This is page 654 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)

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654 UNDR -- UNNA.

O.H.L. 65; þá hringt er til miðs-morguns, ok hafa unninn eiðinn fyrr en hringi at undurn (dat.) at Krists-kirkju, when it rings at mid-morning time, and shall have taken the oath ere the bells at Christ's kirk ring at undurn, N.G.L. i. 308. II. a meal; hjuggu vér undurn frekum vargi, we carved a meal for the greedy wolf, i.e. we slew many in the battle, Km. 2; örn drekkr undarn, the eagle drinks undarn, Edda 101 (in a verse of about 1030 A.D.), the various readings (undranar and undjarn) shew that the transcribers did not understand the word. &FINGER; In the Icel. day-marks only nón (q.v.) is of eccl. Lat. origin; may not undorn be the old heathen term which was displaced by that word? the passage in Vsp. favours this suggestion.

UNDR, n. [A.S. wundar; Engl. wonder; Germ. wunder; Dan. under]:-- a wonder; undr þetta hélzk til dags, Nj. 272; skrípi ok undr, 20; ella mun yðr henda hver undr, Fms. iii. 28; þeir segja hverju undri þeir vóru orðnir, x. 304; Fróðár-undr, the spectres of Fróðá, Þorf. Karl., Eb. ch. 52-55; en er svá var komit undrum þeim, Eb. l.c.; heyr undr mikit, heyr örlygi, Gísl. 15 (a ditty); nú bregðr undrum við, ek em nú hér kominn, en litlu áðr var ek með fóstra mínum, Fms. i. 292; brestr svá mikill, at öllum þótti undr at, Ó.H. 135; undra ár, a wonder-year, Ann. 1118; undra-maðr, a portentous person; undr at afli, Fas. ii. 328: gen. plur. emphasizing, undra-digr, -hár, -brattr ..., wondrous big, high, steep ... 2. with the notion of shame, scandal; þat var undr mikil, at hann skyldi liggja fyrir fótum þeim, Eg. 758; göra sik at undri, Fær. 262, Fms. vi. 359; görask svá at undrum, 364; mannfóli mikill ok gört þik at undri, Boll. 350; ok verða at undrum í drykkju-stofunni, Eg. 553; aldri fyrr sá ek menn svá at undri verða sem hér, Fms. viii. 234; undrum verði sá er hann hirðir, Karl. 45.

undra, að, to wonder at a person or thing, with acc.; þetta undra víkingar, Fas. ii. 530; allir undra þessa manns afl, Finnb. 274; undra allir geysi-mjök hans meðferði, Th. 77; þeir undra hví eigi var upp lokit, Stj. 383; undrandi er hann var þar kominn, 359; síðan undraði engi maðr, at ..., Sks. 646 B; fólkit gékk allt út úr kirkjunni ok undraði, 116; vendu heim þaðan ok undruðu mjök, Hom. 120. 2. in mod. usage the active is mostly impers.; mig undrar, it astonishes me. II. reflex. to wonder; undrask öglis landa eik hví vér sém bleikir, Ó.H. (in a verse); fóru menn út ór hverri borg at undrask þá, Nj. 48; hann undraðisk þat, at ..., 185; hann undraðisk þat mjök, at ..., Edda 1.

undran, f. (undrun), wonder, admiration, amazement, Fms. x. 240, freq. in mod. usage.

undr-furða, u, f. a wonder, laughing-stock. undrfurðu-legr, adj. shy, bashful.

undr-látr, adj. wondering, curious, eager for strange news; veit ek at Háleygir eru undrlátir, Fms. vii. 132; lið várt er undrlátt Háleygjanna, Mork. 178, l.c.

undr-ligr, adj. wonderful, strange, Th. 10.

undr-samligr, adj. wondrous, Vsp. 60, Stj. 75.

undr-sjónir, f. pl. a wonder to see, a spectacle, Skm. 28.

undr-skapaðr, part. of wondrous, portentous shape, Fb. iii. 418.

und-varp, see unnvarp.

unga, að, to bring forth young, hatch an egg, with dat.; ungað egg, a hatched egg; unga út, to lead the young out of the egg.

ung-barn, n. a 'young bairn,' an infant, Bs. i. 122, Stj. 630.

ung-dómr, m. young people.

ung-dæmi, n. youth; í u. mínu, in my youth.

ung-fé, n. young cattle, young stock, Grág. i. 414, Sturl. i. 84.

ung-hryssi, n. a young colt, Landn. 194, Dipl. v. 18, Vm. 18.

ungi, a, m. the young of a bird (Lat. pullus), Grág. ii. 347, Fms. vi. 153; fleygir ungar, Hom. 89; álku-ungi, Fs. 180; hænu-ungi, álptar-ungi, hrafns-ungi: also barns-ungi, dimin. a little child, chicken.

ung-lamb, n. a young lamb, Stj. 439.

ung-ligr, ndj. youthful, Bárð. 165, Fas. ii. 357, Fms. viii. 15; u. í ásjónu, Mar.: boyish, Fms. ii. 46.

ung-lingr, m. a youth; mod. from Germ. jüngling.

ung-menni, n. young people, youths, Fms. i. 78, 283, Bs. i. 417, Eg. 88, Karl. 332, Stj. 54; ef ungmennit skjalar, Fms. vi. 335.

ung-neyti, n. young cattle.

UNGR, ung, ungt, adj., compar. yngri, superl. yngstr; for the form jungr see p. 327, col. 1: [Goth. juggs, compar. juhiza; A.S. geong; Engl. young; O.H.G. and Germ. jung; Dutch jong; but Dan.-Swed. ung; cp. Lat. juvenis.] β. an older and obsolete compar. œri or œrri, early Dan. urœ; þótta'k hæfr þá er vórum œri, Korm. (in a verse); öngr mannr œri honum, Orkn. (in a verse); œri endr bar ek mærð ór hendi, Edda (in a verse); fylkir œri þér fórat heiman, Ó.H. (in a verse): in prose, hit ellra barn má œra (madden) it œrra (the younger), Skálda 162 (Thorodd); engi œri enn áttján vetra gamall, Fms. xi. 90; þú er miklu œri maðr at aldri, 93 (yngri, v.l. of the later vellums); eigi skyldi øri djáknar enn hálf-þrítugir, Greg. 60; tungl tveim nóttum œra, Rb. 1812. 52; skal þat eigi vesa œra an fimtán nátta (spelt eora), 20; ok skal þat vesa at eora (æra) tungl, 57; enum eorum tunglum, 55; gott æ ørum mönnum, Landn. (Hb.) 45; þá telja Paktar nótt œri (ærna Ed.), Rb. 32; þó at eigi sé þú œri at vetra-tali, Þiðr. 339: the superl. ærstr occurs but a single time, hann rauð œrstr (youngest, i.e. while quite young) úlfs fót, Ó.H. (in a verse). According to Thorodd the grammarian the œ in œri was sounded as a nasal diphthong, indicating its contraction, (cp. Goth. juhiza), and distinguished from the verb œra (from órar, q.v.) with its pure diphthong.

B. USAGE. -- Young; ungir ok bernskir, Fms. i. 22; þá er þér vórut yngri, Nj. 198; hinn yngra manninn, Fms. vi. 187; hann var þeirra yngstr, Nj. 269; kært görðisk með þessum yngrum mönnum, Ld. 160; tvau naut við kú ef yngri eru, Grág. i. 147; ungra manna, ii. 11; á unga aldri, in one's youth, 623. 59: sayings, ungr skal at ungum vega, Ísl. ii. 309; upp at eins er ungum vegar, the way of the young is upwards, Mkv.; ungr má en gamall skal, see skulu; lengi man þat er ungr getr, 248; þeygi á saman gamalt og ungt, Úlf. 3. 44; vera ungr í annat sinn, -- eptir þat stóð Hákon upp ok talaði, mæltu þá tveir ok tveir sín í milli, at þar væri þá kominn Haraldr inn Hárfagri, ok orðinn ungr í annat sinn, Hkr. i. 125, Gísl. 84; cp. 'Hamilcarem juvenem redditum sibi veteres milites credere,' Livy xxi. 4. 2. young, recent; ungir í Kristninni, Fms. i. 244; Ljótr mælti, ung er nú trúan, Valla L. 209; hann kvað ungt vinfengi þeirra Bjarnar, Bjarn. 56. II. Ungi or inn Ungi, as a nickname, the Younger, Junior = Lat. minor, opp. to inn Gamli; Eindriði ungi, Hákon ungi, Kolbeinn ungi, see gamall III.

C. -ungr, an inflexion, see Gramm.

ung-smali, a, m. young cattle, Gþl. 346.

ung-viði, n. young trees, a young plantation, Stj. 74: also used metaph. of young stock collectively.

UNNA, see Gramm. p. xxiii; pres. with a pret. form ann, annt, ann, pl. unnum, unnut, unnu; pret. unni; subj. ynni; part. neut. unnt and unnat; unnt, Band. (Cod. Reg.) 20, Sturl. i. 207, Ld. 94, 194, Nj. 146: unnat (as kunnat from kunna), Fb. i. 36, Str. 32, (Nj. a vellum fragment, Lat. Ed. 315, foot-note y): a weak pret. unti (Dan. undte) occurs in later vellums, Fb. iii. 469 (l. 6 from the bottom), Gísl. 129 (paper transcript), and is used in mod. speech: even a weak pres. occurs in the burden to an Icel. lullaby, sofðú, eg unni þér, sleep thou, I love thee: [A.S. and Hel. unnan; Engl. own; in Early Engl. with a pres. pret. an (Morris, Spec. 36, l. 19); Germ. g-önnen, qs. ge-unnan.]

B. USAGE. -- To grant, allow, bestow, with dat. of the person, gen. of the thing (unna e-m e-s); ann ek honum ísetu í dómi, Grág. i. 17, 78; bæta munda-baugi er jamnendr unnu, the sum which the umpires allowed, Hbl.; bið þú Ólaf, at hann unni þér grundar sinnar, Ó.H. (in a verse); unna e-m gamans, Skm. 39; Hreiðmarr unni þeim einskis pennings af gullinu, Edda 73, Þiðr. 308; hann unni honum öngra bóta fyrir, Fs. 125; þá penninga sem biskup vildi unna honum, Dipl. v. 2; unna e-m sætta, Fær. 113; unna e-m sæmdar, Fms. vi. 133; unna e-m laga, to give one the benefit of the law, give one a fair trial. Eg. 473; unna e-m sannmælis, to give a fair report; þeir unnu þeim bezt ríkis er þeim vóru undir hendi, Fms. i. 7; ef þú annt honum betr konungdómsins, Sks. 761: eigi má þat vita, þar sem margir koma saman, þeir sem lítt eru vandaðir, nema nökkurir ynni sér glæps, where many who are not very honest are gathered together, some will allow themselves evil, i.e. will do some wicked thing, Fms. xi. 275: allvel ann ek þér nafns þessa, vi. 229; gaf honum ríki, þvíat hann unni honum bezt at njóta, Fb. ii. 134; unna honum ennar æztu tignar, Ó.H. 35; varð þeim þá unnt af metorða, Laxdælum, Ld. 94; nú mætti svá vera, at svá kæmi málinu Odds, at oss frændum væri þess af unnt, at Bandamenn tæki sjálfdæmi, that we might succeed in getting sjálfdæmi, Band. 20 (MS.); ek meðkennist at ek hafi unnt ok veitt velbornum manni, Birni Guðnasyni, míns herra kongsins sýslu ok umboð, Safn ii. 191; ek ann þér eigi faðmlagsins Helgu innar Fögru, Ísl. ii. 269; Guð unti (sic) honum eigi ríkisins, Fb. iii. 469; ek ann eigi þess Þorkatli frænda mínum, Nj. 223; ek ann eigi þess frændum mínum ok fóstbræðrum (I cannot bear that), at þeir hafi hingat þvílíka ferð, Eb. 332; ek ann engum manni tignar-namn(s) í þessu landi nema mér einum, O.H.L. 18. 2. the phrase, unna e-m ást, to bestow one's love on one; öll Engla fylki unnu heita ást Guði, 'paid warm love to God,' i.e. loved God, Hom. 136; (þeir) er svá heita ást unnu Guði, 135: hence II. with dat. to love, prop, ellipt., qs. unna e-m ást, to bestow one's love on a person; unna e-m hugástum, to love dearly, Fms. x. 239; maðr sá er manngi ann, Hm. 49; unna frá vísum vilja, 98; Egill unni henni lítið, Eg. 702; einn son er hann ann lítið, Hkr. i. 204; meistari þinn ann þér mikit, Bs. i. 228; hón unni honum mikit, Nj. 27; ek mun þér vel unnandi verða, 24; hón varð honum lítt unnandi, Ísl. ii. 274; Magnúss varð henni eigi unnandi, Fms. vii. 176; hvárt unni öðru með leyndri ást. Fb. ii. 134; hón þú annt at vísu, ... þú mátt unna, Str. 8; hinir sem Guði hafa unnat, Fb. i. 36; aldrei hafði hann henni meirr unnt enn þá, Sturl. i. 207; þú hefir engum manni jamnmikit unnt sem Bolla, Ld. 194; eigi leyna augu, ef ann kona manni, a saying, Ísl. ii. 251; lengi hefi ek mikit unnt Þráni, Nj. 146; þeim var ek verst er ek unna mest, Ld. 334. 2. recipr., unnusk þau af öllu hjarta, Mar.; þau unnusk mikit systkin, Fms. iii.