This is page 529 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)

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SIN -- SINNI. 529

is preserved in only one or two passages, Hkv. 1. 41, and prob. Eg. 355 (in the verse).

SIN, f., pl. sinar, [Germ. sehnen; Dan. sene; cp. Engl. sinews]: I. in plur. the sinews; brjósk eða bein eða sinar, Grág. ii. 120; hann hjó á handlegginn við hreifann, svá at ekki hélt nema sinar, Sturl. ii. 104; loddi köggullinn í sinunum, Lv. 86; enn gamli var seigr í sinum, tough, Flóv. 27; seigar verða gamals manns sinar, Bev.; þá tók hann í brott eina sin ór hans læri, Stj. 184; hans sinar ok herðar, 225; hællin kom í buginn, rétt í þá sin (of the finger) sem dregit hafði, Bs. ii. 29. II. in sing. the yard, esp. of beasts, horses, cattle, Fb. iii. 428; kóna sinar, a bull's yard, Sturl. i. 21 (in a verse), Grett. (in a verse). 2. a sinew, tendon; af sinum bjarnarins, Edda; fíls sinar, Flóv. 29; skera sundr allar sinar bæði fram ok aptr, Þiðr. 87; sina magn, 'sinew-strength,' Vkv. 16; há-sin, q.v. sina-sárr, adj. sore in the sinews, Fas. iii. 384.

sin, n., botan. carex vesicaria, Norse sen-gras, also called Lap-sko, from being used by the Lapps for ropes and cords; that this is an old custom is seen from Hkr. iii. 339 -- skútur tvær ok vóru sini bundnar, ok enginn saumr í, and sin-bundit skip (in the verse, l.c., of a boat made in Lapland); þat (the ship) var ok bundit sini, Ann. 1189 (Cod. Reg.)

sina, u, f. [Norse sen-gras], withered grass which has stood the winter through, Grág. ii. 233, 291: in the phrase, sem eldr í sinu, like fire in dry grass; flaug þat sem sinu-eldr allt austr til lands-enda, Hkr. i. 126: freq. in mod. usage, fúa-sina.

sin-bundinn, part., see sin, n.

SINDR, n. [A.S. sinder; Germ. sinter; cp. Lat. scintilla], slag or dross from a forge; sindr þat er renn ór eldinum, Edda 3; liggr sá steinn þar enn ok mikit s. hjá, Eg. 142.

sindra, að, to glow, sparkle, like the slag in a forge; þat (the sword) var svá bjart at s. þótti af, Fb. i. 157, Fas. i. 371; þótti mér aldri soðit verða til fulls en sindraði ávallt ór, Þorst. Síðu H. 177; ok sindrar of allt land, id.; sindrandi járn, glowing iron, Sks. 204, Fms. x. 418.

Sindri, a, m, the name of a dwarf, a 'forger,' Edda (Gl.)

sin-fall, n. impotency, K.Á. 124.

singr, n. [syngja?], a chanting, humming; stutt er sjómanna singr, short is the seamen's chant (prayer) when putting to sea, Hallgr.

singra, að, to hum a song or ditty.

Sinir, m. the name of a horse, Edda.

sinjor and synjor, mod. signor, m. [for. word, Ital. signore; Fr. seigneur, etc.] :-- a lord, master; Sighvat, who first uses the word, applies it to king Olave, in one passage rhyming sinnjor with þinna, in another synjor with brynju: it survives in Icel. in signor, a title of a hreppstjóri (signor Jón).

sinkill, m. a clasp, Björn.

SINN, sín, sitt, pron. possess. reflex.; the better and true form is sínn, sín, sítt, with í throughout, see the remarks on minn; [Ulf. seins, etc.] :-- his, hers, its, theirs = Lat. suus, usually placed after, but also, if emphatic, before; þar sitr Sigyn um sínum ver, Vsp. 39; síns um freista frama, Hm. 2; mál síns maga, 20; síns ins heila hugar, síns ins svára sofa, 105: properly referring to the subject in a sentence, Hallgerðr fastnaði dóttur sína, H. gave away her daughter. Nj. 51; Hrútr var hagráðr við vini sína, 2; hann skipaði sínum mónnum, 50; þeir leiða hesta sína, 265; hann kvaddi Ólaf stjúpson sinn til at söðla sér hest, Ó.H. 15; síðan vóru honum öll ráð sín þungrærð ok torsótt, 195; var honum sjálfum hugr sinn bæði fyrir skjöld ok brynju, Fbr. 56 new Ed. The pronoun may also refer to the object, or, in a complex sentence, to a second person in the predicate of the sentence, hvat vill Haraldr bjóða Noregs konungi fyrir sitt starf, what will H. offer to the king of Norway for his (i.e. the Norse king's] trouble? Fms. vi. 415; Sigurðr jarl gaf upp Orkneyingum óðul sín (their odals), Orkn. 20, cp. the Lat. 'Syracusanis res suas restituit;' sagði Dufþakr at Ormr skyldi hafa byrði sína, i.e. as much as O. could carry, Fb. i. 523; eigi þér at bæta prestinum rétt sinn, to the priest his due, Bs. i. 709; Eyjólfr þakkar konungi gjafir sínar ok vinmæli for his (the king's) gifts, Lv. 112; hann þakkar honum sitt sinni, he thanks him for his help, Fas. ii. 542: so also in mod. writers, og hann gaf hann aptr sinni móður, Luke vii. 15 (Vídal.); ræn ei Guð Sínum rétti, rob thou not God of his right, Pass. 7. 11, and passim. II. neut. as subst.; allt mun þat sínu fram fara (go its own course) um aldr manna, Nj. 259; ryðik hann um sitt, = Lat. pro virili, i.e. for his own part, with might and main, Fms. xi. 132: ellipt., hann segir sínar (viz. farar) eigi sléttar, Korm. 158; kom hann svá sinni (viz. ár) fyrir borð, Fas. i. 524. III. with sjálfr, both words are declined; skaða sjálfs síns, one's own self's scathe, Sks. 228 B; minni sjálfs síns, one's own recollection, D.N. ii. 110; þeir báðu hana taka sjálfrar sinnar ráð. 'take her own self's rede,' act for herself, Fms. x. 103; með höndum sjálfra sinna, Barl. 25; leggr hón í veð sjálfra sinna eignir, D.N. ii. 82; sakir óforsjó sálfra sinna, i. 107: in mod. usage both the possessive and the indeclinable forms are used, thus, sjálfs síns eignum, but if placed after, eignum sjálfs sín; the possessive however is more freq., as it also is the better form of the two. IV. with hvárr (dual), hverr (plur.), in a distributive sense: α. sinn-hverr in n purely distributive sense; tók sitt langskip 'hvárr þeirra, they took a long ship, each of the two, Eg. 74; England ok Skotland er ein ey, ok er þó sitt hvárt konungs-ríki, England and Scotland are one island, and yet each is a separate kingdom, Symb. 14: lét sitt naut hvárr fram leiða, Eg. 506; sinn vetr þá hvúrr heimboð at öðrum, each his winter, alternately, Nj. 51; ef sinn lögsögu-mann vilja hvárir, Grág. i. 1; þeirra manna er tví-tyngðir eru ok hafa í sínum hváptinum hvára tunguna, Al. 4; hón hélt sinni hendi um háls hvárum þeirra, ... liggi til sinnar handar mér hvárr ykkar, Fms. i. 9. β. sinn hverr (plur.), ferr sinn veg hverr um skóginn, they went each his own way in the wood, i.e. dispersed, Glúm. 329; skulu vaka sinn þriðjung nætr hverir tveir, two and two in turn, Fms. iv. 299; hann selr sína bolöxi í hendr hverjum þeirra, v. 288; hann sá þrjú hásæti ok sátu þrír menn, sinn í hverju, Edda 2; hann kastaði um öxl hverja sínum sauðum tveimr, Grett. 134 new Ed.; fór sinn veg hverr, they went each his own way, i.e. they parted; but, fór hverr sinn veg, each his (appointed) way: rarely with the possessive placed after, fóru hvárir leið sína, Nj. 34; fara hvárir til síns heima, Korm. 222. In mod. usage, when sinn is placed after hverr, it gives emphasis with the notion of one's due, one's own, thus, gefa hverjum sitt, to give every one his due, Lat. suum cuique; whereas 'sitt hverjum,' with the order reversed, is merely distributive; thus hver fékk sinn penning, Matth. xx. 9 (of wages due to each); whereas 'fékk sinn pening hverr' would be said of alms distributed.

B. COMPDS: sinn-veg, sinn-eg, sinn-ig, adv. one each way; þykkir nokkut sinnveg hváru, they disagreed, Ld. 90; talaði annarr at öðrum, ok hóf sinneg; hverr, they all spoke in turn, and each began his speech differently, Fms. vii. 222. Also, sinns-ig, adv.; flýði sinnsig hverr, Fms. viii. 413, v.l.; sinnsiginn var litr hvers steins, Konr.; skildu þeir svá sínu tali, at sinnsiginn líkaði hverjum, Bs. (Laur.); segir svá Gregorius papa, at sinnsig á hvern á at minna, each has to be admonished in his own way, one this way, another that, 655 xi. 2.

sinna, t and að, [A.S. siðjan], to journey, travel; enn hverr er austr vill sinna, whosoever travels to the east, Sighvat; ek sé hrafna sinna til hafnar, I see the ravens make for the haven, id.; en man hón sinna til sala þinna, Fas. ii. 34 (in a verse); at sinna með úlfs lifru, to go with the wolf's sister (Hel, i.e. to perish), Bragi; sinna út, Fms. x. 74 (in a verse); this sense is obsolete and not found in prose. II. metaph. to go with one, side with, with dat.; vilda ek at þú sinnaðir frændum mínum, Grett. 9 new Ed.; sem vér höfum skjótliga sinnt ok sannat, Stj. 3; Runólfr sinnaði meir með Árna biskupi, R. sided more with bishop A., Bs. i. 709; hann sinnar hvárigum né samþykkir, Stj. 16; sinnta ek því sem ek mátta framast, at ..., I pleaded the best I could, that ..., Bs. i. 845; þeir hétu þá at sinna hans máli, 882; hvárt hann sinnaði meirr þeim erendum, er ..., 868. 2. to mind, care for, give heed to, with dat.; ekki sinni ek hégóma þínum, I heed not thy idle talk, Ísl.. ii. 214; ekki sinni ek þínum áburði, Grett. 161; ekki sinni ek fé (I do not mind the money) ef nokkurr vildi ganga í málit, Band. 6; sinnaði Pharao hans ráðum, Ph. gave heed to his rede, Stj. 248; þeir sinntu (took care of) skipum þeim sem skatta fluttu, 233; so in mod. usage, sinna gestum, to attend to the guests; hón sinnaði um engan hlut, she cared about nothing, Fas. iii. 300: in mod. usage also of a person distressed or annoyed, hann sinnir engu, hann er engum sinnandi, he cares about nothing; hón er ekki mönnum sinnandi, hón varð honum aldri sinnandi (of a wife), and many similar instances. 3. part. siding with one, disposed so and so; at þeir væri þér heldr sinnaðir enn í móti, Fms. i. 297; vænti ek at hann sé þér sinnaðr í þraut, Fb. i. 78: part. act., vera e-m sinnandi, to be attentive to one, take care of, Grett. 27 new Ed.

sinna, u, f. [from the Germ. sinn], the mind; sinnu-reitr, Skáld H. i. 20: the senses, kvinnan var aldrei með jafnri sinnu ok áðr, Ann. 1407.

SINNI and sinn, n., Vtkv. 5, Fas. i. 73, ii. 542; sinni is the truer form, but the word is mostly used in dat.; [A.S. síð; Ulf. sinþ] :-- prop. a walk; er mér hefir aukið ervitt sinni, a heavy walk, Vtkv. 5. II. fellowship, company; nú skal brúðr snúask heim í sinni með mér, in my company, Alm. 1; ríða í sinni e-m, Skv. 3. 3; látum son fara feðr í sinni, 12; hrafn flýgr austan ... ok eptir honum örn í sinni, Fas. i. 428 (in a verse); manngi er mér í sinni, i.e. I am alone, no one in my company, 247 (in a verse); vilja e-n sér í sinni, iii. 483 (in a verse): langt er at leita lýða sinnis, Akv. 17; þjóða sinni erumka þokkt, the fellowship of men is not to my liking, i.e. men shun me, Stor. 2. concrete, a company; Vinda sinni, the company of the Wends, Lex. Poët. 3. in plur., á sinnuin, on the way; heill þú á sinnum sér, be hale on the journey! Vþm. 4; dagr var á sinnum, the day was far on its way, was passing, Rm. 29; guðr var á sinnum, the battle drew to a close, Hkr. i. 95, Hornklofi (in a verse). III. metaph. help, support, backing; in prose it remains in the phrases, vera e-m í sinni, to 'follow,' side with one, help one; ifanarlaust er Guð í sinni með þeim manni, Barl. 93; mun ek heldr vera þér í sinni, Fb. i. 529; vóru þar margir menn með jarli um þetta mál ok honum í sinni, Fms. iv. 290; þú vildir at allir væri þér í sinni, Sturl. i. 36; þeir dýrka fjallaguðin, ok því hafa þau verit þeim í sinni, Stj. 598; leiðir Víðförull Jólf út ok þakkar honum sitt sinni, Fas. ii. 542; leggja í sinni við