This is page 500 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)

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500 IIÍKULIGR -- RJÖÐKHÖGGVINN.

halda e-t r., to observe it strictly, Stj. 453, Fms. xi. 298: mod. abundantly (= gnógliga), N.T., Vidal., passim.

ríku-ligr, adj. magnificent; r. veizla, Fms. i. 291, vi. 342; r. maðr, a fine man, x. 418; gott líf ok ríkuligt, Edda 11.

ríll, m. a mob, Björn. ríl-óttr, adj. chequered, of colour.

RÍM, n. [A.S. rím and ge-rím], a computation, esp. a calendar, almanac, Rb. passim; rímna bók, an almanac, Am. 19. COMPDS: Rím-begla, u, f. an ancient Icel. work on computation and the calendar, see begla and the pref. to the Rb., List of Authors (H. 111). rím-kænn, adj. skilled in rím, Odd. 2. rím-spillir, m. 'calendar spoiler,' ' calendar confounder;' a name given to the winters of those years in which the Elevatio Crucis (14th Sept.) falls on Sunday, if in the same summer an intercalary week is added (sumar-auki, q.v.), in which case the calendar of the winter becomes irregular, defined in Rb. 44 (ch. 27), see also Rb. (1812) 58. rím-tal, n. a computation, calendar, Rb.(pref.), Pr. 384.

B. [Gr.-Lat. rhythmus?], a rhyme, rhymed song; this word, which is altogether different from the preceding, occurs first in Barl., görðu sér heimskir menn mörg rim ok ræður, 34; hégómlegar sögur, rím eða ræður, ljóð eða kvæði, 40. II. an end-rhyme; in Icel. the word appears in the 14th century along with the kind of ballads called ríma, with alternate rhymes; for the ancient poets only used rhymes within the same verse line, called hending; see, however, the remarks s.v. rún-henda; eitt þýzkt rím, D.N. v. 640.

ríma, u, f., gen. rímna, a rhyme, lay, ballad, and in plur. rímur, an epic consisting of many lays; ríma is the name for the epical paraphrases, which first appear in Icel. about the middle of the 14th century; the Olafs-ríma, Fb. i. 8 sqq., being the first specimen preserved; then Völsungs-rímur, Skíða-ríma, Skáld-Helga-rímur, and then very many others; for almost every Icel. Saga or Romance has been turned into such lays, even the historical books of the Bible. COMPDS: rímna-bók, f. a book (volume)of rhymes, or ballads. rímna-skáld, n. a ballad-poet.

rímari, a, m. a rhymer, ballad-maker.

Rín, f. the Rhine, Akv. 27, Bkv. 11, Bm., Gm., Edda, Symb., passim; the fem, gender (masc. in Germ. der Rhein, Lat. Rhenus) prob. arose from the appellative, (áin Rín, the river Rhine); Rínar-kvíslir, -ósar, Ant. 288: in poetry gold is called Rínar-málmr, Rín-leygr, -- the ore or the fire of the Rhine, referring to the legends of the Niebelungen Hort, Lex. Poët.

RÍPR, m. a crag; hilmir renndi ríp í bratta guípu, Rekst. 28, freq. in mod. usage; as also in local names, Rípr, map of led.; Rípar, in Denmark, whence Rípa-Úlfr, Fms. xi.

RÍSA, pres. riss; pret. reis, reist, reis, pl. risn; imperat. rís, rístn; part, risinn; with neg. suff. rís-at, rise not (imperat.), Hm. 113: [Ulf. reisan = GREEK, and common to all Teut. languages] :-- to arise, rise, stand up; rístú nú Skírnir, Skm. 1; rístú nú Fjörnir, Akv. 10, Ls. 10; upp rístú Þakráðr, Vkv. 37, Hm. 146; reis Rígr at þat, Rm. 30; reis frá borði réð at sofna, 17, cp. 5; er hann kostar upp at rísa, Al. 144; elli sótti þá fast at Unni, svá at hón reis ekki upp fyrir miðjan dag, Ld. 14; upp reis Óðinn, Vtkv. 2: to rise from bed, ár skal rísa, early shall rise, Hm. 58, Eg. (in a verse); ek þóttumk fyr dag rísa, Em.; nótt þú rísat, rise not in the night, Hm. 113; rísa ór rekkju, to rise from bed, Nj. 14: of the sun and stars, í austr, þaðan rísa öll himin-tungl, Hom. 156: rísa ór dómi, to rise, leave the court, Grág. i. 78; ef hann ryðr at frændsemi ok skal næsta-bræðri upp rísa, 50: ek vil hafa tvíbýli á Möðru-völlum ok rísa eigi upp fyrir þér, Lv. 71; rísa upp, to rise from the dead, passim (upp-rísa, resurrection): rísa í mót, gegn, to rise againsf, Fms. i. 103: rísa við, to withstand; rísa við boði e-s, Mar., Band. 17 new Ed.: rísa upp, to arise, begin; ef dags helgr ríss upp á laugar degi, N.G.L. i. 138; sundrþykki ríss upp, Mar. 2. metaph., orð ríss, a word arises, Bs. i. 182; bragrinn ríss um bátinn einn, Stef. Ól.; Jól eru risin af burð Dróttins várs, Fms. x. 377. II. recipr., er vér sám boðana rísask í móti, Fms. xi. 13.

RÍSTA, pres. ríst; pret. reist, reist, reist, pl. ristu; part, ristinn; in mod. usage weak, pres. risti, Skíða R. 27; pret. risti, ristir, risti; part, ristr, which forms freq. occur on the Swed. Runic stones, e.g. rúnar þær er Bali risti, Baut. passim: [Dan. riste] :-- to cut, slash; tak ál kvikan ok ríst hann, Pr. 471; hón reist á mér kviðinn, Ld. 214; ok reist rifin öll ofan allt á lendar, Hkr. i. 108; þá reist hann frá höfuðsmátt brynjuna í gögnum niðr, Sæm. 139, Skv. 1. 15; torfa var ristin ór velli, Ld. 58; kesjan reist ór skildinum, Eg. 378; Þormóðr reist í sundr línbrók sína, Fbr. 60; Trausti reist af skyrtu sinni, Vígl. 68 new Ed.; ristu þeir sundr í strengi feldi sína, Ó.H. 152; þeir létu rísta árar á útborða, Fms. viii. 417; þat skyldi engan krók rísta, make no circuit, Ld. 96; Maríu-súðin (the ship) reist langan krók, cut a great curve, Fms. viii. 222. II. to carve; Rafn lá í bekk ok reist spán, þvíat hann var hagr (carving spoons), Sturl. i. 140; ek hefi ristið (I have carved her image) á hepti mínu, Landn. 248 (in a verse); ristin röng, the carved ribs in a ship, Fms. vi. (in a verse); ríkula ristin rít, the richly-carved shield, vii. (in a verse). 2. to slice; rísta tvá reitu, Grág. i. 65; hann setr sporann við eyra Gunnari ok rístr mikla ristu, Nj. 82; r. sjá kili, Ht. 101; r. báru hlýri, Mork. 228 (in a verse). 3. to carve, scratch, of characters, Hm. 143, 144, Sdm. 6, 9-11, 15, 18; þurs ríst ek þér ok þrjá stafi ... svá ek þat af ríst sem ek þat á reist, Skm. 36; r. rúnar, staf, rístum rún á horni, Eg. (in a verse); skal-at maðr rúnar rísta ... tíu launstafi ristna, ... Egill reist rúnar ok lagði undir hægindit, Eg. 566; Egill brá þá knífi sínum ok stakk í lófa sér, hann tók við horninu ok reist á rúnar, ok reið á blóðinu, ok kvað, 211; rísta tréníð, Grág.; þvíat allan þeirra kveðskap ok sameign höfðu þau ristið á speldi, Fas. ii. 551; hann reist með fingri sínum krossmark, 645. 69; at þú mættir yrkja erti-kvæði eptir Böðvar, en ek man r. á kefli, Eg. 605, Fb. i. 251; Gísli hafði kefli ok reist á rúnar, ok falla niðr spænirnir, Gísl. 67; tekr Gisli kefli, rístr á rúnar ok kastar inn, 45; mun ek kveða þar um kvæði, en þú skalt r. eptir á kefli, Grett. 144; eptir þat tekr hann at yrkja kvæðit, en þeir r. eptir á speldi, Fas. ii. 558; Íslendingr sá rúnar ristnar á kistunni, Fms. vi. 271; rúnar er ristið hafa Njarðar-dætr níu, Sól.: also passim on the Dan. and Swed. Runic stones.

rísu-ligr, adj. rising high, lofty, of a building; r. bær. Ld. 94, 96; r. bú, Sturl. iii. 166; mikit bú ok rísuligt, Eg. 512; r. vexti, tall of stature, of a person, Fms. x. 377.

rít, f., pl. rítr, qs. vrít, [from ríta, from the 'written' or carved ring on old shields] :-- a shield, but obsolete and only used in poetry, Korm., Edda (in a verse), passim; himins rít = heaven's disk, i.e. the sun, Lex. Poët.

RÍTA, pres. rít, rítr, rítr; pret. reit, the 2nd pers. does not occur; pl. ritu; subj. riti; imperat. rít; part, ritinn; the earliest writers use the strong conjugation; thus in the treatise of Thorodd, ek rít, 165, l. 26, 166, ll. 22-24, 168, l. 10; rít'k = rít ek, 166, 1. 36; þú rítr, 161, l. 2 from the bottom, 168, l. 19; ek reit, 168, l. 4: part, ritnir, ritin, ritnum,161, 168-168: in the other instances the weak form seems merely due to the transcriber of the Cod. Worm, of the 14th century, and the old forms ought to be restored; thus, pres. ritar, 160, l. 3 from the bottom,165, l. 1; pret. ritaða, ritaðir, 164, l. 31; part, ritað, ll. 3, 32, etc.; intin. rita for ríta, l. 3: Ari also uses the strong form, Íb. 4, Hkr. i. 48: in the pref. to Landn. for ritað read ritið(?); reit, Hkr. iii. 347. In writers of later times, as also in later transcripts of old writers, the weak form (ek rita, ritar, ritar, ritaða, ritað) prevails; thus in the pref. to Ó.H., pres. rita (once), pret. ritaða (five times), ritaði, 248; ritaðar and rituðu, Sturl. i. 107, Fms. x. 371; ritað, Knytl. S. ch. 1, 21, 95, Hungrv, ch. 1; and so on: the part, ritinn remained longest, thus, eptir sögu Þjóðólfs var fyrst ritin æli Ynglinga, Hkr. Frissb. (pref.), Fms. vii. 156, Grág. i. 76, Symb. (fine). The Norse vellums seem to know the weak form only, e.g. ritaði, Sks. 563 B. The root to this word is well known in the Scandin. languages in derived words, as reitr, reita, rít (q.v.), yet the verb itself, at least in the sense 'to write,' seems to have been adopted from the A.S., as it nowhere occurs on the Runic stones or in old poets, and always means writing on parchment, rísta being used of writing on stone; the original form is vríta: [A.S. wrítan; Engl. to write; Germ. reissen; O.H.G. rízan = to scratch; Scot. rit or ret; cp. also Ulf. writs = GREEK, Luke xvi. 17.]

B. Prop. to scratch, cut, sketch, draw an outline; hér eru ritaðir þrír hringar, Rb. 476. 2. to write, of penmanship, spelling (thus mostly used in Thorodd), as also composition, for illustrations see the references above (A).

rjá, ð, to vex, worry; brott rjáðr. Fms. vi. 204; rekinn ok rjáðr, viii. 78, Mar. 178. II. to wrestle, Grett. 146 A; see hrjá.

rjá, f. a 'row;' at leikum né at rjá annarri, Fas. ii. 505; tekr mér at leiðask þessi rjá, Fms. vi. 212.

rjáfr, n. a roof (see ráf), Grett. 84 new Ed., Fms. v. 180.

rjála, að; r. við e-t, to fidget, (slang.)

rjátla, að, (rjátl, n.), to wander astray.

RJÓÐA, pres. rýð; pret. rauð, rautt, and rauttú (mod. rauðst), rautt, pl. ruðu; subj. ryði; part, roðinn: [A.S. reódan] :-- to redden, besmear with blood; er þú á Fáfni rautt þinn inn frána mæki, Fm. 1; r. rauðum dreyra, Vsp. 33; r. egg, sverð, vápn, rönd, to redden the weapon; as also r. tönn, kló, fót, nef, to redden the tooth, claw, beak of a beast of prey, a standing phrase in the old war-songs, Lex. Poët.; rjóða baug í róðu nauts er hann blótaði, Landn. (Hb.) 258; rjóða stalla í blóði, Ó.H. 102; skaltú rjóða blóð (blóði?) graðungsins á hólinn útan, Korm. 216; vér skulum r. oss í goða-blóði at fornum sið, Ljósv. 4; þær ruðu sik í blóði hans, Blas. 45; skal þær fé bæta en eigi flein rjóða, Grág. ii. 169; af þeir þurfu at r. til fjár þess odd eða eggjar, Gþl. 119; rjóða kiðr e-s, to redden his cheeks, slay him, Ísl. ii. (in a verse); hefi ek nú nokkut roðit tönn á þeim, er ek tók höndum Hákon jarl, Ó.H. 32; r. hönd á e-m, id., Karl. 424. 2. of the sun; um morguninn sem sól rýðr fjöll, in the morning when the sun reddened the fells (sól-roð), Fms. xi. 438; í þann tíma er sólin tekr fyrst at rjóða, Karl. 254; árla sunnudags morguninn er sól rauð, Bs. ii. 47.

rjóðr, adj. ruddy, of the face or cheek; rjóðr í andliti, Fms. iv. 38, viii. 25, x. 35; rauðan ok rjóðan, Rm. 18; andlit með rjóðum lit, Str. 44; kaf-r., rjóð í kinnum, freq. in mod. usage. 2. red; búnaðr rjóðr af gulli, Karl. 181, (rare.)

RJÓÐR, n. [ryðja; ried, Schmeller], a 'clearing,' open space in a forest, Nj. 130, Ld. 96, Grág. ii. 294, Landn. 43 (v.l.), Ó.H. 135, and passim. rjóðr-höggvinn, part. cut, cleared, Jb. 237.