum, with weeping tears, Greg. 39.

ÓR or or, written with o in older vellums, or now and then even with y, yr; in later MSS. with u, ur, which in mod. Icel. is sounded long, úr. In other Teut. languages this prep. has been lost as an independent word; only the Goth. has us = GREEK, and the O.H.G. ar, ir, ur, which in mid. H.G. was lost and replaced by the adverb aus, O.H.G. uz, answering to Icel. út. Engl. out, a word altogether different from ór, see Grimm's Dict. s.v. er; ur, however, survived as a prefixed particle in a countless number of compds, in A.S. â-, in O.H.G. ar-, ir-, in mid. H.G. and Germ. er-; causal verbs are formed by means of this prefixed particle, e.g. Goth. us-wakjan, A.S. â-weccan, Engl. to awaken, O.H.G. ar-wechan, Germ. er-wecken. In the Scandin. languages, on the other hand, the independent prep. has been preserved in its fullest extent, whereas the prefixed particle is rare, mostly wiih adjectives, and is sounded and spelt ör-, e.g. ör-endr = exanimis; seldom er-, for erlendr (q.v.) is different; ór- or úr- seems to belong only to words of later formation, as ór-lausn, ór-skurðr, úr-kast, úr-þvætti, refuse; úr-hættis, out of time (from skera ór, kasta úr). These compds will be given under the head of ör- and úr-. The quantity of the root-vowel in the particle or, ur is an unsettled question; the German and Saxon forms er-, ar-, as also the Icel. prefixed ör-, seem to indicate a short, the present Icel. pronunciation úr- a long, vowel. The MSS. in these cases give no help; in this Dictionary it has been assumed as long (ór) in deference to the majority of Editions and the present Icel. spelling and pronunciation.

A. Out of, from; as remarked in the introduction to the prep. af, the prep. ór (p. 3, col. 2) denotes from the inside of a thing (out of which), and in most cases corresponds to í, so that the same case which goes with ór would also go with í, (and thus it answers to í with dat., see í A. I-III); tekinn ór jörðu, taken out of the earth (answering to í jörðu, of anything lying in the earth), Fms. i. 51; ór skóginum, vi. 225; yr afrétt, Grág. ii. 233; yr héraði, Ísl. ii. 322, 333; fara ór landi, to leave the country, Fms. vi. 284; ór Þrándheimi, Eg. 32 (opp. to í Þrándheimi); ór Tungu, Nj. 95, 192; Ísland bygðisk ór Noregi. from Norway, Íb. 4; austan ór Smálöndum, Nj. 122; ór Breiðafirði, Ísl. ii. 368; ór Eyjum (all names compounded from Ey), Landn. passim; ór Mön, from the Isle of Man, Nj. 138; ór Hrafnistu (an island), 164; ór Þjóttu (a Norse island), Fms. iv. 275; ór Skógi, Skógum, Nj. 89; ór Gili, 113; ór Mörk, 192; ór Þórólfsfelli, 39; ór Saurbæ, 164; ór Garði, Landn., Nj. 164; cp. i, p. 315, col. 2 (A. loc. II); er þá bar ór hafi, Fms. ii. 64; ór lopti, passim; úr eldi, Nj. 132; ór vötnum, Fms. i. 226; ór höll, xi. 16; ór Valhöllu, Nj. 132; ór tjaldi, Fms. ii. 268; ór garði, Nj. 54; ór kirkju, Fms. ix. 471; ór poka, Ld. 202; hús ór húsi, from house to house, Bs. i. 386; flokk ór flokki, Karl. 244; ór gólfinu, Ld. 53; ór húsum, Grág. ii. 336; ór norðri, suðri, vestri, austri, Eg. 133: ór hendi, out of one's hand, Greg. 62, Nj. 84: the phrase, bíða ór stað, to bide 'out of' one's place, i.e. to bide without moving, Ó.H. (in a verse). 2. with adverbs; ofan ór fjalli, Eg. 766: niðr ór, Fms. iii 94; fram ór, out of; út úr, out of, (Goth. ût-;us, whence arose the mod Germ. aus); út ór hringinum, Ld. 276. 3. ok ræðr lækr ór henni til sævar, Dipl. ii. 2; festina er ór var fjötrinum, Edda 20; þit skulut spyrja ór kaupstefnu, to ask news from the meeting, Ísl. ii. 346; ráðask ór hernaði, to leave off freebooting, Eg. 2; komask ór barnæsku, Sturl. i. 226; vakna ór svefni, to wake out of sleep, 623. 14; rísa upp ór dauða, 655 ix. C. 1; segjask ór lögum, to secede, Íb. 11; vera ór sögunni, to be out of the story, Nj. 22, 120; falla ór minni, Bs. i. 39.

B. Metaph., denoting forfeiture; þá er hann útlagr ok ór goðorði sínu, Grág. i. 33; ok ór öllum skrúðanum, and stripped off all their ornaments, Nj. 132. 2. of a part of the whole; þessir téllu ór liði Haralds, Eg. 11; kveðja fimm búa yr sóknar kvið, Grág ii. 208; ryðja búa ór kviði, kvöð, Nj. 110; menn sakna Skeggja ór flokkinum, Grett. 30 new Ed.; maðr andask ór kvöðinni, Band. 14 new Ed.; Joseph var ór kyni Davíðs, Post.; þriðjungr ór feti, Rb. 482. 3. denoting cause; andask, deyja ór sárum, sótt, to die of wounds, sickness. Eg. 36, Landn. 217, Fms. ii. 164, Sks. 594. 4. of the substance of which a thing is made (see af C. III); ór járni, of iron, Nj. 272; ór gulli, silfri, Akv. 7; þat er ór jörðu, Eluc. 9; ór Ymis holdi var jörð of sköpuð, en ór sveita siár, björg or beinum, baðinr ór hari, en or hausi himin, en or hans heila, etc., Vþm.; úr hári, ullu, etc.; ór osti, Fms. vi. 253. 5. of changing from one state to another, from; ek veil ekki hvat ór honum er orðit, 623. 53; verða at ösku ór miklu mannvirki, Al. 48; görir heimska ór herskum, Hm. 93; auka ór því sem áðr hafði verit, beyond what it was, Al. 145, Nj. 192; hefir þú nokkut samit þik ór því sem var, Ísl. ii. 211: þurru mjök vinsældir hans ór því sem vóru, they dwindled from what they had been, Fms. x. 160; ór hófi (cp. öróf, öræfi), exceeding, out of measure; allt ór hófi, Al. 54; fégjarn ór hófi, Rb. 370; ganga ór dæmum, beyond example, unexampled. Fms. i. 214, viii. 52. II. ellipt. and adverb. usages; annarra brjóstum ór, Hm.; skar ór spjótið, to cut through, Hkr. i. 37; ok skar út ór, Fms. i. 217. III. with verbs; fara ór, to take off a garment, Nj. 279; ganga ýr, to withdraw, 86, 113; fyrr en ór sliti (ór-slit), till it was all over, 105; skera ór, to decide; leysa ór, to read a riddle, answer, Fms. ii. 283; ráða ór (ór-ræði), to solve a difficulty, Nj. 177, 243; ok hefir þú ílla ór haft við mik, thou hast behaved badly towards me, Fs. 140. IV. ór því, since; nú er at segja hvat görðisk í Noregs ór því hann var í burtu farinn, Fas. ii. 84: causal, since, úr því þú vilt það, since thou wishest it, mod. V. double prepp. as adv. ellipt. and as prep.; tók ór verk allan yr augum hans, Bs. i. 336; at ór sé grátraust ór skapi hans, Nj. 82.

óra, að. = vára (q.v.), to become spring, Orkn. (in a verse).

óra, pres. órir, [órar], to rave, play pranks; órir gestr við gest, Hm. 31: the mod. phrase, mig órar til þess, to recollect dimly, of a long by-gone time.

ÓRAR, f. pl., in mod. usage masc. pl. [cp. ærr = insane] fits of madness; þegar tók af honum órarnar er Davíð lék hörpuna, Stj. 467; mæla órar, to talk wildly, Mar. 1071; segi ek yðr satt, at hón bar eigi óra í augum, Bs. i. 204; hann varð ærr ok sagði í órunum (in fits of delirium) hvat þeir höfðu gört, Magn. 522; hann görði sér órar (feigned insanity) ok lét sem hann félli í brottfall, Landn. (Hb.) 215; af órum ok vitleysi, Stj. 467; höfuð-órar (q.v.), delirium. 2. wild fancies, frolics; trúir þú þegar á órar þær, er sá maðr ferr með, Ó.H. 107; þessum mun ek við bregða Áslaugar órunum, Fas. i. 257: wild pranks, mad freaks, órar (ravings) eru úrækðir órar (our), Skálda 162; ærsli og órar; þat er ok óronum næst (there will be mad doings) er veslu batnar, Al. 4; draum-órar, wild dream-fancies. COMPDS: óra-belgr, m. a merry-maker: in mod. usage of youths or children, þú ert mesti ó. óra-ferð, f. a mad undertaking, Grett. 153 A. óra-mál, n. a mad talk. Post. 645. 82. óra-vegr, m. a way of immense length, an immense distance; það er mesti óravegr, mod., perh. corrupt from afar, ofr. óra-verk, n. a law term, a deed done in a state of insanity, Grág. ii. 64.

ór-dauðr, adj. extinct, quite dead, Bs. i. 879; cp. ördauða.

ór-för, f. departure; krefja arfs ok órfarar, N.G.L. i. 53 (Jb. 158 B).

ó-ristinn, adj., in the phrase, liggja óristinn, of one who lies down to rest without taking off his clothes.

ór-kosta, u, f. = órkostr; deyja frá allri órkostu, Am. 58.

ór-kostr, m. means, resources; hafa, eiga, órkost til e-s, Grág. i. 185.