This is page 645 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)

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TÚNANNIR -- TVÍMANUÐR. 645

ok er þeir kómu á Ré, gengu þeir ór túni á veginn, fylktu þeir fyrir útan skíð-garðinn, Fms. vii. 324; borgir eða héruð eða tún, x. 237; borgir ok kastala, héruð ok tún, Karl. 444; fór ek um þorp ok um tún ok um héraðs-bygðir, Sks. 631. 2. in Icel. a special sense has prevailed, viz. the 'enclosed' in-field, a green manured spot of some score of acres lying around the dwellings; bleikir akrar, slegin tún, Nj. 112; skal hann ganga út í tún at sín, Grág. (Kb.) ii. 209; var þá fluttr farmr af skipinu upp í tún at Borg, Eg. 163; um einn völl svá til at jafna sem eitt tún vítt vel ok kringlótt, Fms. vii. 97; látið hesta vára vera nærri túni, Lv. 44; í túninu í Mávahlíð, Eb. 58; í túninu í Odda mun finnask hóll nokkurr, Bs. i. 228, and so passim in old and mod. Icel. usage; thus tún and engiar are opposed. III. metaph. in poets; snáka tún, 'snake-town,' i.e. gold; reikar-tún, 'hair-town' i.e. the head, Lex. Poët.; bragar tún, the 'town of song,' i.e. the mind, the memory of men, Ad. (fine); mun-tún, the 'mind's town,' i.e. the breast, Fas. i. (in a verse); mælsku tún, hyggju tún, the 'speech town,' 'mind's town,' i.e. the breast. Lex. Poët.: in local names, but rare, Túnir: Túns-berg, in Norway; Sig-túnir, a place of victory, in Sweden; Tún-garðr, in Icel., Landn.

B. COMPDS: tún-annir, f. pl. haymaking in the in-field; um sumar um túnannir, i.e. in July, Eb. 248. tún-barð, n. the outskirt of an in-field. tún-brekka, u, f. the brink or edge of an in-field, Ld. 36. tún-fótr, m. the outskirt of a home-field, tún-garðr, m. a 'town-garth,' fence of a tún, Grág. i. 147, ii. 263, Eg. 713, Ld. 138, Gullþ. 61, 77, Bs. i. 648, K.Á. 64, Fms. vi. 368. tún-göltr, m. a home-boar, Eb. 94, Glúm. 365. tún-hlið, n. the gate of a castle, in the Norse sense, Hkv. I. 47. tún-krepja, u, f., botan. a cryptogamous plant resembling the lichen tribe, tremella. tún-riða, u, f. a 'hedge-rider,' a witch, ghost; witches and ghosts were thought to ride on hedges and the tops of houses during the night, see Glam in the Grettla; cp. Swed. 'blå-kulla;' the word is a GREEK., Hm. 156. túna-sláttr, m. = túnannir, as also the season, the 12th and following weeks of the summer. tún-svið, n. the tún-space; sem túnsvið kringlótt, a field like a round tún-enclosure, Fms. vii. 97 (v.l. nær túns-vídd, of the largeness of a tún). tún-svín, m. = túngöltr, Grág. ii. 232. tún-sækinn, part. of cattle, greedy to enter and graze in a tún. tún-völlr, m. a strip of the in-field, Kormak, Grág. ii. 257, Jb. 423. Stud. i. 83, Eb. 250; hann lét færa farminn heim á túnvöll sinn ok görði þeim tjald, Fb. i. 422.

&FINGER; The ancient Scandinavians, like other old Teutonic people, had no towns; Tacitus says, 'nullas Germanorum populis urbes habitari satis notum est... colunt discreti ac diversi, ut fons, ut campus, ut nemus placuit,' Germ. ch. 16. In Norway the first town, Níðarós, was founded by the two Olaves (Olave Tryggvason and Saint Olave, 994-1030), and this town was hence par excellence called Kaupang, q.v. But the real founder of towns in Norway was king Olave the Quiet (1067-1093); as to Iceland, the words of Tacitus, 'colunt diversi ut fons, etc., placuit,' still apply; 120 years ago (in 1752), the only town or village of the country (Reykjavík) was a single isolated farm. In the old Norse law, the 'Town-law' is the new law attached as an appendix to the old 'Land-law.'

túta, u, f. [cp. tota; Dan. tude = a spout], a teat-like prominence: the name of a dwarf, Fms. vi.

tútna, að, [cp. A.S. totjan], to be blown up; hann tútnaði allr upp.

tvau-falda, að, to double.

tvau-faldr, mod. tvö-faldr, adj. twofold, Sturl. i. 85, Rb.

tváru, adv., see hvárr (II. 2).

-tveggi, in annarr-tveggi, hvárr-tvegga q.v.

tveim-megin or tveim-eginn, adv. on both sides, Nj. 24.

TVEIR, gen. tveggja, dat. tveimr or tveim, acc. tvá (mod. tvo), tvær, tvau (mod. tvö); tvau and þau make a rhyme, Skáld H.: [Goth, twai; A.S. twâ; Engl. two, twain; Germ. zwei; Dan. to; Swed. två; Lat. duo; Gr. GREEK, etc.] :-- two, passim; tveir ok tveir, two and two, Hkr. i. 125; báðir tveir, Fms. vii. 202; bæði tvau, Skáld H. 3. 7, 6. 55; tveim höndum, with both hands, Eg. 532, Fms. vii. 290; hvárr-tveggja, annarr-tveggja, q.v.; í tvau, adverb, in two, asunder, Fms. vii. 72, 193: in the saying, tveimr er tveggja hugr, two men two minds (= quot homines, tot sententiae), Fas. ii. 228; cp. tveir erut einsherjar, Hm.

tvenning, f. duality, Fms. vii. 292, MS. 625. 17.

tvennr and tvinnr, adj. (tviðr, Hom. 74), [Ulf. twaihnai], a distrib., two and two, twin, in pairs; tviðr skriptar-gangr, Hom. 74; tvennr burðr, twins, Stj.; til tveðra gjalda, Grág. ii. 188; guldu opt tvennar landskyldir, Ó.H. 27; heimta tvennar fulgur, Grág. i. 258, 447; eigi má tvær sakir af því göra þótt tvennum sé lýst, ii. 15; á skóginum vóru tvennar leiðir, Eg. 576; tvenna tólf-mánuðr, Grág. ii. 227; vóru tvennar hallir, aðrar yfir öðrum, Fms. vi. 147; bjóða tvenn verð, Ld. 146; gjalda konungi tvenn (gjöld) slík, Jb. 208; tvinnir flokkar engla, Sks. 142 new Ed.; skjóta tvennum örum, Clem. 37; í tvennu lagi, Hom. 74; ok er tvenn frásögn um, Sturl. i. 107; tvennar (ii Cod.) frásagnir, Bs. i. l.c.; nú ferr tvennum sögunum fram, two tales running parallel, Ó.H. 100. 2. two different things; lengi hefir mér þat í hug verit, ok hefir mér þó tvennt um sýnt, Nj. 3; þó segja menn nokkut tvennt til, Eg. 63: tvennu mun skipta, there are two chances, either ... or, Fas. ii. 515; hefir Guð fram í tvennu verk sitt, annat tveggja, eða ..., 677. 6. 3. two pairs; tvennir skór, two pairs of shoes, Skíða R. 193; tvenn pör skæða, id., 32; tvennir sokkar, tvennir vetlingar (gloves); tvennar buxur; skaltú Nói taka tvinn karlkyns ok kvennkyns, Stj. 4. indecl. tvinni or tvinni, two or two, as indecl. adj.; tvinni or tynni, indecl.; tvinni tólf-mánuðr, aðra tynni tólf-mánuðr, N.G.L. i. 344: skaltú æ taka með sama hætti tvinni ok tvinni, Stj. 57, Barl. 24.

tvennum-brúni, adj. a nickname, with meeting eyebrows(?), Landn.

tvinna, að, to twine, twist thread.

tvinni, a, m. twine, twisted thread; tvinna-hnoða, Hkr. iii. 117.

tvinnr, see tvennr.

tvist, n. [Dan. tvist = discord]; in the phrase, á tvist og bast, scattered to the four winds.

tvist-ligr, adj. = tvistr.

tvistr, m. the two or 'deuce' in cards.

tvistr, adj. [Swed. tjust; Dan. tyst = silent], dismal, sad, distressed, whence in deep silence, noiseless; varð þegar hljótt allt fólk ok tvist (Dan. lyt og tyst), Fms. vi. 374: allt kyrt ok tvist, ix. 510, v.l.; tvist ok daprt, Fas. ii. 392; mist hefik fljóðs ins tvista, Korm.; tvist hjarta, tvistar sorgir, Lex. Poët.; ú-tvistr, gleeful.

tvistra or tvístra, að, to scatter; munu tvístrast sauðirnir, Post.; sauðir hjarðarinnar munu í sundr tvístrast, Matth. xxvi. 31.

tvistróttr, adj. scattered, Hkr. iii. 228.

tvisvar (also tysvar), adv. twice, Sks. 677, Fms. ix. 265, passim; in tvisvar verðr gamall maðrinn barn. tvisvar-sinnum = tvisvar, Hom. 118; týsvar-sinnum, Nj.

tví, conj. used to express loathing (Dan. tvi), fie! Fb. iii. 303.

TVÍ-, [Germ. zwei-], twice, double, in many COMPDS: tví-angaðr, adj. double-forked, Fas. iii. 385. tví-aukinn, part. twofold, H.E. i. 437. tví-baka, u, f. [Germ. zwiebach], a biscuit (mod.) tví-benda, u, f. a complicity, entanglement. tví-breiðr, adj. of double breadth, of cloth, Vm. 10, N.G.L. iii. 205, D.N. ii. 1127. tví-buri, a, m. a twin, esp. in dual, Fms. i. 4, Slurl, i. 1, Rb. 100; in the N.T. = GREEK; tvíbura-merki, the Twins or Gemini, Rb. tví-burur, f. twin sisters, Str. 15, Fas. i. 358. tví-byrðingr, m. a twofold shield, Gþl. 103. tví-byrðr, part. double-lined, B.K., D.N.: of a shield, N.G.L. ii. 42. tví-bytna, u, f. a bottomless lake or pit, in popular belief, or thought to be in hidden connection with the sea. tví-býli, n. a double household, on one farm (opp. to einbýli), Eb. 38, Vm. 83, Lv. 71. tví-böllr, m. a double ball, Skálda 177. tví-dreginn, part. double-lined, Jb. 187; klæði tvídregin, Ann. 1330. tví-drægni, f. discord, tví-drægr, adj. ambiguous, Fms. ix. 255, 324, 502. tví-dyrðr, part. double-doored, Eb. 274, Fms. vi. 121, Fs. 66, Þiðr. 143. tví-dægra, the name of a mountain desert taking two 'dægr' to cross, Ísl. ii. 345, Ann. 1242. tví-eggjaðr, part. two-edged, Stj., Sks., N.T. tví-elleptr, part. twice eleven; in the phrase, vera t., to be a twenty-two-year-old, i.e. in high vigour and spirits, Fas. i. 98. tví-eln, adj. two ells broad, Grág. i. 498, 504. tví-eyringr, m. worth or weighing two ounces, Landn. 258, Eb. 10. tví-falda, að, to fold, double, Stj. 53, Sks. 763, N.G.L. i. 23, Alg. 360. tví-faldan, f., arithm. doubling, Skálda 191, Alg. 360. tvífald-leikr, m. twofoldness, Stj. 263, Hom. (St.) tvífald-ligr, adj. of twofold kind, Sturl. i. 121, K.Á. 74. tví-faldr, adj. twofold, double, K.Á. 46, 136, Sks. 225, 405, Vm. 168, Hom. 10, passim. tví-fóðraðr, part. double-lined, Fms. vi. 422. tví-fættr, adj. two-footed, Lat. bi-pes. tví-gilda, d, to pay double, Gþl. 378, K.Á. 80. tví-gildr, adj. of double value. tví-giptr, part. twice married. tví-görr, part. double, Þiðr. 80, 81. tví-heilagt, n. adj. twice hallowed, of two holidays following one another. tví-henda, d, to hurl or wield with two hands, Edda 122, Korm. 136, Fms. x. 383, Grett. 45, 178 new Ed. tví-hendis, adv.; höggva t. = tvíhenda, D.N. tví-hljóðr, m. a diphthong, Skálda 177. tví-hólkaðr, part. mounted with a double ring, Þorf. Karl. 376. tví-húsaðr, part. double-housed, Stj. 57. tví-hætta, u, f. a dilemma; in the phrase, leggja á tvíhættu, to run a risk, Fær. 144. tví-höfðaðr, part. two-headed. Fas. iii. 574. tví-kenndr, part. with double circumlocution, in poetry, Edda 122: of double meaning, 110. tví-klifa, að, to harp twice on the same, repeat, Sks. 307. tví-klýpt, part. a bad reading for tví-kylft. tví-kostr, m. a choice between two, an alternative, Fas. ii. 68; hafa ekki ef eða tvíkost á e-u, Barl. 173; bjóða e-m tvíkosti, Mag. tví-kvángaðr, part. twice married, Bs. i. 233. tví-kveða, kvað, to repeat, Edda 133. tví-kvenni, n. bigamy, Grág. i. 367. tví-kvíslaðr, part. two-pronged, Þiðr. 178, Bær. 19. tví-kylft, part. [kylfa, the verb], stammering, of metre, a metrical term, Ht. 45. tví-lembdr, part. with two lambs, Rétt. 2. 5. tví-litaðr, mod. tví-litr, adj. parti-coloured, Stj. 306. tví-loðinn, adj. double-hairy, thick, of fur, Fbr. 145. tví-mánuðr, m. the double month, the fifth month in the summer; in the Almanack for 1872 this month begins on the 27th of August and ends on the 25th of September, which answers to the 15th of August to the 15th of September